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Berker Peksag committed 829db17 Draft

Delete old compat code. Paste now supports Python 2.6+.

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  • Parent commits 1052fd7

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File paste/util/UserDict24.py

-"""A more or less complete user-defined wrapper around dictionary objects."""
-
-class UserDict:
-    def __init__(self, dict=None, **kwargs):
-        self.data = {}
-        if dict is not None:
-            if not hasattr(dict,'keys'):
-                dict = type({})(dict)   # make mapping from a sequence
-            self.update(dict)
-        if len(kwargs):
-            self.update(kwargs)
-    def __repr__(self): return repr(self.data)
-    def __cmp__(self, dict):
-        if isinstance(dict, UserDict):
-            return cmp(self.data, dict.data)
-        else:
-            return cmp(self.data, dict)
-    def __len__(self): return len(self.data)
-    def __getitem__(self, key): return self.data[key]
-    def __setitem__(self, key, item): self.data[key] = item
-    def __delitem__(self, key): del self.data[key]
-    def clear(self): self.data.clear()
-    def copy(self):
-        if self.__class__ is UserDict:
-            return UserDict(self.data)
-        import copy
-        data = self.data
-        try:
-            self.data = {}
-            c = copy.copy(self)
-        finally:
-            self.data = data
-        c.update(self)
-        return c
-    def keys(self): return self.data.keys()
-    def items(self): return self.data.items()
-    def iteritems(self): return self.data.iteritems()
-    def iterkeys(self): return self.data.iterkeys()
-    def itervalues(self): return self.data.itervalues()
-    def values(self): return self.data.values()
-    def has_key(self, key): return self.data.has_key(key)
-    def update(self, dict):
-        if isinstance(dict, UserDict):
-            self.data.update(dict.data)
-        elif isinstance(dict, type(self.data)):
-            self.data.update(dict)
-        else:
-            for k, v in dict.items():
-                self[k] = v
-    def get(self, key, failobj=None):
-        if not self.has_key(key):
-            return failobj
-        return self[key]
-    def setdefault(self, key, failobj=None):
-        if not self.has_key(key):
-            self[key] = failobj
-        return self[key]
-    def pop(self, key, *args):
-        return self.data.pop(key, *args)
-    def popitem(self):
-        return self.data.popitem()
-    def __contains__(self, key):
-        return key in self.data
-    def fromkeys(cls, iterable, value=None):
-        d = cls()
-        for key in iterable:
-            d[key] = value
-        return d
-    fromkeys = classmethod(fromkeys)
-
-class IterableUserDict(UserDict):
-    def __iter__(self):
-        return iter(self.data)
-
-class DictMixin:
-    # Mixin defining all dictionary methods for classes that already have
-    # a minimum dictionary interface including getitem, setitem, delitem,
-    # and keys. Without knowledge of the subclass constructor, the mixin
-    # does not define __init__() or copy().  In addition to the four base
-    # methods, progressively more efficiency comes with defining
-    # __contains__(), __iter__(), and iteritems().
-
-    # second level definitions support higher levels
-    def __iter__(self):
-        for k in self.keys():
-            yield k
-    def has_key(self, key):
-        try:
-            value = self[key]
-        except KeyError:
-            return False
-        return True
-    def __contains__(self, key):
-        return self.has_key(key)
-
-    # third level takes advantage of second level definitions
-    def iteritems(self):
-        for k in self:
-            yield (k, self[k])
-    def iterkeys(self):
-        return self.__iter__()
-
-    # fourth level uses definitions from lower levels
-    def itervalues(self):
-        for _, v in self.iteritems():
-            yield v
-    def values(self):
-        return [v for _, v in self.iteritems()]
-    def items(self):
-        return list(self.iteritems())
-    def clear(self):
-        for key in self.keys():
-            del self[key]
-    def setdefault(self, key, default):
-        try:
-            return self[key]
-        except KeyError:
-            self[key] = default
-        return default
-    def pop(self, key, *args):
-        if len(args) > 1:
-            raise TypeError, "pop expected at most 2 arguments, got "\
-                              + repr(1 + len(args))
-        try:
-            value = self[key]
-        except KeyError:
-            if args:
-                return args[0]
-            raise
-        del self[key]
-        return value
-    def popitem(self):
-        try:
-            k, v = self.iteritems().next()
-        except StopIteration:
-            raise KeyError, 'container is empty'
-        del self[k]
-        return (k, v)
-    def update(self, other):
-        # Make progressively weaker assumptions about "other"
-        if hasattr(other, 'iteritems'):  # iteritems saves memory and lookups
-            for k, v in other.iteritems():
-                self[k] = v
-        elif hasattr(other, '__iter__'): # iter saves memory
-            for k in other:
-                self[k] = other[k]
-        else:
-            for k in other.keys():
-                self[k] = other[k]
-    def get(self, key, default=None):
-        try:
-            return self[key]
-        except KeyError:
-            return default
-    def __repr__(self):
-        return repr(dict(self.iteritems()))
-    def __cmp__(self, other):
-        if other is None:
-            return 1
-        if isinstance(other, DictMixin):
-            other = dict(other.iteritems())
-        return cmp(dict(self.iteritems()), other)
-    def __len__(self):
-        return len(self.keys())
-    
-    def __nonzero__(self):
-        return bool(self.iteritems())

File paste/util/doctest24.py

-# Module doctest.
-# Released to the public domain 16-Jan-2001, by Tim Peters (tim@python.org).
-# Major enhancements and refactoring by:
-#     Jim Fulton
-#     Edward Loper
-
-# Provided as-is; use at your own risk; no warranty; no promises; enjoy!
-
-r"""Module doctest -- a framework for running examples in docstrings.
-
-In simplest use, end each module M to be tested with:
-
-def _test():
-    import doctest
-    doctest.testmod()
-
-if __name__ == "__main__":
-    _test()
-
-Then running the module as a script will cause the examples in the
-docstrings to get executed and verified:
-
-python M.py
-
-This won't display anything unless an example fails, in which case the
-failing example(s) and the cause(s) of the failure(s) are printed to stdout
-(why not stderr? because stderr is a lame hack <0.2 wink>), and the final
-line of output is "Test failed.".
-
-Run it with the -v switch instead:
-
-python M.py -v
-
-and a detailed report of all examples tried is printed to stdout, along
-with assorted summaries at the end.
-
-You can force verbose mode by passing "verbose=True" to testmod, or prohibit
-it by passing "verbose=False".  In either of those cases, sys.argv is not
-examined by testmod.
-
-There are a variety of other ways to run doctests, including integration
-with the unittest framework, and support for running non-Python text
-files containing doctests.  There are also many ways to override parts
-of doctest's default behaviors.  See the Library Reference Manual for
-details.
-"""
-
-__docformat__ = 'reStructuredText en'
-
-__all__ = [
-    # 0, Option Flags
-    'register_optionflag',
-    'DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1',
-    'DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE',
-    'NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE',
-    'ELLIPSIS',
-    'IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL',
-    'COMPARISON_FLAGS',
-    'REPORT_UDIFF',
-    'REPORT_CDIFF',
-    'REPORT_NDIFF',
-    'REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE',
-    'REPORTING_FLAGS',
-    # 1. Utility Functions
-    'is_private',
-    # 2. Example & DocTest
-    'Example',
-    'DocTest',
-    # 3. Doctest Parser
-    'DocTestParser',
-    # 4. Doctest Finder
-    'DocTestFinder',
-    # 5. Doctest Runner
-    'DocTestRunner',
-    'OutputChecker',
-    'DocTestFailure',
-    'UnexpectedException',
-    'DebugRunner',
-    # 6. Test Functions
-    'testmod',
-    'testfile',
-    'run_docstring_examples',
-    # 7. Tester
-    'Tester',
-    # 8. Unittest Support
-    'DocTestSuite',
-    'DocFileSuite',
-    'set_unittest_reportflags',
-    # 9. Debugging Support
-    'script_from_examples',
-    'testsource',
-    'debug_src',
-    'debug',
-]
-
-import __future__
-
-import sys, traceback, inspect, linecache, os, re, types
-import unittest, difflib, pdb, tempfile
-import warnings
-from StringIO import StringIO
-
-# Don't whine about the deprecated is_private function in this
-# module's tests.
-warnings.filterwarnings("ignore", "is_private", DeprecationWarning,
-                        __name__, 0)
-
-# There are 4 basic classes:
-#  - Example: a <source, want> pair, plus an intra-docstring line number.
-#  - DocTest: a collection of examples, parsed from a docstring, plus
-#    info about where the docstring came from (name, filename, lineno).
-#  - DocTestFinder: extracts DocTests from a given object's docstring and
-#    its contained objects' docstrings.
-#  - DocTestRunner: runs DocTest cases, and accumulates statistics.
-#
-# So the basic picture is:
-#
-#                             list of:
-# +------+                   +---------+                   +-------+
-# |object| --DocTestFinder-> | DocTest | --DocTestRunner-> |results|
-# +------+                   +---------+                   +-------+
-#                            | Example |
-#                            |   ...   |
-#                            | Example |
-#                            +---------+
-
-# Option constants.
