moin-2.0 / MoinMoin / mail /

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# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# Copyright: 2003 Juergen Hermann <>
# Copyright: 2008-2009 MoinMoin:ThomasWaldmann
# Copyright: 2012 MoinMoin:TarashishMishra
# License: GNU GPL v2 (or any later version), see LICENSE.txt for details.

    MoinMoin - email helper functions

import os, re
from email.Header import Header

from MoinMoin import log
logging = log.getLogger(__name__)

from flask import current_app as app

from MoinMoin import config
from MoinMoin.i18n import _, L_, N_

_transdict = {"AT": "@", "DOT": ".", "DASH": "-"}

def encodeAddress(address, charset):
    Encode email address to enable non ascii names

    E.g. '"Jürgen Hermann" <>'. According to the RFC, the name
    part should be encoded, the address should not.

    :param address: email address, possibly using '"name" <address>' format
    :type address: unicode
    :param charset: specifying both the charset and the encoding, e.g
                    quoted printable or base64.
    :type charset: email.Charset.Charset instance
    :rtype: string
    :returns: encoded address
    assert isinstance(address, unicode)
    composite = re.compile(r'(?P<phrase>.*?)(?P<blanks>\s*)\<(?P<addr>.*)\>', re.UNICODE)
    match = composite.match(address)
    if match:
        phrase ='phrase')
            str(phrase)  # is it pure ascii?
        except UnicodeEncodeError:
            phrase = phrase.encode(config.charset)
            phrase = Header(phrase, charset)
        blanks ='blanks')
        addr ='addr')
        if phrase:
            return "{0!s}{1!s}<{2!s}>".format(phrase, blanks, addr)
            return str(addr)
        # a pure email address, should encode to ascii without problem
        return str(address)

def sendmail(subject, text, to=None, cc=None, bcc=None, mail_from=None):
    """ Create and send a text/plain message

    Return a tuple of success or error indicator and message.

    :param subject: subject of email
    :type subject: unicode
    :param text: email body text
    :type text: unicode
    :param to: recipients
    :type to: list
    :param cc: recipients (CC)
    :type cc: list
    :param bcc: recipients (BCC)
    :type bcc: list
    :param mail_from: override default mail_from
    :type mail_from: unicode

    :rtype: tuple
    :returns: (is_ok, Description of error or OK message)
    cfg = app.cfg
    mail_from = mail_from or cfg.mail_from

    logging.debug("send mail, from: {0!r}, subj: {1!r}".format(mail_from, subject))
    logging.debug("send mail, to: {0!r}".format(to))

    if not to and not cc and not bcc:
        return (1, _("No recipients, nothing to do"))

    # Create a text/plain body using CRLF (see RFC2822)
    text = text.replace(u'\n', u'\r\n')

    # Send the message
    if app.on_gae:
        from google.appengine.api import mail
            logging.debug("trying to send mail (mail.EmailMessage.send() on gae)")
            message = mail.EmailMessage(sender=mail_from,
            if cc:
       = cc
            if bcc:
                message.bcc = bcc
            logging.exception("gae's mail.sendmail failed with an exception.")
            return (0, _("Mail not sent"))
        return (1, _("Mail sent successfully"))
        import smtplib, socket
        from email.Message import Message
        from email.Charset import Charset, QP
        from email.Utils import formatdate, make_msgid

        subject = subject.encode(config.charset)
        text = text.encode(config.charset)
        # Create a message using config.charset and quoted printable
        # encoding, which should be supported better by mail clients.
        # TODO: check if its really works better for major mail clients
        msg = Message()
        charset = Charset(config.charset)
        charset.header_encoding = QP
        charset.body_encoding = QP

        # work around a bug in python 2.4.3 and above:
        if msg.as_string().endswith('='):
            text = charset.body_encode(text)


        address = encodeAddress(mail_from, charset)
        msg['From'] = address
        if to:
            msg['To'] = ','.join(to)
        if cc:
            msg['CC'] = ','.join(cc)
        msg['Date'] = formatdate()
        msg['Message-ID'] = make_msgid()
        msg['Subject'] = Header(subject, charset)
        # See RFC 3834 section 5:
        msg['Auto-Submitted'] = 'auto-generated'

        if cfg.mail_sendmail:
            if bcc:
                # Set the BCC.  This will be stripped later by sendmail.
                msg['BCC'] = ','.join(bcc)
            # Set Return-Path so that it isn't set (generally incorrectly) for us.
            msg['Return-Path'] = address

        if not cfg.mail_sendmail:
                logging.debug("trying to send mail (smtp) via smtp server '{0}'".format(cfg.mail_smarthost))
                host, port = (cfg.mail_smarthost + ':25').split(':')[:2]
                server = smtplib.SMTP(host, int(port))
                    if cfg.mail_username is not None and cfg.mail_password is not None:
                        try: # try to do tls
                            if server.has_extn('starttls'):
                                logging.debug("tls connection to smtp server established")
                            logging.debug("could not establish a tls connection to smtp server, continuing without tls")
                        logging.debug("trying to log in to smtp server using account '{0}'".format(cfg.mail_username))
                        server.login(cfg.mail_username, cfg.mail_password)
                    server.sendmail(mail_from, (to or []) + (cc or []) + (bcc or []), msg.as_string())
                    except AttributeError:
                        # in case the connection failed, SMTP has no "sock" attribute
            except smtplib.SMTPException as e:
                logging.exception("smtp mail failed with an exception.")
                return (0, str(e))
            except (os.error, socket.error) as e:
                logging.exception("smtp mail failed with an exception.")
                return (0, _("Connection to mailserver '%(server)s' failed: %(reason)s",
                logging.debug("trying to send mail (sendmail)")
                sendmailp = os.popen(cfg.mail_sendmail, "w")
                # msg contains everything we need, so this is a simple write
                sendmail_status = sendmailp.close()
                if sendmail_status:
                    logging.error("sendmail failed with status: {0!s}".format(sendmail_status))
                    return (0, str(sendmail_status))
                logging.exception("sendmail failed with an exception.")
                return (0, _("Mail not sent"))

        logging.debug("Mail sent successfully")
        return (1, _("Mail sent successfully"))

def encodeSpamSafeEmail(email_address, obfuscation_text=''):
    Encodes a standard email address to an obfuscated address

    :param email_address: mail address to encode.
                          Known characters and their all-uppercase words translation::

                              "." -> " DOT "
                              "@" -> " AT "
                              "-" -> " DASH "
    :param obfuscation_text: optional text to obfuscate the email.
                             All characters in the string must be alphabetic
                             and they will be added in uppercase.
    address = email_address.lower()
    # uppercase letters will be stripped by decodeSpamSafeEmail
    for word, sign in _transdict.items():
        address = address.replace(sign, ' {0} '.format(word))
    if obfuscation_text.isalpha():
        # is the obfuscation_text alphabetic
        address = address.replace(' AT ', ' AT {0} '.format(obfuscation_text.upper()))

    return address

def decodeSpamSafeEmail(address):
    """ Decode obfuscated email address to standard email address

    Decode a spam-safe email address in `address` by applying the
    following rules:

    Known all-uppercase words and their translation:
        "DOT"   -> "."
        "AT"    -> "@"
        "DASH"  -> "-"

    Any unknown all-uppercase words or an uppercase letter simply get stripped.
    Use that to make it even harder for spam bots!

    Blanks (spaces) simply get stripped.

    :param address: obfuscated email address string
    :rtype: string
    :returns: decoded email address
    email = []

    # words are separated by blanks
    for word in address.split():
        # is it all-uppercase?
        if word.isalpha() and word == word.upper():
            # strip unknown CAPS words
            word = _transdict.get(word, '')

    # return concatenated parts
    return ''.join(email)