Source

cpython-withatomic / PC / msvcrtmodule.c

/*********************************************************

    msvcrtmodule.c

    A Python interface to the Microsoft Visual C Runtime
    Library, providing access to those non-portable, but
    still useful routines.

    Only ever compiled with an MS compiler, so no attempt
    has been made to avoid MS language extensions, etc...

    This may only work on NT or 95...

    Author: Mark Hammond and Guido van Rossum.
    Maintenance: Guido van Rossum.

***********************************************************/

#include "Python.h"
#include "malloc.h"
#include <io.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <sys/locking.h>

#ifdef _MSC_VER
#if _MSC_VER >= 1500 && _MSC_VER < 1600
#include <crtassem.h>
#endif
#endif

// Force the malloc heap to clean itself up, and free unused blocks
// back to the OS.  (According to the docs, only works on NT.)
static PyObject *
msvcrt_heapmin(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, ":heapmin"))
        return NULL;

    if (_heapmin() != 0)
        return PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_IOError);

    Py_INCREF(Py_None);
    return Py_None;
}

// Perform locking operations on a C runtime file descriptor.
static PyObject *
msvcrt_locking(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    int fd;
    int mode;
    long nbytes;
    int err;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "iil:locking", &fd, &mode, &nbytes))
        return NULL;

    Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
    err = _locking(fd, mode, nbytes);
    Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
    if (err != 0)
        return PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_IOError);

    Py_INCREF(Py_None);
    return Py_None;
}

// Set the file translation mode for a C runtime file descriptor.
static PyObject *
msvcrt_setmode(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    int fd;
    int flags;
    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args,"ii:setmode", &fd, &flags))
        return NULL;

    flags = _setmode(fd, flags);
    if (flags == -1)
        return PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_IOError);

    return PyInt_FromLong(flags);
}

// Convert an OS file handle to a C runtime file descriptor.
static PyObject *
msvcrt_open_osfhandle(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    long handle;
    int flags;
    int fd;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "li:open_osfhandle", &handle, &flags))
        return NULL;

    fd = _open_osfhandle(handle, flags);
    if (fd == -1)
        return PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_IOError);

    return PyInt_FromLong(fd);
}

// Convert a C runtime file descriptor to an OS file handle.
static PyObject *
msvcrt_get_osfhandle(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    int fd;
    Py_intptr_t handle;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args,"i:get_osfhandle", &fd))
        return NULL;

    handle = _get_osfhandle(fd);
    if (handle == -1)
        return PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_IOError);

    /* technically 'handle' is not a pointer, but a integer as
       large as a pointer, Python's *VoidPtr interface is the
       most appropriate here */
    return PyLong_FromVoidPtr((void*)handle);
}

/* Console I/O */

static PyObject *
msvcrt_kbhit(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    int ok;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, ":kbhit"))
        return NULL;

    ok = _kbhit();
    return PyInt_FromLong(ok);
}

static PyObject *
msvcrt_getch(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    int ch;
    char s[1];

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, ":getch"))
        return NULL;

    Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
    ch = _getch();
    Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
    s[0] = ch;
    return PyString_FromStringAndSize(s, 1);
}

#ifdef _WCONIO_DEFINED
static PyObject *
msvcrt_getwch(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    Py_UNICODE ch;
    Py_UNICODE u[1];

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, ":getwch"))
        return NULL;

    Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
    ch = _getwch();
    Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
    u[0] = ch;
    return PyUnicode_FromUnicode(u, 1);
}
#endif

static PyObject *
msvcrt_getche(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    int ch;
    char s[1];

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, ":getche"))
        return NULL;

    Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
    ch = _getche();
    Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
    s[0] = ch;
    return PyString_FromStringAndSize(s, 1);
}

#ifdef _WCONIO_DEFINED
static PyObject *
msvcrt_getwche(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    Py_UNICODE ch;
    Py_UNICODE s[1];

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, ":getwche"))
        return NULL;

    Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
    ch = _getwche();
    Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
    s[0] = ch;
    return PyUnicode_FromUnicode(s, 1);
}
#endif

static PyObject *
msvcrt_putch(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    char ch;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "c:putch", &ch))
        return NULL;

