Source

cpython-withatomic / Lib / hashlib.py

Full commit
#  Copyright (C) 2005-2010   Gregory P. Smith (greg@krypto.org)
#  Licensed to PSF under a Contributor Agreement.
#

__doc__ = """hashlib module - A common interface to many hash functions.

new(name, data=b'') - returns a new hash object implementing the
                      given hash function; initializing the hash
                      using the given binary data.

Named constructor functions are also available, these are faster
than using new(name):

md5(), sha1(), sha224(), sha256(), sha384(), and sha512()

More algorithms may be available on your platform but the above are guaranteed
to exist.  See the algorithms_guaranteed and algorithms_available attributes
to find out what algorithm names can be passed to new().

NOTE: If you want the adler32 or crc32 hash functions they are available in
the zlib module.

Choose your hash function wisely.  Some have known collision weaknesses.
sha384 and sha512 will be slow on 32 bit platforms.

Hash objects have these methods:
 - update(arg): Update the hash object with the bytes in arg. Repeated calls
                are equivalent to a single call with the concatenation of all
                the arguments.
 - digest():    Return the digest of the bytes passed to the update() method
                so far.
 - hexdigest(): Like digest() except the digest is returned as a unicode
                object of double length, containing only hexadecimal digits.
 - copy():      Return a copy (clone) of the hash object. This can be used to
                efficiently compute the digests of strings that share a common
                initial substring.

For example, to obtain the digest of the string 'Nobody inspects the
spammish repetition':

    >>> import hashlib
    >>> m = hashlib.md5()
    >>> m.update(b"Nobody inspects")
    >>> m.update(b" the spammish repetition")
    >>> m.digest()
    b'\\xbbd\\x9c\\x83\\xdd\\x1e\\xa5\\xc9\\xd9\\xde\\xc9\\xa1\\x8d\\xf0\\xff\\xe9'

More condensed:

    >>> hashlib.sha224(b"Nobody inspects the spammish repetition").hexdigest()
    'a4337bc45a8fc544c03f52dc550cd6e1e87021bc896588bd79e901e2'

"""

# This tuple and __get_builtin_constructor() must be modified if a new
# always available algorithm is added.
__always_supported = ('md5', 'sha1', 'sha224', 'sha256', 'sha384', 'sha512')

algorithms_guaranteed = set(__always_supported)
algorithms_available = set(__always_supported)

__all__ = __always_supported + ('new', 'algorithms_guaranteed',
                                'algorithms_available')


def __get_builtin_constructor(name):
    try:
        if name in ('SHA1', 'sha1'):
            import _sha1
            return _sha1.sha1
        elif name in ('MD5', 'md5'):
            import _md5
            return _md5.md5
        elif name in ('SHA256', 'sha256', 'SHA224', 'sha224'):
            import _sha256
            bs = name[3:]
            if bs == '256':
                return _sha256.sha256
            elif bs == '224':
                return _sha256.sha224
        elif name in ('SHA512', 'sha512', 'SHA384', 'sha384'):
            import _sha512
            bs = name[3:]
            if bs == '512':
                return _sha512.sha512
            elif bs == '384':
                return _sha512.sha384
    except ImportError:
        pass  # no extension module, this hash is unsupported.

    raise ValueError('unsupported hash type %s' % name)


def __get_openssl_constructor(name):
    try:
        f = getattr(_hashlib, 'openssl_' + name)
        # Allow the C module to raise ValueError.  The function will be
        # defined but the hash not actually available thanks to OpenSSL.
        f()
        # Use the C function directly (very fast)
        return f
    except (AttributeError, ValueError):
        return __get_builtin_constructor(name)


def __py_new(name, data=b''):
    """new(name, data=b'') - Return a new hashing object using the named algorithm;
    optionally initialized with data (which must be bytes).
    """
    return __get_builtin_constructor(name)(data)


def __hash_new(name, data=b''):
    """new(name, data=b'') - Return a new hashing object using the named algorithm;
    optionally initialized with data (which must be bytes).
    """
    try:
        return _hashlib.new(name, data)
    except ValueError:
        # If the _hashlib module (OpenSSL) doesn't support the named
        # hash, try using our builtin implementations.
        # This allows for SHA224/256 and SHA384/512 support even though
        # the OpenSSL library prior to 0.9.8 doesn't provide them.
        return __get_builtin_constructor(name)(data)


try:
    import _hashlib
    new = __hash_new
    __get_hash = __get_openssl_constructor
    algorithms_available = algorithms_available.union(
            _hashlib.openssl_md_meth_names)
except ImportError:
    new = __py_new
    __get_hash = __get_builtin_constructor

for __func_name in __always_supported:
    # try them all, some may not work due to the OpenSSL
    # version not supporting that algorithm.
    try:
        globals()[__func_name] = __get_hash(__func_name)
    except ValueError:
        import logging
        logging.exception('code for hash %s was not found.', __func_name)

# Cleanup locals()
del __always_supported, __func_name, __get_hash
del __py_new, __hash_new, __get_openssl_constructor