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cpython-withatomic / Python / thread_nt.h

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/* This code implemented by Dag.Gruneau@elsa.preseco.comm.se */
/* Fast NonRecursiveMutex support by Yakov Markovitch, markovitch@iso.ru */
/* Eliminated some memory leaks, gsw@agere.com */

#include <windows.h>
#include <limits.h>
#ifdef HAVE_PROCESS_H
#include <process.h>
#endif

typedef struct NRMUTEX {
	LONG   owned ;
	DWORD  thread_id ;
	HANDLE hevent ;
} NRMUTEX, *PNRMUTEX ;


BOOL
InitializeNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
	mutex->owned = -1 ;  /* No threads have entered NonRecursiveMutex */
	mutex->thread_id = 0 ;
	mutex->hevent = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, NULL) ;
	return mutex->hevent != NULL ;	/* TRUE if the mutex is created */
}

VOID
DeleteNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
	/* No in-use check */
	CloseHandle(mutex->hevent) ;
	mutex->hevent = NULL ; /* Just in case */
}

DWORD
EnterNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex, BOOL wait)
{
	/* Assume that the thread waits successfully */
	DWORD ret ;

	/* InterlockedIncrement(&mutex->owned) == 0 means that no thread currently owns the mutex */
	if (!wait)
	{
		if (InterlockedCompareExchange(&mutex->owned, 0, -1) != -1)
			return WAIT_TIMEOUT ;
		ret = WAIT_OBJECT_0 ;
	}
	else
		ret = InterlockedIncrement(&mutex->owned) ?
			/* Some thread owns the mutex, let's wait... */
			WaitForSingleObject(mutex->hevent, INFINITE) : WAIT_OBJECT_0 ;

	mutex->thread_id = GetCurrentThreadId() ; /* We own it */
	return ret ;
}

BOOL
LeaveNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
	/* We don't own the mutex */
	mutex->thread_id = 0 ;
	return
		InterlockedDecrement(&mutex->owned) < 0 ||
		SetEvent(mutex->hevent) ; /* Other threads are waiting, wake one on them up */
}

PNRMUTEX
AllocNonRecursiveMutex(void)
{
	PNRMUTEX mutex = (PNRMUTEX)malloc(sizeof(NRMUTEX)) ;
	if (mutex && !InitializeNonRecursiveMutex(mutex))
	{
		free(mutex) ;
		mutex = NULL ;
	}
	return mutex ;
}

void
FreeNonRecursiveMutex(PNRMUTEX mutex)
{
	if (mutex)
	{
		DeleteNonRecursiveMutex(mutex) ;
		free(mutex) ;
	}
}

long PyThread_get_thread_ident(void);

/*
 * Initialization of the C package, should not be needed.
 */
static void
PyThread__init_thread(void)
{
}

/*
 * Thread support.
 */

typedef struct {
	void (*func)(void*);
	void *arg;
} callobj;

/* thunker to call adapt between the function type used by the system's
thread start function and the internally used one. */
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
static DWORD WINAPI
#else
static unsigned __stdcall
#endif
bootstrap(void *call)
{
	callobj *obj = (callobj*)call;
	void (*func)(void*) = obj->func;
	void *arg = obj->arg;
	HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, obj);
	func(arg);
	return 0;
}

long
PyThread_start_new_thread(void (*func)(void *), void *arg)
{
	HANDLE hThread;
	unsigned threadID;
	callobj *obj;
	
	dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread called\n",
		 PyThread_get_thread_ident()));
	if (!initialized)
		PyThread_init_thread();

	obj = (callobj*)HeapAlloc(GetProcessHeap(), 0, sizeof(*obj));
	if (!obj)
		return -1;
	obj->func = func;
	obj->arg = arg;
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
	hThread = CreateThread(NULL,
	                       Py_SAFE_DOWNCAST(_pythread_stacksize, Py_ssize_t, SIZE_T),
	                       bootstrap, obj, 0, &threadID);
#else
	hThread = (HANDLE)_beginthreadex(0,
			  Py_SAFE_DOWNCAST(_pythread_stacksize,
					   Py_ssize_t, unsigned int),
			  bootstrap, obj,
			  0, &threadID);
#endif
	if (hThread == 0) {
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
		/* Save error in variable, to prevent PyThread_get_thread_ident
		   from clobbering it. */
		unsigned e = GetLastError();
		dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread failed, win32 error code %u\n",
		         PyThread_get_thread_ident(), e));
#else
		/* I've seen errno == EAGAIN here, which means "there are
		 * too many threads".
		 */
		int e = errno;
		dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread failed, errno %d\n",
		         PyThread_get_thread_ident(), e));
#endif
		threadID = (unsigned)-1;
		HeapFree(GetProcessHeap(), 0, obj);
	}
	else {
		dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_start_new_thread succeeded: %p\n",
		         PyThread_get_thread_ident(), (void*)hThread));
		CloseHandle(hThread);
	}
	return (long) threadID;
}

