Source

protobuf / python / google / protobuf / reflection.py

# Protocol Buffers - Google's data interchange format
# Copyright 2008 Google Inc.  All rights reserved.
# http://code.google.com/p/protobuf/
#
# Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
# modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
# met:
#
#     * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
# notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
#     * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above
# copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer
# in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
# distribution.
#     * Neither the name of Google Inc. nor the names of its
# contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from
# this software without specific prior written permission.
#
# THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
# "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR
# A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
# OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
# SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
# LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
# DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
# THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
# (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
# OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

# This code is meant to work on Python 2.4 and above only.

"""Contains a metaclass and helper functions used to create
protocol message classes from Descriptor objects at runtime.

Recall that a metaclass is the "type" of a class.
(A class is to a metaclass what an instance is to a class.)

In this case, we use the GeneratedProtocolMessageType metaclass
to inject all the useful functionality into the classes
output by the protocol compiler at compile-time.

The upshot of all this is that the real implementation
details for ALL pure-Python protocol buffers are *here in
this file*.
"""

__author__ = 'robinson@google.com (Will Robinson)'


from google.protobuf.internal import api_implementation
from google.protobuf import descriptor as descriptor_mod
_FieldDescriptor = descriptor_mod.FieldDescriptor


if api_implementation.Type() == 'cpp':
  from google.protobuf.internal import cpp_message
  _NewMessage = cpp_message.NewMessage
  _InitMessage = cpp_message.InitMessage
else:
  from google.protobuf.internal import python_message
  _NewMessage = python_message.NewMessage
  _InitMessage = python_message.InitMessage


class GeneratedProtocolMessageType(type):

  """Metaclass for protocol message classes created at runtime from Descriptors.

  We add implementations for all methods described in the Message class.  We
  also create properties to allow getting/setting all fields in the protocol
  message.  Finally, we create slots to prevent users from accidentally
  "setting" nonexistent fields in the protocol message, which then wouldn't get
  serialized / deserialized properly.

  The protocol compiler currently uses this metaclass to create protocol
  message classes at runtime.  Clients can also manually create their own
  classes at runtime, as in this example:

  mydescriptor = Descriptor(.....)
  class MyProtoClass(Message):
    __metaclass__ = GeneratedProtocolMessageType
    DESCRIPTOR = mydescriptor
  myproto_instance = MyProtoClass()
  myproto.foo_field = 23
  ...
  """

  # Must be consistent with the protocol-compiler code in
  # proto2/compiler/internal/generator.*.
  _DESCRIPTOR_KEY = 'DESCRIPTOR'

  def __new__(cls, name, bases, dictionary):
    """Custom allocation for runtime-generated class types.

    We override __new__ because this is apparently the only place
    where we can meaningfully set __slots__ on the class we're creating(?).
    (The interplay between metaclasses and slots is not very well-documented).

    Args:
      name: Name of the class (ignored, but required by the
        metaclass protocol).
      bases: Base classes of the class we're constructing.
        (Should be message.Message).  We ignore this field, but
        it's required by the metaclass protocol
      dictionary: The class dictionary of the class we're
        constructing.  dictionary[_DESCRIPTOR_KEY] must contain
        a Descriptor object describing this protocol message
        type.

    Returns:
      Newly-allocated class.
    """
    descriptor = dictionary[GeneratedProtocolMessageType._DESCRIPTOR_KEY]
    _NewMessage(descriptor, dictionary)
    superclass = super(GeneratedProtocolMessageType, cls)

    new_class = superclass.__new__(cls, name, bases, dictionary)
    setattr(descriptor, '_concrete_class', new_class)
    return new_class

  def __init__(cls, name, bases, dictionary):
    """Here we perform the majority of our work on the class.
    We add enum getters, an __init__ method, implementations
    of all Message methods, and properties for all fields
    in the protocol type.

    Args:
      name: Name of the class (ignored, but required by the
        metaclass protocol).
      bases: Base classes of the class we're constructing.
        (Should be message.Message).  We ignore this field, but
        it's required by the metaclass protocol
      dictionary: The class dictionary of the class we're
        constructing.  dictionary[_DESCRIPTOR_KEY] must contain
        a Descriptor object describing this protocol message
        type.
    """
    descriptor = dictionary[GeneratedProtocolMessageType._DESCRIPTOR_KEY]
    _InitMessage(descriptor, cls)
    superclass = super(GeneratedProtocolMessageType, cls)
    superclass.__init__(name, bases, dictionary)