cpython-withatomic / Lib / pdb.py

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#! /usr/local/bin/python

# pdb.py -- finally, a Python debugger!

# (See pdb.doc for documentation.)

import string
import sys
import linecache
import cmd
import bdb
import repr


# Interaction prompt line will separate file and call info from code
# text using value of line_prefix string.  A newline and arrow may
# be to your liking.  You can set it once pdb is imported using the
# command "pdb.line_prefix = '\n% '".
# line_prefix = ': '	# Use this to get the old situation back
line_prefix = '\n-> '	# Probably a better default

class Pdb(bdb.Bdb, cmd.Cmd):
	
	def __init__(self):
		bdb.Bdb.__init__(self)
		cmd.Cmd.__init__(self)
		self.prompt = '(Pdb) '
	
	def reset(self):
		bdb.Bdb.reset(self)
		self.forget()
	
	def forget(self):
		self.lineno = None
		self.stack = []
		self.curindex = 0
		self.curframe = None
	
	def setup(self, f, t):
		self.forget()
		self.stack, self.curindex = self.get_stack(f, t)
		self.curframe = self.stack[self.curindex][0]
	
	# Override Bdb methods (except user_call, for now)
	
	def user_line(self, frame):
		# This function is called when we stop or break at this line
		self.interaction(frame, None)
	
	def user_return(self, frame, return_value):
		# This function is called when a return trap is set here
		frame.f_locals['__return__'] = return_value
		print '--Return--'
		self.interaction(frame, None)
	
	def user_exception(self, frame, (exc_type, exc_value, exc_traceback)):
		# This function is called if an exception occurs,
		# but only if we are to stop at or just below this level
		frame.f_locals['__exception__'] = exc_type, exc_value
		if type(exc_type) == type(''):
			exc_type_name = exc_type
		else: exc_type_name = exc_type.__name__
		print exc_type_name + ':', repr.repr(exc_value)
		self.interaction(frame, exc_traceback)
	
	# General interaction function
	
	def interaction(self, frame, traceback):
		self.setup(frame, traceback)
		self.print_stack_entry(self.stack[self.curindex])
		self.cmdloop()
		self.forget()

	def default(self, line):
		if line[:1] == '!': line = line[1:]
		locals = self.curframe.f_locals
		globals = self.curframe.f_globals
		globals['__privileged__'] = 1
		try:
			code = compile(line + '\n', '<stdin>', 'single')
			exec code in globals, locals
		except:
			if type(sys.exc_type) == type(''):
				exc_type_name = sys.exc_type
			else: exc_type_name = sys.exc_type.__name__
			print '***', exc_type_name + ':', sys.exc_value

	# Command definitions, called by cmdloop()
	# The argument is the remaining string on the command line
	# Return true to exit from the command loop 
	
	do_h = cmd.Cmd.do_help

	def do_break(self, arg):
		if not arg:
			print self.get_all_breaks() # XXX
			return
		# Try line number as argument
		try:	
			lineno = int(eval(arg))
			filename = self.curframe.f_code.co_filename
		except:
			# Try function name as the argument
			import codehack
			try:
				func = eval(arg, self.curframe.f_globals,
					    self.curframe.f_locals)
				if hasattr(func, 'im_func'):
					func = func.im_func
				code = func.func_code
			except:
				print '*** Could not eval argument:', arg
				return
			lineno = codehack.getlineno(code)
			filename = code.co_filename

		# now set the break point
		err = self.set_break(filename, lineno)
		if err: print '***', err
	do_b = do_break
	
	def do_clear(self, arg):
		if not arg:
			try:
				reply = raw_input('Clear all breaks? ')
			except EOFError:
				reply = 'no'
			reply = string.lower(string.strip(reply))
			if reply in ('y', 'yes'):
				self.clear_all_breaks()
			return
		try:
			lineno = int(eval(arg))
		except:
			print '*** Error in argument:', `arg`
			return
		filename = self.curframe.f_code.co_filename
		err = self.clear_break(filename, lineno)
		if err: print '***', err
	do_cl = do_clear # 'c' is already an abbreviation for 'continue'
	
	def do_where(self, arg):
		self.print_stack_trace()
	do_w = do_where
	
	def do_up(self, arg):
		if self.curindex == 0:
			print '*** Oldest frame'
		else:
			self.curindex = self.curindex - 1
			self.curframe = self.stack[self.curindex][0]
			self.print_stack_entry(self.stack[self.curindex])
			self.lineno = None
	do_u = do_up
	
	def do_down(self, arg):
		if self.curindex + 1 == len(self.stack):
			print '*** Newest frame'
		else:
			self.curindex = self.curindex + 1
			self.curframe = self.stack[self.curindex][0]
			self.print_stack_entry(self.stack[self.curindex])
			self.lineno = None
	do_d = do_down
	
