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orange / Orange / OrangeCanvas / main.py

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"""
Orange Canvas main entry point

"""

import os
import sys
import gc
import re
import logging
import optparse
import cPickle
import shlex
from contextlib import nested

import pkg_resources

from PyQt4.QtGui import QFont, QColor
from PyQt4.QtCore import Qt, QDir

from Orange import OrangeCanvas
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.application.application import CanvasApplication
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.application.canvasmain import CanvasMainWindow
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.application.outputview import TextStream, ExceptHook

from Orange.OrangeCanvas.gui.splashscreen import SplashScreen
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.config import cache_dir
from Orange.OrangeCanvas import config
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.utils.redirect import redirect_stdout, redirect_stderr
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.utils.qtcompat import QSettings

from Orange.OrangeCanvas.registry import qt
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.registry import WidgetRegistry, set_global_registry
from Orange.OrangeCanvas.registry import cache

log = logging.getLogger(__name__)


def running_in_ipython():
    try:
        __IPYTHON__
        return True
    except NameError:
        return False


def fix_osx_10_9_private_font():
    """Temporary fix for QTBUG-32789."""
    from PyQt4.QtCore import QSysInfo
    if sys.platform == "darwin":
        try:
            if QSysInfo.MacintoshVersion > QSysInfo.MV_10_8:
                QFont.insertSubstitution(".Lucida Grande UI", "Lucida Grande")
        except AttributeError:
            pass


def fix_win_pythonw_std_stream():
    """
    On windows when running without a console (using pythonw.exe) the
    std[err|out] file descriptors are invalid and start throwing exceptions
    when their buffer is flushed (`http://bugs.python.org/issue706263`_)

    """
    if sys.platform == "win32" and \
            os.path.basename(sys.executable) == "pythonw.exe":
        if sys.stdout.fileno() < 0:
            sys.stdout = open(os.devnull, "wb")
        if sys.stderr.fileno() < 0:
            sys.stderr = open(os.devnull, "wb")


def main(argv=None):
    if argv is None:
        argv = sys.argv

    usage = "usage: %prog [options] [scheme_file]"
    parser = optparse.OptionParser(usage=usage)

    parser.add_option("--no-discovery",
                      action="store_true",
                      help="Don't run widget discovery "
                           "(use full cache instead)")

    parser.add_option("--force-discovery",
                      action="store_true",
                      help="Force full widget discovery "
                           "(invalidate cache)")
    parser.add_option("--no-welcome",
                      action="store_true",
                      help="Don't show welcome dialog.")
    parser.add_option("--no-splash",
                      action="store_true",
                      help="Don't show splash screen.")
    parser.add_option("-l", "--log-level",
                      help="Logging level (0, 1, 2, 3, 4)",
                      type="int", default=1)
    parser.add_option("--no-redirect",
                      action="store_true",
                      help="Do not redirect stdout/err to canvas output view.")
    parser.add_option("--style",
                      help="QStyle to use",
                      type="str", default=None)
    parser.add_option("--stylesheet",
                      help="Application level CSS style sheet to use",
                      type="str", default="orange.qss")
    parser.add_option("--qt",
                      help="Additional arguments for QApplication",
                      type="str", default=None)

    (options, args) = parser.parse_args(argv[1:])

    levels = [logging.CRITICAL,
              logging.ERROR,
              logging.WARN,
              logging.INFO,
              logging.DEBUG]

    # Fix streams before configuring logging (otherwise it will store
    # and write to the old file descriptors)
    fix_win_pythonw_std_stream()

    # Try to fix fonts on OSX Mavericks
    fix_osx_10_9_private_font()

    # File handler should always be at least INFO level so we need
    # the application root level to be at least at INFO.
    root_level = min(levels[options.log_level], logging.INFO)
    rootlogger = logging.getLogger(OrangeCanvas.__name__)
    rootlogger.setLevel(root_level)

    # Standard output stream handler at the requested level
    stream_hander = logging.StreamHandler()
    stream_hander.setLevel(level=levels[options.log_level])
    rootlogger.addHandler(stream_hander)

    log.info("Starting 'Orange Canvas' application.")

    qt_argv = argv[:1]

    if options.style is not None:
        qt_argv += ["-style", options.style]

    if options.qt is not None:
        qt_argv += shlex.split(options.qt)

    qt_argv += args

    log.debug("Starting CanvasApplicaiton with argv = %r.", qt_argv)
    app = CanvasApplication(qt_argv)

    # NOTE: config.init() must be called after the QApplication constructor
    config.init()

    file_handler = logging.FileHandler(
        filename=os.path.join(config.log_dir(), "canvas.log"),
        mode="w"
    )

    file_handler.setLevel(root_level)
    rootlogger.addHandler(file_handler)