-
-OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME = {}
-def register_optionflag(name):
-    flag = 1 << len(OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME)
-    OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME[name] = flag
-    return flag
-
-DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1 = register_optionflag('DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1')
-DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE = register_optionflag('DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE')
-NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE = register_optionflag('NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE')
-ELLIPSIS = register_optionflag('ELLIPSIS')
-IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL = register_optionflag('IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL')
-
-COMPARISON_FLAGS = (DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1 |
-                    DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE |
-                    NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE |
-                    ELLIPSIS |
-                    IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL)
-
-REPORT_UDIFF = register_optionflag('REPORT_UDIFF')
-REPORT_CDIFF = register_optionflag('REPORT_CDIFF')
-REPORT_NDIFF = register_optionflag('REPORT_NDIFF')
-REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE = register_optionflag('REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE')
-
-REPORTING_FLAGS = (REPORT_UDIFF |
-                   REPORT_CDIFF |
-                   REPORT_NDIFF |
-                   REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE)
-
-# Special string markers for use in `want` strings:
-BLANKLINE_MARKER = '<BLANKLINE>'
-ELLIPSIS_MARKER = '...'
-
-######################################################################
-## Table of Contents
-######################################################################
-#  1. Utility Functions
-#  2. Example & DocTest -- store test cases
-#  3. DocTest Parser -- extracts examples from strings
-#  4. DocTest Finder -- extracts test cases from objects
-#  5. DocTest Runner -- runs test cases
-#  6. Test Functions -- convenient wrappers for testing
-#  7. Tester Class -- for backwards compatibility
-#  8. Unittest Support
-#  9. Debugging Support
-# 10. Example Usage
-
-######################################################################
-## 1. Utility Functions
-######################################################################
-
-def is_private(prefix, base):
-    """prefix, base -> true iff name prefix + "." + base is "private".
-
-    Prefix may be an empty string, and base does not contain a period.
-    Prefix is ignored (although functions you write conforming to this
-    protocol may make use of it).
-    Return true iff base begins with an (at least one) underscore, but
-    does not both begin and end with (at least) two underscores.
-
-    >>> is_private("a.b", "my_func")
-    False
-    >>> is_private("____", "_my_func")
-    True
-    >>> is_private("someclass", "__init__")
-    False
-    >>> is_private("sometypo", "__init_")
-    True
-    >>> is_private("x.y.z", "_")
-    True
-    >>> is_private("_x.y.z", "__")
-    False
-    >>> is_private("", "")  # senseless but consistent
-    False
-    """
-    warnings.warn("is_private is deprecated; it wasn't useful; "
-                  "examine DocTestFinder.find() lists instead",
-                  DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2)
-    return base[:1] == "_" and not base[:2] == "__" == base[-2:]
-
-def _extract_future_flags(globs):
-    """
-    Return the compiler-flags associated with the future features that
-    have been imported into the given namespace (globs).
-    """
-    flags = 0
-    for fname in __future__.all_feature_names:
-        feature = globs.get(fname, None)
-        if feature is getattr(__future__, fname):
-            flags |= feature.compiler_flag
-    return flags
-
-def _normalize_module(module, depth=2):
-    """
-    Return the module specified by `module`.  In particular:
-      - If `module` is a module, then return module.
-      - If `module` is a string, then import and return the
-        module with that name.
-      - If `module` is None, then return the calling module.
-        The calling module is assumed to be the module of
-        the stack frame at the given depth in the call stack.
-    """
-    if inspect.ismodule(module):
-        return module
-    elif isinstance(module, (str, unicode)):
-        return __import__(module, globals(), locals(), ["*"])
-    elif module is None:
-        return sys.modules[sys._getframe(depth).f_globals['__name__']]
-    else:
-        raise TypeError("Expected a module, string, or None")
-
-def _indent(s, indent=4):
-    """
-    Add the given number of space characters to the beginning every
-    non-blank line in `s`, and return the result.
-    """
-    # This regexp matches the start of non-blank lines:
-    return re.sub('(?m)^(?!$)', indent*' ', s)
-
-def _exception_traceback(exc_info):
-    """
-    Return a string containing a traceback message for the given
-    exc_info tuple (as returned by sys.exc_info()).
-    """
-    # Get a traceback message.
-    excout = StringIO()
-    exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb = exc_info
-    traceback.print_exception(exc_type, exc_val, exc_tb, file=excout)
-    return excout.getvalue()
-
-# Override some StringIO methods.
-class _SpoofOut(StringIO):
-    def getvalue(self):
-        result = StringIO.getvalue(self)
-        # If anything at all was written, make sure there's a trailing
-        # newline.  There's no way for the expected output to indicate
-        # that a trailing newline is missing.
-        if result and not result.endswith("\n"):
-            result += "\n"
-        # Prevent softspace from screwing up the next test case, in
-        # case they used print with a trailing comma in an example.
-        if hasattr(self, "softspace"):
-            del self.softspace
-        return result
-
-    def truncate(self,   size=None):
-        StringIO.truncate(self, size)
-        if hasattr(self, "softspace"):
-            del self.softspace
-
-# Worst-case linear-time ellipsis matching.
-def _ellipsis_match(want, got):
-    """
-    Essentially the only subtle case:
-    >>> _ellipsis_match('aa...aa', 'aaa')
-    False
-    """
-    if ELLIPSIS_MARKER not in want:
-        return want == got
-
-    # Find "the real" strings.
-    ws = want.split(ELLIPSIS_MARKER)
-    assert len(ws) >= 2
-
-    # Deal with exact matches possibly needed at one or both ends.
-    startpos, endpos = 0, len(got)
-    w = ws[0]
-    if w:   # starts with exact match
-        if got.startswith(w):
-            startpos = len(w)
-            del ws[0]
-        else:
-            return False
-    w = ws[-1]
-    if w:   # ends with exact match
-        if got.endswith(w):
-            endpos -= len(w)
-            del ws[-1]
-        else:
-            return False
-
-    if startpos > endpos:
-        # Exact end matches required more characters than we have, as in
-        # _ellipsis_match('aa...aa', 'aaa')
-        return False
-
-    # For the rest, we only need to find the leftmost non-overlapping
-    # match for each piece.  If there's no overall match that way alone,
-    # there's no overall match period.
-    for w in ws:
-        # w may be '' at times, if there are consecutive ellipses, or
-        # due to an ellipsis at the start or end of `want`.  That's OK.
-        # Search for an empty string succeeds, and doesn't change startpos.
-        startpos = got.find(w, startpos, endpos)
-        if startpos < 0:
-            return False
-        startpos += len(w)
-
-    return True
-
-def _comment_line(line):
-    "Return a commented form of the given line"
-    line = line.rstrip()
-    if line:
-        return '# '+line
-    else:
-        return '#'
-
-class _OutputRedirectingPdb(pdb.Pdb):
-    """
-    A specialized version of the python debugger that redirects stdout
-    to a given stream when interacting with the user.  Stdout is *not*
-    redirected when traced code is executed.
-    """
-    def __init__(self, out):
-        self.__out = out
-        pdb.Pdb.__init__(self)
-
-    def trace_dispatch(self, *args):
-        # Redirect stdout to the given stream.
-        save_stdout = sys.stdout
-        sys.stdout = self.__out
-        # Call Pdb's trace dispatch method.
-        try:
-            return pdb.Pdb.trace_dispatch(self, *args)
-        finally:
-            sys.stdout = save_stdout
-
-# [XX] Normalize with respect to os.path.pardir?
-def _module_relative_path(module, path):
-    if not inspect.ismodule(module):
-        raise TypeError, 'Expected a module: %r' % module
-    if path.startswith('/'):
-        raise ValueError, 'Module-relative files may not have absolute paths'
-
-    # Find the base directory for the path.
-    if hasattr(module, '__file__'):
-        # A normal module/package
-        basedir = os.path.split(module.__file__)[0]
-    elif module.__name__ == '__main__':
-        # An interactive session.
-        if len(sys.argv)>0 and sys.argv[0] != '':
-            basedir = os.path.split(sys.argv[0])[0]
-        else:
-            basedir = os.curdir
-    else:
-        # A module w/o __file__ (this includes builtins)
-        raise ValueError("Can't resolve paths relative to the module " +
-                         module + " (it has no __file__)")
-
-    # Combine the base directory and the path.
-    return os.path.join(basedir, *(path.split('/')))
-
-######################################################################
-## 2. Example & DocTest
-######################################################################
-## - An "example" is a <source, want> pair, where "source" is a
-##   fragment of source code, and "want" is the expected output for
-##   "source."  The Example class also includes information about
-##   where the example was extracted from.
-##
-## - A "doctest" is a collection of examples, typically extracted from
-##   a string (such as an object's docstring).  The DocTest class also
-##   includes information about where the string was extracted from.
