Source

ocaml / typing / env.ml

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(***********************************************************************)
(*                                                                     *)
(*                                OCaml                                *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*            Xavier Leroy, projet Cristal, INRIA Rocquencourt         *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*  Copyright 1996 Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et   *)
(*  en Automatique.  All rights reserved.  This file is distributed    *)
(*  under the terms of the Q Public License version 1.0.               *)
(*                                                                     *)
(***********************************************************************)

(* $Id$ *)

(* Environment handling *)

open Cmi_format
open Config
open Misc
open Asttypes
open Longident
open Path
open Types
open Btype

let add_delayed_check_forward = ref (fun _ -> assert false)

let value_declarations : ((string * Location.t), (unit -> unit)) Hashtbl.t =
  Hashtbl.create 16
    (* This table is used to usage of value declarations.  A declaration is
       identified with its name and location.  The callback attached to a
       declaration is called whenever the value is used explicitly
       (lookup_value) or implicitly (inclusion test between signatures,
       cf Includemod.value_descriptions). *)

let type_declarations = Hashtbl.create 16

type constructor_usage = Positive | Pattern | Privatize
type constructor_usages =
    {
     mutable cu_positive: bool;
     mutable cu_pattern: bool;
     mutable cu_privatize: bool;
    }
let add_constructor_usage cu = function
  | Positive -> cu.cu_positive <- true
  | Pattern -> cu.cu_pattern <- true
  | Privatize -> cu.cu_privatize <- true
let constructor_usages () =
  {cu_positive = false; cu_pattern = false; cu_privatize = false}

let used_constructors :
    (string * Location.t * string, (constructor_usage -> unit)) Hashtbl.t
  = Hashtbl.create 16

type error =
  | Illegal_renaming of string * string
  | Inconsistent_import of string * string * string
  | Need_recursive_types of string * string

exception Error of error

module EnvLazy : sig
  type ('a,'b) t

  val force : ('a -> 'b) -> ('a,'b) t -> 'b
  val create : 'a -> ('a,'b) t

end  = struct

  type ('a,'b) t = ('a,'b) eval ref

  and ('a,'b) eval =
      Done of 'b
    | Raise of exn
    | Thunk of 'a

  let force f x =
    match !x with
        Done x -> x
      | Raise e -> raise e
      | Thunk e ->
          try
            let y = f e in
            x := Done y;
            y
          with e ->
            x := Raise e;
            raise e

  let create x =
    let x = ref (Thunk x) in
    x

end


type summary =
    Env_empty
  | Env_value of summary * Ident.t * value_description
  | Env_type of summary * Ident.t * type_declaration
  | Env_exception of summary * Ident.t * exception_declaration
  | Env_module of summary * Ident.t * module_type
  | Env_modtype of summary * Ident.t * modtype_declaration
  | Env_class of summary * Ident.t * class_declaration
  | Env_cltype of summary * Ident.t * class_type_declaration
  | Env_open of summary * Path.t

module EnvTbl =
  struct
    (* A table indexed by identifier, with an extra slot to record usage. *)
    type 'a t = ('a * bool ref) Ident.tbl

    let empty = Ident.empty
    let dummy_slot = ref true
    let current_slot = ref dummy_slot

    let add id x tbl =
      Ident.add id (x, !current_slot) tbl

    let add_dont_track id x tbl =
      Ident.add id (x, dummy_slot) tbl

    let find_same_not_using id tbl =
      fst (Ident.find_same id tbl)

    let find_same id tbl =
      let (x, slot) = Ident.find_same id tbl in
      slot := true;
      x

    let find_name s tbl =
      let (x, slot) = Ident.find_name s tbl in
      slot := true;
      x

    let with_slot slot f x =
      let old_slot = !current_slot in
      current_slot := slot;
      try_finally
        (fun () -> f x)
        (fun () -> current_slot := old_slot)

    let keys tbl =
      Ident.keys tbl
  end

type t = {
  values: (Path.t * value_description) EnvTbl.t;
  annotations: (Path.t * Annot.ident) EnvTbl.t;
  constrs: (Path.t * constructor_description) EnvTbl.t;
  labels: (Path.t * label_description) EnvTbl.t;
  constrs_by_path: (Path.t * (constructor_description list)) EnvTbl.t;
  types: (Path.t * type_declaration) EnvTbl.t;
  modules: (Path.t * module_type) EnvTbl.t;
  modtypes: (Path.t * modtype_declaration) EnvTbl.t;
  components: (Path.t * module_components) EnvTbl.t;
  classes: (Path.t * class_declaration) EnvTbl.t;
  cltypes: (Path.t * class_type_declaration) EnvTbl.t;
  summary: summary;
  local_constraints: bool;
  gadt_instances: (int * TypeSet.t ref) list;
  in_signature: bool;
}

and module_components =
  (t * Subst.t * Path.t * Types.module_type, module_components_repr) EnvLazy.t

and module_components_repr =
    Structure_comps of structure_components
  | Functor_comps of functor_components

and structure_components = {
  mutable comp_values: (string, (value_description * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_annotations: (string, (Annot.ident * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_constrs: (string, (constructor_description * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_labels: (string, (label_description * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_constrs_by_path:
      (string, (constructor_description list * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_types: (string, (type_declaration * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_modules:
   (string, ((Subst.t * Types.module_type,module_type) EnvLazy.t * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_modtypes: (string, (modtype_declaration * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_components: (string, (module_components * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_classes: (string, (class_declaration * int)) Tbl.t;
  mutable comp_cltypes: (string, (class_type_declaration * int)) Tbl.t
}

