sphinx / sphinx / ext / doctest.py

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""
    sphinx.ext.doctest
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Mimic doctest by automatically executing code snippets and checking
    their results.

    :copyright: Copyright 2007-2011 by the Sphinx team, see AUTHORS.
    :license: BSD, see LICENSE for details.
"""

import re
import sys
import time
import codecs
import StringIO
from os import path
# circumvent relative import
doctest = __import__('doctest')

from docutils import nodes
from docutils.parsers.rst import directives

from sphinx.builders import Builder
from sphinx.util.nodes import set_source_info
from sphinx.util.compat import Directive
from sphinx.util.console import bold

blankline_re = re.compile(r'^\s*<BLANKLINE>', re.MULTILINE)
doctestopt_re = re.compile(r'#\s*doctest:.+$', re.MULTILINE)

# set up the necessary directives

class TestDirective(Directive):
    """
    Base class for doctest-related directives.
    """

    has_content = True
    required_arguments = 0
    optional_arguments = 1
    final_argument_whitespace = True

    def run(self):
        # use ordinary docutils nodes for test code: they get special attributes
        # so that our builder recognizes them, and the other builders are happy.
        code = '\n'.join(self.content)
        test = None
        if self.name == 'doctest':
            if '<BLANKLINE>' in code:
                # convert <BLANKLINE>s to ordinary blank lines for presentation
                test = code
                code = blankline_re.sub('', code)
            if doctestopt_re.search(code):
                if not test:
                    test = code
                code = doctestopt_re.sub('', code)
        nodetype = nodes.literal_block
        if self.name == 'testsetup' or 'hide' in self.options:
            nodetype = nodes.comment
        if self.arguments:
            groups = [x.strip() for x in self.arguments[0].split(',')]
        else:
            groups = ['default']
        node = nodetype(code, code, testnodetype=self.name, groups=groups)
        set_source_info(self, node)
        if test is not None:
            # only save if it differs from code
            node['test'] = test
        if self.name == 'testoutput':
            # don't try to highlight output
            node['language'] = 'none'
        node['options'] = {}
        if self.name in ('doctest', 'testoutput') and 'options' in self.options:
            # parse doctest-like output comparison flags
            option_strings = self.options['options'].replace(',', ' ').split()
            for option in option_strings:
                if (option[0] not in '+-' or option[1:] not in
                    doctest.OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME):
                    # XXX warn?
                    continue
                flag = doctest.OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME[option[1:]]
                node['options'][flag] = (option[0] == '+')
        return [node]

class TestsetupDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {}

class DoctestDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {
        'hide': directives.flag,
        'options': directives.unchanged,
    }

class TestcodeDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {
        'hide': directives.flag,
    }

class TestoutputDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {
        'hide': directives.flag,
        'options': directives.unchanged,
    }


parser = doctest.DocTestParser()

# helper classes

class TestGroup(object):
    def __init__(self, name):
        self.name = name
        self.setup = []
        self.tests = []

    def add_code(self, code, prepend=False):
        if code.type == 'testsetup':
            if prepend:
                self.setup.insert(0, code)
            else:
                self.setup.append(code)
        elif code.type == 'doctest':
            self.tests.append([code])
        elif code.type == 'testcode':
            self.tests.append([code, None])
        elif code.type == 'testoutput':
            if self.tests and len(self.tests[-1]) == 2:
                self.tests[-1][1] = code
        else:
            raise RuntimeError('invalid TestCode type')

    def __repr__(self):
        return 'TestGroup(name=%r, setup=%r, tests=%r)' % (
            self.name, self.setup, self.tests)


class TestCode(object):
    def __init__(self, code, type, lineno, options=None):
        self.code = code
        self.type = type
        self.lineno = lineno
        self.options = options or {}

    def __repr__(self):
        return 'TestCode(%r, %r, %r, options=%r)' % (
            self.code, self.type, self.lineno, self.options)