-
-class Example:
-    """
-    A single doctest example, consisting of source code and expected
-    output.  `Example` defines the following attributes:
-
-      - source: A single Python statement, always ending with a newline.
-        The constructor adds a newline if needed.
-
-      - want: The expected output from running the source code (either
-        from stdout, or a traceback in case of exception).  `want` ends
-        with a newline unless it's empty, in which case it's an empty
-        string.  The constructor adds a newline if needed.
-
-      - exc_msg: The exception message generated by the example, if
-        the example is expected to generate an exception; or `None` if
-        it is not expected to generate an exception.  This exception
-        message is compared against the return value of
-        `traceback.format_exception_only()`.  `exc_msg` ends with a
-        newline unless it's `None`.  The constructor adds a newline
-        if needed.
-
-      - lineno: The line number within the DocTest string containing
-        this Example where the Example begins.  This line number is
-        zero-based, with respect to the beginning of the DocTest.
-
-      - indent: The example's indentation in the DocTest string.
-        I.e., the number of space characters that preceed the
-        example's first prompt.
-
-      - options: A dictionary mapping from option flags to True or
-        False, which is used to override default options for this
-        example.  Any option flags not contained in this dictionary
-        are left at their default value (as specified by the
-        DocTestRunner's optionflags).  By default, no options are set.
-    """
-    def __init__(self, source, want, exc_msg=None, lineno=0, indent=0,
-                 options=None):
-        # Normalize inputs.
-        if not source.endswith('\n'):
-            source += '\n'
-        if want and not want.endswith('\n'):
-            want += '\n'
-        if exc_msg is not None and not exc_msg.endswith('\n'):
-            exc_msg += '\n'
-        # Store properties.
-        self.source = source
-        self.want = want
-        self.lineno = lineno
-        self.indent = indent
-        if options is None: options = {}
-        self.options = options
-        self.exc_msg = exc_msg
-
-class DocTest:
-    """
-    A collection of doctest examples that should be run in a single
-    namespace.  Each `DocTest` defines the following attributes:
-
-      - examples: the list of examples.
-
-      - globs: The namespace (aka globals) that the examples should
-        be run in.
-
-      - name: A name identifying the DocTest (typically, the name of
-        the object whose docstring this DocTest was extracted from).
-
-      - filename: The name of the file that this DocTest was extracted
-        from, or `None` if the filename is unknown.
-
-      - lineno: The line number within filename where this DocTest
-        begins, or `None` if the line number is unavailable.  This
-        line number is zero-based, with respect to the beginning of
-        the file.
-
-      - docstring: The string that the examples were extracted from,
-        or `None` if the string is unavailable.
-    """
-    def __init__(self, examples, globs, name, filename, lineno, docstring):
-        """
-        Create a new DocTest containing the given examples.  The
-        DocTest's globals are initialized with a copy of `globs`.
-        """
-        assert not isinstance(examples, basestring), \
-               "DocTest no longer accepts str; use DocTestParser instead"
-        self.examples = examples
-        self.docstring = docstring
-        self.globs = globs.copy()
-        self.name = name
-        self.filename = filename
-        self.lineno = lineno
-
-    def __repr__(self):
-        if len(self.examples) == 0:
-            examples = 'no examples'
-        elif len(self.examples) == 1:
-            examples = '1 example'
-        else:
-            examples = '%d examples' % len(self.examples)
-        return ('<DocTest %s from %s:%s (%s)>' %
-                (self.name, self.filename, self.lineno, examples))
-
-
-    # This lets us sort tests by name:
-    def __cmp__(self, other):
-        if not isinstance(other, DocTest):
-            return -1
-        return cmp((self.name, self.filename, self.lineno, id(self)),
-                   (other.name, other.filename, other.lineno, id(other)))
-
-######################################################################
-## 3. DocTestParser
-######################################################################
-
-class DocTestParser:
-    """
-    A class used to parse strings containing doctest examples.
-    """
-    # This regular expression is used to find doctest examples in a
-    # string.  It defines three groups: `source` is the source code
-    # (including leading indentation and prompts); `indent` is the
-    # indentation of the first (PS1) line of the source code; and
-    # `want` is the expected output (including leading indentation).
-    _EXAMPLE_RE = re.compile(r'''
-        # Source consists of a PS1 line followed by zero or more PS2 lines.
-        (?P<source>
-            (?:^(?P<indent> [ ]*) >>>    .*)    # PS1 line
-            (?:\n           [ ]*  \.\.\. .*)*)  # PS2 lines
-        \n?
-        # Want consists of any non-blank lines that do not start with PS1.
-        (?P<want> (?:(?![ ]*$)    # Not a blank line
-                     (?![ ]*>>>)  # Not a line starting with PS1
-                     .*$\n?       # But any other line
-                  )*)
-        ''', re.MULTILINE | re.VERBOSE)
-
-    # A regular expression for handling `want` strings that contain
-    # expected exceptions.  It divides `want` into three pieces:
-    #    - the traceback header line (`hdr`)
-    #    - the traceback stack (`stack`)
-    #    - the exception message (`msg`), as generated by
-    #      traceback.format_exception_only()
-    # `msg` may have multiple lines.  We assume/require that the
-    # exception message is the first non-indented line starting with a word
-    # character following the traceback header line.
-    _EXCEPTION_RE = re.compile(r"""
-        # Grab the traceback header.  Different versions of Python have
-        # said different things on the first traceback line.
-        ^(?P<hdr> Traceback\ \(
-            (?: most\ recent\ call\ last
-            |   innermost\ last
-            ) \) :
-        )
-        \s* $                # toss trailing whitespace on the header.
-        (?P<stack> .*?)      # don't blink: absorb stuff until...
-        ^ (?P<msg> \w+ .*)   #     a line *starts* with alphanum.
-        """, re.VERBOSE | re.MULTILINE | re.DOTALL)
-
-    # A callable returning a true value iff its argument is a blank line
-    # or contains a single comment.
-    _IS_BLANK_OR_COMMENT = re.compile(r'^[ ]*(#.*)?$').match
-
-    def parse(self, string, name='<string>'):
-        """
-        Divide the given string into examples and intervening text,
-        and return them as a list of alternating Examples and strings.
-        Line numbers for the Examples are 0-based.  The optional
-        argument `name` is a name identifying this string, and is only
-        used for error messages.
-        """
-        string = string.expandtabs()
-        # If all lines begin with the same indentation, then strip it.
-        min_indent = self._min_indent(string)
-        if min_indent > 0:
-            string = '\n'.join([l[min_indent:] for l in string.split('\n')])
-
-        output = []
-        charno, lineno = 0, 0
-        # Find all doctest examples in the string:
-        for m in self._EXAMPLE_RE.finditer(string):
-            # Add the pre-example text to `output`.
-            output.append(string[charno:m.start()])
-            # Update lineno (lines before this example)
-            lineno += string.count('\n', charno, m.start())
-            # Extract info from the regexp match.
-            (source, options, want, exc_msg) = \
-                     self._parse_example(m, name, lineno)
-            # Create an Example, and add it to the list.
-            if not self._IS_BLANK_OR_COMMENT(source):
-                output.append( Example(source, want, exc_msg,
-                                    lineno=lineno,
-                                    indent=min_indent+len(m.group('indent')),
-                                    options=options) )
-            # Update lineno (lines inside this example)
-            lineno += string.count('\n', m.start(), m.end())
-            # Update charno.
-            charno = m.end()
-        # Add any remaining post-example text to `output`.
-        output.append(string[charno:])
-        return output
-
-    def get_doctest(self, string, globs, name, filename, lineno):
-        """
-        Extract all doctest examples from the given string, and
-        collect them into a `DocTest` object.
-
-        `globs`, `name`, `filename`, and `lineno` are attributes for
-        the new `DocTest` object.  See the documentation for `DocTest`
-        for more information.
-        """
-        return DocTest(self.get_examples(string, name), globs,
-                       name, filename, lineno, string)
-
-    def get_examples(self, string, name='<string>'):
-        """
-        Extract all doctest examples from the given string, and return
-        them as a list of `Example` objects.  Line numbers are
-        0-based, because it's most common in doctests that nothing
-        interesting appears on the same line as opening triple-quote,
-        and so the first interesting line is called \"line 1\" then.
-
-        The optional argument `name` is a name identifying this
-        string, and is only used for error messages.
-        """
-        return [x for x in self.parse(string, name)
-                if isinstance(x, Example)]
-
-    def _parse_example(self, m, name, lineno):
-        """
-        Given a regular expression match from `_EXAMPLE_RE` (`m`),
-        return a pair `(source, want)`, where `source` is the matched
-        example's source code (with prompts and indentation stripped);
-        and `want` is the example's expected output (with indentation
-        stripped).
-
-        `name` is the string's name, and `lineno` is the line number
-        where the example starts; both are used for error messages.
-        """
-        # Get the example's indentation level.
-        indent = len(m.group('indent'))
-
-        # Divide source into lines; check that they're properly
-        # indented; and then strip their indentation & prompts.
