cpython-withatomic / Lib /

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"""Utility functions for copying files and directory trees.

XXX The functions here don't copy the resource fork or other metadata on Mac.


import os
import sys
import stat
import exceptions

__all__ = ["copyfileobj","copyfile","copymode","copystat","copy","copy2",

class Error(exceptions.EnvironmentError):

def copyfileobj(fsrc, fdst, length=16*1024):
    """copy data from file-like object fsrc to file-like object fdst"""
    while 1:
        buf =
        if not buf:

def copyfile(src, dst):
    """Copy data from src to dst"""
    fsrc = None
    fdst = None
    # check for same pathname; all platforms
    _src = os.path.normcase(os.path.abspath(src))
    _dst = os.path.normcase(os.path.abspath(dst))
    if _src == _dst:
        fsrc = open(src, 'rb')
        fdst = open(dst, 'wb')
        copyfileobj(fsrc, fdst)
        if fdst:
        if fsrc:

def copymode(src, dst):
    """Copy mode bits from src to dst"""
    if hasattr(os, 'chmod'):
        st = os.stat(src)
        mode = stat.S_IMODE(st.st_mode)
        os.chmod(dst, mode)

def copystat(src, dst):
    """Copy all stat info (mode bits, atime and mtime) from src to dst"""
    st = os.stat(src)
    mode = stat.S_IMODE(st.st_mode)
    if hasattr(os, 'utime'):
        os.utime(dst, (st.st_atime, st.st_mtime))
    if hasattr(os, 'chmod'):
        os.chmod(dst, mode)

def copy(src, dst):
    """Copy data and mode bits ("cp src dst").

    The destination may be a directory.

    if os.path.isdir(dst):
        dst = os.path.join(dst, os.path.basename(src))
    copyfile(src, dst)
    copymode(src, dst)

def copy2(src, dst):
    """Copy data and all stat info ("cp -p src dst").

    The destination may be a directory.

    if os.path.isdir(dst):
        dst = os.path.join(dst, os.path.basename(src))
    copyfile(src, dst)
    copystat(src, dst)

def copytree(src, dst, symlinks=False):
    """Recursively copy a directory tree using copy2().

    The destination directory must not already exist.
    If exception(s) occur, an Error is raised with a list of reasons.

    If the optional symlinks flag is true, symbolic links in the
    source tree result in symbolic links in the destination tree; if
    it is false, the contents of the files pointed to by symbolic
    links are copied.

    XXX Consider this example code rather than the ultimate tool.

    names = os.listdir(src)
    errors = []
    for name in names:
        srcname = os.path.join(src, name)
        dstname = os.path.join(dst, name)
            if symlinks and os.path.islink(srcname):
                linkto = os.readlink(srcname)
                os.symlink(linkto, dstname)
            elif os.path.isdir(srcname):
                copytree(srcname, dstname, symlinks)
                copy2(srcname, dstname)
            # XXX What about devices, sockets etc.?
        except (IOError, os.error), why:
            errors.append((srcname, dstname, why))
    if errors:
        raise Error, errors

def rmtree(path, ignore_errors=False, onerror=None):
    """Recursively delete a directory tree.

    If ignore_errors is set, errors are ignored; otherwise, if
    onerror is set, it is called to handle the error; otherwise, an
    exception is raised.
    cmdtuples = []
    arg = path
        _build_cmdtuple(path, cmdtuples)
        for func, arg in cmdtuples:
    except OSError:
        exc = sys.exc_info()
        if ignore_errors:
        elif onerror is not None:
            onerror(func, arg, exc)
            raise exc[0], (exc[1][0], exc[1][1] + ' removing '+arg)

# Helper for rmtree()
def _build_cmdtuple(path, cmdtuples):
    for f in os.listdir(path):
        real_f = os.path.join(path,f)
        if os.path.isdir(real_f) and not os.path.islink(real_f):
            _build_cmdtuple(real_f, cmdtuples)
            cmdtuples.append((os.remove, real_f))
    cmdtuples.append((os.rmdir, path))

def move(src, dst):
    """Recursively move a file or directory to another location.

    If the destination is on our current filesystem, then simply use
    rename.  Otherwise, copy src to the dst and then remove src.
    A lot more could be done here...  A look at a mv.c shows a lot of
    the issues this implementation glosses over.


        os.rename(src, dst)
    except OSError:
        if os.path.isdir(src):
            copytree(src, dst, symlinks=True)