and functor_components = {
  fcomp_param: Ident.t;                 (* Formal parameter *)
  fcomp_arg: module_type;               (* Argument signature *)
  fcomp_res: module_type;               (* Result signature *)
  fcomp_env: t;     (* Environment in which the result signature makes sense *)
  fcomp_subst: Subst.t;  (* Prefixing substitution for the result signature *)
  fcomp_cache: (Path.t, module_components) Hashtbl.t  (* For memoization *)
}

let subst_modtype_maker (subst, mty) = Subst.modtype subst mty

let empty = {
  values = EnvTbl.empty; annotations = EnvTbl.empty; constrs = EnvTbl.empty;
  labels = EnvTbl.empty; types = EnvTbl.empty;
  constrs_by_path = EnvTbl.empty;
  modules = EnvTbl.empty; modtypes = EnvTbl.empty;
  components = EnvTbl.empty; classes = EnvTbl.empty;
  cltypes = EnvTbl.empty;
  summary = Env_empty; local_constraints = false; gadt_instances = [];
  in_signature = false;
 }

let in_signature env = {env with in_signature = true}

let diff_keys is_local tbl1 tbl2 =
  let keys2 = EnvTbl.keys tbl2 in
  List.filter
    (fun id ->
      is_local (EnvTbl.find_same_not_using id tbl2) &&
      try ignore (EnvTbl.find_same_not_using id tbl1); false
      with Not_found -> true)
    keys2

let is_ident = function
    Pident _ -> true
  | Pdot _ | Papply _ -> false

let is_local (p, _) = is_ident p

let diff env1 env2 =
  diff_keys is_local env1.values env2.values @
  diff_keys is_local env1.constrs env2.constrs @
  diff_keys is_local env1.modules env2.modules @
  diff_keys is_local env1.classes env2.classes

(* Forward declarations *)

let components_of_module' =
  ref ((fun env sub path mty -> assert false) :
          t -> Subst.t -> Path.t -> module_type -> module_components)
let components_of_module_maker' =
  ref ((fun (env, sub, path, mty) -> assert false) :
          t * Subst.t * Path.t * module_type -> module_components_repr)
let components_of_functor_appl' =
  ref ((fun f p1 p2 -> assert false) :
          functor_components -> Path.t -> Path.t -> module_components)
let check_modtype_inclusion =
  (* to be filled with Includemod.check_modtype_inclusion *)
  ref ((fun env mty1 path1 mty2 -> assert false) :
          t -> module_type -> Path.t -> module_type -> unit)

(* The name of the compilation unit currently compiled.
   "" if outside a compilation unit. *)

let current_unit = ref ""

(* Persistent structure descriptions *)

type pers_struct =
  { ps_name: string;
    ps_sig: signature;
    ps_comps: module_components;
    ps_crcs: (string * Digest.t) list;
    ps_filename: string;
    ps_flags: pers_flags list }

let persistent_structures =
  (Hashtbl.create 17 : (string, pers_struct option) Hashtbl.t)

(* Consistency between persistent structures *)

let crc_units = Consistbl.create()

let check_consistency filename crcs =
  try
    List.iter
      (fun (name, crc) -> Consistbl.check crc_units name crc filename)
      crcs
  with Consistbl.Inconsistency(name, source, auth) ->
    raise(Error(Inconsistent_import(name, auth, source)))

(* Reading persistent structures from .cmi files *)

let read_pers_struct modname filename =
  let cmi = read_cmi filename in
  let name = cmi.cmi_name in
  let sign = cmi.cmi_sign in
  let crcs = cmi.cmi_crcs in
  let flags = cmi.cmi_flags in
  let comps =
      !components_of_module' empty Subst.identity
                             (Pident(Ident.create_persistent name))
                             (Mty_signature sign) in
    let ps = { ps_name = name;
               ps_sig = sign;
               ps_comps = comps;
               ps_crcs = crcs;
               ps_filename = filename;
               ps_flags = flags } in
    if ps.ps_name <> modname then
      raise(Error(Illegal_renaming(ps.ps_name, filename)));
    check_consistency filename ps.ps_crcs;
    List.iter
      (function Rectypes ->
        if not !Clflags.recursive_types then
          raise(Error(Need_recursive_types(ps.ps_name, !current_unit))))
      ps.ps_flags;
    Hashtbl.add persistent_structures modname (Some ps);
    ps

let find_pers_struct name =
  if name = "*predef*" then raise Not_found;
  let r =
    try Some (Hashtbl.find persistent_structures name)
    with Not_found -> None
  in
  match r with
  | Some None -> raise Not_found
  | Some (Some sg) -> sg
  | None ->
      let filename =
        try find_in_path_uncap !load_path (name ^ ".cmi")
        with Not_found ->
          Hashtbl.add persistent_structures name None;
          raise Not_found
      in
      read_pers_struct name filename

let reset_cache () =
  current_unit := "";
  Hashtbl.clear persistent_structures;
  Consistbl.clear crc_units;
  Hashtbl.clear value_declarations;
  Hashtbl.clear type_declarations

let reset_missing_cmis () =
  let l = Hashtbl.fold
      (fun name r acc -> if r = None then name :: acc else acc)
      persistent_structures [] in
  List.iter (Hashtbl.remove persistent_structures) l

let set_unit_name name =
  current_unit := name

(* Lookup by identifier *)

let rec find_module_descr path env =
  match path with
    Pident id ->
      begin try
        let (p, desc) = EnvTbl.find_same id env.components
        in desc
      with Not_found ->
        if Ident.persistent id
        then (find_pers_struct (Ident.name id)).ps_comps
        else raise Not_found
      end
  | Pdot(p, s, pos) ->
      begin match
        EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' (find_module_descr p env)
      with
        Structure_comps c ->
          let (descr, pos) = Tbl.find s c.comp_components in
          descr
      | Functor_comps f ->
         raise Not_found
      end
  | Papply(p1, p2) ->
      begin match
        EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' (find_module_descr p1 env)
      with
        Functor_comps f ->
          !components_of_functor_appl' f p1 p2
      | Structure_comps c ->
          raise Not_found
      end

let find proj1 proj2 path env =
  match path with
    Pident id ->
      let (p, data) = EnvTbl.find_same id (proj1 env)
      in data
  | Pdot(p, s, pos) ->
      begin match
        EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' (find_module_descr p env)
      with
        Structure_comps c ->
          let (data, pos) = Tbl.find s (proj2 c) in data
      | Functor_comps f ->
          raise Not_found
      end
  | Papply(p1, p2) ->
      raise Not_found

let find_value =
  find (fun env -> env.values) (fun sc -> sc.comp_values)
and find_annot =
  find (fun env -> env.annotations) (fun sc -> sc.comp_annotations)
and find_type =
  find (fun env -> env.types) (fun sc -> sc.comp_types)
and find_constructors =
  find (fun env -> env.constrs_by_path) (fun sc -> sc.comp_constrs_by_path)
and find_modtype =
  find (fun env -> env.modtypes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_modtypes)
and find_class =
  find (fun env -> env.classes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_classes)
and find_cltype =
  find (fun env -> env.cltypes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_cltypes)

(* Find the manifest type associated to a type when appropriate:
   - the type should be public or should have a private row,
   - the type should have an associated manifest type. *)
let find_type_expansion ?level path env =
  let decl = find_type path env in
  match decl.type_manifest with
  | Some body when decl.type_private = Public
              || decl.type_kind <> Type_abstract
              || Btype.has_constr_row body ->
                  (decl.type_params, body, may_map snd decl.type_newtype_level)
  (* The manifest type of Private abstract data types without
     private row are still considered unknown to the type system.
     Hence, this case is caught by the following clause that also handles
     purely abstract data types without manifest type definition. *)
  | _ -> raise Not_found

(* Find the manifest type information associated to a type, i.e.
   the necessary information for the compiler's type-based optimisations.
   In particular, the manifest type associated to a private abstract type
   is revealed for the sake of compiler's type-based optimisations. *)
let find_type_expansion_opt path env =
  let decl = find_type path env in
  match decl.type_manifest with
  (* The manifest type of Private abstract data types can still get
     an approximation using their manifest type. *)
  | Some body -> (decl.type_params, body, may_map snd decl.type_newtype_level)
  | _ -> raise Not_found

let find_modtype_expansion path env =
  match find_modtype path env with
    Modtype_abstract     -> raise Not_found
  | Modtype_manifest mty -> mty

let find_module path env =
  match path with
    Pident id ->
      begin try
        let (p, data) = EnvTbl.find_same id env.modules
        in data
      with Not_found ->
        if Ident.persistent id then
          let ps = find_pers_struct (Ident.name id) in
          Mty_signature(ps.ps_sig)
        else raise Not_found
      end
  | Pdot(p, s, pos) ->
      begin match
        EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' (find_module_descr p env)
      with
        Structure_comps c ->
          let (data, pos) = Tbl.find s c.comp_modules in
          EnvLazy.force subst_modtype_maker data
      | Functor_comps f ->
          raise Not_found
      end
  | Papply(p1, p2) ->
      raise Not_found (* not right *)

(* Lookup by name *)

let rec lookup_module_descr lid env =
  match lid with
    Lident s ->
      begin try
        EnvTbl.find_name s env.components
      with Not_found ->
        if s = !current_unit then raise Not_found;
        let ps = find_pers_struct s in
        (Pident(Ident.create_persistent s), ps.ps_comps)
      end
  | Ldot(l, s) ->
      let (p, descr) = lookup_module_descr l env in
      begin match EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' descr with
        Structure_comps c ->
          let (descr, pos) = Tbl.find s c.comp_components in
          (Pdot(p, s, pos), descr)
      | Functor_comps f ->
          raise Not_found
      end
  | Lapply(l1, l2) ->
      let (p1, desc1) = lookup_module_descr l1 env in
      let (p2, mty2) = lookup_module l2 env in
      begin match EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' desc1 with
        Functor_comps f ->
          !check_modtype_inclusion env mty2 p2 f.fcomp_arg;
          (Papply(p1, p2), !components_of_functor_appl' f p1 p2)
      | Structure_comps c ->
          raise Not_found
      end

and lookup_module lid env =
  match lid with
    Lident s ->
      begin try
        EnvTbl.find_name s env.modules
      with Not_found ->
        if s = !current_unit then raise Not_found;
        let ps = find_pers_struct s in
        (Pident(Ident.create_persistent s), Mty_signature ps.ps_sig)
      end
  | Ldot(l, s) ->
      let (p, descr) = lookup_module_descr l env in
      begin match EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' descr with
        Structure_comps c ->
          let (data, pos) = Tbl.find s c.comp_modules in
          (Pdot(p, s, pos), EnvLazy.force subst_modtype_maker data)
      | Functor_comps f ->
          raise Not_found
      end
  | Lapply(l1, l2) ->
      let (p1, desc1) = lookup_module_descr l1 env in
      let (p2, mty2) = lookup_module l2 env in
      let p = Papply(p1, p2) in
      begin match EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' desc1 with
        Functor_comps f ->
          !check_modtype_inclusion env mty2 p2 f.fcomp_arg;
          (p, Subst.modtype (Subst.add_module f.fcomp_param p2 f.fcomp_subst)
                            f.fcomp_res)
      | Structure_comps c ->
          raise Not_found
      end

let lookup proj1 proj2 lid env =
  match lid with
    Lident s ->
      EnvTbl.find_name s (proj1 env)
  | Ldot(l, s) ->
      let (p, desc) = lookup_module_descr l env in
      begin match EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' desc with
        Structure_comps c ->
          let (data, pos) = Tbl.find s (proj2 c) in
          (Pdot(p, s, pos), data)
      | Functor_comps f ->
          raise Not_found
      end
  | Lapply(l1, l2) ->
      raise Not_found

let lookup_simple proj1 proj2 lid env =
  match lid with
    Lident s ->
      EnvTbl.find_name s (proj1 env)
  | Ldot(l, s) ->
      let (p, desc) = lookup_module_descr l env in
      begin match EnvLazy.force !components_of_module_maker' desc with
        Structure_comps c ->
          let (data, pos) = Tbl.find s (proj2 c) in
          data
      | Functor_comps f ->
          raise Not_found
      end
  | Lapply(l1, l2) ->
      raise Not_found

let has_local_constraints env = env.local_constraints

let lookup_value =
  lookup (fun env -> env.values) (fun sc -> sc.comp_values)
let lookup_annot id e =
  lookup (fun env -> env.annotations) (fun sc -> sc.comp_annotations) id e
and lookup_constructor =
  lookup (fun env -> env.constrs) (fun sc -> sc.comp_constrs)
and lookup_label =
  lookup (fun env -> env.labels) (fun sc -> sc.comp_labels)
and lookup_type =
  lookup (fun env -> env.types) (fun sc -> sc.comp_types)
and lookup_modtype =
  lookup (fun env -> env.modtypes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_modtypes)
and lookup_class =
  lookup (fun env -> env.classes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_classes)
and lookup_cltype =
  lookup (fun env -> env.cltypes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_cltypes)

let mark_value_used name vd =
  try Hashtbl.find value_declarations (name, vd.val_loc) ()
  with Not_found -> ()

let mark_type_used name vd =
  try Hashtbl.find type_declarations (name, vd.type_loc) ()
  with Not_found -> ()

let mark_constructor_used usage name vd constr =
  try Hashtbl.find used_constructors (name, vd.type_loc, constr) usage
  with Not_found -> ()

let mark_exception_used usage ed constr =
  try Hashtbl.find used_constructors ("exn", ed.exn_loc, constr) usage
  with Not_found -> ()

let set_value_used_callback name vd callback =
  let key = (name, vd.val_loc) in
  try
    let old = Hashtbl.find value_declarations key in
    Hashtbl.replace value_declarations key (fun () -> old (); callback ())
      (* this is to support cases like:
               let x = let x = 1 in x in x
         where the two declarations have the same location
         (e.g. resulting from Camlp4 expansion of grammar entries) *)
  with Not_found ->
    Hashtbl.add value_declarations key callback

let set_type_used_callback name td callback =
  let old =
    try Hashtbl.find type_declarations (name, td.type_loc)
    with Not_found -> assert false in
  Hashtbl.replace type_declarations (name, td.type_loc) (fun () -> callback old)

let lookup_value lid env =
  let (_, desc) as r = lookup_value lid env in
  mark_value_used (Longident.last lid) desc;
  r

let lookup_type lid env =
  let (_, desc) as r = lookup_type lid env in
  mark_type_used (Longident.last lid) desc;
  r

(* [path] must be the path to a type, not to a module ! *)
let path_subst_last path id =
  match path with
    Pident _ -> Pident id
  | Pdot (p, name, pos) -> Pdot(p, Ident.name id, pos)
  | Papply (p1, p2) -> assert false

let mark_type_path env path =
  let decl = try find_type path env with Not_found -> assert false in
  mark_type_used (Path.last path) decl

let ty_path = function
  | {desc=Tconstr(path, _, _)} -> path
  | _ -> assert false

let lookup_constructor lid env =
  let (_,desc) as c = lookup_constructor lid env in
  mark_type_path env (ty_path desc.cstr_res);
  c

let mark_constructor usage env name desc =
  match desc.cstr_tag with
  | Cstr_exception (_, loc) ->
      begin
        try Hashtbl.find used_constructors ("exn", loc, name) usage
        with Not_found -> ()
      end
  | _ ->
      let ty_path = ty_path desc.cstr_res in
      let ty_decl = try find_type ty_path env with Not_found -> assert false in
      let ty_name = Path.last ty_path in
      mark_constructor_used usage ty_name ty_decl name

let lookup_label lid env =
  let (_,desc) as c = lookup_label lid env in
  mark_type_path env (ty_path desc.lbl_res);
  c

let lookup_class lid env =
  let (_, desc) as r = lookup_class lid env in
  (* special support for Typeclass.unbound_class *)
  if Path.name desc.cty_path = "" then ignore (lookup_type lid env)
  else mark_type_path env desc.cty_path;
  r

let lookup_cltype lid env =
  let (_, desc) as r = lookup_cltype lid env in
  if Path.name desc.clty_path = "" then ignore (lookup_type lid env)
  else mark_type_path env desc.clty_path;
  mark_type_path env desc.clty_path;
  r

(* GADT instance tracking *)

let add_gadt_instance_level lv env =
  {env with
   gadt_instances = (lv, ref TypeSet.empty) :: env.gadt_instances}

let is_Tlink = function {desc = Tlink _} -> true | _ -> false

let gadt_instance_level env t =
  let rec find_instance = function
      [] -> None
    | (lv, r) :: rem ->
        if TypeSet.exists is_Tlink !r then
          (* Should we use set_typeset ? *)
          r := TypeSet.fold (fun ty -> TypeSet.add (repr ty)) !r TypeSet.empty;
        if TypeSet.mem t !r then Some lv else find_instance rem
  in find_instance env.gadt_instances

let add_gadt_instances env lv tl =
  let r =
    try List.assoc lv env.gadt_instances with Not_found -> assert false in
  (* Format.eprintf "Added";
  List.iter (fun ty -> Format.eprintf "@ %a" !Btype.print_raw ty) tl;
  Format.eprintf "@."; *)
  set_typeset r (List.fold_right TypeSet.add tl !r)

