cpython-withatomic / Python / pyarena.c

#include "Python.h"
#include "pyarena.h"

/* A simple arena block structure.

   Measurements with standard library modules suggest the average
   allocation is about 20 bytes and that most compiles use a single

   TODO(jhylton): Think about a realloc API, maybe just for the last

#define ALIGNMENT		8

typedef struct _block {
	/* Total number of bytes owned by this block available to pass out.
	 * Read-only after initialization.  The first such byte starts at
	 * ab_mem.
	size_t ab_size;

	/* Total number of bytes already passed out.  The next byte available
	 * to pass out starts at ab_mem + ab_offset.
	size_t ab_offset;

	/* An arena maintains a singly-linked, NULL-terminated list of
	 * all blocks owned by the arena.  These are linked via the
	 * ab_next member.
	struct _block *ab_next;

	/* Pointer to the first allocatable byte owned by this block.  Read-
	 * only after initialization.
	void *ab_mem;
} block;

/* The arena manages two kinds of memory, blocks of raw memory
   and a list of PyObject* pointers.  PyObjects are decrefed
   when the arena is freed.

struct _arena {
        /* Pointer to the first block allocated for the arena, never NULL.
           It is used only to find the first block when the arena is
           being freed.
	block *a_head;

        /* Pointer to the block currently used for allocation.  It's
           ab_next field should be NULL.  If it is not-null after a
           call to block_alloc(), it means a new block has been allocated
           and a_cur should be reset to point it.
	block *a_cur;

        /* A Python list object containing references to all the PyObject
           pointers associated with this area.  They will be DECREFed
           when the arena is freed.
        PyObject *a_objects;

#if defined(Py_DEBUG)
        /* Debug output */
        size_t total_allocs;
        size_t total_size;
        size_t total_blocks;
        size_t total_block_size;
        size_t total_big_blocks;

static block *
block_new(size_t size)
	/* Allocate header and block as one unit.
	   ab_mem points just past header. */
	block *b = (block *)malloc(sizeof(block) + size);
	if (!b)
		return NULL;
	b->ab_size = size;
	b->ab_mem = (void *)(b + 1);
	b->ab_next = NULL;
	b->ab_offset = ROUNDUP((Py_uintptr_t)(b->ab_mem)) - 
	return b;

static void
block_free(block *b) {
	while (b) {
		block *next = b->ab_next;
		b = next;

static void *
block_alloc(block *b, size_t size)
	void *p;
	size = ROUNDUP(size);
	if (b->ab_offset + size > b->ab_size) {
		/* If we need to allocate more memory than will fit in
		   the default block, allocate a one-off block that is
		   exactly the right size. */
		/* TODO(jhylton): Think about space waste at end of block */
		block *newbl = block_new(
		if (!newbl)
			return NULL;
		b->ab_next = newbl;
		b = newbl;

	assert(b->ab_offset + size <= b->ab_size);
	p = (void *)(((char *)b->ab_mem) + b->ab_offset);
	b->ab_offset += size;
	return p;

PyArena *
	PyArena* arena = (PyArena *)malloc(sizeof(PyArena));
	if (!arena)
		return (PyArena*)PyErr_NoMemory();

	arena->a_head = block_new(DEFAULT_BLOCK_SIZE);
	arena->a_cur = arena->a_head;
        if (!arena->a_head) {
                free((void *)arena);
                return (PyArena*)PyErr_NoMemory();
        arena->a_objects = PyList_New(0);
        if (!arena->a_objects) {
                free((void *)arena);
                return (PyArena*)PyErr_NoMemory();
#if defined(Py_DEBUG)
        arena->total_allocs = 0;
        arena->total_size = 0;
        arena->total_blocks = 1;
        arena->total_block_size = DEFAULT_BLOCK_SIZE;
        arena->total_big_blocks = 0;
	return arena;

PyArena_Free(PyArena *arena)
        int r;
#if defined(Py_DEBUG)
                "alloc=%d size=%d blocks=%d block_size=%d big=%d objects=%d\n",
                arena->total_allocs, arena->total_size, arena->total_blocks,
                arena->total_block_size, arena->total_big_blocks,
	/* This property normally holds, except when the code being compiled
	   is sys.getobjects(0), in which case there will be two references.
        assert(arena->a_objects->ob_refcnt == 1);

        /* Clear all the elements from the list.  This is necessary
           to guarantee that they will be DECREFed. */
        r = PyList_SetSlice(arena->a_objects,
                            0, PyList_GET_SIZE(arena->a_objects), NULL);
        assert(r == 0);
        assert(PyList_GET_SIZE(arena->a_objects) == 0);

void *
PyArena_Malloc(PyArena *arena, size_t size)
	void *p = block_alloc(arena->a_cur, size);
	if (!p)
		return PyErr_NoMemory();
#if defined(Py_DEBUG)
        arena->total_size += size;
	/* Reset cur if we allocated a new block. */
	if (arena->a_cur->ab_next) {
		arena->a_cur = arena->a_cur->ab_next;
#if defined(Py_DEBUG)
                arena->total_block_size += arena->a_cur->ab_size;
                if (arena->a_cur->ab_size > DEFAULT_BLOCK_SIZE)
	return p;

PyArena_AddPyObject(PyArena *arena, PyObject *obj)
        int r = PyList_Append(arena->a_objects, obj);
        if (r >= 0) {
        return r;
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