	def do_step(self, arg):
		self.set_step()
		return 1
	do_s = do_step
	
	def do_next(self, arg):
		self.set_next(self.curframe)
		return 1
	do_n = do_next
	
	def do_return(self, arg):
		self.set_return(self.curframe)
		return 1
	do_r = do_return
	
	def do_continue(self, arg):
		self.set_continue()
		return 1
	do_c = do_cont = do_continue
	
	def do_quit(self, arg):
		self.set_quit()
		return 1
	do_q = do_quit
	
	def do_args(self, arg):
		if self.curframe.f_locals.has_key('__args__'):
			print `self.curframe.f_locals['__args__']`
		else:
			print '*** No arguments?!'
	do_a = do_args
	
	def do_retval(self, arg):
		if self.curframe.f_locals.has_key('__return__'):
			print self.curframe.f_locals['__return__']
		else:
			print '*** Not yet returned!'
	do_rv = do_retval
	
	def do_p(self, arg):
		self.curframe.f_globals['__privileged__'] = 1
		try:
			value = eval(arg, self.curframe.f_globals, \
					self.curframe.f_locals)
		except:
			if type(sys.exc_type) == type(''):
				exc_type_name = sys.exc_type
			else: exc_type_name = sys.exc_type.__name__
			print '***', exc_type_name + ':', `sys.exc_value`
			return

		print `value`

	def do_list(self, arg):
		self.lastcmd = 'list'
		last = None
		if arg:
			try:
				x = eval(arg, {}, {})
				if type(x) == type(()):
					first, last = x
					first = int(first)
					last = int(last)
					if last < first:
						# Assume it's a count
						last = first + last
				else:
					first = max(1, int(x) - 5)
			except:
				print '*** Error in argument:', `arg`
				return
		elif self.lineno is None:
			first = max(1, self.curframe.f_lineno - 5)
		else:
			first = self.lineno + 1
		if last == None:
			last = first + 10
		filename = self.curframe.f_code.co_filename
		breaklist = self.get_file_breaks(filename)
		try:
			for lineno in range(first, last+1):
				line = linecache.getline(filename, lineno)
				if not line:
					print '[EOF]'
					break
				else:
					s = string.rjust(`lineno`, 3)
					if len(s) < 4: s = s + ' '
					if lineno in breaklist: s = s + 'B'
					else: s = s + ' '
					if lineno == self.curframe.f_lineno:
						s = s + '->'
					print s + '\t' + line,
					self.lineno = lineno
		except KeyboardInterrupt:
			pass
	do_l = do_list

	def do_whatis(self, arg):
		try:
			value = eval(arg, self.curframe.f_globals, \
					self.curframe.f_locals)
		except:
			if type(sys.exc_type) == type(''):
				exc_type_name = sys.exc_type
			else: exc_type_name = sys.exc_type.__name__
			print '***', exc_type_name + ':', `sys.exc_value`
			return
		code = None
		# Is it a function?
		try: code = value.func_code
		except: pass
		if code:
			print 'Function', code.co_name
			return
		# Is it an instance method?
		try: code = value.im_func.func_code
		except: pass
		if code:
			print 'Method', code.co_name
			return
		# None of the above...
		print type(value)
	
	# Print a traceback starting at the top stack frame.
	# The most recently entered frame is printed last;
	# this is different from dbx and gdb, but consistent with
	# the Python interpreter's stack trace.
	# It is also consistent with the up/down commands (which are
	# compatible with dbx and gdb: up moves towards 'main()'
	# and down moves towards the most recent stack frame).
	
	def print_stack_trace(self):
		try:
			for frame_lineno in self.stack:
				self.print_stack_entry(frame_lineno)
		except KeyboardInterrupt:
			pass
	
	def print_stack_entry(self, frame_lineno, prompt_prefix=line_prefix):
		frame, lineno = frame_lineno
		if frame is self.curframe:
			print '>',
		else:
			print ' ',
		print self.format_stack_entry(frame_lineno, prompt_prefix)


	# Help methods (derived from pdb.doc)

	def help_help(self):
		self.help_h()

	def help_h(self):
		print """h(elp)
	Without argument, print the list of available commands.
	With a command name as argument, print help about that command
	"help pdb" pipes the full documentation file to the $PAGER
	"help exec" gives help on the ! command"""

	def help_where(self):
		self.help_w()

	def help_w(self):
		print """w(here)
	Print a stack trace, with the most recent frame at the bottom.
	An arrow indicates the "current frame", which determines the
	context of most commands."""

