cpython-withatomic / Objects / classobject.c

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/* Class object implementation (dead now except for methods) */

#include "Python.h"
#include "structmember.h"

#define TP_DESCR_GET(t) ((t)->tp_descr_get)

/* Free list for method objects to safe malloc/free overhead
 * The im_self element is used to chain the elements.
 */
static PyMethodObject *free_list;
static int numfree = 0;
#ifndef PyMethod_MAXFREELIST
#define PyMethod_MAXFREELIST 256
#endif

PyObject *
PyMethod_Function(PyObject *im)
{
    if (!PyMethod_Check(im)) {
        PyErr_BadInternalCall();
        return NULL;
    }
    return ((PyMethodObject *)im)->im_func;
}

PyObject *
PyMethod_Self(PyObject *im)
{
    if (!PyMethod_Check(im)) {
        PyErr_BadInternalCall();
        return NULL;
    }
    return ((PyMethodObject *)im)->im_self;
}

/* Method objects are used for bound instance methods returned by
   instancename.methodname. ClassName.methodname returns an ordinary
   function.
*/

PyObject *
PyMethod_New(PyObject *func, PyObject *self)
{
    register PyMethodObject *im;
    if (self == NULL) {
        PyErr_BadInternalCall();
        return NULL;
    }
    im = free_list;
    if (im != NULL) {
        free_list = (PyMethodObject *)(im->im_self);
        PyObject_INIT(im, &PyMethod_Type);
        numfree--;
    }
    else {
        im = PyObject_GC_New(PyMethodObject, &PyMethod_Type);
        if (im == NULL)
            return NULL;
    }
    im->im_weakreflist = NULL;
    Py_INCREF(func);
    im->im_func = func;
    Py_XINCREF(self);
    im->im_self = self;
    _PyObject_GC_TRACK(im);
    return (PyObject *)im;
}

/* Descriptors for PyMethod attributes */

/* im_func and im_self are stored in the PyMethod object */

#define MO_OFF(x) offsetof(PyMethodObject, x)

static PyMemberDef method_memberlist[] = {
    {"__func__", T_OBJECT, MO_OFF(im_func), READONLY|RESTRICTED,
     "the function (or other callable) implementing a method"},
    {"__self__", T_OBJECT, MO_OFF(im_self), READONLY|RESTRICTED,
     "the instance to which a method is bound"},
    {NULL}      /* Sentinel */
};

/* Christian Tismer argued convincingly that method attributes should
   (nearly) always override function attributes.
   The one exception is __doc__; there's a default __doc__ which
   should only be used for the class, not for instances */

static PyObject *
method_get_doc(PyMethodObject *im, void *context)
{
    static PyObject *docstr;
    if (docstr == NULL) {
        docstr= PyUnicode_InternFromString("__doc__");
        if (docstr == NULL)
            return NULL;
    }
    return PyObject_GetAttr(im->im_func, docstr);
}

static PyGetSetDef method_getset[] = {
    {"__doc__", (getter)method_get_doc, NULL, NULL},
    {0}
};

static PyObject *
method_getattro(PyObject *obj, PyObject *name)
{
    PyMethodObject *im = (PyMethodObject *)obj;
    PyTypeObject *tp = obj->ob_type;
    PyObject *descr = NULL;

    {
        if (tp->tp_dict == NULL) {
            if (PyType_Ready(tp) < 0)
                return NULL;
        }
        descr = _PyType_Lookup(tp, name);
    }

    if (descr != NULL) {
        descrgetfunc f = TP_DESCR_GET(descr->ob_type);
        if (f != NULL)
            return f(descr, obj, (PyObject *)obj->ob_type);
        else {
            Py_INCREF(descr);
            return descr;
        }
    }

    return PyObject_GetAttr(im->im_func, name);
}

PyDoc_STRVAR(method_doc,
"method(function, instance)\n\
\n\
Create a bound instance method object.");