-        source_lines = m.group('source').split('\n')
-        self._check_prompt_blank(source_lines, indent, name, lineno)
-        self._check_prefix(source_lines[1:], ' '*indent + '.', name, lineno)
-        source = '\n'.join([sl[indent+4:] for sl in source_lines])
-
-        # Divide want into lines; check that it's properly indented; and
-        # then strip the indentation.  Spaces before the last newline should
-        # be preserved, so plain rstrip() isn't good enough.
-        want = m.group('want')
-        want_lines = want.split('\n')
-        if len(want_lines) > 1 and re.match(r' *$', want_lines[-1]):
-            del want_lines[-1]  # forget final newline & spaces after it
-        self._check_prefix(want_lines, ' '*indent, name,
-                           lineno + len(source_lines))
-        want = '\n'.join([wl[indent:] for wl in want_lines])
-
-        # If `want` contains a traceback message, then extract it.
-        m = self._EXCEPTION_RE.match(want)
-        if m:
-            exc_msg = m.group('msg')
-        else:
-            exc_msg = None
-
-        # Extract options from the source.
-        options = self._find_options(source, name, lineno)
-
-        return source, options, want, exc_msg
-
-    # This regular expression looks for option directives in the
-    # source code of an example.  Option directives are comments
-    # starting with "doctest:".  Warning: this may give false
-    # positives for string-literals that contain the string
-    # "#doctest:".  Eliminating these false positives would require
-    # actually parsing the string; but we limit them by ignoring any
-    # line containing "#doctest:" that is *followed* by a quote mark.
-    _OPTION_DIRECTIVE_RE = re.compile(r'#\s*doctest:\s*([^\n\'"]*)$',
-                                      re.MULTILINE)
-
-    def _find_options(self, source, name, lineno):
-        """
-        Return a dictionary containing option overrides extracted from
-        option directives in the given source string.
-
-        `name` is the string's name, and `lineno` is the line number
-        where the example starts; both are used for error messages.
-        """
-        options = {}
-        # (note: with the current regexp, this will match at most once:)
-        for m in self._OPTION_DIRECTIVE_RE.finditer(source):
-            option_strings = m.group(1).replace(',', ' ').split()
-            for option in option_strings:
-                if (option[0] not in '+-' or
-                    option[1:] not in OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME):
-                    raise ValueError('line %r of the doctest for %s '
-                                     'has an invalid option: %r' %
-                                     (lineno+1, name, option))
-                flag = OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME[option[1:]]
-                options[flag] = (option[0] == '+')
-        if options and self._IS_BLANK_OR_COMMENT(source):
-            raise ValueError('line %r of the doctest for %s has an option '
-                             'directive on a line with no example: %r' %
-                             (lineno, name, source))
-        return options
-
-    # This regular expression finds the indentation of every non-blank
-    # line in a string.
-    _INDENT_RE = re.compile('^([ ]*)(?=\S)', re.MULTILINE)
-
-    def _min_indent(self, s):
-        "Return the minimum indentation of any non-blank line in `s`"
-        indents = [len(indent) for indent in self._INDENT_RE.findall(s)]
-        if len(indents) > 0:
-            return min(indents)
-        else:
-            return 0
-
-    def _check_prompt_blank(self, lines, indent, name, lineno):
-        """
-        Given the lines of a source string (including prompts and
-        leading indentation), check to make sure that every prompt is
-        followed by a space character.  If any line is not followed by
-        a space character, then raise ValueError.
-        """
-        for i, line in enumerate(lines):
-            if len(line) >= indent+4 and line[indent+3] != ' ':
-                raise ValueError('line %r of the docstring for %s '
-                                 'lacks blank after %s: %r' %
-                                 (lineno+i+1, name,
-                                  line[indent:indent+3], line))
-
-    def _check_prefix(self, lines, prefix, name, lineno):
-        """
-        Check that every line in the given list starts with the given
-        prefix; if any line does not, then raise a ValueError.
-        """
-        for i, line in enumerate(lines):
-            if line and not line.startswith(prefix):
-                raise ValueError('line %r of the docstring for %s has '
-                                 'inconsistent leading whitespace: %r' %
-                                 (lineno+i+1, name, line))
-
-
-######################################################################
-## 4. DocTest Finder
-######################################################################
-
-class DocTestFinder:
-    """
-    A class used to extract the DocTests that are relevant to a given
-    object, from its docstring and the docstrings of its contained
-    objects.  Doctests can currently be extracted from the following
-    object types: modules, functions, classes, methods, staticmethods,
-    classmethods, and properties.
-    """
-
-    def __init__(self, verbose=False, parser=DocTestParser(),
-                 recurse=True, _namefilter=None, exclude_empty=True):
-        """
-        Create a new doctest finder.
-
-        The optional argument `parser` specifies a class or
-        function that should be used to create new DocTest objects (or
-        objects that implement the same interface as DocTest).  The
-        signature for this factory function should match the signature
-        of the DocTest constructor.
-
-        If the optional argument `recurse` is false, then `find` will
-        only examine the given object, and not any contained objects.
-
-        If the optional argument `exclude_empty` is false, then `find`
-        will include tests for objects with empty docstrings.
-        """
-        self._parser = parser
-        self._verbose = verbose
-        self._recurse = recurse
-        self._exclude_empty = exclude_empty
-        # _namefilter is undocumented, and exists only for temporary backward-
-        # compatibility support of testmod's deprecated isprivate mess.
-        self._namefilter = _namefilter
-
-    def find(self, obj, name=None, module=None, globs=None,
-             extraglobs=None):
-        """
-        Return a list of the DocTests that are defined by the given
-        object's docstring, or by any of its contained objects'
-        docstrings.
-
-        The optional parameter `module` is the module that contains
-        the given object.  If the module is not specified or is None, then
-        the test finder will attempt to automatically determine the
-        correct module.  The object's module is used:
-
-            - As a default namespace, if `globs` is not specified.
-            - To prevent the DocTestFinder from extracting DocTests
-              from objects that are imported from other modules.
-            - To find the name of the file containing the object.
-            - To help find the line number of the object within its
-              file.
-
-        Contained objects whose module does not match `module` are ignored.
-
-        If `module` is False, no attempt to find the module will be made.
-        This is obscure, of use mostly in tests:  if `module` is False, or
-        is None but cannot be found automatically, then all objects are
-        considered to belong to the (non-existent) module, so all contained
-        objects will (recursively) be searched for doctests.
-
-        The globals for each DocTest is formed by combining `globs`
-        and `extraglobs` (bindings in `extraglobs` override bindings
-        in `globs`).  A new copy of the globals dictionary is created
-        for each DocTest.  If `globs` is not specified, then it
-        defaults to the module's `__dict__`, if specified, or {}
-        otherwise.  If `extraglobs` is not specified, then it defaults
-        to {}.
-
-        """
-        # If name was not specified, then extract it from the object.
-        if name is None:
-            name = getattr(obj, '__name__', None)
-            if name is None:
-                raise ValueError("DocTestFinder.find: name must be given "
-                        "when obj.__name__ doesn't exist: %r" %
-                                 (type(obj),))
-
-        # Find the module that contains the given object (if obj is
-        # a module, then module=obj.).  Note: this may fail, in which
-        # case module will be None.
-        if module is False:
-            module = None
-        elif module is None:
-            module = inspect.getmodule(obj)
-
-        # Read the module's source code.  This is used by
-        # DocTestFinder._find_lineno to find the line number for a
-        # given object's docstring.
-        try:
-            file = inspect.getsourcefile(obj) or inspect.getfile(obj)
-            source_lines = linecache.getlines(file)
-            if not source_lines:
-                source_lines = None
-        except TypeError:
-            source_lines = None
-
-        # Initialize globals, and merge in extraglobs.
-        if globs is None:
-            if module is None:
-                globs = {}
-            else:
-                globs = module.__dict__.copy()
-        else:
-            globs = globs.copy()
-        if extraglobs is not None:
-            globs.update(extraglobs)
-
-        # Recursively expore `obj`, extracting DocTests.
-        tests = []
-        self._find(tests, obj, name, module, source_lines, globs, {})
-        return tests
-
-    def _filter(self, obj, prefix, base):
-        """
-        Return true if the given object should not be examined.
-        """
-        return (self._namefilter is not None and
-                self._namefilter(prefix, base))
-
-    def _from_module(self, module, object):
-        """
-        Return true if the given object is defined in the given
-        module.
-        """
-        if module is None:
-            return True
-        elif inspect.isfunction(object):
-            return module.__dict__ is object.func_globals
-        elif inspect.isclass(object):
-            return module.__name__ == object.__module__
-        elif inspect.getmodule(object) is not None:
-            return module is inspect.getmodule(object)
-        elif hasattr(object, '__module__'):
-            return module.__name__ == object.__module__
-        elif isinstance(object, property):
-            return True # [XX] no way not be sure.
-        else:
-            raise ValueError("object must be a class or function")
-
-    def _find(self, tests, obj, name, module, source_lines, globs, seen):
-        """
-        Find tests for the given object and any contained objects, and
-        add them to `tests`.
