Source

articles_code / inotify_article / listing1.c

Full commit
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/inotify.h>
#include <limits.h>

#define MAX_EVENTS 1024 /*Max. number of events to process at one go*/
#define LEN_NAME 16 /*Assuming that the length of the filename won't exceed 16 bytes*/
#define EVENT_SIZE  ( sizeof (struct inotify_event) ) /*size of one event*/
#define BUF_LEN     ( MAX_EVENTS * ( EVENT_SIZE + LEN_NAME )) /*buffer to store the data of events*/

int main( int argc, char **argv ) 
{
  int length, i = 0, wd;
  int fd;
  char buffer[BUF_LEN];

  /* Initialize Inotify*/
  fd = inotify_init();
  if ( fd < 0 ) {
    perror( "Couldn't initialize inotify");
  }

  /* add watch to starting directory */
  wd = inotify_add_watch(fd, argv[1], IN_CREATE | IN_MODIFY | IN_DELETE); 

  if (wd == -1)
    {
      printf("Couldn't add watch to %s\n",argv[1]);
    }
  else
    {
      printf("Watching:: %s\n",argv[1]);
    }

  /* do it forever*/
  while(1)
    {
      i = 0;
      length = read( fd, buffer, BUF_LEN );  

      if ( length < 0 ) {
	perror( "read" );
      }  

      while ( i < length ) {
	struct inotify_event *event = ( struct inotify_event * ) &buffer[ i ];
	if ( event->len ) {
	  if ( event->mask & IN_CREATE) {
	    if (event->mask & IN_ISDIR)
	      printf( "The directory %s was Created.\n", event->name );       
	    else
	      printf( "The file %s was Created with WD %d\n", event->name, event->wd );       
	  }
	  
	  if ( event->mask & IN_MODIFY) {
	    if (event->mask & IN_ISDIR)
	      printf( "The directory %s was modified.\n", event->name );       
	    else
	      printf( "The file %s was modified with WD %d\n", event->name, event->wd );       
	  }
	  
	  if ( event->mask & IN_DELETE) {
	    if (event->mask & IN_ISDIR)
	      printf( "The directory %s was deleted.\n", event->name );       
	    else
	      printf( "The file %s was deleted with WD %d\n", event->name, event->wd );       
	  }  


	  i += EVENT_SIZE + event->len;
	}
      }
    }

  /* Clean up*/
  inotify_rm_watch( fd, wd );
  close( fd );
  
  return 0;
}