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ocaml / asmcomp / arm / arch.ml

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(***********************************************************************)
(*                                                                     *)
(*                                OCaml                                *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*                  Benedikt Meurer, University of Siegen              *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*    Copyright 1998 Institut National de Recherche en Informatique    *)
(*    et en Automatique. Copyright 2012 Benedikt Meurer. All rights    *)
(*    reserved.  This file is distributed  under the terms of the Q    *)
(*    Public License version 1.0.                                      *)
(*                                                                     *)
(***********************************************************************)

(* $Id$ *)

(* Specific operations for the ARM processor *)

open Format

type abi = EABI | EABI_VFP
type arch = ARMv4 | ARMv5 | ARMv5TE | ARMv6 | ARMv6T2 | ARMv7
type fpu = Soft | VFPv3_D16 | VFPv3

let abi =
  match Config.system with
    "linux_eabi"   -> EABI
  | "linux_eabihf" -> EABI_VFP
  | _ -> assert false

let string_of_arch = function
    ARMv4   -> "armv4"
  | ARMv5   -> "armv5"
  | ARMv5TE -> "armv5te"
  | ARMv6   -> "armv6"
  | ARMv6T2 -> "armv6t2"
  | ARMv7   -> "armv7"

let string_of_fpu = function
    Soft      -> "soft"
  | VFPv3_D16 -> "vfpv3-d16"
  | VFPv3     -> "vfpv3"

(* Machine-specific command-line options *)

let (arch, fpu, thumb) =
  let (def_arch, def_fpu, def_thumb) =
    begin match abi, Config.model with
    (* Defaults for architecture, FPU and Thumb *)
      EABI, "armv5"   -> ARMv5,   Soft,      false
    | EABI, "armv5te" -> ARMv5TE, Soft,      false
    | EABI, "armv6"   -> ARMv6,   Soft,      false
    | EABI, "armv6t2" -> ARMv6T2, Soft,      false
    | EABI, "armv7"   -> ARMv7,   Soft,      false
    | EABI, _         -> ARMv4,   Soft,      false
    | EABI_VFP, _     -> ARMv7,   VFPv3_D16, true
    end in
  (ref def_arch, ref def_fpu, ref def_thumb)

let pic_code = ref false

let farch spec =
  arch := (match spec with
             "armv4" when abi <> EABI_VFP   -> ARMv4
           | "armv5" when abi <> EABI_VFP   -> ARMv5
           | "armv5te" when abi <> EABI_VFP -> ARMv5TE
           | "armv6" when abi <> EABI_VFP   -> ARMv6
           | "armv6t2" when abi <> EABI_VFP -> ARMv6T2
           | "armv7"                        -> ARMv7
           | spec -> raise (Arg.Bad spec))

let ffpu spec =
  fpu := (match spec with
            "soft" when abi <> EABI_VFP     -> Soft
          | "vfpv3-d16" when abi = EABI_VFP -> VFPv3_D16
          | "vfpv3" when abi = EABI_VFP     -> VFPv3
          | spec -> raise (Arg.Bad spec))

let command_line_options =
  [ "-farch", Arg.String farch,
      "<arch>  Select the ARM target architecture"
      ^ " (default: " ^ (string_of_arch !arch) ^ ")";
    "-ffpu", Arg.String ffpu,
      "<fpu>  Select the floating-point hardware"
      ^ " (default: " ^ (string_of_fpu !fpu) ^ ")";
    "-fPIC", Arg.Set pic_code,
      " Generate position-independent machine code";
    "-fno-PIC", Arg.Clear pic_code,
      " Generate position-dependent machine code";
    "-fthumb", Arg.Set thumb,
      " Enable Thumb/Thumb-2 code generation"
      ^ (if !thumb then " (default)" else "");
    "-fno-thumb", Arg.Clear thumb,
      " Disable Thumb/Thumb-2 code generation"
      ^ (if not !thumb then " (default" else "")]

(* Addressing modes *)

type addressing_mode =
    Iindexed of int                     (* reg + displ *)