-        """
-        if self._verbose:
-            print 'Finding tests in %s' % name
-
-        # If we've already processed this object, then ignore it.
-        if id(obj) in seen:
-            return
-        seen[id(obj)] = 1
-
-        # Find a test for this object, and add it to the list of tests.
-        test = self._get_test(obj, name, module, globs, source_lines)
-        if test is not None:
-            tests.append(test)
-
-        # Look for tests in a module's contained objects.
-        if inspect.ismodule(obj) and self._recurse:
-            for valname, val in obj.__dict__.items():
-                # Check if this contained object should be ignored.
-                if self._filter(val, name, valname):
-                    continue
-                valname = '%s.%s' % (name, valname)
-                # Recurse to functions & classes.
-                if ((inspect.isfunction(val) or inspect.isclass(val)) and
-                    self._from_module(module, val)):
-                    self._find(tests, val, valname, module, source_lines,
-                               globs, seen)
-
-        # Look for tests in a module's __test__ dictionary.
-        if inspect.ismodule(obj) and self._recurse:
-            for valname, val in getattr(obj, '__test__', {}).items():
-                if not isinstance(valname, basestring):
-                    raise ValueError("DocTestFinder.find: __test__ keys "
-                                     "must be strings: %r" %
-                                     (type(valname),))
-                if not (inspect.isfunction(val) or inspect.isclass(val) or
-                        inspect.ismethod(val) or inspect.ismodule(val) or
-                        isinstance(val, basestring)):
-                    raise ValueError("DocTestFinder.find: __test__ values "
-                                     "must be strings, functions, methods, "
-                                     "classes, or modules: %r" %
-                                     (type(val),))
-                valname = '%s.__test__.%s' % (name, valname)
-                self._find(tests, val, valname, module, source_lines,
-                           globs, seen)
-
-        # Look for tests in a class's contained objects.
-        if inspect.isclass(obj) and self._recurse:
-            for valname, val in obj.__dict__.items():
-                # Check if this contained object should be ignored.
-                if self._filter(val, name, valname):
-                    continue
-                # Special handling for staticmethod/classmethod.
-                if isinstance(val, staticmethod):
-                    val = getattr(obj, valname)
-                if isinstance(val, classmethod):
-                    val = getattr(obj, valname).im_func
-
-                # Recurse to methods, properties, and nested classes.
-                if ((inspect.isfunction(val) or inspect.isclass(val) or
-                      isinstance(val, property)) and
-                      self._from_module(module, val)):
-                    valname = '%s.%s' % (name, valname)
-                    self._find(tests, val, valname, module, source_lines,
-                               globs, seen)
-
-    def _get_test(self, obj, name, module, globs, source_lines):
-        """
-        Return a DocTest for the given object, if it defines a docstring;
-        otherwise, return None.
-        """
-        # Extract the object's docstring.  If it doesn't have one,
-        # then return None (no test for this object).
-        if isinstance(obj, basestring):
-            docstring = obj
-        else:
-            try:
-                if obj.__doc__ is None:
-                    docstring = ''
-                else:
-                    docstring = obj.__doc__
-                    if not isinstance(docstring, basestring):
-                        docstring = str(docstring)
-            except (TypeError, AttributeError):
-                docstring = ''
-
-        # Find the docstring's location in the file.
-        lineno = self._find_lineno(obj, source_lines)
-
-        # Don't bother if the docstring is empty.
-        if self._exclude_empty and not docstring:
-            return None
-
-        # Return a DocTest for this object.
-        if module is None:
-            filename = None
-        else:
-            filename = getattr(module, '__file__', module.__name__)
-            if filename[-4:] in (".pyc", ".pyo"):
-                filename = filename[:-1]
-        return self._parser.get_doctest(docstring, globs, name,
-                                        filename, lineno)
-
-    def _find_lineno(self, obj, source_lines):
-        """
-        Return a line number of the given object's docstring.  Note:
-        this method assumes that the object has a docstring.
-        """
-        lineno = None
-
-        # Find the line number for modules.
-        if inspect.ismodule(obj):
-            lineno = 0
-
-        # Find the line number for classes.
-        # Note: this could be fooled if a class is defined multiple
-        # times in a single file.
-        if inspect.isclass(obj):
-            if source_lines is None:
-                return None
-            pat = re.compile(r'^\s*class\s*%s\b' %
-                             getattr(obj, '__name__', '-'))
-            for i, line in enumerate(source_lines):
-                if pat.match(line):
-                    lineno = i
-                    break
-
-        # Find the line number for functions & methods.
-        if inspect.ismethod(obj): obj = obj.im_func
-        if inspect.isfunction(obj): obj = obj.func_code
-        if inspect.istraceback(obj): obj = obj.tb_frame
-        if inspect.isframe(obj): obj = obj.f_code
-        if inspect.iscode(obj):
-            lineno = getattr(obj, 'co_firstlineno', None)-1
-
-        # Find the line number where the docstring starts.  Assume
-        # that it's the first line that begins with a quote mark.
-        # Note: this could be fooled by a multiline function
-        # signature, where a continuation line begins with a quote
-        # mark.
-        if lineno is not None:
-            if source_lines is None:
-                return lineno+1
-            pat = re.compile('(^|.*:)\s*\w*("|\')')
-            for lineno in range(lineno, len(source_lines)):
-                if pat.match(source_lines[lineno]):
-                    return lineno
-
-        # We couldn't find the line number.
-        return None
-
-######################################################################
-## 5. DocTest Runner
-######################################################################
-
-class DocTestRunner:
-    """
-    A class used to run DocTest test cases, and accumulate statistics.
-    The `run` method is used to process a single DocTest case.  It
-    returns a tuple `(f, t)`, where `t` is the number of test cases
-    tried, and `f` is the number of test cases that failed.
-
-        >>> tests = DocTestFinder().find(_TestClass)
-        >>> runner = DocTestRunner(verbose=False)
-        >>> for test in tests:
-        ...     print runner.run(test)
-        (0, 2)
-        (0, 1)
-        (0, 2)
-        (0, 2)
-
-    The `summarize` method prints a summary of all the test cases that
-    have been run by the runner, and returns an aggregated `(f, t)`
-    tuple:
-
-        >>> runner.summarize(verbose=1)
-        4 items passed all tests:
-           2 tests in _TestClass
-           2 tests in _TestClass.__init__
-           2 tests in _TestClass.get
-           1 tests in _TestClass.square
-        7 tests in 4 items.
-        7 passed and 0 failed.
-        Test passed.
-        (0, 7)
-
-    The aggregated number of tried examples and failed examples is
-    also available via the `tries` and `failures` attributes:
-
-        >>> runner.tries
-        7
-        >>> runner.failures
-        0
-
-    The comparison between expected outputs and actual outputs is done
-    by an `OutputChecker`.  This comparison may be customized with a
-    number of option flags; see the documentation for `testmod` for
-    more information.  If the option flags are insufficient, then the
-    comparison may also be customized by passing a subclass of
-    `OutputChecker` to the constructor.
-
-    The test runner's display output can be controlled in two ways.
-    First, an output function (`out) can be passed to
-    `TestRunner.run`; this function will be called with strings that
-    should be displayed.  It defaults to `sys.stdout.write`.  If
-    capturing the output is not sufficient, then the display output
-    can be also customized by subclassing DocTestRunner, and
-    overriding the methods `report_start`, `report_success`,
-    `report_unexpected_exception`, and `report_failure`.
-    """
-    # This divider string is used to separate failure messages, and to
-    # separate sections of the summary.
-    DIVIDER = "*" * 70
-
-    def __init__(self, checker=None, verbose=None, optionflags=0):
-        """
-        Create a new test runner.
-
-        Optional keyword arg `checker` is the `OutputChecker` that
-        should be used to compare the expected outputs and actual
-        outputs of doctest examples.
-
-        Optional keyword arg 'verbose' prints lots of stuff if true,
-        only failures if false; by default, it's true iff '-v' is in
-        sys.argv.
-
-        Optional argument `optionflags` can be used to control how the
-        test runner compares expected output to actual output, and how
-        it displays failures.  See the documentation for `testmod` for
-        more information.
-        """
-        self._checker = checker or OutputChecker()
-        if verbose is None:
-            verbose = '-v' in sys.argv
-        self._verbose = verbose
-        self.optionflags = optionflags
-        self.original_optionflags = optionflags
-
-        # Keep track of the examples we've run.
-        self.tries = 0
-        self.failures = 0
-        self._name2ft = {}
-
-        # Create a fake output target for capturing doctest output.