static PyObject *
method_new(PyTypeObject* type, PyObject* args, PyObject *kw)
{
    PyObject *func;
    PyObject *self;

    if (!_PyArg_NoKeywords("method", kw))
        return NULL;
    if (!PyArg_UnpackTuple(args, "method", 2, 2,
                          &func, &self))
        return NULL;
    if (!PyCallable_Check(func)) {
        PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
                        "first argument must be callable");
        return NULL;
    }
    if (self == NULL || self == Py_None) {
        PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
            "self must not be None");
        return NULL;
    }

    return PyMethod_New(func, self);
}

static void
method_dealloc(register PyMethodObject *im)
{
    _PyObject_GC_UNTRACK(im);
    if (im->im_weakreflist != NULL)
        PyObject_ClearWeakRefs((PyObject *)im);
    Py_DECREF(im->im_func);
    Py_XDECREF(im->im_self);
    if (numfree < PyMethod_MAXFREELIST) {
        im->im_self = (PyObject *)free_list;
        free_list = im;
        numfree++;
    }
    else {
        PyObject_GC_Del(im);
    }
}

static PyObject *
method_richcompare(PyObject *self, PyObject *other, int op)
{
    PyMethodObject *a, *b;
    PyObject *res;
    int eq;

    if ((op != Py_EQ && op != Py_NE) ||
        !PyMethod_Check(self) ||
        !PyMethod_Check(other))
    {
        Py_INCREF(Py_NotImplemented);
        return Py_NotImplemented;
    }
    a = (PyMethodObject *)self;
    b = (PyMethodObject *)other;
    eq = PyObject_RichCompareBool(a->im_func, b->im_func, Py_EQ);
    if (eq == 1) {
        if (a->im_self == NULL || b->im_self == NULL)
            eq = a->im_self == b->im_self;
        else
            eq = PyObject_RichCompareBool(a->im_self, b->im_self,
                                          Py_EQ);
    }
    if (eq < 0)
        return NULL;
    if (op == Py_EQ)
        res = eq ? Py_True : Py_False;
    else
        res = eq ? Py_False : Py_True;
    Py_INCREF(res);
    return res;
}

static PyObject *
method_repr(PyMethodObject *a)
{
    PyObject *self = a->im_self;
    PyObject *func = a->im_func;
    PyObject *klass = (PyObject*)Py_TYPE(self);
    PyObject *funcname = NULL ,*klassname = NULL, *result = NULL;
    char *defname = "?";

    if (self == NULL) {
        PyErr_BadInternalCall();
        return NULL;
    }

    funcname = PyObject_GetAttrString(func, "__name__");
    if (funcname == NULL) {
        if (!PyErr_ExceptionMatches(PyExc_AttributeError))
            return NULL;
        PyErr_Clear();
    }
    else if (!PyUnicode_Check(funcname)) {
        Py_DECREF(funcname);
        funcname = NULL;
    }

    if (klass == NULL)
        klassname = NULL;
    else {
        klassname = PyObject_GetAttrString(klass, "__name__");
        if (klassname == NULL) {
            if (!PyErr_ExceptionMatches(PyExc_AttributeError))
                return NULL;
            PyErr_Clear();
        }
        else if (!PyUnicode_Check(klassname)) {
            Py_DECREF(klassname);
            klassname = NULL;
        }
    }

    /* XXX Shouldn't use repr()/%R here! */
    result = PyUnicode_FromFormat("<bound method %V.%V of %R>",
                                  klassname, defname,
                                  funcname, defname, self);

