cpython-withatomic / Python / dynload_shlib.c

/* Support for dynamic loading of extension modules */

#include "Python.h"
#include "importdl.h"

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#if defined(__NetBSD__)
#include <sys/param.h>
#if (NetBSD < 199712)
#include <nlist.h>
#include <link.h>
#define dlerror() "error in dynamic linking"
#endif /* NetBSD */

#include <dlfcn.h>
#if defined(PYOS_OS2) && defined(PYCC_GCC)
#include "dlfcn.h"

#if (defined(__OpenBSD__) || defined(__NetBSD__)) && !defined(__ELF__)

/* The .so extension module ABI tag, supplied by the Makefile via and configure.  This is used to discriminate between
   incompatible .so files so that extensions for different Python builds can
   live in the same directory.  E.g.

const struct filedescr _PyImport_DynLoadFiletab[] = {
#ifdef __CYGWIN__
    {".dll", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {"module.dll", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
#else  /* !__CYGWIN__ */
#if defined(PYOS_OS2) && defined(PYCC_GCC)
    {".pyd", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {".dll", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
#else  /* !(defined(PYOS_OS2) && defined(PYCC_GCC)) */
#ifdef __VMS
    {".exe", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {".EXE", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {"module.exe", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {"MODULE.EXE", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
#else  /* !__VMS */
    {"." SOABI ".so", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {"module." SOABI ".so", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {".abi" PYTHON_ABI_STRING ".so", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {"module.abi" PYTHON_ABI_STRING ".so", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {".so", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
    {"", "rb", C_EXTENSION},
#endif  /* __VMS */
#endif  /* defined(PYOS_OS2) && defined(PYCC_GCC) */
#endif  /* __CYGWIN__ */
    {0, 0}

static struct {
    dev_t dev;
#ifdef __VMS
    ino_t ino[3];
    ino_t ino;
    void *handle;
} handles[128];
static int nhandles = 0;

dl_funcptr _PyImport_GetDynLoadFunc(const char *fqname, const char *shortname,
                                    const char *pathname, FILE *fp)
    dl_funcptr p;
    void *handle;
    char funcname[258];
    char pathbuf[260];
    int dlopenflags=0;

    if (strchr(pathname, '/') == NULL) {
        /* Prefix bare filename with "./" */
        PyOS_snprintf(pathbuf, sizeof(pathbuf), "./%-.255s", pathname);
        pathname = pathbuf;

    PyOS_snprintf(funcname, sizeof(funcname),
                  LEAD_UNDERSCORE "PyInit_%.200s", shortname);

    if (fp != NULL) {
        int i;
        struct stat statb;
        fstat(fileno(fp), &statb);
        for (i = 0; i < nhandles; i++) {
            if (statb.st_dev == handles[i].dev &&
                statb.st_ino == handles[i].ino) {
                p = (dl_funcptr) dlsym(handles[i].handle,
                return p;
        if (nhandles < 128) {
            handles[nhandles].dev = statb.st_dev;
#ifdef __VMS
            handles[nhandles].ino[0] = statb.st_ino[0];
            handles[nhandles].ino[1] = statb.st_ino[1];
            handles[nhandles].ino[2] = statb.st_ino[2];
            handles[nhandles].ino = statb.st_ino;

#if !(defined(PYOS_OS2) && defined(PYCC_GCC))
    dlopenflags = PyThreadState_GET()->interp->dlopenflags;

    if (Py_VerboseFlag)
        PySys_WriteStderr("dlopen(\"%s\", %x);\n", pathname,

#ifdef __VMS
    /* VMS currently don't allow a pathname, use a logical name instead */
    /* Concatenate 'python_module_' and shortname */
    /* so "import" will use the logical python_module_bar */
    /* As C module use only one name space this is probably not a */
    /* important limitation */
    PyOS_snprintf(pathbuf, sizeof(pathbuf), "python_module_%-.200s",
    pathname = pathbuf;

    handle = dlopen(pathname, dlopenflags);

    if (handle == NULL) {
        const char *error = dlerror();
        if (error == NULL)
            error = "unknown dlopen() error";
        PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ImportError, error);
        return NULL;
    if (fp != NULL && nhandles < 128)
        handles[nhandles++].handle = handle;
    p = (dl_funcptr) dlsym(handle, funcname);
    return p;
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