-        self._fakeout = _SpoofOut()
-
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    # Reporting methods
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-
-    def report_start(self, out, test, example):
-        """
-        Report that the test runner is about to process the given
-        example.  (Only displays a message if verbose=True)
-        """
-        if self._verbose:
-            if example.want:
-                out('Trying:\n' + _indent(example.source) +
-                    'Expecting:\n' + _indent(example.want))
-            else:
-                out('Trying:\n' + _indent(example.source) +
-                    'Expecting nothing\n')
-
-    def report_success(self, out, test, example, got):
-        """
-        Report that the given example ran successfully.  (Only
-        displays a message if verbose=True)
-        """
-        if self._verbose:
-            out("ok\n")
-
-    def report_failure(self, out, test, example, got):
-        """
-        Report that the given example failed.
-        """
-        out(self._failure_header(test, example) +
-            self._checker.output_difference(example, got, self.optionflags))
-
-    def report_unexpected_exception(self, out, test, example, exc_info):
-        """
-        Report that the given example raised an unexpected exception.
-        """
-        out(self._failure_header(test, example) +
-            'Exception raised:\n' + _indent(_exception_traceback(exc_info)))
-
-    def _failure_header(self, test, example):
-        out = [self.DIVIDER]
-        if test.filename:
-            if test.lineno is not None and example.lineno is not None:
-                lineno = test.lineno + example.lineno + 1
-            else:
-                lineno = '?'
-            out.append('File "%s", line %s, in %s' %
-                       (test.filename, lineno, test.name))
-        else:
-            out.append('Line %s, in %s' % (example.lineno+1, test.name))
-        out.append('Failed example:')
-        source = example.source
-        out.append(_indent(source))
-        return '\n'.join(out)
-
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    # DocTest Running
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-
-    def __run(self, test, compileflags, out):
-        """
-        Run the examples in `test`.  Write the outcome of each example
-        with one of the `DocTestRunner.report_*` methods, using the
-        writer function `out`.  `compileflags` is the set of compiler
-        flags that should be used to execute examples.  Return a tuple
-        `(f, t)`, where `t` is the number of examples tried, and `f`
-        is the number of examples that failed.  The examples are run
-        in the namespace `test.globs`.
-        """
-        # Keep track of the number of failures and tries.
-        failures = tries = 0
-
-        # Save the option flags (since option directives can be used
-        # to modify them).
-        original_optionflags = self.optionflags
-
-        SUCCESS, FAILURE, BOOM = range(3) # `outcome` state
-
-        check = self._checker.check_output
-
-        # Process each example.
-        for examplenum, example in enumerate(test.examples):
-
-            # If REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE is set, then supress
-            # reporting after the first failure.
-            quiet = (self.optionflags & REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE and
-                     failures > 0)
-
-            # Merge in the example's options.
-            self.optionflags = original_optionflags
-            if example.options:
-                for (optionflag, val) in example.options.items():
-                    if val:
-                        self.optionflags |= optionflag
-                    else:
-                        self.optionflags &= ~optionflag
-
-            # Record that we started this example.
-            tries += 1
-            if not quiet:
-                self.report_start(out, test, example)
-
-            # Use a special filename for compile(), so we can retrieve
-            # the source code during interactive debugging (see
-            # __patched_linecache_getlines).
-            filename = '<doctest %s[%d]>' % (test.name, examplenum)
-
-            # Run the example in the given context (globs), and record
-            # any exception that gets raised.  (But don't intercept
-            # keyboard interrupts.)
-            try:
-                # Don't blink!  This is where the user's code gets run.
-                exec compile(example.source, filename, "single",
-                             compileflags, 1) in test.globs
-                self.debugger.set_continue() # ==== Example Finished ====
-                exception = None
-            except KeyboardInterrupt:
-                raise
-            except:
-                exception = sys.exc_info()
-                self.debugger.set_continue() # ==== Example Finished ====
-
-            got = self._fakeout.getvalue()  # the actual output
-            self._fakeout.truncate(0)
-            outcome = FAILURE   # guilty until proved innocent or insane
-
-            # If the example executed without raising any exceptions,
-            # verify its output.
-            if exception is None:
-                if check(example.want, got, self.optionflags):
-                    outcome = SUCCESS
-
-            # The example raised an exception:  check if it was expected.
-            else:
-                exc_info = sys.exc_info()
-                exc_msg = traceback.format_exception_only(*exc_info[:2])[-1]
-                if not quiet:
-                    got += _exception_traceback(exc_info)
-
-                # If `example.exc_msg` is None, then we weren't expecting
-                # an exception.
-                if example.exc_msg is None:
-                    outcome = BOOM
-
-                # We expected an exception:  see whether it matches.
-                elif check(example.exc_msg, exc_msg, self.optionflags):
-                    outcome = SUCCESS
-
-                # Another chance if they didn't care about the detail.
-                elif self.optionflags & IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL:
-                    m1 = re.match(r'[^:]*:', example.exc_msg)
-                    m2 = re.match(r'[^:]*:', exc_msg)
-                    if m1 and m2 and check(m1.group(0), m2.group(0),
-                                           self.optionflags):
-                        outcome = SUCCESS
-
-            # Report the outcome.
-            if outcome is SUCCESS:
-                if not quiet:
-                    self.report_success(out, test, example, got)
-            elif outcome is FAILURE:
-                if not quiet:
-                    self.report_failure(out, test, example, got)
-                failures += 1
-            elif outcome is BOOM:
-                if not quiet:
-                    self.report_unexpected_exception(out, test, example,
-                                                     exc_info)
-                failures += 1
-            else:
-                assert False, ("unknown outcome", outcome)
-
-        # Restore the option flags (in case they were modified)
-        self.optionflags = original_optionflags
-
-        # Record and return the number of failures and tries.
-        self.__record_outcome(test, failures, tries)
-        return failures, tries
-
-    def __record_outcome(self, test, f, t):
-        """
-        Record the fact that the given DocTest (`test`) generated `f`
-        failures out of `t` tried examples.
-        """
-        f2, t2 = self._name2ft.get(test.name, (0,0))
-        self._name2ft[test.name] = (f+f2, t+t2)
-        self.failures += f
-        self.tries += t
-
-    __LINECACHE_FILENAME_RE = re.compile(r'<doctest '
-                                         r'(?P<name>[\w\.]+)'
-                                         r'\[(?P<examplenum>\d+)\]>$')
-    def __patched_linecache_getlines(self, filename, module_globals=None):
-        m = self.__LINECACHE_FILENAME_RE.match(filename)
-        if m and m.group('name') == self.test.name:
-            example = self.test.examples[int(m.group('examplenum'))]
-            return example.source.splitlines(True)
-        else:
-            return self.save_linecache_getlines(filename)#?, module_globals)
-
-    def run(self, test, compileflags=None, out=None, clear_globs=True):
-        """
-        Run the examples in `test`, and display the results using the
-        writer function `out`.
-
-        The examples are run in the namespace `test.globs`.  If
-        `clear_globs` is true (the default), then this namespace will
-        be cleared after the test runs, to help with garbage
-        collection.  If you would like to examine the namespace after
-        the test completes, then use `clear_globs=False`.
-
-        `compileflags` gives the set of flags that should be used by
-        the Python compiler when running the examples.  If not
-        specified, then it will default to the set of future-import
-        flags that apply to `globs`.
-
-        The output of each example is checked using
-        `DocTestRunner.check_output`, and the results are formatted by
-        the `DocTestRunner.report_*` methods.
-        """
-        self.test = test
-
-        if compileflags is None:
-            compileflags = _extract_future_flags(test.globs)
-
-        save_stdout = sys.stdout
-        if out is None:
-            out = save_stdout.write
-        sys.stdout = self._fakeout
-
-        # Patch pdb.set_trace to restore sys.stdout during interactive
-        # debugging (so it's not still redirected to self._fakeout).
-        # Note that the interactive output will go to *our*
-        # save_stdout, even if that's not the real sys.stdout; this
-        # allows us to write test cases for the set_trace behavior.
-        save_set_trace = pdb.set_trace
-        self.debugger = _OutputRedirectingPdb(save_stdout)
-        self.debugger.reset()
-        pdb.set_trace = self.debugger.set_trace
-
-        # Patch linecache.getlines, so we can see the example's source
-        # when we're inside the debugger.
-        self.save_linecache_getlines = linecache.getlines
-        linecache.getlines = self.__patched_linecache_getlines
-
-        try:
-            return self.__run(test, compileflags, out)
-        finally:
-            sys.stdout = save_stdout
-            pdb.set_trace = save_set_trace
-            linecache.getlines = self.save_linecache_getlines
-            if clear_globs:
-                test.globs.clear()
-
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    # Summarization
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    def summarize(self, verbose=None):
-        """
-        Print a summary of all the test cases that have been run by
-        this DocTestRunner, and return a tuple `(f, t)`, where `f` is
-        the total number of failed examples, and `t` is the total
-        number of tried examples.
-
-        The optional `verbose` argument controls how detailed the
-        summary is.  If the verbosity is not specified, then the
-        DocTestRunner's verbosity is used.