    Py_XDECREF(funcname);
    Py_XDECREF(klassname);
    return result;
}

static long
method_hash(PyMethodObject *a)
{
    long x, y;
    if (a->im_self == NULL)
        x = PyObject_Hash(Py_None);
    else
        x = PyObject_Hash(a->im_self);
    if (x == -1)
        return -1;
    y = PyObject_Hash(a->im_func);
    if (y == -1)
        return -1;
    x = x ^ y;
    if (x == -1)
        x = -2;
    return x;
}

static int
method_traverse(PyMethodObject *im, visitproc visit, void *arg)
{
    Py_VISIT(im->im_func);
    Py_VISIT(im->im_self);
    return 0;
}

static PyObject *
method_call(PyObject *func, PyObject *arg, PyObject *kw)
{
    PyObject *self = PyMethod_GET_SELF(func);
    PyObject *result;

    func = PyMethod_GET_FUNCTION(func);
    if (self == NULL) {
        PyErr_BadInternalCall();
        return NULL;
    }
    else {
        Py_ssize_t argcount = PyTuple_Size(arg);
        PyObject *newarg = PyTuple_New(argcount + 1);
        int i;
        if (newarg == NULL)
            return NULL;
        Py_INCREF(self);
        PyTuple_SET_ITEM(newarg, 0, self);
        for (i = 0; i < argcount; i++) {
            PyObject *v = PyTuple_GET_ITEM(arg, i);
            Py_XINCREF(v);
            PyTuple_SET_ITEM(newarg, i+1, v);
        }
        arg = newarg;
    }
    result = PyObject_Call((PyObject *)func, arg, kw);
    Py_DECREF(arg);
    return result;
}

static PyObject *
method_descr_get(PyObject *meth, PyObject *obj, PyObject *cls)
{
    /* Don't rebind an already bound method of a class that's not a base
       class of cls. */
    if (PyMethod_GET_SELF(meth) != NULL) {
        /* Already bound */
        Py_INCREF(meth);
        return meth;
    }
    /* Bind it to obj */
    return PyMethod_New(PyMethod_GET_FUNCTION(meth), obj);
}

PyTypeObject PyMethod_Type = {
    PyVarObject_HEAD_INIT(&PyType_Type, 0)
    "method",
    sizeof(PyMethodObject),
    0,
    (destructor)method_dealloc,                 /* tp_dealloc */
    0,                                          /* tp_print */
    0,                                          /* tp_getattr */
    0,                                          /* tp_setattr */
    0,                                          /* tp_reserved */
    (reprfunc)method_repr,                      /* tp_repr */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_number */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_sequence */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_mapping */
    (hashfunc)method_hash,                      /* tp_hash */
    method_call,                                /* tp_call */
    0,                                          /* tp_str */
    method_getattro,                            /* tp_getattro */
    PyObject_GenericSetAttr,                    /* tp_setattro */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_buffer */
    Py_TPFLAGS_DEFAULT | Py_TPFLAGS_HAVE_GC, /* tp_flags */
    method_doc,                                 /* tp_doc */
    (traverseproc)method_traverse,              /* tp_traverse */
    0,                                          /* tp_clear */
    method_richcompare,                         /* tp_richcompare */
    offsetof(PyMethodObject, im_weakreflist), /* tp_weaklistoffset */
    0,                                          /* tp_iter */
    0,                                          /* tp_iternext */
    0,                                          /* tp_methods */
    method_memberlist,                          /* tp_members */
    method_getset,                              /* tp_getset */
    0,                                          /* tp_base */
    0,                                          /* tp_dict */
    method_descr_get,                           /* tp_descr_get */
    0,                                          /* tp_descr_set */
    0,                                          /* tp_dictoffset */
    0,                                          /* tp_init */
    0,                                          /* tp_alloc */
    method_new,                                 /* tp_new */
};

