Source

pgdevel / src / test / regress / sql / json.sql

-- Strings.
SELECT '""'::json;				-- OK.
SELECT $$''$$::json;			-- ERROR, single quotes are not allowed
SELECT '"abc"'::json;			-- OK
SELECT '"abc'::json;			-- ERROR, quotes not closed
SELECT '"abc
def"'::json;					-- ERROR, unescaped newline in string constant
SELECT '"\n\"\\"'::json;		-- OK, legal escapes
SELECT '"\v"'::json;			-- ERROR, not a valid JSON escape
SELECT '"\u"'::json;			-- ERROR, incomplete escape
SELECT '"\u00"'::json;			-- ERROR, incomplete escape
SELECT '"\u000g"'::json;		-- ERROR, g is not a hex digit
SELECT '"\u0000"'::json;		-- OK, legal escape
SELECT '"\uaBcD"'::json;		-- OK, uppercase and lower case both OK

-- Numbers.
SELECT '1'::json;				-- OK
SELECT '0'::json;				-- OK
SELECT '01'::json;				-- ERROR, not valid according to JSON spec
SELECT '0.1'::json;				-- OK
SELECT '9223372036854775808'::json;	-- OK, even though it's too large for int8
SELECT '1e100'::json;			-- OK
SELECT '1.3e100'::json;			-- OK
SELECT '1f2'::json;				-- ERROR
SELECT '0.x1'::json;			-- ERROR
SELECT '1.3ex100'::json;		-- ERROR

-- Arrays.
SELECT '[]'::json;				-- OK
SELECT '[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[[]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]]'::json;  -- OK
SELECT '[1,2]'::json;			-- OK
SELECT '[1,2,]'::json;			-- ERROR, trailing comma
SELECT '[1,2'::json;			-- ERROR, no closing bracket
SELECT '[1,[2]'::json;			-- ERROR, no closing bracket

-- Objects.
SELECT '{}'::json;				-- OK
SELECT '{"abc"}'::json;			-- ERROR, no value
SELECT '{"abc":1}'::json;		-- OK
SELECT '{1:"abc"}'::json;		-- ERROR, keys must be strings
SELECT '{"abc",1}'::json;		-- ERROR, wrong separator
SELECT '{"abc"=1}'::json;		-- ERROR, totally wrong separator
SELECT '{"abc"::1}'::json;		-- ERROR, another wrong separator
SELECT '{"abc":1,"def":2,"ghi":[3,4],"hij":{"klm":5,"nop":[6]}}'::json; -- OK
SELECT '{"abc":1:2}'::json;		-- ERROR, colon in wrong spot
SELECT '{"abc":1,3}'::json;		-- ERROR, no value

-- Miscellaneous stuff.
SELECT 'true'::json;			-- OK
SELECT 'false'::json;			-- OK
SELECT 'null'::json;			-- OK
SELECT ' true '::json;			-- OK, even with extra whitespace
SELECT 'true false'::json;		-- ERROR, too many values
SELECT 'true, false'::json;		-- ERROR, too many values
SELECT 'truf'::json;			-- ERROR, not a keyword
SELECT 'trues'::json;			-- ERROR, not a keyword
SELECT ''::json;				-- ERROR, no value
SELECT '    '::json;			-- ERROR, no value

--constructors
-- array_to_json

SELECT array_to_json(array(select 1 as a));
SELECT array_to_json(array_agg(q),false) from (select x as b, x * 2 as c from generate_series(1,3) x) q;
SELECT array_to_json(array_agg(q),true) from (select x as b, x * 2 as c from generate_series(1,3) x) q;
SELECT array_to_json(array_agg(q),false)
  FROM ( SELECT $$a$$ || x AS b, y AS c,
               ARRAY[ROW(x.*,ARRAY[1,2,3]),
               ROW(y.*,ARRAY[4,5,6])] AS z
         FROM generate_series(1,2) x,
              generate_series(4,5) y) q;
SELECT array_to_json(array_agg(x),false) from generate_series(5,10) x;
SELECT array_to_json('{{1,5},{99,100}}'::int[]);

-- row_to_json
SELECT row_to_json(row(1,'foo'));

SELECT row_to_json(q)
FROM (SELECT $$a$$ || x AS b,
         y AS c,
         ARRAY[ROW(x.*,ARRAY[1,2,3]),
               ROW(y.*,ARRAY[4,5,6])] AS z
      FROM generate_series(1,2) x,
           generate_series(4,5) y) q;

SELECT row_to_json(q,true)
FROM (SELECT $$a$$ || x AS b,
         y AS c,
         ARRAY[ROW(x.*,ARRAY[1,2,3]),
               ROW(y.*,ARRAY[4,5,6])] AS z
      FROM generate_series(1,2) x,
           generate_series(4,5) y) q;

CREATE TEMP TABLE rows AS
SELECT x, 'txt' || x as y
FROM generate_series(1,3) AS x;

SELECT row_to_json(q,true)
FROM rows q;

SELECT row_to_json(row((select array_agg(x) as d from generate_series(5,10) x)),false);

