ocaml / stdlib / queue.mli

(***********************************************************************)
(*                                                                     *)
(*                                OCaml                                *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*            Xavier Leroy, projet Cristal, INRIA Rocquencourt         *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*  Copyright 1996 Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et   *)
(*  en Automatique.  All rights reserved.  This file is distributed    *)
(*  under the terms of the GNU Library General Public License, with    *)
(*  the special exception on linking described in file ../LICENSE.     *)
(*                                                                     *)
(***********************************************************************)

(* $Id$ *)

(** First-in first-out queues.

   This module implements queues (FIFOs), with in-place modification.
*)

type 'a t
(** The type of queues containing elements of type ['a]. *)


exception Empty
(** Raised when {!Queue.take} or {!Queue.peek} is applied to an empty queue. *)


val create : unit -> 'a t
(** Return a new queue, initially empty. *)

val add : 'a -> 'a t -> unit
(** [add x q] adds the element [x] at the end of the queue [q]. *)

val push : 'a -> 'a t -> unit
(** [push] is a synonym for [add]. *)

val take : 'a t -> 'a
(** [take q] removes and returns the first element in queue [q],
   or raises [Empty] if the queue is empty. *)

val pop : 'a t -> 'a
(** [pop] is a synonym for [take]. *)

val peek : 'a t -> 'a
(** [peek q] returns the first element in queue [q], without removing
   it from the queue, or raises [Empty] if the queue is empty. *)

val top : 'a t -> 'a
(** [top] is a synonym for [peek]. *)

val clear : 'a t -> unit
(** Discard all elements from a queue. *)

val copy : 'a t -> 'a t
(** Return a copy of the given queue. *)

val is_empty : 'a t -> bool
(** Return [true] if the given queue is empty, [false] otherwise. *)

val length : 'a t -> int
(** Return the number of elements in a queue. *)

val iter : ('a -> unit) -> 'a t -> unit
(** [iter f q] applies [f] in turn to all elements of [q],
   from the least recently entered to the most recently entered.
   The queue itself is unchanged. *)

val fold : ('b -> 'a -> 'b) -> 'b -> 'a t -> 'b
(** [fold f accu q] is equivalent to [List.fold_left f accu l],
   where [l] is the list of [q]'s elements. The queue remains
   unchanged. *)

val transfer : 'a t -> 'a t -> unit
(** [transfer q1 q2] adds all of [q1]'s elements at the end of
   the queue [q2], then clears [q1]. It is equivalent to the
   sequence [iter (fun x -> add x q2) q1; clear q1], but runs
   in constant time. *)
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