class SphinxDocTestRunner(doctest.DocTestRunner):
    def summarize(self, out, verbose=None):
        io = StringIO.StringIO()
        old_stdout = sys.stdout
        sys.stdout = io
        try:
            res = doctest.DocTestRunner.summarize(self, verbose)
        finally:
            sys.stdout = old_stdout
        out(io.getvalue())
        return res

    def _DocTestRunner__patched_linecache_getlines(self, filename,
                                                   module_globals=None):
        # this is overridden from DocTestRunner adding the try-except below
        m = self._DocTestRunner__LINECACHE_FILENAME_RE.match(filename)
        if m and m.group('name') == self.test.name:
            try:
                example = self.test.examples[int(m.group('examplenum'))]
            # because we compile multiple doctest blocks with the same name
            # (viz. the group name) this might, for outer stack frames in a
            # traceback, get the wrong test which might not have enough examples
            except IndexError:
                pass
            else:
                return example.source.splitlines(True)
        return self.save_linecache_getlines(filename, module_globals)


# the new builder -- use sphinx-build.py -b doctest to run

class DocTestBuilder(Builder):
    """
    Runs test snippets in the documentation.
    """
    name = 'doctest'

    def init(self):
        # default options
        self.opt = doctest.DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1 | doctest.ELLIPSIS | \
                   doctest.IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL

        # HACK HACK HACK
        # doctest compiles its snippets with type 'single'. That is nice
        # for doctest examples but unusable for multi-statement code such
        # as setup code -- to be able to use doctest error reporting with
        # that code nevertheless, we monkey-patch the "compile" it uses.
        doctest.compile = self.compile

        sys.path[0:0] = self.config.doctest_path

        self.type = 'single'

        self.total_failures = 0
        self.total_tries = 0
        self.setup_failures = 0
        self.setup_tries = 0

        date = time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')

        self.outfile = codecs.open(path.join(self.outdir, 'output.txt'),
                                   'w', encoding='utf-8')
        self.outfile.write('''\
Results of doctest builder run on %s
==================================%s
''' % (date, '='*len(date)))

    def _out(self, text):
        self.info(text, nonl=True)
        self.outfile.write(text)

    def _warn_out(self, text):
        self.info(text, nonl=True)
        if self.app.quiet:
            self.warn(text)
        self.outfile.write(text)

    def get_target_uri(self, docname, typ=None):
        return ''

    def get_outdated_docs(self):
        return self.env.found_docs

    def finish(self):
        # write executive summary
        def s(v):
            return v != 1 and 's' or ''
        self._out('''
Doctest summary
===============
%5d test%s
%5d failure%s in tests
%5d failure%s in setup code
''' % (self.total_tries, s(self.total_tries),
       self.total_failures, s(self.total_failures),
       self.setup_failures, s(self.setup_failures)))
        self.outfile.close()

        if self.total_failures or self.setup_failures:
            self.app.statuscode = 1

    def write(self, build_docnames, updated_docnames, method='update'):
        if build_docnames is None:
            build_docnames = sorted(self.env.all_docs)

        self.info(bold('running tests...'))
        for docname in build_docnames:
            # no need to resolve the doctree
            doctree = self.env.get_doctree(docname)
            self.test_doc(docname, doctree)

    def test_doc(self, docname, doctree):
        groups = {}
        add_to_all_groups = []
        self.setup_runner = SphinxDocTestRunner(verbose=False,
                                                optionflags=self.opt)
        self.test_runner = SphinxDocTestRunner(verbose=False,
                                               optionflags=self.opt)
        if self.config.doctest_test_doctest_blocks:
            def condition(node):
                return (isinstance(node, (nodes.literal_block, nodes.comment))
                        and node.has_key('testnodetype')) or \
                       isinstance(node, nodes.doctest_block)
        else:
            def condition(node):
                return isinstance(node, (nodes.literal_block, nodes.comment)) \
                        and node.has_key('testnodetype')
        for node in doctree.traverse(condition):
            source = node.has_key('test') and node['test'] or node.astext()
            if not source:
                self.warn('no code/output in %s block at %s:%s' %
                          (node.get('testnodetype', 'doctest'),
                           self.env.doc2path(docname), node.line))
            code = TestCode(source, type=node.get('testnodetype', 'doctest'),
                            lineno=node.line, options=node.get('options'))
            node_groups = node.get('groups', ['default'])
            if '*' in node_groups:
                add_to_all_groups.append(code)
                continue
            for groupname in node_groups:
                if groupname not in groups:
                    groups[groupname] = TestGroup(groupname)
                groups[groupname].add_code(code)
        for code in add_to_all_groups:
            for group in groups.itervalues():
                group.add_code(code)
        if self.config.doctest_global_setup:
            code = TestCode(self.config.doctest_global_setup,
                            'testsetup', lineno=0)
            for group in groups.itervalues():
                group.add_code(code, prepend=True)
        if not groups:
            return

