cpython-withatomic / Lib / collections.py

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__all__ = ['deque', 'defaultdict', 'namedtuple', 'UserDict', 'UserList',
            'UserString']
# For bootstrapping reasons, the collection ABCs are defined in _abcoll.py.
# They should however be considered an integral part of collections.py.
from _abcoll import *
import _abcoll
__all__ += _abcoll.__all__

from _collections import deque, defaultdict
from operator import itemgetter as _itemgetter
from keyword import iskeyword as _iskeyword
import sys as _sys

################################################################################
### namedtuple
################################################################################

def namedtuple(typename, field_names, verbose=False):
    """Returns a new subclass of tuple with named fields.

    >>> Point = namedtuple('Point', 'x y')
    >>> Point.__doc__                   # docstring for the new class
    'Point(x, y)'
    >>> p = Point(11, y=22)             # instantiate with positional args or keywords
    >>> p[0] + p[1]                     # indexable like a plain tuple
    33
    >>> x, y = p                        # unpack like a regular tuple
    >>> x, y
    (11, 22)
    >>> p.x + p.y                       # fields also accessable by name
    33
    >>> d = p._asdict()                 # convert to a dictionary
    >>> d['x']
    11
    >>> Point(**d)                      # convert from a dictionary
    Point(x=11, y=22)
    >>> p._replace(x=100)               # _replace() is like str.replace() but targets named fields
    Point(x=100, y=22)

    """

    # Parse and validate the field names.  Validation serves two purposes,
    # generating informative error messages and preventing template injection attacks.
    if isinstance(field_names, str):
        field_names = field_names.replace(',', ' ').split() # names separated by whitespace and/or commas
    field_names = tuple(field_names)
    for name in (typename,) + field_names:
        if not all(c.isalnum() or c=='_' for c in name):
            raise ValueError('Type names and field names can only contain alphanumeric characters and underscores: %r' % name)
        if _iskeyword(name):
            raise ValueError('Type names and field names cannot be a keyword: %r' % name)
        if name[0].isdigit():
            raise ValueError('Type names and field names cannot start with a number: %r' % name)
    seen_names = set()
    for name in field_names:
        if name.startswith('_'):
            raise ValueError('Field names cannot start with an underscore: %r' % name)
        if name in seen_names:
            raise ValueError('Encountered duplicate field name: %r' % name)
        seen_names.add(name)

    # Create and fill-in the class template
    numfields = len(field_names)
    argtxt = repr(field_names).replace("'", "")[1:-1]   # tuple repr without parens or quotes
    reprtxt = ', '.join('%s=%%r' % name for name in field_names)
    dicttxt = ', '.join('%r: t[%d]' % (name, pos) for pos, name in enumerate(field_names))
    template = '''class %(typename)s(tuple):
        '%(typename)s(%(argtxt)s)' \n
        __slots__ = () \n
        _fields = %(field_names)r \n
        def __new__(cls, %(argtxt)s):
            return tuple.__new__(cls, (%(argtxt)s)) \n
        @classmethod
        def _make(cls, iterable, new=tuple.__new__, len=len):
            'Make a new %(typename)s object from a sequence or iterable'
            result = new(cls, iterable)
            if len(result) != %(numfields)d:
                raise TypeError('Expected %(numfields)d arguments, got %%d' %% len(result))
            return result \n
        def __repr__(self):
            return '%(typename)s(%(reprtxt)s)' %% self \n
        def _asdict(t):
            'Return a new dict which maps field names to their values'
            return {%(dicttxt)s} \n
        def _replace(self, **kwds):
            'Return a new %(typename)s object replacing specified fields with new values'
            result = self._make(map(kwds.pop, %(field_names)r, self))
            if kwds:
                raise ValueError('Got unexpected field names: %%r' %% kwds.keys())
            return result \n
        def __getnewargs__(self):
            return tuple(self) \n\n''' % locals()
    for i, name in enumerate(field_names):
        template += '        %s = property(itemgetter(%d))\n' % (name, i)
    if verbose:
        print(template)

    # Execute the template string in a temporary namespace and
    # support tracing utilities by setting a value for frame.f_globals['__name__']
    namespace = dict(itemgetter=_itemgetter, __name__='namedtuple_%s' % typename)
    try:
        exec(template, namespace)
    except SyntaxError as e:
        raise SyntaxError(e.msg + ':\n' + template) from e
    result = namespace[typename]

    # For pickling to work, the __module__ variable needs to be set to the frame
    # where the named tuple is created.  Bypass this step in enviroments where
    # sys._getframe is not defined (Jython for example).
    if hasattr(_sys, '_getframe'):
        result.__module__ = _sys._getframe(1).f_globals['__name__']

    return result



################################################################################
### UserDict
################################################################################

class UserDict(MutableMapping):

    # Start by filling-out the abstract methods
    def __init__(self, dict=None, **kwargs):
        self.data = {}
        if dict is not None:
            self.update(dict)
        if len(kwargs):
            self.update(kwargs)
    def __len__(self): return len(self.data)
    def __getitem__(self, key):
        if key in self.data:
            return self.data[key]
        if hasattr(self.__class__, "__missing__"):
            return self.__class__.__missing__(self, key)
        raise KeyError(key)
    def __setitem__(self, key, item): self.data[key] = item
    def __delitem__(self, key): del self.data[key]
    def __iter__(self):
        return iter(self.data)

    # Modify __contains__ to work correctly when __missing__ is present
    def __contains__(self, key):
        return key in self.data

    # Now, add the methods in dicts but not in MutableMapping
    def __repr__(self): return repr(self.data)
    def copy(self):
        if self.__class__ is UserDict:
            return UserDict(self.data.copy())
        import copy
        data = self.data
        try:
            self.data = {}
            c = copy.copy(self)
        finally:
            self.data = data
        c.update(self)
        return c
    @classmethod
    def fromkeys(cls, iterable, value=None):
        d = cls()
        for key in iterable:
            d[key] = value
        return d



################################################################################
### UserList
################################################################################

class UserList(MutableSequence):
    """A more or less complete user-defined wrapper around list objects."""
    def __init__(self, initlist=None):
        self.data = []
        if initlist is not None:
            # XXX should this accept an arbitrary sequence?
            if type(initlist) == type(self.data):
                self.data[:] = initlist
            elif isinstance(initlist, UserList):
                self.data[:] = initlist.data[:]
            else:
                self.data = list(initlist)
    def __repr__(self): return repr(self.data)
    def __lt__(self, other): return self.data <  self.__cast(other)
    def __le__(self, other): return self.data <= self.__cast(other)
    def __eq__(self, other): return self.data == self.__cast(other)
    def __ne__(self, other): return self.data != self.__cast(other)
    def __gt__(self, other): return self.data >  self.__cast(other)
    def __ge__(self, other): return self.data >= self.__cast(other)
    def __cast(self, other):
        return other.data if isinstance(other, UserList) else other
    def __cmp__(self, other):
        return cmp(self.data, self.__cast(other))
    def __contains__(self, item): return item in self.data
    def __len__(self): return len(self.data)
    def __getitem__(self, i): return self.data[i]
    def __setitem__(self, i, item): self.data[i] = item
    def __delitem__(self, i): del self.data[i]
    def __add__(self, other):
        if isinstance(other, UserList):
            return self.__class__(self.data + other.data)
        elif isinstance(other, type(self.data)):
            return self.__class__(self.data + other)
        return self.__class__(self.data + list(other))
    def __radd__(self, other):
        if isinstance(other, UserList):
            return self.__class__(other.data + self.data)
        elif isinstance(other, type(self.data)):
            return self.__class__(other + self.data)
        return self.__class__(list(other) + self.data)
    def __iadd__(self, other):
        if isinstance(other, UserList):
            self.data += other.data
        elif isinstance(other, type(self.data)):
            self.data += other
        else:
            self.data += list(other)
        return self
    def __mul__(self, n):
        return self.__class__(self.data*n)
    __rmul__ = __mul__
    def __imul__(self, n):
        self.data *= n
        return self
    def append(self, item): self.data.append(item)
    def insert(self, i, item): self.data.insert(i, item)
    def pop(self, i=-1): return self.data.pop(i)
    def remove(self, item): self.data.remove(item)
    def count(self, item): return self.data.count(item)
    def index(self, item, *args): return self.data.index(item, *args)
    def reverse(self): self.data.reverse()
    def sort(self, *args, **kwds): self.data.sort(*args, **kwds)
    def extend(self, other):
        if isinstance(other, UserList):
            self.data.extend(other.data)
        else:
            self.data.extend(other)



################################################################################
### UserString
################################################################################

class UserString(Sequence):
    def __init__(self, seq):
        if isinstance(seq, str):
            self.data = seq
        elif isinstance(seq, UserString):
            self.data = seq.data[:]
        else:
            self.data = str(seq)
    def __str__(self): return str(self.data)
    def __repr__(self): return repr(self.data)
    def __int__(self): return int(self.data)
    def __long__(self): return int(self.data)
    def __float__(self): return float(self.data)
    def __complex__(self): return complex(self.data)
    def __hash__(self): return hash(self.data)

    def __eq__(self, string):
        if isinstance(string, UserString):
            return self.data == string.data
        return self.data == string
    def __ne__(self, string):
        if isinstance(string, UserString):
            return self.data != string.data
        return self.data != string
    def __lt__(self, string):
        if isinstance(string, UserString):
            return self.data < string.data
        return self.data < string
    def __le__(self, string):
        if isinstance(string, UserString):
            return self.data <= string.data
        return self.data <= string
    def __gt__(self, string):
        if isinstance(string, UserString):
            return self.data > string.data
        return self.data > string
    def __ge__(self, string):
        if isinstance(string, UserString):
            return self.data >= string.data
        return self.data >= string

    def __contains__(self, char):
        if isinstance(char, UserString):
            char = char.data
        return char in self.data

    def __len__(self): return len(self.data)
    def __getitem__(self, index): return self.__class__(self.data[index])
    def __add__(self, other):
        if isinstance(other, UserString):
            return self.__class__(self.data + other.data)
        elif isinstance(other, str):
            return self.__class__(self.data + other)
        return self.__class__(self.data + str(other))
    def __radd__(self, other):
        if isinstance(other, str):
            return self.__class__(other + self.data)
        return self.__class__(str(other) + self.data)
    def __mul__(self, n):
        return self.__class__(self.data*n)
    __rmul__ = __mul__
    def __mod__(self, args):
        return self.__class__(self.data % args)