(* Only use this after expand_head! *)
let add_gadt_instance_chain env lv t =
  let r =
    try List.assoc lv env.gadt_instances with Not_found -> assert false in
  let rec add_instance t =
    let t = repr t in
    if not (TypeSet.mem t !r) then begin
      (* Format.eprintf "@ %a" !Btype.print_raw t; *)
      set_typeset r (TypeSet.add t !r);
      match t.desc with
        Tconstr (p, _, memo) ->
          may add_instance (find_expans Private p !memo)
      | _ -> ()
    end
  in
  (* Format.eprintf "Added chain"; *)
  add_instance t
  (* Format.eprintf "@." *)

(* Expand manifest module type names at the top of the given module type *)

let rec scrape_modtype mty env =
  match mty with
    Mty_ident path ->
      begin try
        scrape_modtype (find_modtype_expansion path env) env
      with Not_found ->
        mty
      end
  | _ -> mty

(* Compute constructor descriptions *)

let constructors_of_type ty_path decl =
  let handle_variants cstrs =
    Datarepr.constructor_descrs
      (newgenty (Tconstr(ty_path, decl.type_params, ref Mnil)))
      cstrs decl.type_private
  in
  match decl.type_kind with
  | Type_variant cstrs -> handle_variants cstrs
  | Type_record _ | Type_abstract -> []

(* Compute label descriptions *)

let labels_of_type ty_path decl =
  match decl.type_kind with
    Type_record(labels, rep) ->
      Datarepr.label_descrs
        (newgenty (Tconstr(ty_path, decl.type_params, ref Mnil)))
        labels rep decl.type_private
  | Type_variant _ | Type_abstract -> []

(* Given a signature and a root path, prefix all idents in the signature
   by the root path and build the corresponding substitution. *)

let rec prefix_idents root pos sub = function
    [] -> ([], sub)
  | Sig_value(id, decl) :: rem ->
      let p = Pdot(root, Ident.name id, pos) in
      let nextpos = match decl.val_kind with Val_prim _ -> pos | _ -> pos+1 in
      let (pl, final_sub) = prefix_idents root nextpos sub rem in
      (p::pl, final_sub)
  | Sig_type(id, decl, _) :: rem ->
      let p = Pdot(root, Ident.name id, nopos) in
      let (pl, final_sub) =
        prefix_idents root pos (Subst.add_type id p sub) rem in
      (p::pl, final_sub)
  | Sig_exception(id, decl) :: rem ->
      let p = Pdot(root, Ident.name id, pos) in
      let (pl, final_sub) = prefix_idents root (pos+1) sub rem in
      (p::pl, final_sub)
  | Sig_module(id, mty, _) :: rem ->
      let p = Pdot(root, Ident.name id, pos) in
      let (pl, final_sub) =
        prefix_idents root (pos+1) (Subst.add_module id p sub) rem in
      (p::pl, final_sub)
  | Sig_modtype(id, decl) :: rem ->
      let p = Pdot(root, Ident.name id, nopos) in
      let (pl, final_sub) =
        prefix_idents root pos
                      (Subst.add_modtype id (Mty_ident p) sub) rem in
      (p::pl, final_sub)
  | Sig_class(id, decl, _) :: rem ->
      let p = Pdot(root, Ident.name id, pos) in
      let (pl, final_sub) = prefix_idents root (pos + 1) sub rem in
      (p::pl, final_sub)
  | Sig_class_type(id, decl, _) :: rem ->
      let p = Pdot(root, Ident.name id, nopos) in
      let (pl, final_sub) = prefix_idents root pos sub rem in
      (p::pl, final_sub)

(* Compute structure descriptions *)

let rec components_of_module env sub path mty =
  EnvLazy.create (env, sub, path, mty)

