cpython-withatomic / Python / random.c

#include "Python.h"
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
#include <windows.h>
#else
#include <fcntl.h>
#endif

#ifdef Py_DEBUG
int _Py_HashSecret_Initialized = 0;
#else
static int _Py_HashSecret_Initialized = 0;
#endif

#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
typedef BOOL (WINAPI *CRYPTACQUIRECONTEXTA)(HCRYPTPROV *phProv,\
              LPCSTR pszContainer, LPCSTR pszProvider, DWORD dwProvType,\
              DWORD dwFlags );
typedef BOOL (WINAPI *CRYPTGENRANDOM)(HCRYPTPROV hProv, DWORD dwLen,\
              BYTE *pbBuffer );

static CRYPTGENRANDOM pCryptGenRandom = NULL;
/* This handle is never explicitly released. Instead, the operating
   system will release it when the process terminates. */
static HCRYPTPROV hCryptProv = 0;

static int
win32_urandom_init(int raise)
{
    HINSTANCE hAdvAPI32 = NULL;
    CRYPTACQUIRECONTEXTA pCryptAcquireContext = NULL;

    /* Obtain handle to the DLL containing CryptoAPI. This should not fail. */
    hAdvAPI32 = GetModuleHandle("advapi32.dll");
    if(hAdvAPI32 == NULL)
        goto error;

    /* Obtain pointers to the CryptoAPI functions. This will fail on some early
       versions of Win95. */
    pCryptAcquireContext = (CRYPTACQUIRECONTEXTA)GetProcAddress(
                               hAdvAPI32, "CryptAcquireContextA");
    if (pCryptAcquireContext == NULL)
        goto error;

    pCryptGenRandom = (CRYPTGENRANDOM)GetProcAddress(hAdvAPI32,
                                                     "CryptGenRandom");
    if (pCryptGenRandom == NULL)
        goto error;

    /* Acquire context */
    if (! pCryptAcquireContext(&hCryptProv, NULL, NULL,
                               PROV_RSA_FULL, CRYPT_VERIFYCONTEXT))
        goto error;

    return 0;

error:
    if (raise)
        PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(0);
    else
        Py_FatalError("Failed to initialize Windows random API (CryptoGen)");
    return -1;
}

/* Fill buffer with size pseudo-random bytes generated by the Windows CryptoGen
   API. Return 0 on success, or -1 on error. */
static int
win32_urandom(unsigned char *buffer, Py_ssize_t size, int raise)
{
    Py_ssize_t chunk;

    if (hCryptProv == 0)
    {
        if (win32_urandom_init(raise) == -1)
            return -1;
    }

    while (size > 0)
    {
        chunk = size > INT_MAX ? INT_MAX : size;
        if (!pCryptGenRandom(hCryptProv, chunk, buffer))
        {
            /* CryptGenRandom() failed */
            if (raise)
                PyErr_SetFromWindowsErr(0);
            else
                Py_FatalError("Failed to initialized the randomized hash "
                        "secret using CryptoGen)");
            return -1;
        }
        buffer += chunk;
        size -= chunk;
    }
    return 0;
}
#endif /* MS_WINDOWS */


#ifdef __VMS
/* Use openssl random routine */
#include <openssl/rand.h>
static int
vms_urandom(unsigned char *buffer, Py_ssize_t size, int raise)
{
    if (RAND_pseudo_bytes(buffer, size) < 0) {
        if (raise) {
            PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
                         "RAND_pseudo_bytes");
        } else {
            Py_FatalError("Failed to initialize the randomized hash "
                          "secret using RAND_pseudo_bytes");
        }
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}
#endif /* __VMS */


#if !defined(MS_WINDOWS) && !defined(__VMS)

/* Read size bytes from /dev/urandom into buffer.
   Call Py_FatalError() on error. */
static void
dev_urandom_noraise(char *buffer, Py_ssize_t size)
{
    int fd;
    Py_ssize_t n;

    assert (0 < size);

    fd = open("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY);
    if (fd < 0)
        Py_FatalError("Failed to open /dev/urandom");

    while (0 < size)
    {
        do {
            n = read(fd, buffer, (size_t)size);
        } while (n < 0 && errno == EINTR);
        if (n <= 0)
        {
            /* stop on error or if read(size) returned 0 */
            Py_FatalError("Failed to read bytes from /dev/urandom");
            break;
        }
        buffer += n;
        size -= (Py_ssize_t)n;
    }
    close(fd);
}

