1. Aram Hăvărneanu
  2. go-sunos

Source

go-sunos / src / pkg / runtime / proc_test.go

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// Copyright 2011 The Go Authors. All rights reserved.
// Use of this source code is governed by a BSD-style
// license that can be found in the LICENSE file.

package runtime_test

import (
	"math"
	"runtime"
	"sync/atomic"
	"syscall"
	"testing"
	"time"
)

var stop = make(chan bool, 1)

func perpetuumMobile() {
	select {
	case <-stop:
	default:
		go perpetuumMobile()
	}
}

func TestStopTheWorldDeadlock(t *testing.T) {
	if testing.Short() {
		t.Skip("skipping during short test")
	}
	maxprocs := runtime.GOMAXPROCS(3)
	compl := make(chan bool, 2)
	go func() {
		for i := 0; i != 1000; i += 1 {
			runtime.GC()
		}
		compl <- true
	}()
	go func() {
		for i := 0; i != 1000; i += 1 {
			runtime.GOMAXPROCS(3)
		}
		compl <- true
	}()
	go perpetuumMobile()
	<-compl
	<-compl
	stop <- true
	runtime.GOMAXPROCS(maxprocs)
}

func TestYieldProgress(t *testing.T) {
	testYieldProgress(t, false)
}

func TestYieldLockedProgress(t *testing.T) {
	testYieldProgress(t, true)
}

func testYieldProgress(t *testing.T, locked bool) {
	c := make(chan bool)
	cack := make(chan bool)
	go func() {
		if locked {
			runtime.LockOSThread()
		}
		for {
			select {
			case <-c:
				cack <- true
				return
			default:
				runtime.Gosched()
			}
		}
	}()
	time.Sleep(10 * time.Millisecond)
	c <- true
	<-cack
}

func TestYieldLocked(t *testing.T) {
	const N = 10
	c := make(chan bool)
	go func() {
		runtime.LockOSThread()
		for i := 0; i < N; i++ {
			runtime.Gosched()
			time.Sleep(time.Millisecond)
		}
		c <- true
		// runtime.UnlockOSThread() is deliberately omitted
	}()
	<-c
}

func TestGoroutineParallelism(t *testing.T) {
	P := 4
	N := 10
	if testing.Short() {
		P = 3
		N = 3
	}
	defer runtime.GOMAXPROCS(runtime.GOMAXPROCS(P))
	for try := 0; try < N; try++ {
		done := make(chan bool)
		x := uint32(0)
		for p := 0; p < P; p++ {
			// Test that all P goroutines are scheduled at the same time
			go func(p int) {
				for i := 0; i < 3; i++ {
					expected := uint32(P*i + p)
					for atomic.LoadUint32(&x) != expected {
					}
					atomic.StoreUint32(&x, expected+1)
				}
				done <- true
			}(p)
		}
		for p := 0; p < P; p++ {
			<-done
		}
	}
}

func TestBlockLocked(t *testing.T) {
	const N = 10
	c := make(chan bool)
	go func() {
		runtime.LockOSThread()
		for i := 0; i < N; i++ {
			c <- true
		}
		runtime.UnlockOSThread()
	}()
	for i := 0; i < N; i++ {
		<-c
	}
}

func TestTimerFairness(t *testing.T) {
	done := make(chan bool)
	c := make(chan bool)
	for i := 0; i < 2; i++ {
		go func() {
			for {
				select {
				case c <- true:
				case <-done:
					return
				}
			}
		}()
	}

	timer := time.After(20 * time.Millisecond)
	for {
		select {
		case <-c:
		case <-timer:
			close(done)
			return
		}
	}
}

func TestTimerFairness2(t *testing.T) {
	done := make(chan bool)
	c := make(chan bool)
	for i := 0; i < 2; i++ {
		go func() {
			timer := time.After(20 * time.Millisecond)
			var buf [1]byte
			for {
				syscall.Read(0, buf[0:0])
				select {
				case c <- true:
				case <-c:
				case <-timer:
					done <- true
					return
				}
			}
		}()
	}
	<-done
	<-done
}

// The function is used to test preemption at split stack checks.
// Declaring a var avoids inlining at the call site.
var preempt = func() int {
	var a [128]int
	sum := 0
	for _, v := range a {
		sum += v
	}
	return sum
}

func TestPreemption(t *testing.T) {
	// Test that goroutines are preempted at function calls.
	N := 5
	if testing.Short() {
		N = 2
	}
	c := make(chan bool)
	var x uint32
	for g := 0; g < 2; g++ {
		go func(g int) {
			for i := 0; i < N; i++ {
				for atomic.LoadUint32(&x) != uint32(g) {
					preempt()
				}
				atomic.StoreUint32(&x, uint32(1-g))
			}
			c <- true
		}(g)
	}
	<-c
	<-c
}

func TestPreemptionGC(t *testing.T) {
	// Test that pending GC preempts running goroutines.
	P := 5
	N := 10
	if testing.Short() {
		P = 3
		N = 2
	}
	defer runtime.GOMAXPROCS(runtime.GOMAXPROCS(P + 1))
	var stop uint32
	for i := 0; i < P; i++ {
		go func() {
			for atomic.LoadUint32(&stop) == 0 {
				preempt()
			}
		}()
	}
	for i := 0; i < N; i++ {
		runtime.Gosched()
		runtime.GC()
	}
	atomic.StoreUint32(&stop, 1)
}

func TestGCFairness(t *testing.T) {
	output := executeTest(t, testGCFairnessSource, nil)
	want := "OK\n"
	if output != want {
		t.Fatalf("want %s, got %s\n", want, output)
	}
}

const testGCFairnessSource = `
package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"os"
	"runtime"
	"time"
)

