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\section{Built-in Module \sectcode{macfs}}
\label{module-macfs}
\bimodindex{macfs}

\renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(in module macfs)}

This module provides access to macintosh FSSpec handling, the Alias
Manager, finder aliases and the Standard File package.

Whenever a function or method expects a \var{file} argument, this
argument can be one of three things:\ (1) a full or partial Macintosh
pathname, (2) an FSSpec object or (3) a 3-tuple \code{(wdRefNum,
parID, name)} as described in Inside Mac VI\@. A description of aliases
and the standard file package can also be found there.

\begin{funcdesc}{FSSpec}{file}
Create an FSSpec object for the specified file.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{RawFSSpec}{data}
Create an FSSpec object given the raw data for the C structure for the
FSSpec as a string.  This is mainly useful if you have obtained an
FSSpec structure over a network.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{RawAlias}{data}
Create an Alias object given the raw data for the C structure for the
alias as a string.  This is mainly useful if you have obtained an
FSSpec structure over a network.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{FInfo}{}
Create a zero-filled FInfo object.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{ResolveAliasFile}{file}
Resolve an alias file. Returns a 3-tuple \code{(\var{fsspec}, \var{isfolder},
\var{aliased})} where \var{fsspec} is the resulting FSSpec object,
\var{isfolder} is true if \var{fsspec} points to a folder and
\var{aliased} is true if the file was an alias in the first place
(otherwise the FSSpec object for the file itself is returned).
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{StandardGetFile}{\optional{type\, ...}}
Present the user with a standard ``open input file''
dialog. Optionally, you can pass up to four 4-char file types to limit
the files the user can choose from. The function returns an FSSpec
object and a flag indicating that the user completed the dialog
without cancelling.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{PromptGetFile}{prompt\optional{\, type\, ...}}
Similar to \var{StandardGetFile} but allows you to specify a prompt.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{StandardPutFile}{prompt\, \optional{default}}
Present the user with a standard ``open output file''
dialog. \var{prompt} is the prompt string, and the optional
\var{default} argument initializes the output file name. The function
returns an FSSpec object and a flag indicating that the user completed
the dialog without cancelling.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{GetDirectory}{\optional{prompt}}
Present the user with a non-standard ``select a directory''
dialog. \var{prompt} is the prompt string, and the optional.
Return an FSSpec object and a success-indicator.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{SetFolder}{\optional{fsspec}}
Set the folder that is initially presented to the user when one of
the file selection dialogs is presented. \var{Fsspec} should point to
a file in the folder, not the folder itself (the file need not exist,
though). If no argument is passed the folder will be set to the
current directory, i.e. what \code{os.getcwd()} returns.

Note that starting with system 7.5 the user can change Standard File
behaviour with the ``general controls'' controlpanel, thereby making
this call inoperative.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{FindFolder}{where\, which\, create}
Locates one of the ``special'' folders that MacOS knows about, such as
the trash or the Preferences folder. \var{Where} is the disk to
search, \var{which} is the 4-char string specifying which folder to
locate. Setting \var{create} causes the folder to be created if it
does not exist. Returns a \code{(vrefnum, dirid)} tuple.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{NewAliasMinimalFromFullPath}{pathname}
Return a minimal alias record object that points to the given file, which
must be specified as a full pathname. This is the only way to create an
alias record pointing to a non-existing file.

The constants for \var{where} and \var{which} can be obtained from the
standard module \var{MACFS}.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{FindApplication}{creator}
Locate the application with 4-char creator code \var{creator}. The
function returns an FSSpec object pointing to the application.
\end{funcdesc}

\subsection{FSSpec objects}

\renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(FSSpec object attribute)}
\begin{datadesc}{data}
The raw data from the FSSpec object, suitable for passing
to other applications, for instance.
\end{datadesc}

\renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(FSSpec object method)}
\begin{funcdesc}{as_pathname}{}
Return the full pathname of the file described by the FSSpec object.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{as_tuple}{}
Return the \code{(\var{wdRefNum}, \var{parID}, \var{name})} tuple of the file described
by the FSSpec object.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{NewAlias}{\optional{file}}
Create an Alias object pointing to the file described by this
FSSpec. If the optional \var{file} parameter is present the alias
will be relative to that file, otherwise it will be absolute.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{NewAliasMinimal}{}
Create a minimal alias pointing to this file.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{GetCreatorType}{}
Return the 4-char creator and type of the file.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{SetCreatorType}{creator\, type}
Set the 4-char creator and type of the file.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{GetFInfo}{}
Return a FInfo object describing the finder info for the file.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{SetFInfo}{finfo}
Set the finder info for the file to the values specified in the
\var{finfo} object.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{GetDates}{}
Return a tuple with three floating point values representing the
creation date, modification date and backup date of the file.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{SetDates}{crdate\, moddate\, backupdate}
Set the creation, modification and backup date of the file. The values
are in the standard floating point format used for times throughout
Python.
\end{funcdesc}

\subsection{alias objects}

\renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(alias object attribute)}
\begin{datadesc}{data}
The raw data for the Alias record, suitable for storing in a resource
or transmitting to other programs.
\end{datadesc}

\renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(alias object method)}
\begin{funcdesc}{Resolve}{\optional{file}}
Resolve the alias. If the alias was created as a relative alias you
should pass the file relative to which it is. Return the FSSpec for
the file pointed to and a flag indicating whether the alias object
itself was modified during the search process. If the file does
not exist but the path leading up to it does exist a valid fsspec
is returned.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{GetInfo}{num}
An interface to the C routine \code{GetAliasInfo()}.
\end{funcdesc}

\begin{funcdesc}{Update}{file\, \optional{file2}}
Update the alias to point to the \var{file} given. If \var{file2} is
present a relative alias will be created.
\end{funcdesc}

Note that it is currently not possible to directly manipulate a resource
as an alias object. Hence, after calling \var{Update} or after
\var{Resolve} indicates that the alias has changed the Python program
is responsible for getting the \var{data} from the alias object and
modifying the resource.


\subsection{FInfo objects}

See Inside Mac for a complete description of what the various fields
mean.

\renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(FInfo object attribute)}
\begin{datadesc}{Creator}
The 4-char creator code of the file.
\end{datadesc}

\begin{datadesc}{Type}
The 4-char type code of the file.
\end{datadesc}

\begin{datadesc}{Flags}
The finder flags for the file as 16-bit integer. The bit values in
\var{Flags} are defined in standard module \var{MACFS}.
\end{datadesc}

\begin{datadesc}{Location}
A Point giving the position of the file's icon in its folder.
\end{datadesc}

\begin{datadesc}{Fldr}
The folder the file is in (as an integer).
\end{datadesc}
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