/* Read size bytes from /dev/urandom into buffer.
   Return 0 on success, raise an exception and return -1 on error. */
static int
dev_urandom_python(char *buffer, Py_ssize_t size)
{
    int fd;
    Py_ssize_t n;

    if (size <= 0)
        return 0;

    Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
    fd = open("/dev/urandom", O_RDONLY);
    Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS
    if (fd < 0)
    {
        PyErr_SetFromErrnoWithFilename(PyExc_OSError, "/dev/urandom");
        return -1;
    }

    Py_BEGIN_ALLOW_THREADS
    do {
        do {
            n = read(fd, buffer, (size_t)size);
        } while (n < 0 && errno == EINTR);
        if (n <= 0)
            break;
        buffer += n;
        size -= (Py_ssize_t)n;
    } while (0 < size);
    Py_END_ALLOW_THREADS

    if (n <= 0)
    {
        /* stop on error or if read(size) returned 0 */
        if (n < 0)
            PyErr_SetFromErrno(PyExc_OSError);
        else
            PyErr_Format(PyExc_RuntimeError,
                         "Failed to read %zi bytes from /dev/urandom",
                         size);
        close(fd);
        return -1;
    }
    close(fd);
    return 0;
}
#endif /* !defined(MS_WINDOWS) && !defined(__VMS) */

/* Fill buffer with pseudo-random bytes generated by a linear congruent
   generator (LCG):

       x(n+1) = (x(n) * 214013 + 2531011) % 2^32

   Use bits 23..16 of x(n) to generate a byte. */
static void
lcg_urandom(unsigned int x0, unsigned char *buffer, size_t size)
{
    size_t index;
    unsigned int x;

    x = x0;
    for (index=0; index < size; index++) {
        x *= 214013;
        x += 2531011;
        /* modulo 2 ^ (8 * sizeof(int)) */
        buffer[index] = (x >> 16) & 0xff;
    }
}

/* Fill buffer with size pseudo-random bytes, not suitable for cryptographic
   use, from the operating random number generator (RNG).

   Return 0 on success, raise an exception and return -1 on error. */
int
_PyOS_URandom(void *buffer, Py_ssize_t size)
{
    if (size < 0) {
        PyErr_Format(PyExc_ValueError,
                     "negative argument not allowed");
        return -1;
    }
    if (size == 0)
        return 0;

#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
    return win32_urandom((unsigned char *)buffer, size, 1);
#else
# ifdef __VMS
    return vms_urandom((unsigned char *)buffer, size, 1);
# else
    return dev_urandom_python((char*)buffer, size);
# endif
#endif
}

void
_PyRandom_Init(void)
{
    char *env;
    void *secret = &_Py_HashSecret;
    Py_ssize_t secret_size = sizeof(_Py_HashSecret_t);

    if (_Py_HashSecret_Initialized)
        return;
    _Py_HashSecret_Initialized = 1;

    /*
      By default, hash randomization is disabled, and only
      enabled if PYTHONHASHSEED is set to non-empty or if
      "-R" is provided at the command line:
    */
    if (!Py_HashRandomizationFlag) {
        /* Disable the randomized hash: */
        memset(secret, 0, secret_size);
        return;
    }

    /*
      Hash randomization is enabled.  Generate a per-process secret,
      using PYTHONHASHSEED if provided.
    */

    env = Py_GETENV("PYTHONHASHSEED");
    if (env && *env != '\0' && strcmp(env, "random") != 0) {
        char *endptr = env;
        unsigned long seed;
        seed = strtoul(env, &endptr, 10);
        if (*endptr != '\0'
            || seed > 4294967295UL
            || (errno == ERANGE && seed == ULONG_MAX))
        {
            Py_FatalError("PYTHONHASHSEED must be \"random\" or an integer "
                          "in range [0; 4294967295]");
        }
        if (seed == 0) {
            /* disable the randomized hash */
            memset(secret, 0, secret_size);
        }
        else {
            lcg_urandom(seed, (unsigned char*)secret, secret_size);
        }
    }
    else {
#ifdef MS_WINDOWS
        (void)win32_urandom((unsigned char *)secret, secret_size, 0);
#else /* #ifdef MS_WINDOWS */
# ifdef __VMS
        vms_urandom((unsigned char *)secret, secret_size, 0);
# else
        dev_urandom_noraise((char*)secret, secret_size);
# endif
#endif
    }
}
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