# cpython-withatomic / Doc / libhtmllib.tex

  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 \section{Standard Module \sectcode{htmllib}} \label{module-htmllib} \stmodindex{htmllib} \index{HTML} \index{hypertext} \renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{(in module htmllib)} This module defines a class which can serve as a base for parsing text files formatted in the HyperText Mark-up Language (HTML). The class is not directly concerned with I/O --- it must be provided with input in string form via a method, and makes calls to methods of a formatter'' object in order to produce output. The \code{HTMLParser} class is designed to be used as a base class for other classes in order to add functionality, and allows most of its methods to be extended or overridden. In turn, this class is derived from and extends the \code{SGMLParser} class defined in module \code{sgmllib}. Two implementations of formatter objects are provided in the \code{formatter} module; refer to the documentation for that module for information on the formatter interface. \index{SGML} \stmodindex{sgmllib} \ttindex{SGMLParser} \index{formatter} \stmodindex{formatter} The following is a summary of the interface defined by \code{sgmllib.SGMLParser}: \begin{itemize} \item The interface to feed data to an instance is through the \code{feed()} method, which takes a string argument. This can be called with as little or as much text at a time as desired; \code{p.feed(a); p.feed(b)} has the same effect as \code{p.feed(a+b)}. When the data contains complete HTML tags, these are processed immediately; incomplete elements are saved in a buffer. To force processing of all unprocessed data, call the \code{close()} method. For example, to parse the entire contents of a file, use: \bcode\begin{verbatim} parser.feed(open('myfile.html').read()) parser.close() \end{verbatim}\ecode % \item The interface to define semantics for HTML tags is very simple: derive a class and define methods called \code{start_\var{tag}()}, \code{end_\var{tag}()}, or \code{do_\var{tag}()}. The parser will call these at appropriate moments: \code{start_\var{tag}} or \code{do_\var{tag}} is called when an opening tag of the form \code{<\var{tag} ...>} is encountered; \code{end_\var{tag}} is called when a closing tag of the form \code{<\var{tag}>} is encountered. If an opening tag requires a corresponding closing tag, like \code{

} ... \code{

}, the class should define the \code{start_\var{tag}} method; if a tag requires no closing tag, like \code{

}, the class should define the \code{do_\var{tag}} method. \end{itemize} The module defines a single class: \begin{funcdesc}{HTMLParser}{formatter} This is the basic HTML parser class. It supports all entity names required by the HTML 2.0 specification (RFC 1866). It also defines handlers for all HTML 2.0 and many HTML 3.0 and 3.2 elements. \end{funcdesc} In addition to tag methods, the \code{HTMLParser} class provides some additional methods and instance variables for use within tag methods. \renewcommand{\indexsubitem}{({\tt HTMLParser} method)} \begin{datadesc}{formatter} This is the formatter instance associated with the parser. \end{datadesc} \begin{datadesc}{nofill} Boolean flag which should be true when whitespace should not be collapsed, or false when it should be. In general, this should only be true when character data is to be treated as preformatted'' text, as within a \code{

} element.  The default value is false.  This affects the operation of \code{handle_data()} and \code{save_end()}. \end{datadesc}  \begin{funcdesc}{anchor_bgn}{href\, name\, type} This method is called at the start of an anchor region.  The arguments correspond to the attributes of the \code{} tag with the same names.  The default implementation maintains a list of hyperlinks (defined by the \code{href} argument) within the document.  The list of hyperlinks is available as the data attribute \code{anchorlist}. \end{funcdesc}  \begin{funcdesc}{anchor_end}{} This method is called at the end of an anchor region.  The default implementation adds a textual footnote marker using an index into the list of hyperlinks created by \code{anchor_bgn()}. \end{funcdesc}  \begin{funcdesc}{handle_image}{source\, alt\optional{\, ismap\optional{\, align\optional{\, width\optional{\, height}}}}} This method is called to handle images.  The default implementation simply passes the \code{alt} value to the \code{handle_data()} method. \end{funcdesc}  \begin{funcdesc}{save_bgn}{} Begins saving character data in a buffer instead of sending it to the formatter object.  Retrieve the stored data via \code{save_end()} Use of the \code{save_bgn()} / \code{save_end()} pair may not be nested. \end{funcdesc}  \begin{funcdesc}{save_end}{} Ends buffering character data and returns all data saved since the preceeding call to \code{save_bgn()}.  If \code{nofill} flag is false, whitespace is collapsed to single spaces.  A call to this method without a preceeding call to \code{save_bgn()} will raise a \code{TypeError} exception. \end{funcdesc}