func main() {
	runtime.GOMAXPROCS(1)
	f, err := os.Open("/dev/null")
	if os.IsNotExist(err) {
		// This test tests what it is intended to test only if writes are fast.
		// If there is no /dev/null, we just don't execute the test.
		fmt.Println("OK")
		return
	}
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println(err)
		os.Exit(1)
	}
	for i := 0; i < 2; i++ {
		go func() {
			for {
				f.Write([]byte("."))
			}
		}()
	}
	time.Sleep(10 * time.Millisecond)
	fmt.Println("OK")
}
`

func stackGrowthRecursive(i int) {
	var pad [128]uint64
	if i != 0 && pad[0] == 0 {
		stackGrowthRecursive(i - 1)
	}
}

func TestPreemptSplitBig(t *testing.T) {
	if testing.Short() {
		t.Skip("skipping in -short mode")
	}
	defer runtime.GOMAXPROCS(runtime.GOMAXPROCS(2))
	stop := make(chan int)
	go big(stop)
	for i := 0; i < 3; i++ {
		time.Sleep(10 * time.Microsecond) // let big start running
		runtime.GC()
	}
	close(stop)
}

func big(stop chan int) int {
	n := 0
	for {
		// delay so that gc is sure to have asked for a preemption
		for i := 0; i < 1e9; i++ {
			n++
		}

		// call bigframe, which used to miss the preemption in its prologue.
		bigframe(stop)

		// check if we've been asked to stop.
		select {
		case <-stop:
			return n
		}
	}
}

func bigframe(stop chan int) int {
	// not splitting the stack will overflow.
	// small will notice that it needs a stack split and will
	// catch the overflow.
	var x [8192]byte
	return small(stop, &x)
}

func small(stop chan int, x *[8192]byte) int {
	for i := range x {
		x[i] = byte(i)
	}
	sum := 0
	for i := range x {
		sum += int(x[i])
	}

	// keep small from being a leaf function, which might
	// make it not do any stack check at all.
	nonleaf(stop)

	return sum
}

func nonleaf(stop chan int) bool {
	// do something that won't be inlined:
	select {
	case <-stop:
		return true
	default:
		return false
	}
}

func TestSchedLocalQueue(t *testing.T) {
	runtime.TestSchedLocalQueue1()
}

func TestSchedLocalQueueSteal(t *testing.T) {
	runtime.TestSchedLocalQueueSteal1()
}

func benchmarkStackGrowth(b *testing.B, rec int) {
	b.RunParallel(func(pb *testing.PB) {
		for pb.Next() {
			stackGrowthRecursive(rec)
		}
	})
}

func BenchmarkStackGrowth(b *testing.B) {
	benchmarkStackGrowth(b, 10)
}

func BenchmarkStackGrowthDeep(b *testing.B) {
	benchmarkStackGrowth(b, 1024)
}

func BenchmarkCreateGoroutines(b *testing.B) {
	benchmarkCreateGoroutines(b, 1)
}

func BenchmarkCreateGoroutinesParallel(b *testing.B) {
	benchmarkCreateGoroutines(b, runtime.GOMAXPROCS(-1))
}

func benchmarkCreateGoroutines(b *testing.B, procs int) {
	c := make(chan bool)
	var f func(n int)
	f = func(n int) {
		if n == 0 {
			c <- true
			return
		}
		go f(n - 1)
	}
	for i := 0; i < procs; i++ {
		go f(b.N / procs)
	}
	for i := 0; i < procs; i++ {
		<-c
	}
}

type Matrix [][]float64

func BenchmarkMatmult(b *testing.B) {
	b.StopTimer()
	// matmult is O(N**3) but testing expects O(b.N),
	// so we need to take cube root of b.N
	n := int(math.Cbrt(float64(b.N))) + 1
	A := makeMatrix(n)
	B := makeMatrix(n)
	C := makeMatrix(n)
	b.StartTimer()
	matmult(nil, A, B, C, 0, n, 0, n, 0, n, 8)
}

func makeMatrix(n int) Matrix {
	m := make(Matrix, n)
	for i := 0; i < n; i++ {
		m[i] = make([]float64, n)
		for j := 0; j < n; j++ {
			m[i][j] = float64(i*n + j)
		}
	}
	return m
}

func matmult(done chan<- struct{}, A, B, C Matrix, i0, i1, j0, j1, k0, k1, threshold int) {
	di := i1 - i0
	dj := j1 - j0
	dk := k1 - k0
	if di >= dj && di >= dk && di >= threshold {
		// divide in two by y axis
		mi := i0 + di/2
		done1 := make(chan struct{}, 1)
		go matmult(done1, A, B, C, i0, mi, j0, j1, k0, k1, threshold)
		matmult(nil, A, B, C, mi, i1, j0, j1, k0, k1, threshold)
		<-done1
	} else if dj >= dk && dj >= threshold {
		// divide in two by x axis
		mj := j0 + dj/2
		done1 := make(chan struct{}, 1)
		go matmult(done1, A, B, C, i0, i1, j0, mj, k0, k1, threshold)
		matmult(nil, A, B, C, i0, i1, mj, j1, k0, k1, threshold)
		<-done1
	} else if dk >= threshold {
		// divide in two by "k" axis
		// deliberately not parallel because of data races
		mk := k0 + dk/2
		matmult(nil, A, B, C, i0, i1, j0, j1, k0, mk, threshold)
		matmult(nil, A, B, C, i0, i1, j0, j1, mk, k1, threshold)
	} else {
		// the matrices are small enough, compute directly
		for i := i0; i < i1; i++ {
			for j := j0; j < j1; j++ {
				for k := k0; k < k1; k++ {
					C[i][j] += A[i][k] * B[k][j]
				}
			}
		}
	}
	if done != nil {
		done <- struct{}{}
	}
}