and components_of_module_maker (env, sub, path, mty) =
  (match scrape_modtype mty env with
    Mty_signature sg ->
      let c =
        { comp_values = Tbl.empty; comp_annotations = Tbl.empty;
          comp_constrs = Tbl.empty;
          comp_labels = Tbl.empty; comp_types = Tbl.empty;
          comp_constrs_by_path = Tbl.empty;
          comp_modules = Tbl.empty; comp_modtypes = Tbl.empty;
          comp_components = Tbl.empty; comp_classes = Tbl.empty;
          comp_cltypes = Tbl.empty } in
      let (pl, sub) = prefix_idents path 0 sub sg in
      let env = ref env in
      let pos = ref 0 in
      List.iter2 (fun item path ->
        match item with
          Sig_value(id, decl) ->
            let decl' = Subst.value_description sub decl in
            c.comp_values <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (decl', !pos) c.comp_values;
            if !Clflags.annotations then begin
              c.comp_annotations <-
                Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (Annot.Iref_external, !pos)
                        c.comp_annotations;
            end;
            begin match decl.val_kind with
              Val_prim _ -> () | _ -> incr pos
            end
        | Sig_type(id, decl, _) ->
            let decl' = Subst.type_declaration sub decl in
            c.comp_types <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (decl', nopos) c.comp_types;
            let constructors = constructors_of_type path decl' in
            c.comp_constrs_by_path <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id)
                (List.map snd constructors, nopos) c.comp_constrs_by_path;
            List.iter
              (fun (name, descr) ->
                c.comp_constrs <-
                  Tbl.add (Ident.name name) (descr, nopos) c.comp_constrs)
              constructors;
            let labels = labels_of_type path decl' in
            List.iter
              (fun (name, descr) ->
                c.comp_labels <-
                  Tbl.add (Ident.name name) (descr, nopos) c.comp_labels)
              (labels);
            env := store_type_infos id path decl !env
        | Sig_exception(id, decl) ->
            let decl' = Subst.exception_declaration sub decl in
            let cstr = Datarepr.exception_descr path decl' in
            c.comp_constrs <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (cstr, !pos) c.comp_constrs;
            incr pos
        | Sig_module(id, mty, _) ->
            let mty' = EnvLazy.create (sub, mty) in
            c.comp_modules <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (mty', !pos) c.comp_modules;
            let comps = components_of_module !env sub path mty in
            c.comp_components <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (comps, !pos) c.comp_components;
            env := store_module id path mty !env;
            incr pos
        | Sig_modtype(id, decl) ->
            let decl' = Subst.modtype_declaration sub decl in
            c.comp_modtypes <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (decl', nopos) c.comp_modtypes;
            env := store_modtype id path decl !env
        | Sig_class(id, decl, _) ->
            let decl' = Subst.class_declaration sub decl in
            c.comp_classes <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (decl', !pos) c.comp_classes;
            incr pos
        | Sig_class_type(id, decl, _) ->
            let decl' = Subst.cltype_declaration sub decl in
            c.comp_cltypes <-
              Tbl.add (Ident.name id) (decl', !pos) c.comp_cltypes)
        sg pl;
        Structure_comps c
  | Mty_functor(param, ty_arg, ty_res) ->
        Functor_comps {
          fcomp_param = param;
          (* fcomp_arg must be prefixed eagerly, because it is interpreted
             in the outer environment, not in env *)
          fcomp_arg = Subst.modtype sub ty_arg;
          (* fcomp_res is prefixed lazily, because it is interpreted in env *)
          fcomp_res = ty_res;
          fcomp_env = env;
          fcomp_subst = sub;
          fcomp_cache = Hashtbl.create 17 }
  | Mty_ident p ->
        Structure_comps {
          comp_values = Tbl.empty; comp_annotations = Tbl.empty;
          comp_constrs = Tbl.empty;
          comp_labels = Tbl.empty;
          comp_types = Tbl.empty; comp_constrs_by_path = Tbl.empty;
          comp_modules = Tbl.empty; comp_modtypes = Tbl.empty;
          comp_components = Tbl.empty; comp_classes = Tbl.empty;
          comp_cltypes = Tbl.empty })

(* Insertion of bindings by identifier + path *)

and check_usage loc id warn tbl =
  if not loc.Location.loc_ghost && Warnings.is_active (warn "") then begin
    let name = Ident.name id in
    let key = (name, loc) in
    if Hashtbl.mem tbl key then ()
    else let used = ref false in
    Hashtbl.add tbl key (fun () -> used := true);
    if not (name = "" || name.[0] = '_' || name.[0] = '#')
    then
      !add_delayed_check_forward
        (fun () -> if not !used then Location.prerr_warning loc (warn name))
  end;

and store_value ?check id path decl env =
  may (fun f -> check_usage decl.val_loc id f value_declarations) check;
  { env with
    values = EnvTbl.add id (path, decl) env.values;
    summary = Env_value(env.summary, id, decl) }

and store_annot id path annot env =
  if !Clflags.annotations then
    { env with
      annotations = EnvTbl.add_dont_track id (path, annot) env.annotations }
  else env

and store_type id path info env =
  let loc = info.type_loc in
  check_usage loc id (fun s -> Warnings.Unused_type_declaration s)
    type_declarations;
  let constructors = constructors_of_type path info in
  let labels = labels_of_type path info in

  if not loc.Location.loc_ghost &&
    Warnings.is_active (Warnings.Unused_constructor ("", false, false))
  then begin
    let ty = Ident.name id in
    List.iter
      begin fun (c, _) ->
        let c = Ident.name c in
        let k = (ty, loc, c) in
        if not (Hashtbl.mem used_constructors k) then
          let used = constructor_usages () in
          Hashtbl.add used_constructors k (add_constructor_usage used);
          if not (ty = "" || ty.[0] = '_')
          then !add_delayed_check_forward
              (fun () ->
                if not env.in_signature && not used.cu_positive then
                  Location.prerr_warning loc
                    (Warnings.Unused_constructor
                       (c, used.cu_pattern, used.cu_privatize)))
      end
      constructors
  end;
  { env with
    constrs =
      List.fold_right
        (fun (name, descr) constrs ->
          EnvTbl.add name (path_subst_last path name, descr) constrs)
        constructors
        env.constrs;

    constrs_by_path =
      EnvTbl.add id
        (path,List.map snd constructors) env.constrs_by_path;
    labels =
      List.fold_right
        (fun (name, descr) labels ->
          EnvTbl.add name (path_subst_last path name, descr) labels)
        labels
        env.labels;
    types = EnvTbl.add id (path, info) env.types;
    summary = Env_type(env.summary, id, info) }

and store_type_infos id path info env =
  (* Simplified version of store_type that doesn't compute and store
     constructor and label infos, but simply record the arity and
     manifest-ness of the type.  Used in components_of_module to
     keep track of type abbreviations (e.g. type t = float) in the
     computation of label representations. *)
  { env with
    types = EnvTbl.add id (path, info) env.types;
    summary = Env_type(env.summary, id, info) }