-- non-numeric output
SELECT row_to_json(q)
FROM (SELECT 'NaN'::float8 AS "float8field") q;

SELECT row_to_json(q)
FROM (SELECT 'Infinity'::float8 AS "float8field") q;

SELECT row_to_json(q)
FROM (SELECT '-Infinity'::float8 AS "float8field") q;

-- json input
SELECT row_to_json(q)
FROM (SELECT '{"a":1,"b": [2,3,4,"d","e","f"],"c":{"p":1,"q":2}}'::json AS "jsonfield") q;


-- json extraction functions

CREATE TEMP TABLE test_json (
       json_type text,
       test_json json
);

INSERT INTO test_json VALUES
('scalar','"a scalar"'),
('array','["zero", "one","two","three","four","five"]'),
('object','{"field1":"val1","field2":"val2"}');

SELECT json_get(test_json,'x') 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'scalar';

SELECT json_get(test_json,'x') 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'array';

SELECT json_get(test_json,'x') 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'object';

SELECT json_get(test_json,'field2') 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'object';

SELECT test_json->'field2'
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'object';

SELECT test_json->>'field2' 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'object';

SELECT json_get(test_json,2) 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'scalar';

SELECT json_get(test_json,2) 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'array';

SELECT json_get(test_json,2)
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'object';

SELECT json_get(test_json,2) 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'array';

SELECT test_json->2 
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'array';

SELECT test_json->>2
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'array';

SELECT json_object_keys(test_json)
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'scalar';

SELECT json_object_keys(test_json)
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'array';

SELECT json_object_keys(test_json)
FROM test_json
WHERE json_type = 'object';

-- array length

SELECT json_array_length('[1,2,3,{"f1":1,"f2":[5,6]},4]');

SELECT json_array_length('[]');

SELECT json_array_length('{"f1":1,"f2":[5,6]}');

SELECT json_array_length('4');

-- each

select json_each('{"f1":[1,2,3],"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":null}');
select * from json_each('{"f1":[1,2,3],"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":null,"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}') q;

select json_each_as_text('{"f1":[1,2,3],"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":null}');
select * from json_each_as_text('{"f1":[1,2,3],"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":null,"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}') q;

-- get_path, get_path_as_text

select json_get_path('{"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f4','f6');
select json_get_path('{"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f2');
select json_get_path('{"f2":["f3",1],"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f2',0::text);
select json_get_path('{"f2":["f3",1],"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f2',1::text);
select json_get_path_as_text('{"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f4','f6');
select json_get_path_as_text('{"f2":{"f3":1},"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f2');
select json_get_path_as_text('{"f2":["f3",1],"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f2',0::text);
select json_get_path_as_text('{"f2":["f3",1],"f4":{"f5":99,"f6":"stringy"}}','f2',1::text);

--unnest

select json_unnest('[1,true,[1,[2,3]],null,{"f1":1,"f2":[7,8,9]},false]');
select * from json_unnest('[1,true,[1,[2,3]],null,{"f1":1,"f2":[7,8,9]},false]') q;

-- populate_record
create type jpop as (a text, b int, c timestamp);

select * from json_populate_record(null::jpop,'{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2}') q;
select * from json_populate_record(row('x',3,'2012-12-31 15:30:56')::jpop,'{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2}') q;

select * from json_populate_record(null::jpop,'{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2}', true) q;
select * from json_populate_record(row('x',3,'2012-12-31 15:30:56')::jpop,'{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2}', true) q;

select * from json_populate_record(null::jpop,'{"a":[100,200,false],"x":43.2}', true) q;
select * from json_populate_record(row('x',3,'2012-12-31 15:30:56')::jpop,'{"a":[100,200,false],"x":43.2}', true) q;
select * from json_populate_record(row('x',3,'2012-12-31 15:30:56')::jpop,'{"c":[100,200,false],"x":43.2}', true) q;

-- populate_recordset

select * from json_populate_recordset(null::jpop,'[{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2},{"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]',false) q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(row('def',99,null)::jpop,'[{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2},{"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]',false) q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(null::jpop,'[{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2},{"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]',true) q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(row('def',99,null)::jpop,'[{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2},{"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]',true) q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(row('def',99,null)::jpop,'[{"a":[100,200,300],"x":43.2},{"a":{"z":true},"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]',true) q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(row('def',99,null)::jpop,'[{"c":[100,200,300],"x":43.2},{"a":{"z":true},"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]',true) q;

-- using the default use_json_as_text argument

select * from json_populate_recordset(null::jpop,'[{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2},{"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]') q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(row('def',99,null)::jpop,'[{"a":"blurfl","x":43.2},{"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]') q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(row('def',99,null)::jpop,'[{"a":[100,200,300],"x":43.2},{"a":{"z":true},"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]') q;
select * from json_populate_recordset(row('def',99,null)::jpop,'[{"c":[100,200,300],"x":43.2},{"a":{"z":true},"b":3,"c":"2012-01-20 10:42:53"}]') q;
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