cpython-withatomic / Grammar / Grammar

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# Grammar for Python

# Commands for Kees Blom's railroad program
#diagram:token NAME
#diagram:token NUMBER
#diagram:token STRING
#diagram:token NEWLINE
#diagram:token ENDMARKER
#diagram:token INDENT
#diagram:output\input python.bla
#diagram:token DEDENT
#diagram:output\textwidth 20.04cm\oddsidemargin  0.0cm\evensidemargin 0.0cm
#diagram:rules

# Start symbols for the grammar:
#	single_input is a single interactive statement;
#	file_input is a module or sequence of commands read from an input file;
#	eval_input is the input for the eval() and input() functions.
# NB: compound_stmt in single_input is followed by extra NEWLINE!
single_input: NEWLINE | simple_stmt | compound_stmt NEWLINE
file_input: (NEWLINE | stmt)* ENDMARKER
eval_input: testlist NEWLINE* ENDMARKER

funcdef: 'def' NAME parameters ':' suite
parameters: '(' [varargslist] ')'
varargslist: (fpdef ['=' test] ',')* ('*' NAME [',' ('**'|'*' '*') NAME] | ('**'|'*' '*') NAME) | fpdef ['=' test] (',' fpdef ['=' test])* [',']
fpdef: NAME | '(' fplist ')'
fplist: fpdef (',' fpdef)* [',']

stmt: simple_stmt | compound_stmt
simple_stmt: small_stmt (';' small_stmt)* [';'] NEWLINE
#small_stmt: expr_stmt | print_stmt  | del_stmt | pass_stmt | flow_stmt | import_stmt | global_stmt | access_stmt | exec_stmt
small_stmt: expr_stmt | print_stmt  | del_stmt | pass_stmt | flow_stmt | import_stmt | global_stmt | exec_stmt | assert_stmt
expr_stmt: testlist ('=' testlist)*
# For assignments, additional restrictions enforced by the interpreter
print_stmt: 'print' (test ',')* [test]
del_stmt: 'del' exprlist
pass_stmt: 'pass'
flow_stmt: break_stmt | continue_stmt | return_stmt | raise_stmt
break_stmt: 'break'
continue_stmt: 'continue'
return_stmt: 'return' [testlist]
raise_stmt: 'raise' test [',' test [',' test]]
import_stmt: 'import' dotted_name (',' dotted_name)* | 'from' dotted_name 'import' ('*' | NAME (',' NAME)*)
dotted_name: NAME ('.' NAME)*
global_stmt: 'global' NAME (',' NAME)*
#access_stmt: 'access' ('*' | NAME (',' NAME)*) ':' accesstype  (',' accesstype)*
#accesstype: NAME+
## accesstype should be ('public' | 'protected' | 'private') ['read'] ['write']
## but can't be because that would create undesirable reserved words!
exec_stmt: 'exec' expr ['in' test [',' test]]
assert_stmt: 'assert' test [',' test]

compound_stmt: if_stmt | while_stmt | for_stmt | try_stmt | funcdef | classdef
if_stmt: 'if' test ':' suite ('elif' test ':' suite)* ['else' ':' suite]
while_stmt: 'while' test ':' suite ['else' ':' suite]
for_stmt: 'for' exprlist 'in' testlist ':' suite ['else' ':' suite]
try_stmt: ('try' ':' suite (except_clause ':' suite)+ #diagram:break
           ['else' ':' suite] | 'try' ':' suite 'finally' ':' suite)
# NB compile.c makes sure that the default except clause is last
except_clause: 'except' [test [',' test]]
suite: simple_stmt | NEWLINE INDENT stmt+ DEDENT

test: and_test ('or' and_test)* | lambdef
and_test: not_test ('and' not_test)*
not_test: 'not' not_test | comparison
comparison: expr (comp_op expr)*
comp_op: '<'|'>'|'=='|'>='|'<='|'<>'|'!='|'in'|'not' 'in'|'is'|'is' 'not'
expr: xor_expr ('|' xor_expr)*
xor_expr: and_expr ('^' and_expr)*
and_expr: shift_expr ('&' shift_expr)*
shift_expr: arith_expr (('<<'|'>>') arith_expr)*
arith_expr: term (('+'|'-') term)*
term: factor (('*'|'/'|'%') factor)*
factor: ('+'|'-'|'~') factor | power
power: atom trailer* ('**' factor)*
atom: '(' [testlist] ')' | '[' [testlist] ']' | '{' [dictmaker] '}' | '`' testlist '`' | NAME | NUMBER | STRING+
lambdef: 'lambda' [varargslist] ':' test
trailer: '(' [arglist] ')' | '[' subscriptlist ']' | '.' NAME
subscriptlist: subscript (',' subscript)* [',']
subscript: '.' '.' '.' | test | [test] ':' [test] [sliceop]
sliceop: ':' [test]
exprlist: expr (',' expr)* [',']
testlist: test (',' test)* [',']
dictmaker: test ':' test (',' test ':' test)* [',']

classdef: 'class' NAME ['(' testlist ')'] ':' suite

arglist:  argument (',' argument)* [',']
argument: [test '='] test	# Really [keyword '='] test
Tip: Filter by directory path e.g. /media app.js to search for public/media/app.js.
Tip: Use camelCasing e.g. ProjME to search for ProjectModifiedEvent.java.
Tip: Filter by extension type e.g. /repo .js to search for all .js files in the /repo directory.
Tip: Separate your search with spaces e.g. /ssh pom.xml to search for src/ssh/pom.xml.
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