cpython-withatomic / Lib /

The branch '2.1' does not exist.
"""Utilities to get a password and/or the current user name.

getpass(prompt) - prompt for a password, with echo turned off
getuser() - get the user name from the environment or password database

On Windows, the msvcrt module will be used.
On the Mac EasyDialogs.AskPassword is used, if available.


# Authors: Piers Lauder (original)
#          Guido van Rossum (Windows support and cleanup)

import sys

__all__ = ["getpass","getuser"]

def unix_getpass(prompt='Password: '):
    """Prompt for a password, with echo turned off.

    Restore terminal settings at end.

        fd = sys.stdin.fileno()
        return default_getpass(prompt)

    getpass = default_getpass
    old = termios.tcgetattr(fd)     # a copy to save
    new = old[:]

    new[3] = new[3] & ~termios.ECHO # 3 == 'lflags'
        termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSADRAIN, new)
        passwd = _raw_input(prompt)
        termios.tcsetattr(fd, termios.TCSADRAIN, old)

    return passwd

def win_getpass(prompt='Password: '):
    """Prompt for password with echo off, using Windows getch()."""
    import msvcrt
    for c in prompt:
    pw = ""
    while 1:
        c = msvcrt.getch()
        if c == '\r' or c == '\n':
        if c == '\003':
            raise KeyboardInterrupt
        if c == '\b':
            pw = pw[:-1]
            pw = pw + c
    return pw

def default_getpass(prompt='Password: '):
    print "Warning: Problem with getpass. Passwords may be echoed."
    return _raw_input(prompt)

def _raw_input(prompt=""):
    # A raw_input() replacement that doesn't save the string in the
    # GNU readline history.
    import sys
    prompt = str(prompt)
    if prompt:
    line = sys.stdin.readline()
    if not line:
        raise EOFError
    if line[-1] == '\n':
        line = line[:-1]
    return line

def getuser():
    """Get the username from the environment or password database.

    First try various environment variables, then the password
    database.  This works on Windows as long as USERNAME is set.


    import os

    for name in ('LOGNAME', 'USER', 'LNAME', 'USERNAME'):
        user = os.environ.get(name)
        if user:
            return user

    # If this fails, the exception will "explain" why
    import pwd
    return pwd.getpwuid(os.getuid())[0]

# Bind the name getpass to the appropriate function
    import termios
except ImportError:
        import msvcrt
    except ImportError:
            from EasyDialogs import AskPassword
        except ImportError:
            getpass = default_getpass
            getpass = AskPassword
        getpass = win_getpass
    getpass = unix_getpass
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