        self._out('\nDocument: %s\n----------%s\n' %
                  (docname, '-'*len(docname)))
        for group in groups.itervalues():
            self.test_group(group, self.env.doc2path(docname, base=None))
        # Separately count results from setup code
        res_f, res_t = self.setup_runner.summarize(self._out, verbose=False)
        self.setup_failures += res_f
        self.setup_tries += res_t
        if self.test_runner.tries:
            res_f, res_t = self.test_runner.summarize(self._out, verbose=True)
            self.total_failures += res_f
            self.total_tries += res_t

    def compile(self, code, name, type, flags, dont_inherit):
        return compile(code, name, self.type, flags, dont_inherit)

    def test_group(self, group, filename):
        ns = {}
        setup_examples = []
        for setup in group.setup:
            setup_examples.append(doctest.Example(setup.code, '',
                                                  lineno=setup.lineno))
        if setup_examples:
            # simulate a doctest with the setup code
            setup_doctest = doctest.DocTest(setup_examples, {},
                                            '%s (setup code)' % group.name,
                                            filename, 0, None)
            setup_doctest.globs = ns
            old_f = self.setup_runner.failures
            self.type = 'exec' # the snippet may contain multiple statements
            self.setup_runner.run(setup_doctest, out=self._warn_out,
                                  clear_globs=False)
            if self.setup_runner.failures > old_f:
                # don't run the group
                return
        for code in group.tests:
            if len(code) == 1:
                # ordinary doctests (code/output interleaved)
                test = parser.get_doctest(code[0].code, {}, group.name,
                                          filename, code[0].lineno)
                if not test.examples:
                    continue
                for example in test.examples:
                    # apply directive's comparison options
                    new_opt = code[0].options.copy()
                    new_opt.update(example.options)
                    example.options = new_opt
                self.type = 'single' # as for ordinary doctests
            else:
                # testcode and output separate
                output = code[1] and code[1].code or ''
                options = code[1] and code[1].options or {}
                # disable <BLANKLINE> processing as it is not needed
                options[doctest.DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE] = True
                # find out if we're testing an exception
                m = parser._EXCEPTION_RE.match(output)
                if m:
                    exc_msg = m.group('msg')
                else:
                    exc_msg = None
                example = doctest.Example(code[0].code, output,
                                          exc_msg=exc_msg,
                                          lineno=code[0].lineno,
                                          options=options)
                test = doctest.DocTest([example], {}, group.name,
                                       filename, code[0].lineno, None)
                self.type = 'exec' # multiple statements again
            # DocTest.__init__ copies the globs namespace, which we don't want
            test.globs = ns
            # also don't clear the globs namespace after running the doctest
            self.test_runner.run(test, out=self._warn_out, clear_globs=False)


def setup(app):
    app.add_directive('testsetup', TestsetupDirective)
    app.add_directive('doctest', DoctestDirective)
    app.add_directive('testcode', TestcodeDirective)
    app.add_directive('testoutput', TestoutputDirective)
    app.add_builder(DocTestBuilder)
    # this config value adds to sys.path
    app.add_config_value('doctest_path', [], False)
    app.add_config_value('doctest_test_doctest_blocks', 'default', False)
    app.add_config_value('doctest_global_setup', '', False)
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