    _putch(ch);
    Py_INCREF(Py_None);
    return Py_None;
}

#ifdef _WCONIO_DEFINED
static PyObject *
msvcrt_putwch(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    Py_UNICODE *ch;
    int size;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "u#:putwch", &ch, &size))
        return NULL;

    if (size == 0) {
        PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
            "Expected unicode string of length 1");
        return NULL;
    }
    _putwch(*ch);
    Py_RETURN_NONE;

}
#endif

static PyObject *
msvcrt_ungetch(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    char ch;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "c:ungetch", &ch))
        return NULL;

    if (_ungetch(ch) == EOF)
        return PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_IOError);
    Py_INCREF(Py_None);
    return Py_None;
}

#ifdef _WCONIO_DEFINED
static PyObject *
msvcrt_ungetwch(PyObject *self, PyObject *args)
{
    Py_UNICODE ch;

    if (!PyArg_ParseTuple(args, "u:ungetwch", &ch))
        return NULL;

    if (_ungetch(ch) == EOF)
        return PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_IOError);
    Py_INCREF(Py_None);
    return Py_None;
}
#endif

static void
insertint(PyObject *d, char *name, int value)
{
    PyObject *v = PyInt_FromLong((long) value);
    if (v == NULL) {
        /* Don't bother reporting this error */
        PyErr_Clear();
    }
    else {
        PyDict_SetItemString(d, name, v);
        Py_DECREF(v);
    }
}


/* List of functions exported by this module */
static struct PyMethodDef msvcrt_functions[] = {
    {"heapmin",                 msvcrt_heapmin, METH_VARARGS},
    {"locking",             msvcrt_locking, METH_VARARGS},
    {"setmode",                 msvcrt_setmode, METH_VARARGS},
    {"open_osfhandle",          msvcrt_open_osfhandle, METH_VARARGS},
    {"get_osfhandle",           msvcrt_get_osfhandle, METH_VARARGS},
    {"kbhit",                   msvcrt_kbhit, METH_VARARGS},
    {"getch",                   msvcrt_getch, METH_VARARGS},
    {"getche",                  msvcrt_getche, METH_VARARGS},
    {"putch",                   msvcrt_putch, METH_VARARGS},
    {"ungetch",                 msvcrt_ungetch, METH_VARARGS},
#ifdef _WCONIO_DEFINED
    {"getwch",                  msvcrt_getwch, METH_VARARGS},
    {"getwche",                 msvcrt_getwche, METH_VARARGS},
    {"putwch",                  msvcrt_putwch, METH_VARARGS},
    {"ungetwch",                msvcrt_ungetwch, METH_VARARGS},
#endif
    {NULL,                      NULL}
};

PyMODINIT_FUNC
initmsvcrt(void)
{
    int st;
    PyObject *d;
    PyObject *m = Py_InitModule("msvcrt", msvcrt_functions);
    if (m == NULL)
        return;
    d = PyModule_GetDict(m);

    /* constants for the locking() function's mode argument */
    insertint(d, "LK_LOCK", _LK_LOCK);
    insertint(d, "LK_NBLCK", _LK_NBLCK);
    insertint(d, "LK_NBRLCK", _LK_NBRLCK);
    insertint(d, "LK_RLCK", _LK_RLCK);
    insertint(d, "LK_UNLCK", _LK_UNLCK);

    /* constants for the crt versions */
#ifdef _VC_ASSEMBLY_PUBLICKEYTOKEN
    st = PyModule_AddStringConstant(m, "VC_ASSEMBLY_PUBLICKEYTOKEN",
                                    _VC_ASSEMBLY_PUBLICKEYTOKEN);
    if (st < 0)return;
#endif
#ifdef _CRT_ASSEMBLY_VERSION
    st = PyModule_AddStringConstant(m, "CRT_ASSEMBLY_VERSION",
                                    _CRT_ASSEMBLY_VERSION);
    if (st < 0)return;
#endif
#ifdef __LIBRARIES_ASSEMBLY_NAME_PREFIX
    st = PyModule_AddStringConstant(m, "LIBRARIES_ASSEMBLY_NAME_PREFIX",
                                    __LIBRARIES_ASSEMBLY_NAME_PREFIX);
    if (st < 0)return;
#endif
}
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