-        """
-        if verbose is None:
-            verbose = self._verbose
-        notests = []
-        passed = []
-        failed = []
-        totalt = totalf = 0
-        for x in self._name2ft.items():
-            name, (f, t) = x
-            assert f <= t
-            totalt += t
-            totalf += f
-            if t == 0:
-                notests.append(name)
-            elif f == 0:
-                passed.append( (name, t) )
-            else:
-                failed.append(x)
-        if verbose:
-            if notests:
-                print len(notests), "items had no tests:"
-                notests.sort()
-                for thing in notests:
-                    print "   ", thing
-            if passed:
-                print len(passed), "items passed all tests:"
-                passed.sort()
-                for thing, count in passed:
-                    print " %3d tests in %s" % (count, thing)
-        if failed:
-            print self.DIVIDER
-            print len(failed), "items had failures:"
-            failed.sort()
-            for thing, (f, t) in failed:
-                print " %3d of %3d in %s" % (f, t, thing)
-        if verbose:
-            print totalt, "tests in", len(self._name2ft), "items."
-            print totalt - totalf, "passed and", totalf, "failed."
-        if totalf:
-            print "***Test Failed***", totalf, "failures."
-        elif verbose:
-            print "Test passed."
-        return totalf, totalt
-
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    # Backward compatibility cruft to maintain doctest.master.
-    #/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    def merge(self, other):
-        d = self._name2ft
-        for name, (f, t) in other._name2ft.items():
-            if name in d:
-                print "*** DocTestRunner.merge: '" + name + "' in both" \
-                    " testers; summing outcomes."
-                f2, t2 = d[name]
-                f = f + f2
-                t = t + t2
-            d[name] = f, t
-
-class OutputChecker:
-    """
-    A class used to check the whether the actual output from a doctest
-    example matches the expected output.  `OutputChecker` defines two
-    methods: `check_output`, which compares a given pair of outputs,
-    and returns true if they match; and `output_difference`, which
-    returns a string describing the differences between two outputs.
-    """
-    def check_output(self, want, got, optionflags):
-        """
-        Return True iff the actual output from an example (`got`)
-        matches the expected output (`want`).  These strings are
-        always considered to match if they are identical; but
-        depending on what option flags the test runner is using,
-        several non-exact match types are also possible.  See the
-        documentation for `TestRunner` for more information about
-        option flags.
-        """
-        # Handle the common case first, for efficiency:
-        # if they're string-identical, always return true.
-        if got == want:
-            return True
-
-        # The values True and False replaced 1 and 0 as the return
-        # value for boolean comparisons in Python 2.3.
-        if not (optionflags & DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1):
-            if (got,want) == ("True\n", "1\n"):
-                return True
-            if (got,want) == ("False\n", "0\n"):
-                return True
-
-        # <BLANKLINE> can be used as a special sequence to signify a
-        # blank line, unless the DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE flag is used.
-        if not (optionflags & DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE):
-            # Replace <BLANKLINE> in want with a blank line.
-            want = re.sub('(?m)^%s\s*?$' % re.escape(BLANKLINE_MARKER),
-                          '', want)
-            # If a line in got contains only spaces, then remove the
-            # spaces.
-            got = re.sub('(?m)^\s*?$', '', got)
-            if got == want:
-                return True
-
-        # This flag causes doctest to ignore any differences in the
-        # contents of whitespace strings.  Note that this can be used
-        # in conjunction with the ELLIPSIS flag.
-        if optionflags & NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE:
-            got = ' '.join(got.split())
-            want = ' '.join(want.split())
-            if got == want:
-                return True
-
-        # The ELLIPSIS flag says to let the sequence "..." in `want`
-        # match any substring in `got`.
-        if optionflags & ELLIPSIS:
-            if _ellipsis_match(want, got):
-                return True
-
-        # We didn't find any match; return false.
-        return False
-
-    # Should we do a fancy diff?
-    def _do_a_fancy_diff(self, want, got, optionflags):
-        # Not unless they asked for a fancy diff.
-        if not optionflags & (REPORT_UDIFF |
-                              REPORT_CDIFF |
-                              REPORT_NDIFF):
-            return False
-
-        # If expected output uses ellipsis, a meaningful fancy diff is
-        # too hard ... or maybe not.  In two real-life failures Tim saw,
-        # a diff was a major help anyway, so this is commented out.
-        # [todo] _ellipsis_match() knows which pieces do and don't match,
-        # and could be the basis for a kick-ass diff in this case.
-        ##if optionflags & ELLIPSIS and ELLIPSIS_MARKER in want:
-        ##    return False
-
-        # ndiff does intraline difference marking, so can be useful even
-        # for 1-line differences.
-        if optionflags & REPORT_NDIFF:
-            return True
-
-        # The other diff types need at least a few lines to be helpful.
-        return want.count('\n') > 2 and got.count('\n') > 2
-
-    def output_difference(self, example, got, optionflags):
-        """
-        Return a string describing the differences between the
-        expected output for a given example (`example`) and the actual
-        output (`got`).  `optionflags` is the set of option flags used
-        to compare `want` and `got`.
-        """
-        want = example.want
-        # If <BLANKLINE>s are being used, then replace blank lines
-        # with <BLANKLINE> in the actual output string.
-        if not (optionflags & DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE):
-            got = re.sub('(?m)^[ ]*(?=\n)', BLANKLINE_MARKER, got)
-
-        # Check if we should use diff.
-        if self._do_a_fancy_diff(want, got, optionflags):
-            # Split want & got into lines.
-            want_lines = want.splitlines(True)  # True == keep line ends
-            got_lines = got.splitlines(True)
-            # Use difflib to find their differences.
-            if optionflags & REPORT_UDIFF:
-                diff = difflib.unified_diff(want_lines, got_lines, n=2)
-                diff = list(diff)[2:] # strip the diff header
-                kind = 'unified diff with -expected +actual'
-            elif optionflags & REPORT_CDIFF:
-                diff = difflib.context_diff(want_lines, got_lines, n=2)
-                diff = list(diff)[2:] # strip the diff header
-                kind = 'context diff with expected followed by actual'
-            elif optionflags & REPORT_NDIFF:
-                engine = difflib.Differ(charjunk=difflib.IS_CHARACTER_JUNK)
-                diff = list(engine.compare(want_lines, got_lines))
-                kind = 'ndiff with -expected +actual'
-            else:
-                assert 0, 'Bad diff option'
-            # Remove trailing whitespace on diff output.
-            diff = [line.rstrip() + '\n' for line in diff]
-            return 'Differences (%s):\n' % kind + _indent(''.join(diff))
-
-        # If we're not using diff, then simply list the expected
-        # output followed by the actual output.
-        if want and got:
-            return 'Expected:\n%sGot:\n%s' % (_indent(want), _indent(got))
-        elif want:
-            return 'Expected:\n%sGot nothing\n' % _indent(want)
-        elif got:
-            return 'Expected nothing\nGot:\n%s' % _indent(got)
-        else:
-            return 'Expected nothing\nGot nothing\n'
-
-class DocTestFailure(Exception):
-    """A DocTest example has failed in debugging mode.
-
-    The exception instance has variables:
-
-    - test: the DocTest object being run
-
-    - excample: the Example object that failed
-
-    - got: the actual output
-    """
-    def __init__(self, test, example, got):
-        self.test = test
-        self.example = example
-        self.got = got
-
-    def __str__(self):
-        return str(self.test)
-
-class UnexpectedException(Exception):
-    """A DocTest example has encountered an unexpected exception
-
-    The exception instance has variables:
-
-    - test: the DocTest object being run
-
-    - excample: the Example object that failed
-
-    - exc_info: the exception info
-    """
-    def __init__(self, test, example, exc_info):
-        self.test = test
-        self.example = example
-        self.exc_info = exc_info
-
-    def __str__(self):
-        return str(self.test)
-
-class DebugRunner(DocTestRunner):
-    r"""Run doc tests but raise an exception as soon as there is a failure.
-
-       If an unexpected exception occurs, an UnexpectedException is raised.
-       It contains the test, the example, and the original exception:
-
-         >>> runner = DebugRunner(verbose=False)
-         >>> test = DocTestParser().get_doctest('>>> raise KeyError\n42',
-         ...                                    {}, 'foo', 'foo.py', 0)
-         >>> try:
-         ...     runner.run(test)
-         ... except UnexpectedException, failure:
-         ...     pass
-
-         >>> failure.test is test
-         True
-
-         >>> failure.example.want
-         '42\n'
-
-         >>> exc_info = failure.exc_info
-         >>> raise exc_info[0], exc_info[1], exc_info[2]
-         Traceback (most recent call last):
-         ...
-         KeyError
-
-       We wrap the original exception to give the calling application
-       access to the test and example information.