	def help_down(self):
		self.help_d()

	def help_d(self):
		print """d(own)
	Move the current frame one level down in the stack trace
	(to an older frame)."""

	def help_up(self):
		self.help_u()

	def help_u(self):
		print """u(p)
	Move the current frame one level up in the stack trace
	(to a newer frame)."""

	def help_break(self):
		self.help_b()

	def help_b(self):
		print """b(reak) [lineno | function]
	With a line number argument, set a break there in the current
	file.  With a function name, set a break at the entry of that
	function.  Without argument, list all breaks."""

	def help_clear(self):
		self.help_cl()

	def help_cl(self):
		print """cl(ear) [lineno]
	With a line number argument, clear that break in the current file.
	Without argument, clear all breaks (but first ask confirmation)."""

	def help_step(self):
		self.help_s()

	def help_s(self):
		print """s(tep)
	Execute the current line, stop at the first possible occasion
	(either in a function that is called or in the current function)."""

	def help_next(self):
		self.help_n()

	def help_n(self):
		print """n(ext)
	Continue execution until the next line in the current function
	is reached or it returns."""

	def help_return(self):
		self.help_r()

	def help_r(self):
		print """r(eturn)
	Continue execution until the current function returns."""

	def help_continue(self):
		self.help_c()

	def help_cont(self):
		self.help_c()

	def help_c(self):
		print """c(ont(inue))
	Continue execution, only stop when a breakpoint is encountered."""

	def help_list(self):
		self.help_l()

	def help_l(self):
		print """l(ist) [first [,last]]
	List source code for the current file.
	Without arguments, list 11 lines around the current line
	or continue the previous listing.
	With one argument, list 11 lines starting at that line.
	With two arguments, list the given range;
	if the second argument is less than the first, it is a count."""

	def help_args(self):
		self.help_a()

	def help_a(self):
		print """a(rgs)
	Print the argument list of the current function."""

	def help_p(self):
		print """p expression
	Print the value of the expression."""

	def help_exec(self):
		print """(!) statement
	Execute the (one-line) statement in the context of
	the current stack frame.
	The exclamation point can be omitted unless the first word
	of the statement resembles a debugger command.
	To assign to a global variable you must always prefix the
	command with a 'global' command, e.g.:
	(Pdb) global list_options; list_options = ['-l']
	(Pdb)"""

	def help_quit(self):
		self.help_q()

	def help_q(self):
		print """q(uit)	Quit from the debugger.
	The program being executed is aborted."""

	def help_pdb(self):
		help()

# Simplified interface

def run(statement, globals=None, locals=None):
	Pdb().run(statement, globals, locals)

def runeval(expression, globals=None, locals=None):
	return Pdb().runeval(expression, globals, locals)

def runctx(statement, globals, locals):
	# B/W compatibility
	run(statement, globals, locals)

def runcall(*args):
	return apply(Pdb().runcall, args)

def set_trace():
	Pdb().set_trace()

# Post-Mortem interface

def post_mortem(t):
	p = Pdb()
	p.reset()
	while t.tb_next <> None: t = t.tb_next
	p.interaction(t.tb_frame, t)

def pm():
	import sys
	post_mortem(sys.last_traceback)


# Main program for testing

TESTCMD = 'import x; x.main()'

def test():
	run(TESTCMD)

# print help
def help():
	import os
	for dirname in sys.path:
		fullname = os.path.join(dirname, 'pdb.doc')
		if os.path.exists(fullname):
			sts = os.system('${PAGER-more} '+fullname)
			if sts: print '*** Pager exit status:', sts
			break
	else:
		print 'Sorry, can\'t find the help file "pdb.doc"',
		print 'along the Python search path'

# When invoked as main program, invoke the debugger on a script
if __name__=='__main__':
	import sys
	if not sys.argv[1:]:
		print "usage: pdb.py scriptfile [arg] ..."
		sys.exit(2)

	# Get the module name and function name, if present
	filename = sys.argv[1]

	del sys.argv[0]

	run('execfile(' + `filename` + ')', {'__name__': '__main__'})
Tip: Filter by directory path e.g. /media app.js to search for public/media/app.js.
Tip: Use camelCasing e.g. ProjME to search for ProjectModifiedEvent.java.
Tip: Filter by extension type e.g. /repo .js to search for all .js files in the /repo directory.
Tip: Separate your search with spaces e.g. /ssh pom.xml to search for src/ssh/pom.xml.
Tip: Use ↑ and ↓ arrow keys to navigate and return to view the file.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Ctrl+j (next) and Ctrl+k (previous) and view the file with Ctrl+o.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Alt+j (next) and Alt+k (previous) and view the file with Alt+o.