Source

Coin / README.MACOSX

This file contains information about building Coin on Mac OS X.
For more information on getting started, known issues, and more, see
http://www.coin3d.org/mac/.


Building Coin
=============

Building Coin should be straightforward:

  ./configure && make && sudo make install

See the file INSTALL for details. If any of these stages fails, it's a bug
in Coin. Please let us know about this, and we will be glad to fix it.

Please make sure that you have the latest version of Apple's developer
tools installed before building Coin.


Binary SDKs
===========

Precompiled binaries of the Coin framework can be found on our ftp server[0]
or through the www.coin3d.org webserver.


Using Coin
==========

If you want to use Coin on the Mac, you need a user interface binding. 
At the moment you have four basic options for this:
                                    
  0. Use the native Cocoa binding, Sc21. See
     http://www.coin3d.org/mac/Sc21/ for more information.
                                            
  1. Use Qt/Mac. This requires Trolltech's Qt toolkit, which you can
     get from [1]. After downloading and installing Qt, you can
     download and build SoQt.
                           
  2. Use X11 for Mac OS X, and Qt/X11. See the README.MACOSX file in
     the SoQt source code repository for instructions.

  3. Create your own OpenGL canvas and use this for rendering. This is
     not the easiest way to go, since it involves quite some
     programmatic overhead. The glutiv.cpp example (see [3]) shows how
     this can be done using the GL utility toolkit ("GLUT").


Mac OS X version specific notes
===============================

Mac OS 10.0.x
-------------

Mac OS 10.0.x is not supported. Mac OS 10.0.x contained several grave
problems and should be considered more like a "public beta". If you
are still using 10.0.x, I strongly suggest you upgrade to >= 10.1 --
there have been huge steps forward in performance and stability. 

Coin will probably work on Mac OS 10.0.x, though, if you build it
yourself. Note that if you build Coin on a MacOS 10.1 system and want
to use the library on 10.0.x, you will have to use the -flat_namespace
linker switch. (Modify the LDFLAGS environment variable to do that.)
Do not do this unless you are sure you what you are doing and have
read (and fully understood) Apple's Release Note concerning two-level
namespace executables[4].


Mac OS 10.2 ("Jaguar")
----------------------

If you are upgrading from Mac OS 10.1 to Mac OS 10.2 ("Jaguar"), you
must recompile your Coin library. This is due to the fact that the
developer tools for Mac OS 10.2 are based on gcc.3.1, as opposed to
gcc-2.95 in 10.1. These two compilers are not ABI compatible - meaning
that you have to rebuild _all_ your C++ libraries.

Note that there are several bugs in the developer tools that came with
the original Mac OS 10.2 CDs, so you should install the most current
version of the developer tools (available on the ADC website).

Please consult the Coin/Mac FAQ [2] for more information about issues
related to Mac OS X versions, ABI compatibility, etc.


Mac OS 10.3 ("Panther")
-----------------------

If you are upgrading to Mac OS 10.3 (Panther), you should (again)
recompile your Coin library. Apple changed the default compiler to
from gcc-3.1 in 10.2 to gcc-3.3 in 10.3 These two compilers are not
ABI compatible - meaning that you have to rebuild _all_ your C++
libraries. 

Please consult the Coin/Mac FAQ [2] for more information about issues
related to Mac OS X versions, ABI compatibility, etc.


Mac OS 10.4 ("Tiger") and 10.5 ("Leopard")
------------------------------------------

No particuar notes for these at this time.


The Inventor framework
======================

By default, Coin will be set up as Mac OS X framework. Frameworks are a
concept central to Mac OS X, packing a dynamic shared library with the
necessary resources for this library, like header files, images, and
documentation. You can link against a framework by using the "-framework" 
compiler option. Please refer to the Apple developer documentation [5] for 
more information about frameworks.

Since Coin is an Open Inventor implementation, the framework is named
"Inventor", not Coin. Following Apple's recommendation for 3rd-party
frameworks, the Inventor.framework is installed in /Library/Frameworks.

What this means, basically, is that instead of
"cc -I/path/to/Coin/include -L/path/to/Coin/lib -lCoin -lGL -lGLU -o foo foo.cpp",
the commandline for building applications again Coin would be something like this:
"cc -framework Inventor -framework OpenGL -o foo foo.cpp"

You can of course still use the coin-config script, which takes care of
all this (see man coin-config(1) for more information).

If you want to disable the creation of the framework and install Coin as
standalone shared library, you can use the configure option

--without-framework

which will install libCoin.dylib into $prefix/lib and the headers into
$prefix/include (/usr/local/lib and /usr/local/include by default).

Note that the configure option "-with-framework" is intended for
debugging purposes (to install as a framework on non-Macintosh systems)
only. You do not need it when you build Coin/Mac as a framework (as is 
the default).


Project Builder/Xcode support
=============================

You can use the Inventor.framework like any of Apple's frameworks in
Project Builder or Xcode by just dragging and dropping it into your
project settings. 

(Mac OS 10.2 users: See also the problem note on  __Znwm below.)


Common problems (and solutions)
===============================

The following is a list of problem related to *building* Coin on Mac
OS X. For information on potential issues related to *using* Coin/Mac,
please refer to the FAQ [2].


o Conflicting installations of Inventor framework and library
  -----------------------------------------------------------

If you get strange errors concerning missing or conflicting
declarations in header files, make sure you do not have an old
installation of Inventor on your system, with the header files being
installed somewhere in gcc's search paths, such as
/usr/include/Inventor/. Unfortunately, gcc searches its default
include path _before_ trying to use the headers that come with the
framework. Removing the old header files should solve the problem.
                                                         

o Directory names with spaces
  ----------------------------

There seem to be some problems with Automake when the path to the Coin
configure directory contains spaces. A typical warning you would get in
this case is "configure: WARNING: `missing' script is too old or
missing." -- Things seem to work in spite of this, but I wouldn't rely
on it.

Until this has been fixed, I suggest the obvious workaround of not 
having any spaces in the path leading to Coin.


o "Undefined symbol: __Znwm" 
  -------------------------- 

(Note: This is not relevant for versions of Coin >= 2.0.1 , but is
kept here for reference.)

The problem was caused by the fact that when building Coin, we
specifically set -L/usr/lib/gcc/darwin/default/private/, forcing the
version of libstdc++.dylib in that directory to be linked in. Now when
the user compiled an application in Project Builder, the application
linked against a *different* version of libstc++, and when the
application was run, that version of the library was used, leading to
an undefined symbol error.  The only reason for having
-L/usr/lib/gcc/darwin/default/private/ in the first place was a
workaround that is now no longer necessary and has since been removed
from Coin.

If you build a project using Coin in Project Builder, you might get a 
run time error message about __Znwm being undefined. Mac OS 10.2 comes 
with two version of libstdc++, so you must tell it which ones to use - 
namely the same one used for building Coin. Adding the following to the
linker commandline solves the problem: 

    "-L/usr/lib/gcc/darwin/default/private/"

If you do not have a /usr/lib/gcc/darwin/default/private/ directory on
your machine, then you probably have a buggy version of the Apple
developer tools. Please either install the December2002 developer
tools (suggested) or in the
following order: 
1. Install July Dev tools
2. Install August Dev Tools update
3. Install October Dev Tools update



If you have any further problems when trying to configure and build Coin 
on Mac OS X, please let us know. 


References:

[0] ftp://ftp.coin3d.org/pub/coin/bin/macosx/
[1] http://www.trolltech.com/download/qt/mac.html
[2] http://www.coin3d.org/mac/faq.html
[3] http://www.coin3d.org/source/viewcvs/examples/bindings/glutiv.cpp
[4] http://developer.apple.com/documentation/ReleaseNotes/DeveloperTools/TwoLevelNamespaces.html
[5] http://developer.apple.com/documentation/MacOSX/Conceptual/BPFrameworks/Concepts/WhatAreFrameworks.html