"""Mozilla / Netscape cookie loading / saving."""
import re, time, logging
from cookielib import (reraise_unmasked_exceptions, FileCookieJar, Cookie,
WARNING: you may want to backup your browser's cookies file if you use
this class to save cookies. I *think* it works, but there have been
bugs in the past!
This class differs from CookieJar only in the format it uses to save and
load cookies to and from a file. This class uses the Mozilla/Netscape
`cookies.txt' format. lynx uses this file format, too.
Don't expect cookies saved while the browser is running to be noticed by
the browser (in fact, Mozilla on unix will overwrite your saved cookies if
you change them on disk while it's running; on Windows, you probably can't
save at all while the browser is running).
Note that the Mozilla/Netscape format will downgrade RFC2965 cookies to
Netscape cookies on saving.
In particular, the cookie version and port number information is lost,
together with information about whether or not Path, Port and Discard were
specified by the Set-Cookie2 (or Set-Cookie) header, and whether or not the
domain as set in the HTTP header started with a dot (yes, I'm aware some
domains in Netscape files start with a dot and some don't -- trust me, you
really don't want to know any more about this).
Note that though Mozilla and Netscape use the same format, they use
slightly different headers. The class saves cookies using the Netscape
header by default (Mozilla can cope with that).
magic_re = "#( Netscape)? HTTP Cookie File"
header = """\
# Netscape HTTP Cookie File
# This is a generated file! Do not edit.
def _really_load(self, f, filename, ignore_discard, ignore_expires):
now = time.time()
magic = f.readline()
if not re.search(self.magic_re, magic):
"%s does not look like a Netscape format cookies file" %
line = f.readline()
if line == "": break
# last field may be absent, so keep any trailing tab
if line.endswith("\n"): line = line[:-1]
# skip comments and blank lines XXX what is $ for?
if (line.strip().startswith("#") or
line.strip() == ""):
domain, domain_specified, path, secure, expires, name, value = \
secure = (secure == "TRUE")
domain_specified = (domain_specified == "TRUE")
if name == "":
name = value
value = None
initial_dot = domain.startswith(".")
assert domain_specified == initial_dot
discard = False
if expires == "":
expires = None
discard = True
# assume path_specified is false
c = Cookie(0, name, value,
domain, domain_specified, initial_dot,
if not ignore_discard and c.discard:
if not ignore_expires and c.is_expired(now):
raise IOError("invalid Netscape format file %s: %s" %
def save(self, filename=None, ignore_discard=False, ignore_expires=False):
if filename is None:
if self.filename is not None: filename = self.filename
else: raise ValueError(MISSING_FILENAME_TEXT)
f = open(filename, "w")
now = time.time()
for cookie in self:
if not ignore_discard and cookie.discard:
if not ignore_expires and cookie.is_expired(now):
if cookie.secure: secure = "TRUE"
else: secure = "FALSE"
if cookie.domain.startswith("."): initial_dot = "TRUE"
else: initial_dot = "FALSE"
if cookie.expires is not None:
expires = str(cookie.expires)
expires = ""
if cookie.value is None:
# cookies.txt regards 'Set-Cookie: foo' as a cookie
# with no name, whereas cookielib regards it as a
# cookie with no value.
name = ""
value = cookie.name
name = cookie.name
value = cookie.value
"\t".join([cookie.domain, initial_dot, cookie.path,
secure, expires, name, value])+