    # intercept any QFileOpenEvent requests until the main window is
    # fully initialized.
    # NOTE: The QApplication must have the executable ($0) and filename
    # arguments passed in argv otherwise the FileOpen events are
    # triggered for them (this is done by Cocoa, but QApplicaiton filters
    # them out if passed in argv)

    open_requests = []

    def onrequest(url):
        log.info("Received an file open request %s", url)
        open_requests.append(url)

    app.fileOpenRequest.connect(onrequest)

    settings = QSettings()

    stylesheet = options.stylesheet
    stylesheet_string = None

    if stylesheet != "none":
        if os.path.isfile(stylesheet):
            stylesheet_string = open(stylesheet, "rb").read()
        else:
            if not os.path.splitext(stylesheet)[1]:
                # no extension
                stylesheet = os.path.extsep.join([stylesheet, "qss"])

            pkg_name = OrangeCanvas.__name__
            resource = "styles/" + stylesheet

            if pkg_resources.resource_exists(pkg_name, resource):
                stylesheet_string = \
                    pkg_resources.resource_string(pkg_name, resource)

                base = pkg_resources.resource_filename(pkg_name, "styles")

                pattern = re.compile(
                    r"^\s@([a-zA-Z0-9_]+?)\s*:\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_/]+?);\s*$",
                    flags=re.MULTILINE
                )

                matches = pattern.findall(stylesheet_string)

                for prefix, search_path in matches:
                    QDir.addSearchPath(prefix, os.path.join(base, search_path))
                    log.info("Adding search path %r for prefix, %r",
                             search_path, prefix)

                stylesheet_string = pattern.sub("", stylesheet_string)

            else:
                log.info("%r style sheet not found.", stylesheet)

    # Add the default canvas_icons search path
    dirpath = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(OrangeCanvas.__file__))
    QDir.addSearchPath("canvas_icons", os.path.join(dirpath, "icons"))

    canvas_window = CanvasMainWindow()

    if stylesheet_string is not None:
        canvas_window.setStyleSheet(stylesheet_string)

    if not options.force_discovery:
        reg_cache = cache.registry_cache()
    else:
        reg_cache = None

    widget_discovery = qt.QtWidgetDiscovery(cached_descriptions=reg_cache)

    widget_registry = qt.QtWidgetRegistry()

    widget_discovery.found_category.connect(
        widget_registry.register_category
    )
    widget_discovery.found_widget.connect(
        widget_registry.register_widget
    )

    want_splash = \
        settings.value("startup/show-splash-screen", True, type=bool) and \
        not options.no_splash

    if want_splash:
        pm, rect = config.splash_screen()
        splash_screen = SplashScreen(pixmap=pm, textRect=rect)
        splash_screen.setFont(QFont("Helvetica", 12))
        color = QColor("#FFD39F")

        def show_message(message):
            splash_screen.showMessage(message, color=color)

        widget_discovery.discovery_start.connect(splash_screen.show)
        widget_discovery.discovery_process.connect(show_message)
        widget_discovery.discovery_finished.connect(splash_screen.hide)

    log.info("Running widget discovery process.")

    cache_filename = os.path.join(cache_dir(), "widget-registry.pck")
    if options.no_discovery:
        widget_registry = cPickle.load(open(cache_filename, "rb"))
        widget_registry = qt.QtWidgetRegistry(widget_registry)
    else:
        widget_discovery.run(config.widgets_entry_points())
        # Store cached descriptions
        cache.save_registry_cache(widget_discovery.cached_descriptions)
        cPickle.dump(WidgetRegistry(widget_registry),
                     open(cache_filename, "wb"))
    set_global_registry(widget_registry)
    canvas_window.set_widget_registry(widget_registry)
    canvas_window.show()
    canvas_window.raise_()

    want_welcome = \
        settings.value("startup/show-welcome-screen", True, type=bool) \
        and not options.no_welcome

    # Process events to make sure the canvas_window layout has
    # a chance to activate (the welcome dialog is modal and will
    # block the event queue, plus we need a chance to receive open file
    # signals when running without a splash screen)
    app.processEvents()

    app.fileOpenRequest.connect(canvas_window.open_scheme_file)

    if want_welcome and not args and not open_requests:
        canvas_window.welcome_dialog()

    elif args:
        log.info("Loading a scheme from the command line argument %r",
                 args[0])
        canvas_window.load_scheme(args[0])
    elif open_requests:
        log.info("Loading a scheme from an `QFileOpenEvent` for %r",
                 open_requests[-1])
        canvas_window.load_scheme(open_requests[-1].toLocalFile())

    stdout_redirect = \
        settings.value("output/redirect-stdout", True, type=bool)

    stderr_redirect = \
        settings.value("output/redirect-stderr", True, type=bool)

    # cmd line option overrides settings / no redirect is possible
    # under ipython
    if options.no_redirect or running_in_ipython():
        stderr_redirect = stdout_redirect = False

    output_view = canvas_window.output_view()

    if stdout_redirect:
        stdout = TextStream()
        stdout.stream.connect(output_view.write)
        # also connect to original fd
        stdout.stream.connect(sys.stdout.write)
    else:
        stdout = sys.stdout

    if stderr_redirect:
        error_writer = output_view.formated(color=Qt.red)
        stderr = TextStream()
        stderr.stream.connect(error_writer.write)
        # also connect to original fd
        stderr.stream.connect(sys.stderr.write)
    else:
        stderr = sys.stderr

    if stderr_redirect:
        sys.excepthook = ExceptHook()
        sys.excepthook.handledException.connect(output_view.parent().show)

    with nested(redirect_stdout(stdout), redirect_stderr(stderr)):
        log.info("Entering main event loop.")
        try:
            status = app.exec_()
        except BaseException:
            log.error("Error in main event loop.", exc_info=True)

    canvas_window.deleteLater()
    app.processEvents()
    app.flush()
    del canvas_window

    # Collect any cycles before deleting the QApplication instance
    gc.collect()

    del app
    return status


if __name__ == "__main__":
    sys.exit(main())