(* We do not support the reg + shifted reg addressing mode, because
   what we really need is reg + shifted reg + displ,
   and this is decomposed in two instructions (reg + shifted reg -> tmp,
   then addressing tmp + displ). *)

(* Specific operations *)

type specific_operation =
    Ishiftarith of arith_operation * int
  | Ishiftcheckbound of int
  | Irevsubimm of int
  | Imuladd     (* multiply and add *)
  | Imulsub     (* multiply and subtract *)
  | Inegmulf    (* floating-point negate and multiply *)
  | Imuladdf    (* floating-point multiply and add *)
  | Inegmuladdf (* floating-point negate, multiply and add *)
  | Imulsubf    (* floating-point multiply and subtract *)
  | Inegmulsubf (* floating-point negate, multiply and subtract *)
  | Isqrtf      (* floating-point square root *)

and arith_operation =
    Ishiftadd
  | Ishiftsub
  | Ishiftsubrev

(* Sizes, endianness *)

let big_endian = false

let size_addr = 4
let size_int = 4
let size_float = 8

(* Behavior of division *)

let division_crashes_on_overflow = false

(* Operations on addressing modes *)

let identity_addressing = Iindexed 0

let offset_addressing (Iindexed n) delta = Iindexed(n + delta)

let num_args_addressing (Iindexed n) = 1

(* Printing operations and addressing modes *)

let print_addressing printreg addr ppf arg =
  match addr with
  | Iindexed n ->
      printreg ppf arg.(0);
      if n <> 0 then fprintf ppf " + %i" n

let print_specific_operation printreg op ppf arg =
  match op with
  | Ishiftarith(op, shift) ->
      let op_name = function
      | Ishiftadd -> "+"
      | Ishiftsub -> "-"
      | Ishiftsubrev -> "-rev" in
      let shift_mark =
       if shift >= 0
       then sprintf "<< %i" shift
       else sprintf ">> %i" (-shift) in
      fprintf ppf "%a %s %a %s"
       printreg arg.(0) (op_name op) printreg arg.(1) shift_mark
  | Ishiftcheckbound n ->
      fprintf ppf "check %a >> %i > %a" printreg arg.(0) n printreg arg.(1)
  | Irevsubimm n ->
      fprintf ppf "%i %s %a" n "-" printreg arg.(0)
  | Imuladd ->
      fprintf ppf "(%a * %a) + %a"
        printreg arg.(0)
        printreg arg.(1)
        printreg arg.(2)
  | Imulsub ->
      fprintf ppf "-(%a * %a) + %a"
        printreg arg.(0)
        printreg arg.(1)
        printreg arg.(2)
  | Inegmulf ->
      fprintf ppf "-f (%a *f %a)"
        printreg arg.(0)
        printreg arg.(1)
  | Imuladdf ->
      fprintf ppf "%a +f (%a *f %a)"
        printreg arg.(0)
        printreg arg.(1)
        printreg arg.(2)
  | Inegmuladdf ->
      fprintf ppf "%a -f (%a *f %a)"
        printreg arg.(0)
        printreg arg.(1)
        printreg arg.(2)
  | Imulsubf ->
      fprintf ppf "(-f %a) +f (%a *f %a)"
        printreg arg.(0)
        printreg arg.(1)
        printreg arg.(2)
  | Inegmulsubf ->
      fprintf ppf "(-f %a) -f (%a *f %a)"
        printreg arg.(0)
        printreg arg.(1)
        printreg arg.(2)
  | Isqrtf ->
      fprintf ppf "sqrtf %a"
        printreg arg.(0)

(* Recognize immediate operands *)

(* Immediate operands are 8-bit immediate values, zero-extended,
   and rotated right by 0 ... 30 bits.
   In Thumb/Thumb-2 mode we utilize 26 ... 30. *)

let is_immediate n =
  let n = ref n in
  let s = ref 0 in
  let m = if !thumb then 24 else 30 in
  while (!s <= m && Int32.logand !n 0xffl <> !n) do
    n := Int32.logor (Int32.shift_right_logical !n 2) (Int32.shift_left !n 30);
    s := !s + 2
  done;
  !s <= m