and store_exception id path decl env =
  let loc = decl.exn_loc in
  if not loc.Location.loc_ghost &&
    Warnings.is_active (Warnings.Unused_exception ("", false))
  then begin
    let ty = "exn" in
    let c = Ident.name id in
    let k = (ty, loc, c) in
    if not (Hashtbl.mem used_constructors k) then begin
      let used = constructor_usages () in
      Hashtbl.add used_constructors k (add_constructor_usage used);
      !add_delayed_check_forward
        (fun () ->
          if not env.in_signature && not used.cu_positive then
            Location.prerr_warning loc
              (Warnings.Unused_exception
                 (c, used.cu_pattern)
              )
        )
    end;
  end;
  { env with
    constrs = EnvTbl.add id (path_subst_last path id,
                             Datarepr.exception_descr path decl) env.constrs;
    summary = Env_exception(env.summary, id, decl) }

and store_module id path mty env =
  { env with
    modules = EnvTbl.add id (path, mty) env.modules;
    components =
      EnvTbl.add id (path, components_of_module env Subst.identity path mty)
                   env.components;
    summary = Env_module(env.summary, id, mty) }

and store_modtype id path info env =
  { env with
    modtypes = EnvTbl.add id (path, info) env.modtypes;
    summary = Env_modtype(env.summary, id, info) }

and store_class id path desc env =
  { env with
    classes = EnvTbl.add id (path, desc) env.classes;
    summary = Env_class(env.summary, id, desc) }

and store_cltype id path desc env =
  { env with
    cltypes = EnvTbl.add id (path, desc) env.cltypes;
    summary = Env_cltype(env.summary, id, desc) }

(* Compute the components of a functor application in a path. *)

let components_of_functor_appl f p1 p2 =
  try
    Hashtbl.find f.fcomp_cache p2
  with Not_found ->
    let p = Papply(p1, p2) in
    let mty =
      Subst.modtype (Subst.add_module f.fcomp_param p2 Subst.identity)
                    f.fcomp_res in
    let comps = components_of_module f.fcomp_env f.fcomp_subst p mty in
    Hashtbl.add f.fcomp_cache p2 comps;
    comps

(* Define forward functions *)

let _ =
  components_of_module' := components_of_module;
  components_of_functor_appl' := components_of_functor_appl;
  components_of_module_maker' := components_of_module_maker

(* Insertion of bindings by identifier *)

let add_value ?check id desc env =
  store_value ?check id (Pident id) desc env

let add_annot id annot env =
  store_annot id (Pident id) annot env

and add_type id info env =
  store_type id (Pident id) info env

and add_exception id decl env =
  store_exception id (Pident id) decl env

and add_module id mty env =
  store_module id (Pident id) mty env

and add_modtype id info env =
  store_modtype id (Pident id) info env

and add_class id ty env =
  store_class id (Pident id) ty env

and add_cltype id ty env =
  store_cltype id (Pident id) ty env

let add_local_constraint id info elv env =
  match info with
    {type_manifest = Some ty; type_newtype_level = Some (lv, _)} ->
      (* elv is the expansion level, lv is the definition level *)
      let env =
        add_type id {info with type_newtype_level = Some (lv, elv)} env in
      { env with local_constraints = true }
  | _ -> assert false

(* Insertion of bindings by name *)

let enter store_fun name data env =
  let id = Ident.create name in (id, store_fun id (Pident id) data env)

let enter_value ?check = enter (store_value ?check)
and enter_type = enter store_type
and enter_exception = enter store_exception
and enter_module = enter store_module
and enter_modtype = enter store_modtype
and enter_class = enter store_class
and enter_cltype = enter store_cltype

(* Insertion of all components of a signature *)

let add_item comp env =
  match comp with
    Sig_value(id, decl)     -> add_value id decl env
  | Sig_type(id, decl, _)   -> add_type id decl env
  | Sig_exception(id, decl) -> add_exception id decl env
  | Sig_module(id, mty, _)  -> add_module id mty env
  | Sig_modtype(id, decl)   -> add_modtype id decl env
  | Sig_class(id, decl, _)  -> add_class id decl env
  | Sig_class_type(id, decl, _) -> add_cltype id decl env

let rec add_signature sg env =
  match sg with
    [] -> env
  | comp :: rem -> add_signature rem (add_item comp env)

(* Open a signature path *)

let open_signature root sg env =
  (* First build the paths and substitution *)
  let (pl, sub) = prefix_idents root 0 Subst.identity sg in
  (* Then enter the components in the environment after substitution *)
  let newenv =
    List.fold_left2
      (fun env item p ->
        match item with
          Sig_value(id, decl) ->
            let e1 = store_value (Ident.hide id) p
                        (Subst.value_description sub decl) env
            in store_annot (Ident.hide id) p (Annot.Iref_external) e1
        | Sig_type(id, decl, _) ->
            store_type (Ident.hide id) p
                       (Subst.type_declaration sub decl) env
        | Sig_exception(id, decl) ->
            store_exception (Ident.hide id) p
                            (Subst.exception_declaration sub decl) env
        | Sig_module(id, mty, _) ->
            store_module (Ident.hide id) p (Subst.modtype sub mty) env
        | Sig_modtype(id, decl) ->
            store_modtype (Ident.hide id) p
                          (Subst.modtype_declaration sub decl) env
        | Sig_class(id, decl, _) ->
            store_class (Ident.hide id) p
                        (Subst.class_declaration sub decl) env
        | Sig_class_type(id, decl, _) ->
            store_cltype (Ident.hide id) p
                         (Subst.cltype_declaration sub decl) env)
      env sg pl in
  { newenv with summary = Env_open(env.summary, root) }