/*
 * Return the thread Id instead of an handle. The Id is said to uniquely identify the
 * thread in the system
 */
long
PyThread_get_thread_ident(void)
{
	if (!initialized)
		PyThread_init_thread();

	return GetCurrentThreadId();
}

void
PyThread_exit_thread(void)
{
	dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_exit_thread called\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident()));
	if (!initialized)
		exit(0);
#if defined(MS_WINCE)
	ExitThread(0);
#else
	_endthreadex(0);
#endif
}

#ifndef NO_EXIT_PROG
void
PyThread_exit_prog(int status)
{
	dprintf(("PyThread_exit_prog(%d) called\n", status));
	if (!initialized)
		exit(status);
}
#endif /* NO_EXIT_PROG */

/*
 * Lock support. It has too be implemented as semaphores.
 * I [Dag] tried to implement it with mutex but I could find a way to
 * tell whether a thread already own the lock or not.
 */
PyThread_type_lock
PyThread_allocate_lock(void)
{
	PNRMUTEX aLock;

	dprintf(("PyThread_allocate_lock called\n"));
	if (!initialized)
		PyThread_init_thread();

	aLock = AllocNonRecursiveMutex() ;

	dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_allocate_lock() -> %p\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(), aLock));

	return (PyThread_type_lock) aLock;
}

void
PyThread_free_lock(PyThread_type_lock aLock)
{
	dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_free_lock(%p) called\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(),aLock));

	FreeNonRecursiveMutex(aLock) ;
}

/*
 * Return 1 on success if the lock was acquired
 *
 * and 0 if the lock was not acquired. This means a 0 is returned
 * if the lock has already been acquired by this thread!
 */
int
PyThread_acquire_lock(PyThread_type_lock aLock, int waitflag)
{
	int success ;

	dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_acquire_lock(%p, %d) called\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(),aLock, waitflag));

	success = aLock && EnterNonRecursiveMutex((PNRMUTEX) aLock, (waitflag ? INFINITE : 0)) == WAIT_OBJECT_0 ;

	dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_acquire_lock(%p, %d) -> %d\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(),aLock, waitflag, success));

	return success;
}

void
PyThread_release_lock(PyThread_type_lock aLock)
{
	dprintf(("%ld: PyThread_release_lock(%p) called\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(),aLock));

	if (!(aLock && LeaveNonRecursiveMutex((PNRMUTEX) aLock)))
		dprintf(("%ld: Could not PyThread_release_lock(%p) error: %ld\n", PyThread_get_thread_ident(), aLock, GetLastError()));
}

/* minimum/maximum thread stack sizes supported */
#define THREAD_MIN_STACKSIZE	0x8000		/* 32kB */
#define THREAD_MAX_STACKSIZE	0x10000000	/* 256MB */

/* set the thread stack size.
 * Return 0 if size is valid, -1 otherwise.
 */
static int
_pythread_nt_set_stacksize(size_t size)
{
	/* set to default */
	if (size == 0) {
		_pythread_stacksize = 0;
		return 0;
	}

	/* valid range? */
	if (size >= THREAD_MIN_STACKSIZE && size < THREAD_MAX_STACKSIZE) {
		_pythread_stacksize = size;
		return 0;
	}

	return -1;
}

#define THREAD_SET_STACKSIZE(x)	_pythread_nt_set_stacksize(x)


/* use native Windows TLS functions */
#define Py_HAVE_NATIVE_TLS

#ifdef Py_HAVE_NATIVE_TLS
int
PyThread_create_key(void)
{
	return (int) TlsAlloc();
}

void
PyThread_delete_key(int key)
{
	TlsFree(key);
}

/* We must be careful to emulate the strange semantics implemented in thread.c,
 * where the value is only set if it hasn't been set before.
 */
int
PyThread_set_key_value(int key, void *value)
{
	BOOL ok;
	void *oldvalue;

	assert(value != NULL);
	oldvalue = TlsGetValue(key);
	if (oldvalue != NULL)
		/* ignore value if already set */
		return 0;
	ok = TlsSetValue(key, value);
	if (!ok)
		return -1;
	return 0;
}

void *
PyThread_get_key_value(int key)
{
	/* because TLS is used in the Py_END_ALLOW_THREAD macro,
	 * it is necessary to preserve the windows error state, because
	 * it is assumed to be preserved across the call to the macro.
	 * Ideally, the macro should be fixed, but it is simpler to
	 * do it here.
	 */
	DWORD error = GetLastError();
	void *result = TlsGetValue(key);
	SetLastError(error);
	return result;
}

void
PyThread_delete_key_value(int key)
{
	/* NULL is used as "key missing", and it is also the default
	 * given by TlsGetValue() if nothing has been set yet.
	 */
	TlsSetValue(key, NULL);
}

/* reinitialization of TLS is not necessary after fork when using
 * the native TLS functions.  And forking isn't supported on Windows either.
 */
void
PyThread_ReInitTLS(void)
{}

#endif