    # the following methods are defined in alphabetical order:
    def capitalize(self): return self.__class__(self.data.capitalize())
    def center(self, width, *args):
        return self.__class__(self.data.center(width, *args))
    def count(self, sub, start=0, end=_sys.maxsize):
        if isinstance(sub, UserString):
            sub = sub.data
        return self.data.count(sub, start, end)
    def encode(self, encoding=None, errors=None): # XXX improve this?
        if encoding:
            if errors:
                return self.__class__(self.data.encode(encoding, errors))
            return self.__class__(self.data.encode(encoding))
        return self.__class__(self.data.encode())
    def endswith(self, suffix, start=0, end=_sys.maxsize):
        return self.data.endswith(suffix, start, end)
    def expandtabs(self, tabsize=8):
        return self.__class__(self.data.expandtabs(tabsize))
    def find(self, sub, start=0, end=_sys.maxsize):
        if isinstance(sub, UserString):
            sub = sub.data
        return self.data.find(sub, start, end)
    def format(self, *args, **kwds):
        return self.data.format(*args, **kwds)
    def index(self, sub, start=0, end=_sys.maxsize):
        return self.data.index(sub, start, end)
    def isalpha(self): return self.data.isalpha()
    def isalnum(self): return self.data.isalnum()
    def isdecimal(self): return self.data.isdecimal()
    def isdigit(self): return self.data.isdigit()
    def isidentifier(self): return self.data.isidentifier()
    def islower(self): return self.data.islower()
    def isnumeric(self): return self.data.isnumeric()
    def isspace(self): return self.data.isspace()
    def istitle(self): return self.data.istitle()
    def isupper(self): return self.data.isupper()
    def join(self, seq): return self.data.join(seq)
    def ljust(self, width, *args):
        return self.__class__(self.data.ljust(width, *args))
    def lower(self): return self.__class__(self.data.lower())
    def lstrip(self, chars=None): return self.__class__(self.data.lstrip(chars))
    def partition(self, sep):
        return self.data.partition(sep)
    def replace(self, old, new, maxsplit=-1):
        if isinstance(old, UserString):
            old = old.data
        if isinstance(new, UserString):
            new = new.data
        return self.__class__(self.data.replace(old, new, maxsplit))
    def rfind(self, sub, start=0, end=_sys.maxsize):
        return self.data.rfind(sub, start, end)
    def rindex(self, sub, start=0, end=_sys.maxsize):
        return self.data.rindex(sub, start, end)
    def rjust(self, width, *args):
        return self.__class__(self.data.rjust(width, *args))
    def rpartition(self, sep):
        return self.data.rpartition(sep)
    def rstrip(self, chars=None):
        return self.__class__(self.data.rstrip(chars))
    def split(self, sep=None, maxsplit=-1):
        return self.data.split(sep, maxsplit)
    def rsplit(self, sep=None, maxsplit=-1):
        return self.data.rsplit(sep, maxsplit)
    def splitlines(self, keepends=0): return self.data.splitlines(keepends)
    def startswith(self, prefix, start=0, end=_sys.maxsize):
        return self.data.startswith(prefix, start, end)
    def strip(self, chars=None): return self.__class__(self.data.strip(chars))
    def swapcase(self): return self.__class__(self.data.swapcase())
    def title(self): return self.__class__(self.data.title())
    def translate(self, *args):
        return self.__class__(self.data.translate(*args))
    def upper(self): return self.__class__(self.data.upper())
    def zfill(self, width): return self.__class__(self.data.zfill(width))



################################################################################
### Simple tests
################################################################################

if __name__ == '__main__':
    # verify that instances can be pickled
    from pickle import loads, dumps
    Point = namedtuple('Point', 'x, y', True)
    p = Point(x=10, y=20)
    assert p == loads(dumps(p))

    # test and demonstrate ability to override methods
    class Point(namedtuple('Point', 'x y')):
        __slots__ = ()
        @property
        def hypot(self):
            return (self.x ** 2 + self.y ** 2) ** 0.5
        def __str__(self):
            return 'Point: x=%6.3f  y=%6.3f  hypot=%6.3f' % (self.x, self.y, self.hypot)

    for p in Point(3, 4), Point(14, 5/7.):
        print (p)

    class Point(namedtuple('Point', 'x y')):
        'Point class with optimized _make() and _replace() without error-checking'
        __slots__ = ()
        _make = classmethod(tuple.__new__)
        def _replace(self, _map=map, **kwds):
            return self._make(_map(kwds.get, ('x', 'y'), self))

    print(Point(11, 22)._replace(x=100))

    Point3D = namedtuple('Point3D', Point._fields + ('z',))
    print(Point3D.__doc__)

    import doctest
    TestResults = namedtuple('TestResults', 'failed attempted')
    print(TestResults(*doctest.testmod()))
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