(* Open a signature from a file *)

let open_pers_signature name env =
  let ps = find_pers_struct name in
  open_signature (Pident(Ident.create_persistent name)) ps.ps_sig env

let open_signature ?(loc = Location.none) ?(toplevel = false) root sg env =
  if not toplevel && not loc.Location.loc_ghost && Warnings.is_active (Warnings.Unused_open "")
  then begin
    let used = ref false in
    !add_delayed_check_forward
      (fun () ->
        if not !used then
          Location.prerr_warning loc (Warnings.Unused_open (Path.name root))
      );
    EnvTbl.with_slot used (open_signature root sg) env
  end
  else open_signature root sg env

(* Read a signature from a file *)

let read_signature modname filename =
  let ps = read_pers_struct modname filename in ps.ps_sig

(* Return the CRC of the interface of the given compilation unit *)

let crc_of_unit name =
  let ps = find_pers_struct name in
  try
    List.assoc name ps.ps_crcs
  with Not_found ->
    assert false

(* Return the list of imported interfaces with their CRCs *)

let imported_units() =
  Consistbl.extract crc_units

(* Save a signature to a file *)

let save_signature_with_imports sg modname filename imports =
  Btype.cleanup_abbrev ();
  Subst.reset_for_saving ();
  let sg = Subst.signature (Subst.for_saving Subst.identity) sg in
  let oc = open_out_bin filename in
  try
    let cmi = {
      cmi_name = modname;
      cmi_sign = sg;
      cmi_crcs = imports;
      cmi_flags = if !Clflags.recursive_types then [Rectypes] else [];
    } in
    let crc = output_cmi filename oc cmi in
    close_out oc;
    (* Enter signature in persistent table so that imported_unit()
       will also return its crc *)
    let comps =
      components_of_module empty Subst.identity
        (Pident(Ident.create_persistent modname)) (Mty_signature sg) in
    let ps =
      { ps_name = modname;
        ps_sig = sg;
        ps_comps = comps;
        ps_crcs = (cmi.cmi_name, crc) :: imports;
        ps_filename = filename;
        ps_flags = cmi.cmi_flags } in
    Hashtbl.add persistent_structures modname (Some ps);
    Consistbl.set crc_units modname crc filename;
    sg
  with exn ->
    close_out oc;
    remove_file filename;
    raise exn

let save_signature sg modname filename =
  save_signature_with_imports sg modname filename (imported_units())

(* Folding on environments *)
let ident_tbl_fold f t acc =
  List.fold_right
    (fun key acc -> f key (EnvTbl.find_same_not_using key t) acc)
    (EnvTbl.keys t)
    acc

let find_all proj1 proj2 f lid env acc =
  match lid with
    | None ->
      ident_tbl_fold
        (fun id (p, data) acc -> f (Ident.name id) p data acc)
        (proj1 env) acc
    | Some l ->
      let p, desc = lookup_module_descr l env in
      begin match EnvLazy.force components_of_module_maker desc with
          Structure_comps c ->
            Tbl.fold
              (fun s (data, pos) acc -> f s (Pdot (p, s, pos)) data acc)
              (proj2 c) acc
        | Functor_comps _ ->
          raise Not_found
      end

let fold_modules f lid env acc =
  match lid with
    | None ->
      let acc =
        ident_tbl_fold
          (fun id (p, data) acc -> f (Ident.name id) p data acc)
          env.modules
          acc
      in
      Hashtbl.fold
        (fun name ps acc ->
          match ps with
              None -> acc
            | Some ps ->
              f name (Pident(Ident.create_persistent name))
                     (Mty_signature ps.ps_sig) acc)
        persistent_structures
        acc
    | Some l ->
      let p, desc = lookup_module_descr l env in
      begin match EnvLazy.force components_of_module_maker desc with
          Structure_comps c ->
            Tbl.fold
              (fun s (data, pos) acc ->
                f s (Pdot (p, s, pos))
                    (EnvLazy.force subst_modtype_maker data) acc)
              c.comp_modules
              acc
        | Functor_comps _ ->
          raise Not_found
      end

let fold_values f =
  find_all (fun env -> env.values) (fun sc -> sc.comp_values) f
and fold_constructors f =
  find_all (fun env -> env.constrs) (fun sc -> sc.comp_constrs) f
and fold_labels f =
  find_all (fun env -> env.labels) (fun sc -> sc.comp_labels) f
and fold_types f =
  find_all (fun env -> env.types) (fun sc -> sc.comp_types) f
and fold_modtypes f =
  find_all (fun env -> env.modtypes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_modtypes) f
and fold_classs f =
  find_all (fun env -> env.classes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_classes) f
and fold_cltypes f =
  find_all (fun env -> env.cltypes) (fun sc -> sc.comp_cltypes) f


(* Make the initial environment *)

let initial = Predef.build_initial_env add_type add_exception empty

(* Return the environment summary *)

let summary env = env.summary

let keep_only_summary env =
  { empty with
    summary = env.summary;
    local_constraints = env.local_constraints;
    in_signature = env.in_signature;
  }

let env_of_only_summary env_from_summary env =
  let new_env = env_from_summary env.summary Subst.identity in
  { new_env with
    local_constraints = env.local_constraints;
    in_signature = env.in_signature;
  }

(* Error report *)

open Format

let report_error ppf = function
  | Illegal_renaming(modname, filename) -> fprintf ppf
      "Wrong file naming: %a@ contains the compiled interface for@ %s"
      Location.print_filename filename modname
  | Inconsistent_import(name, source1, source2) -> fprintf ppf
      "@[<hov>The files %a@ and %a@ \
              make inconsistent assumptions@ over interface %s@]"
      Location.print_filename source1 Location.print_filename source2 name
  | Need_recursive_types(import, export) ->
      fprintf ppf
        "@[<hov>Unit %s imports from %s, which uses recursive types.@ %s@]"
        export import "The compilation flag -rectypes is required"
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