cpython-withatomic / Doc / libmath.tex

\section{Built-in Module \sectcode{math}}

\bimodindex{math}
\renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(in module math)}
This module is always available.
It provides access to the mathematical functions defined by the C
standard.
They are:
\iftexi
\begin{funcdesc}{acos}{x}
\funcline{asin}{x}
\funcline{atan}{x}
\funcline{atan2}{x, y}
\funcline{ceil}{x}
\funcline{cos}{x}
\funcline{cosh}{x}
\funcline{exp}{x}
\funcline{fabs}{x}
\funcline{floor}{x}
\funcline{fmod}{x, y}
\funcline{frexp}{x}
\funcline{ldexp}{x, y}
\funcline{log}{x}
\funcline{log10}{x}
\funcline{modf}{x}
\funcline{pow}{x, y}
\funcline{sin}{x}
\funcline{sinh}{x}
\funcline{sqrt}{x}
\funcline{tan}{x}
\funcline{tanh}{x}
\end{funcdesc}
\else
\code{acos(\varvars{x})},
\code{asin(\varvars{x})},
\code{atan(\varvars{x})},
\code{atan2(\varvars{x\, y})},
\code{ceil(\varvars{x})},
\code{cos(\varvars{x})},
\code{cosh(\varvars{x})},
\code{exp(\varvars{x})},
\code{fabs(\varvars{x})},
\code{floor(\varvars{x})},
\code{fmod(\varvars{x\, y})},
\code{frexp(\varvars{x})},
\code{ldexp(\varvars{x\, y})},
\code{log(\varvars{x})},
\code{log10(\varvars{x})},
\code{modf(\varvars{x})},
\code{pow(\varvars{x\, y})},
\code{sin(\varvars{x})},
\code{sinh(\varvars{x})},
\code{sqrt(\varvars{x})},
\code{tan(\varvars{x})},
\code{tanh(\varvars{x})}.
\fi

Note that \code{frexp} and \code{modf} have a different call/return
pattern than their C equivalents: they take a single argument and
return a pair of values, rather than returning their second return
value through an `output parameter' (there is no such thing in Python).

The module also defines two mathematical constants:
\iftexi
\begin{datadesc}{pi}
\dataline{e}
\end{datadesc}
\else
\code{pi} and \code{e}.
\fi
Tip: Filter by directory path e.g. /media app.js to search for public/media/app.js.
Tip: Use camelCasing e.g. ProjME to search for ProjectModifiedEvent.java.
Tip: Filter by extension type e.g. /repo .js to search for all .js files in the /repo directory.
Tip: Separate your search with spaces e.g. /ssh pom.xml to search for src/ssh/pom.xml.
Tip: Use ↑ and ↓ arrow keys to navigate and return to view the file.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Ctrl+j (next) and Ctrl+k (previous) and view the file with Ctrl+o.
Tip: You can also navigate files with Alt+j (next) and Alt+k (previous) and view the file with Alt+o.