ossrecord - Open Sound System recording program.
ossrecord [-Rhlv] [-F cntname | ? ] [ -c channels ] [ -d devname ]
[ -f fmtname | ? ] [ -g gain ] [ -i recsource | ? ] [ -m nfiles ]
[ -r command ] [ -s rate ] [ -t maxsecs ] filename | - ...
The ossrecord program records audio in Microsoft RIFF (wav) format. It
will record from any input that's currently set as the recording source
by the ossxmix/ossmix mixer programs. With the -l option, you also get
a level meter that will display VU levels in a character mode.
The filename parameter is name of the (.wav) file to be produced. Output can be
sent to stdout by giving - as the file name.
-s<rate> Select the recording rate for raw PCM audio (eg -s48000).
-c<channels> Select the number of channels 1=mono 2=stereo, 4, 6, 8, etc.
-d<devname> Select <devname> as the device (eg -d/dev/dsp2).
-f<fmt> Select the input sample format (eg -fS32_LE or -fMU_LAW)
-f? Prints the list of supported format names.
-F<cnt> Select the container format (eg WAV or AU). Default is WAV.
-F? Prints the list of supported container formats.
-R Open audio device in raw mode to disable virtual mixing and
sample rate/format conversions. Can be used when recording
from a digital source (S/PDIF input).
-v Verbose output.
-l Display level meters (character based).
-i<recsrc|?> Select the recording source or display available recording
sources if '?' is supplied.
e.g. ossrecord -i? may display:
line (currently selected)
-m<nfiles> Repeat the recording operation <nfiles> times. The filename
argument must have %d (or %02d) somewhere in the file to
guarantee unique filenames. If no %d is given then subsequent
recordings will overwrite the previous one(s). This option is
useful only with loopback audio devices or if the -t option
-r<command> This option launches the <command> in background after
recording the file has completed. The name of the recorded file
will be given as the (only) command line argument. When the -m
option is used the script will run in parallel while recording
the next file. See the COMMAND SCRIPT section (below) for more
-g<gain> Amplify recorded samples by percentage given as argument.
100 (default) means normal signal level, 200 means double level.
Only supported in 16 and 32 bit modes.
-t<maxsecs> Do not record more than <maxsecs> seconds in a single recording
-L<level> Set the recording level to <level>.
-h Display usage instructions.
The -r command line argument makes it possible to execute a
script or program after recording of the wave file is finished.
Below is a simple scell script that does MP3 encoding using
lame -m s -h --preset studio $WAVENAME $MP3NAME
Another example script for ossrecord is a simple CGI script for live MP3
streaming (from /dev/dsp).
echo Content-Type: audio/mp3
ossrecord -S -b16 -s48 - | lame -m j - -
The ossrecord executable is the same as the ossplay executable.
Behaviour is decided by the name used to invoke the program.
Some file formats allocate only 32 bits to record the file length,
which may prevent some programs from reading a too large file properly.
If a recording may pass the 4GB limit (a bit more then 6 hours and 10 minutes
of sound assuming [48Khz/16bit/stereo] quality), it's best to have ossrecord
use the AU or RAW containers (via -F switch) which do not have this restriction.
ossplay(1), ossmix(1), ossxmix(1)