/* Clear out the free list */

int
PyMethod_ClearFreeList(void)
{
    int freelist_size = numfree;

    while (free_list) {
        PyMethodObject *im = free_list;
        free_list = (PyMethodObject *)(im->im_self);
        PyObject_GC_Del(im);
        numfree--;
    }
    assert(numfree == 0);
    return freelist_size;
}

void
PyMethod_Fini(void)
{
    (void)PyMethod_ClearFreeList();
}

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 * instance method
 */

PyObject *
PyInstanceMethod_New(PyObject *func) {
    PyInstanceMethodObject *method;
    method = PyObject_GC_New(PyInstanceMethodObject,
                             &PyInstanceMethod_Type);
    if (method == NULL) return NULL;
    Py_INCREF(func);
    method->func = func;
    _PyObject_GC_TRACK(method);
    return (PyObject *)method;
}

PyObject *
PyInstanceMethod_Function(PyObject *im)
{
    if (!PyInstanceMethod_Check(im)) {
        PyErr_BadInternalCall();
        return NULL;
    }
    return PyInstanceMethod_GET_FUNCTION(im);
}

#define IMO_OFF(x) offsetof(PyInstanceMethodObject, x)

static PyMemberDef instancemethod_memberlist[] = {
    {"__func__", T_OBJECT, IMO_OFF(func), READONLY|RESTRICTED,
     "the function (or other callable) implementing a method"},
    {NULL}      /* Sentinel */
};

static PyObject *
instancemethod_get_doc(PyObject *self, void *context)
{
    static PyObject *docstr;
    if (docstr == NULL) {
        docstr = PyUnicode_InternFromString("__doc__");
        if (docstr == NULL)
            return NULL;
    }
    return PyObject_GetAttr(PyInstanceMethod_GET_FUNCTION(self), docstr);
}

static PyGetSetDef instancemethod_getset[] = {
    {"__doc__", (getter)instancemethod_get_doc, NULL, NULL},
    {0}
};

static PyObject *
instancemethod_getattro(PyObject *self, PyObject *name)
{
    PyTypeObject *tp = self->ob_type;
    PyObject *descr = NULL;

    if (tp->tp_dict == NULL) {
        if (PyType_Ready(tp) < 0)
            return NULL;
    }
    descr = _PyType_Lookup(tp, name);

    if (descr != NULL) {
        descrgetfunc f = TP_DESCR_GET(descr->ob_type);
        if (f != NULL)
            return f(descr, self, (PyObject *)self->ob_type);
        else {
            Py_INCREF(descr);
            return descr;
        }
    }

    return PyObject_GetAttr(PyInstanceMethod_GET_FUNCTION(self), name);
}

static void
instancemethod_dealloc(PyObject *self) {
    _PyObject_GC_UNTRACK(self);
    Py_DECREF(PyInstanceMethod_GET_FUNCTION(self));
    PyObject_GC_Del(self);
}

static int
instancemethod_traverse(PyObject *self, visitproc visit, void *arg) {
    Py_VISIT(PyInstanceMethod_GET_FUNCTION(self));
    return 0;
}

static PyObject *
instancemethod_call(PyObject *self, PyObject *arg, PyObject *kw)
{
    return PyObject_Call(PyMethod_GET_FUNCTION(self), arg, kw);
}

static PyObject *
instancemethod_descr_get(PyObject *descr, PyObject *obj, PyObject *type) {
    register PyObject *func = PyInstanceMethod_GET_FUNCTION(descr);
    if (obj == NULL) {
        Py_INCREF(func);
        return func;
    }
    else
        return PyMethod_New(func, obj);
}

static PyObject *
instancemethod_richcompare(PyObject *self, PyObject *other, int op)
{
    PyInstanceMethodObject *a, *b;
    PyObject *res;
    int eq;

    if ((op != Py_EQ && op != Py_NE) ||
        !PyInstanceMethod_Check(self) ||
        !PyInstanceMethod_Check(other))
    {
        Py_INCREF(Py_NotImplemented);
        return Py_NotImplemented;
    }
    a = (PyInstanceMethodObject *)self;
    b = (PyInstanceMethodObject *)other;
    eq = PyObject_RichCompareBool(a->func, b->func, Py_EQ);
    if (eq < 0)
        return NULL;
    if (op == Py_EQ)
        res = eq ? Py_True : Py_False;
    else
        res = eq ? Py_False : Py_True;
    Py_INCREF(res);
    return res;
}