-
-       If the output doesn't match, then a DocTestFailure is raised:
-
-         >>> test = DocTestParser().get_doctest('''
-         ...      >>> x = 1
-         ...      >>> x
-         ...      2
-         ...      ''', {}, 'foo', 'foo.py', 0)
-
-         >>> try:
-         ...    runner.run(test)
-         ... except DocTestFailure, failure:
-         ...    pass
-
-       DocTestFailure objects provide access to the test:
-
-         >>> failure.test is test
-         True
-
-       As well as to the example:
-
-         >>> failure.example.want
-         '2\n'
-
-       and the actual output:
-
-         >>> failure.got
-         '1\n'
-
-       If a failure or error occurs, the globals are left intact:
-
-         >>> del test.globs['__builtins__']
-         >>> test.globs
-         {'x': 1}
-
-         >>> test = DocTestParser().get_doctest('''
-         ...      >>> x = 2
-         ...      >>> raise KeyError
-         ...      ''', {}, 'foo', 'foo.py', 0)
-
-         >>> runner.run(test)
-         Traceback (most recent call last):
-         ...
-         UnexpectedException: <DocTest foo from foo.py:0 (2 examples)>
-
-         >>> del test.globs['__builtins__']
-         >>> test.globs
-         {'x': 2}
-
-       But the globals are cleared if there is no error:
-
-         >>> test = DocTestParser().get_doctest('''
-         ...      >>> x = 2
-         ...      ''', {}, 'foo', 'foo.py', 0)
-
-         >>> runner.run(test)
-         (0, 1)
-
-         >>> test.globs
-         {}
-
-       """
-
-    def run(self, test, compileflags=None, out=None, clear_globs=True):
-        r = DocTestRunner.run(self, test, compileflags, out, False)
-        if clear_globs:
-            test.globs.clear()
-        return r
-
-    def report_unexpected_exception(self, out, test, example, exc_info):
-        raise UnexpectedException(test, example, exc_info)
-
-    def report_failure(self, out, test, example, got):
-        raise DocTestFailure(test, example, got)
-
-######################################################################
-## 6. Test Functions
-######################################################################
-# These should be backwards compatible.
-
-# For backward compatibility, a global instance of a DocTestRunner
-# class, updated by testmod.
-master = None
-
-def testmod(m=None, name=None, globs=None, verbose=None, isprivate=None,
-            report=True, optionflags=0, extraglobs=None,
-            raise_on_error=False, exclude_empty=False):
-    """m=None, name=None, globs=None, verbose=None, isprivate=None,
-       report=True, optionflags=0, extraglobs=None, raise_on_error=False,
-       exclude_empty=False
-
-    Test examples in docstrings in functions and classes reachable
-    from module m (or the current module if m is not supplied), starting
-    with m.__doc__.  Unless isprivate is specified, private names
-    are not skipped.
-
-    Also test examples reachable from dict m.__test__ if it exists and is
-    not None.  m.__test__ maps names to functions, classes and strings;
-    function and class docstrings are tested even if the name is private;
-    strings are tested directly, as if they were docstrings.
-
-    Return (#failures, #tests).
-
-    See doctest.__doc__ for an overview.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "name" gives the name of the module; by default
-    use m.__name__.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "globs" gives a dict to be used as the globals
-    when executing examples; by default, use m.__dict__.  A copy of this
-    dict is actually used for each docstring, so that each docstring's
-    examples start with a clean slate.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "extraglobs" gives a dictionary that should be
-    merged into the globals that are used to execute examples.  By
-    default, no extra globals are used.  This is new in 2.4.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "verbose" prints lots of stuff if true, prints
-    only failures if false; by default, it's true iff "-v" is in sys.argv.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "report" prints a summary at the end when true,
-    else prints nothing at the end.  In verbose mode, the summary is
-    detailed, else very brief (in fact, empty if all tests passed).
-
-    Optional keyword arg "optionflags" or's together module constants,
-    and defaults to 0.  This is new in 2.3.  Possible values (see the
-    docs for details):
-
-        DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1
-        DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE
-        NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
-        ELLIPSIS
-        IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL
-        REPORT_UDIFF
-        REPORT_CDIFF
-        REPORT_NDIFF
-        REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE
-
-    Optional keyword arg "raise_on_error" raises an exception on the
-    first unexpected exception or failure. This allows failures to be
-    post-mortem debugged.
-
-    Deprecated in Python 2.4:
-    Optional keyword arg "isprivate" specifies a function used to
-    determine whether a name is private.  The default function is
-    treat all functions as public.  Optionally, "isprivate" can be
-    set to doctest.is_private to skip over functions marked as private
-    using the underscore naming convention; see its docs for details.
-
-    Advanced tomfoolery:  testmod runs methods of a local instance of
-    class doctest.Tester, then merges the results into (or creates)
-    global Tester instance doctest.master.  Methods of doctest.master
-    can be called directly too, if you want to do something unusual.
-    Passing report=0 to testmod is especially useful then, to delay
-    displaying a summary.  Invoke doctest.master.summarize(verbose)
-    when you're done fiddling.
-    """
-    global master
-
-    if isprivate is not None:
-        warnings.warn("the isprivate argument is deprecated; "
-                      "examine DocTestFinder.find() lists instead",
-                      DeprecationWarning)
-
-    # If no module was given, then use __main__.
-    if m is None:
-        # DWA - m will still be None if this wasn't invoked from the command
-        # line, in which case the following TypeError is about as good an error
-        # as we should expect
-        m = sys.modules.get('__main__')
-
-    # Check that we were actually given a module.
-    if not inspect.ismodule(m):
-        raise TypeError("testmod: module required; %r" % (m,))
-
-    # If no name was given, then use the module's name.
-    if name is None:
-        name = m.__name__
-
-    # Find, parse, and run all tests in the given module.
-    finder = DocTestFinder(_namefilter=isprivate, exclude_empty=exclude_empty)
-
-    if raise_on_error:
-        runner = DebugRunner(verbose=verbose, optionflags=optionflags)
-    else:
-        runner = DocTestRunner(verbose=verbose, optionflags=optionflags)
-
-    for test in finder.find(m, name, globs=globs, extraglobs=extraglobs):
-        runner.run(test)
-
-    if report:
-        runner.summarize()
-
-    if master is None:
-        master = runner
-    else:
-        master.merge(runner)
-
-    return runner.failures, runner.tries
-
-def testfile(filename, module_relative=True, name=None, package=None,
-             globs=None, verbose=None, report=True, optionflags=0,
-             extraglobs=None, raise_on_error=False, parser=DocTestParser()):
-    """
-    Test examples in the given file.  Return (#failures, #tests).
-
-    Optional keyword arg "module_relative" specifies how filenames
-    should be interpreted:
-
-      - If "module_relative" is True (the default), then "filename"
-         specifies a module-relative path.  By default, this path is
-         relative to the calling module's directory; but if the
-         "package" argument is specified, then it is relative to that
-         package.  To ensure os-independence, "filename" should use
-         "/" characters to separate path segments, and should not
-         be an absolute path (i.e., it may not begin with "/").
-
-      - If "module_relative" is False, then "filename" specifies an
-        os-specific path.  The path may be absolute or relative (to
-        the current working directory).
-
-    Optional keyword arg "name" gives the name of the test; by default
-    use the file's basename.
-
-    Optional keyword argument "package" is a Python package or the
-    name of a Python package whose directory should be used as the
-    base directory for a module relative filename.  If no package is
-    specified, then the calling module's directory is used as the base
-    directory for module relative filenames.  It is an error to
-    specify "package" if "module_relative" is False.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "globs" gives a dict to be used as the globals
-    when executing examples; by default, use {}.  A copy of this dict
-    is actually used for each docstring, so that each docstring's
-    examples start with a clean slate.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "extraglobs" gives a dictionary that should be
-    merged into the globals that are used to execute examples.  By
-    default, no extra globals are used.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "verbose" prints lots of stuff if true, prints
-    only failures if false; by default, it's true iff "-v" is in sys.argv.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "report" prints a summary at the end when true,
-    else prints nothing at the end.  In verbose mode, the summary is
-    detailed, else very brief (in fact, empty if all tests passed).
-
-    Optional keyword arg "optionflags" or's together module constants,
-    and defaults to 0.  Possible values (see the docs for details):
-
-        DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1
-        DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE
-        NORMALIZE_WHITESPACE
-        ELLIPSIS
-        IGNORE_EXCEPTION_DETAIL
-        REPORT_UDIFF
-        REPORT_CDIFF
-        REPORT_NDIFF
-        REPORT_ONLY_FIRST_FAILURE
-
-    Optional keyword arg "raise_on_error" raises an exception on the
-    first unexpected exception or failure. This allows failures to be
-    post-mortem debugged.
-
-    Optional keyword arg "parser" specifies a DocTestParser (or
-    subclass) that should be used to extract tests from the files.
-
-    Advanced tomfoolery:  testmod runs methods of a local instance of
-    class doctest.Tester, then merges the results into (or creates)
-    global Tester instance doctest.master.  Methods of doctest.master
-    can be called directly too, if you want to do something unusual.
-    Passing report=0 to testmod is especially useful then, to delay
-    displaying a summary.  Invoke doctest.master.summarize(verbose)
-    when you're done fiddling.
-    """
-    global master
-
-    if package and not module_relative:
-        raise ValueError("Package may only be specified for module-"
-                         "relative paths.")
-
-    # Relativize the path
-    if module_relative:
-        package = _normalize_module(package)