Find in Files... -- Open a search dialog box for searching files
Replace... -- Open a search-and-replace dialog box
Go to Line -- Ask for a line number and show that line
+ Show Calltip -- Open a small window with function param hints
+ Show Completions -- Open a scroll window allowing selection keywords
+ and attributes. (see '*TIPS*', below)
+ Show Parens -- Highlight the surrounding parenthesis
Expand Word -- Expand the word you have typed to match another
word in the same buffer; repeat to get a
Code Context -- Open a pane at the top of the edit window which
shows the block context of the section of code
which is scrolling off the top or the window.
+ (Not present in Shell window.)
Control-left/right Arrow moves by words in a strange but useful way.
Home/End go to begin/end of line.
Control-Home/End go to begin/end of file.
- Some useful Emacs bindings (Control-a, Control-e, Control-k, etc.)
- are inherited from Tcl/Tk.
+ Some useful Emacs bindings are inherited from Tcl/Tk:
+ Control-a beginning of line
+ Control-k kill line (but doesn't put it in clipboard)
+ Control-l center window around the insertion point
Standard Windows bindings may work on that platform.
Keybindings are selected in the Settings Dialog, look there.
See also the indent/dedent region commands in the edit menu.
+ Completions are supplied for functions, classes, and attributes of
+ classes, both built-in and user-defined. Completions are also provided
+ The AutoCompleteWindow (ACW) will open after a predefined delay
+ (default is two seconds) after a '.' or (in a string) an os.sep is
+ typed. If after one of those characters (plus zero or more other
+ characters) you type a Tab the ACW will open immediately if a possible
+ If there is only one possible completion for the characters entered, a
+ Tab will supply that completion without opening the ACW.
+ 'Show Completions' will force open a completions window. In an empty
+ string, this will contain the files in the current directory. On a
+ blank line, it will contain the built-in and user-defined functions and
+ classes in the current name spaces, plus any modules imported. If some
+ characters have been entered, the ACW will attempt to be more specific.
+ If string of characters is typed, the ACW selection will jump to the
+ entry most closely matching those characters. Entering a Tab will cause
+ the longest non-ambiguous match to be entered in the Edit window or
+ Shell. Two Tabs in a row will supply the current ACW selection, as
+ will Return or a double click. Cursor keys, Page Up/Down, mouse
+ selection, and the scrollwheel all operate on the ACW.
+ 'Hidden' attributes can be accessed by typing the beginning of hidden
+ name after a '.'. e.g. '_'. This allows access to modules with
+ '__all__' set, or to class-private attributes.
+ Completions and the 'Expand Word' facility can save a lot of typing!
+ Completions are currently limited to those in the namespaces. Names in
+ an Edit window which are not via __main__ or sys.modules will not be
+ found. Run the module once with your imports to correct this
+ situation. Note that IDLE itself places quite a few modules in
+ sys.modules, so much can be found by default, e.g. the re module.
+ If you don't like the ACW popping up unbidden, simply make the delay
+ longer or disable the extension. OTOH, you could make the delay zero.
+ You could also switch off the CallTips extension. (We will be adding
+ a delay to the call tip window.)
Control-c interrupts executing command.
Alt-p retrieves previous command matching what you have typed.
- (These are Control-p, Control-n on the Mac)
+ (These are Control-p, Control-n on the Mac)
Return while cursor is on a previous command retrieves that command.
Expand word is also useful to reduce typing.
be changed using the Settings dialog.
Enter idle -h at the command prompt to get a usage message.
Running without a subprocess:
re-import any specific items (e.g. from foo import baz) if the changes
are to take effect. For these reasons, it is preferable to run IDLE
with the default subprocess if at all possible.
+ IDLE contains an extension facility. See the beginning of
+ config-extensions.def in the idlelib directory for further information.
+ The default extensions are currently: