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cpython-withatomic / Objects / sliceobject.c

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/*
Written by Jim Hugunin and Chris Chase.

This includes both the singular ellipsis object and slice objects.

Guido, feel free to do whatever you want in the way of copyrights
for this file.
*/

/* 
Py_Ellipsis encodes the '...' rubber index token. It is similar to
the Py_NoneStruct in that there is no way to create other objects of
this type and there is exactly one in existence.
*/

#include "Python.h"
#include "structmember.h"

static PyObject *
ellipsis_repr(PyObject *op)
{
	return PyString_FromString("Ellipsis");
}

static PyTypeObject PyEllipsis_Type = {
	PyObject_HEAD_INIT(&PyType_Type)
	0,					/* ob_size */
	"ellipsis",				/* tp_name */
	0,					/* tp_basicsize */
	0,					/* tp_itemsize */
	0, /*never called*/			/* tp_dealloc */
	0,					/* tp_print */
	0,					/* tp_getattr */
	0,					/* tp_setattr */
	0,					/* tp_compare */
	(reprfunc)ellipsis_repr,		/* tp_repr */
	0,					/* tp_as_number */
	0,					/* tp_as_sequence */
	0,					/* tp_as_mapping */
	0,					/* tp_hash */
	0,					/* tp_call */
	0,					/* tp_str */
	PyObject_GenericGetAttr,		/* tp_getattro */
	0,					/* tp_setattro */
	0,					/* tp_as_buffer */
	Py_TPFLAGS_DEFAULT,			/* tp_flags */
};

PyObject _Py_EllipsisObject = {
	PyObject_HEAD_INIT(&PyEllipsis_Type)
};


/* Slice object implementation

   start, stop, and step are python objects with None indicating no
   index is present.
*/

PyObject *
PySlice_New(PyObject *start, PyObject *stop, PyObject *step)
{
	PySliceObject *obj = PyObject_New(PySliceObject, &PySlice_Type);

	if (obj == NULL)
		return NULL;

	if (step == NULL) step = Py_None;
	Py_INCREF(step);
	if (start == NULL) start = Py_None;
	Py_INCREF(start);
	if (stop == NULL) stop = Py_None;
	Py_INCREF(stop);

	obj->step = step;
	obj->start = start;
	obj->stop = stop;

	return (PyObject *) obj;
}

int
PySlice_GetIndices(PySliceObject *r, int length,
                   int *start, int *stop, int *step)
{
	if (r->step == Py_None) {
		*step = 1;
	} else {
		if (!PyInt_Check(r->step)) return -1;
		*step = PyInt_AsLong(r->step);
	}
	if (r->start == Py_None) {
		*start = *step < 0 ? length-1 : 0;
	} else {
		if (!PyInt_Check(r->start)) return -1;
		*start = PyInt_AsLong(r->start);
		if (*start < 0) *start += length;
	}
	if (r->stop == Py_None) {
		*stop = *step < 0 ? -1 : length;
	} else {
		if (!PyInt_Check(r->stop)) return -1;
		*stop = PyInt_AsLong(r->stop);
		if (*stop < 0) *stop += length;
	}
	if (*stop > length) return -1;
	if (*start >= length) return -1;
	if (*step == 0) return -1;
	return 0;
}

int
PySlice_GetIndicesEx(PySliceObject *r, int length,
		     int *start, int *stop, int *step, int *slicelength)
{
	/* this is harder to get right than you might think */

	int defstart, defstop;

	if (r->step == Py_None) {
		*step = 1;
	} 
	else {
		if (!_PyEval_SliceIndex(r->step, step)) return -1;
		if (*step == 0) {
			PyErr_SetString(PyExc_ValueError,
					"slice step cannot be zero");
			return -1;
		}
	}

	defstart = *step < 0 ? length-1 : 0;
	defstop = *step < 0 ? -1 : length;

	if (r->start == Py_None) {
		*start = defstart;
	}
	else {
		if (!_PyEval_SliceIndex(r->start, start)) return -1;
		if (*start < 0) *start += length;
		if (*start < 0) *start = (*step < 0) ? -1 : 0;
		if (*start >= length) 
			*start = (*step < 0) ? length - 1 : length;
	}

	if (r->stop == Py_None) {
		*stop = defstop;
	}
	else {
		if (!_PyEval_SliceIndex(r->stop, stop)) return -1;
		if (*stop < 0) *stop += length;
		if (*stop < 0) *stop = -1;
		if (*stop > length) *stop = length;
	}

	if ((*step < 0 && *stop >= *start) 
	    || (*step > 0 && *start >= *stop)) {
		*slicelength = 0;
	}
	else if (*step < 0) {
		*slicelength = (*stop-*start+1)/(*step)+1;
	}
	else {
		*slicelength = (*stop-*start-1)/(*step)+1;
	}

	return 0;
}

static PyObject *
slice_new(PyTypeObject *type, PyObject *args, PyObject *kw)
{
	PyObject *start, *stop, *step;

	start = stop = step = NULL;

	if (!_PyArg_NoKeywords("slice()", kw))
		return NULL;

	if (!PyArg_UnpackTuple(args, "slice", 1, 3, &start, &stop, &step))
		return NULL;

	/* This swapping of stop and start is to maintain similarity with
	   range(). */
	if (stop == NULL) {
		stop = start;
		start = NULL;
	}
	return PySlice_New(start, stop, step);
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(slice_doc,
"slice([start,] stop[, step])\n\
\n\
Create a slice object.  This is used for extended slicing (e.g. a[0:10:2]).");

static void
slice_dealloc(PySliceObject *r)
{
	Py_DECREF(r->step);
	Py_DECREF(r->start);
	Py_DECREF(r->stop);
	PyObject_Del(r);
}

static PyObject *
slice_repr(PySliceObject *r)
{
	PyObject *s, *comma;

	s = PyString_FromString("slice(");
	comma = PyString_FromString(", ");
	PyString_ConcatAndDel(&s, PyObject_Repr(r->start));
	PyString_Concat(&s, comma);
	PyString_ConcatAndDel(&s, PyObject_Repr(r->stop));
	PyString_Concat(&s, comma);
	PyString_ConcatAndDel(&s, PyObject_Repr(r->step));
	PyString_ConcatAndDel(&s, PyString_FromString(")"));
	Py_DECREF(comma);
	return s;
}

static PyMemberDef slice_members[] = {
	{"start", T_OBJECT, offsetof(PySliceObject, start), READONLY},
	{"stop", T_OBJECT, offsetof(PySliceObject, stop), READONLY},
	{"step", T_OBJECT, offsetof(PySliceObject, step), READONLY},
	{0}
};

static PyObject*
slice_indices(PySliceObject* self, PyObject* len)
{
	int ilen, start, stop, step, slicelength;

	ilen = PyInt_AsLong(len);

	if (ilen == -1 && PyErr_Occurred()) {
		return NULL;
	}

	if (PySlice_GetIndicesEx(self, ilen, &start, &stop, 
				 &step, &slicelength) < 0) {
		return NULL;
	}

	return Py_BuildValue("(iii)", start, stop, step);
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(slice_indices_doc,
"S.indices(len) -> (start, stop, stride)\n\
\n\
Assuming a sequence of length len, calculate the start and stop\n\
indices, and the stride length of the extended slice described by\n\
S. Out of bounds indices are clipped in a manner consistent with the\n\
handling of normal slices.");

static PyMethodDef slice_methods[] = {
	{"indices",	(PyCFunction)slice_indices,
	 METH_O,	slice_indices_doc},
	{NULL, NULL}
};

static int
slice_compare(PySliceObject *v, PySliceObject *w)
{
	int result = 0;

        if (v == w)
		return 0;

	if (PyObject_Cmp(v->start, w->start, &result) < 0)
	    return -2;
	if (result != 0)
		return result;
	if (PyObject_Cmp(v->stop, w->stop, &result) < 0)
	    return -2;
	if (result != 0)
		return result;
	if (PyObject_Cmp(v->step, w->step, &result) < 0)
	    return -2;
	return result;
}

static long
slice_hash(PySliceObject *v)
{
	PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError, "unhashable type");
	return -1L;
}

PyTypeObject PySlice_Type = {
	PyObject_HEAD_INIT(&PyType_Type)
	0,			/* Number of items for varobject */
	"slice",		/* Name of this type */
	sizeof(PySliceObject),	/* Basic object size */
	0,			/* Item size for varobject */
	(destructor)slice_dealloc,		/* tp_dealloc */
	0,					/* tp_print */
	0,					/* tp_getattr */
	0,					/* tp_setattr */
	(cmpfunc)slice_compare, 		/* tp_compare */
	(reprfunc)slice_repr,   		/* tp_repr */
	0,					/* tp_as_number */
	0,	    				/* tp_as_sequence */
	0,					/* tp_as_mapping */
	(hashfunc)slice_hash,			/* tp_hash */
	0,					/* tp_call */
	0,					/* tp_str */
	PyObject_GenericGetAttr,		/* tp_getattro */
	0,					/* tp_setattro */
	0,					/* tp_as_buffer */
	Py_TPFLAGS_DEFAULT,			/* tp_flags */
	slice_doc,				/* tp_doc */
	0,					/* tp_traverse */
	0,					/* tp_clear */
	0,					/* tp_richcompare */
	0,					/* tp_weaklistoffset */
	0,					/* tp_iter */
	0,					/* tp_iternext */
	slice_methods,				/* tp_methods */
	slice_members,				/* tp_members */
	0,					/* tp_getset */
	0,					/* tp_base */
	0,					/* tp_dict */
	0,					/* tp_descr_get */
	0,					/* tp_descr_set */
	0,					/* tp_dictoffset */
	0,					/* tp_init */
	0,					/* tp_alloc */
	slice_new,				/* tp_new */
};