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cpython-withatomic / Lib / whichdb.py

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"""Guess which db package to use to open a db file."""

import struct

def whichdb(filename):
    """Guess which db package to use to open a db file.

    Return values:

    - None if the database file can't be read;
    - empty string if the file can be read but can't be recognized
    - the module name (e.g. "dbm" or "gdbm") if recognized.

    Importing the given module may still fail, and opening the
    database using that module may still fail.
    """

    # Check for dbm first -- this has a .pag and a .dir file
    try:
	f = open(filename + ".pag", "rb")
	f.close()
	f = open(filename + ".dir", "rb")
	f.close()
	return "dbm"
    except IOError:
	pass

    # See if the file exists, return None if not
    try:
	f = open(filename, "rb")
    except IOError:
	return None

    # Read the first 4 bytes of the file -- the magic number
    s = f.read(4)
    f.close()

    # Return "" if not at least 4 bytes
    if len(s) != 4:
	return ""

    # Convert to 4-byte int in native byte order -- return "" if impossible
    try:
	(magic,) = struct.unpack("=l", s)
    except struct.error:
	return ""

    # Check for GNU dbm
    if magic == 0x13579ace:
	return "gdbm"

    # Check for BSD hash
    if magic == 0x061561:
	return "dbhash"

    # Unknown
    return ""