static PyObject *
instancemethod_repr(PyObject *self)
{
    PyObject *func = PyInstanceMethod_Function(self);
    PyObject *funcname = NULL , *result = NULL;
    char *defname = "?";

    if (func == NULL) {
        PyErr_BadInternalCall();
        return NULL;
    }

    funcname = PyObject_GetAttrString(func, "__name__");
    if (funcname == NULL) {
        if (!PyErr_ExceptionMatches(PyExc_AttributeError))
            return NULL;
        PyErr_Clear();
    }
    else if (!PyUnicode_Check(funcname)) {
        Py_DECREF(funcname);
        funcname = NULL;
    }

    result = PyUnicode_FromFormat("<instancemethod %V at %p>",
                                  funcname, defname, self);

    Py_XDECREF(funcname);
    return result;
}

/*
static long
instancemethod_hash(PyObject *self)
{
    long x, y;
    x = (long)self;
    y = PyObject_Hash(PyInstanceMethod_GET_FUNCTION(self));
    if (y == -1)
        return -1;
    x = x ^ y;
    if (x == -1)
        x = -2;
    return x;
}
*/

PyDoc_STRVAR(instancemethod_doc,
"instancemethod(function)\n\
\n\
Bind a function to a class.");

static PyObject *
instancemethod_new(PyTypeObject* type, PyObject* args, PyObject *kw)
{
    PyObject *func;

    if (!_PyArg_NoKeywords("instancemethod", kw))
        return NULL;
    if (!PyArg_UnpackTuple(args, "instancemethod", 1, 1, &func))
        return NULL;
    if (!PyCallable_Check(func)) {
        PyErr_SetString(PyExc_TypeError,
                        "first argument must be callable");
        return NULL;
    }

    return PyInstanceMethod_New(func);
}

PyTypeObject PyInstanceMethod_Type = {
    PyVarObject_HEAD_INIT(&PyType_Type, 0)
    "instancemethod",                           /* tp_name */
    sizeof(PyInstanceMethodObject),             /* tp_basicsize */
    0,                                          /* tp_itemsize */
    instancemethod_dealloc,                     /* tp_dealloc */
    0,                                          /* tp_print */
    0,                                          /* tp_getattr */
    0,                                          /* tp_setattr */
    0,                                          /* tp_reserved */
    (reprfunc)instancemethod_repr,              /* tp_repr */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_number */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_sequence */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_mapping */
    0, /*(hashfunc)instancemethod_hash,         tp_hash  */
    instancemethod_call,                        /* tp_call */
    0,                                          /* tp_str */
    instancemethod_getattro,                    /* tp_getattro */
    PyObject_GenericSetAttr,                    /* tp_setattro */
    0,                                          /* tp_as_buffer */
    Py_TPFLAGS_DEFAULT
        | Py_TPFLAGS_HAVE_GC,                   /* tp_flags */
    instancemethod_doc,                         /* tp_doc */
    instancemethod_traverse,                    /* tp_traverse */
    0,                                          /* tp_clear */
    instancemethod_richcompare,                 /* tp_richcompare */
    0,                                          /* tp_weaklistoffset */
    0,                                          /* tp_iter */
    0,                                          /* tp_iternext */
    0,                                          /* tp_methods */
    instancemethod_memberlist,                  /* tp_members */
    instancemethod_getset,                      /* tp_getset */
    0,                                          /* tp_base */
    0,                                          /* tp_dict */
    instancemethod_descr_get,                   /* tp_descr_get */
    0,                                          /* tp_descr_set */
    0,                                          /* tp_dictoffset */
    0,                                          /* tp_init */
    0,                                          /* tp_alloc */
    instancemethod_new,                         /* tp_new */
};
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