sphinx / sphinx / ext /

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

    Mimic doctest by automatically executing code snippets and checking
    their results.

    :copyright: Copyright 2007-2010 by the Sphinx team, see AUTHORS.
    :license: BSD, see LICENSE for details.

import re
import sys
import time
import codecs
import StringIO
from os import path
# circumvent relative import
doctest = __import__('doctest')

from docutils import nodes
from docutils.parsers.rst import directives

from import Builder
from sphinx.util.compat import Directive
from sphinx.util.console import bold

blankline_re = re.compile(r'^\s*<BLANKLINE>', re.MULTILINE)
doctestopt_re = re.compile(r'#\s*doctest:.+$', re.MULTILINE)

# set up the necessary directives

class TestDirective(Directive):
    Base class for doctest-related directives.

    has_content = True
    required_arguments = 0
    optional_arguments = 1
    final_argument_whitespace = True

    def run(self):
        # use ordinary docutils nodes for test code: they get special attributes
        # so that our builder recognizes them, and the other builders are happy.
        code = '\n'.join(self.content)
        test = None
        if == 'doctest':
            if '<BLANKLINE>' in code:
                # convert <BLANKLINE>s to ordinary blank lines for presentation
                test = code
                code = blankline_re.sub('', code)
                if not test:
                    test = code
                code = doctestopt_re.sub('', code)
        nodetype = nodes.literal_block
        if == 'testsetup' or 'hide' in self.options:
            nodetype = nodes.comment
        if self.arguments:
            groups = [x.strip() for x in self.arguments[0].split(',')]
            groups = ['default']
        node = nodetype(code, code,, groups=groups)
        node.line = self.lineno
        if test is not None:
            # only save if it differs from code
            node['test'] = test
        if == 'testoutput':
            # don't try to highlight output
            node['language'] = 'none'
        node['options'] = {}
        if in ('doctest', 'testoutput') and 'options' in self.options:
            # parse doctest-like output comparison flags
            option_strings = self.options['options'].replace(',', ' ').split()
            for option in option_strings:
                if (option[0] not in '+-' or option[1:] not in
                    # XXX warn?
                flag = doctest.OPTIONFLAGS_BY_NAME[option[1:]]
                node['options'][flag] = (option[0] == '+')
        return [node]

class TestsetupDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {}

class DoctestDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {
        'hide': directives.flag,
        'options': directives.unchanged,

class TestcodeDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {
        'hide': directives.flag,

class TestoutputDirective(TestDirective):
    option_spec = {
        'hide': directives.flag,
        'options': directives.unchanged,

parser = doctest.DocTestParser()

# helper classes

class TestGroup(object):
    def __init__(self, name): = name
        self.setup = []
        self.tests = []

    def add_code(self, code, prepend=False):
        if code.type == 'testsetup':
            if prepend:
                self.setup.insert(0, code)
        elif code.type == 'doctest':
        elif code.type == 'testcode':
            self.tests.append([code, None])
        elif code.type == 'testoutput':
            if self.tests and len(self.tests[-1]) == 2:
                self.tests[-1][1] = code
            raise RuntimeError('invalid TestCode type')

    def __repr__(self):
        return 'TestGroup(name=%r, setup=%r, tests=%r)' % (
  , self.setup, self.tests)

class TestCode(object):
    def __init__(self, code, type, lineno, options=None):
        self.code = code
        self.type = type
        self.lineno = lineno
        self.options = options or {}

    def __repr__(self):
        return 'TestCode(%r, %r, %r, options=%r)' % (
            self.code, self.type, self.lineno, self.options)

class SphinxDocTestRunner(doctest.DocTestRunner):
    def summarize(self, out, verbose=None):
        io = StringIO.StringIO()
        old_stdout = sys.stdout
        sys.stdout = io
            res = doctest.DocTestRunner.summarize(self, verbose)
            sys.stdout = old_stdout
        return res

    def _DocTestRunner__patched_linecache_getlines(self, filename,
        # this is overridden from DocTestRunner adding the try-except below
        m = self._DocTestRunner__LINECACHE_FILENAME_RE.match(filename)
        if m and'name') ==
                example = self.test.examples[int('examplenum'))]
            # because we compile multiple doctest blocks with the same name
            # (viz. the group name) this might, for outer stack frames in a
            # traceback, get the wrong test which might not have enough examples
            except IndexError:
                return example.source.splitlines(True)
        return self.save_linecache_getlines(filename, module_globals)

# the new builder -- use -b doctest to run

class DocTestBuilder(Builder):
    Runs test snippets in the documentation.
    name = 'doctest'

    def init(self):
        # default options
        self.opt = doctest.DONT_ACCEPT_TRUE_FOR_1 | doctest.ELLIPSIS | \

        # HACK HACK HACK
        # doctest compiles its snippets with type 'single'. That is nice
        # for doctest examples but unusable for multi-statement code such
        # as setup code -- to be able to use doctest error reporting with
        # that code nevertheless, we monkey-patch the "compile" it uses.
        doctest.compile = self.compile

        sys.path[0:0] = self.config.doctest_path

        self.type = 'single'

        self.total_failures = 0
        self.total_tries = 0
        self.setup_failures = 0
        self.setup_tries = 0

        date = time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S')

        self.outfile =, 'output.txt'),
                                   'w', encoding='utf-8')
Results of doctest builder run on %s
''' % (date, '='*len(date)))

    def _out(self, text):, nonl=True)

    def _warn_out(self, text):, nonl=True)

    def get_target_uri(self, docname, typ=None):
        return ''

    def get_outdated_docs(self):
        return self.env.found_docs

    def finish(self):
        # write executive summary
        def s(v):
            return v != 1 and 's' or ''
Doctest summary
%5d test%s
%5d failure%s in tests
%5d failure%s in setup code
''' % (self.total_tries, s(self.total_tries),
       self.total_failures, s(self.total_failures),
       self.setup_failures, s(self.setup_failures)))

        if self.total_failures or self.setup_failures:
   = 1

    def write(self, build_docnames, updated_docnames, method='update'):
        if build_docnames is None:
            build_docnames = sorted(self.env.all_docs)'running tests...'))
        for docname in build_docnames:
            # no need to resolve the doctree
            doctree = self.env.get_doctree(docname)
            self.test_doc(docname, doctree)

    def test_doc(self, docname, doctree):
        groups = {}
        add_to_all_groups = []
        self.setup_runner = SphinxDocTestRunner(verbose=False,
        self.test_runner = SphinxDocTestRunner(verbose=False,
        if self.config.doctest_test_doctest_blocks:
            def condition(node):
                return (isinstance(node, (nodes.literal_block, nodes.comment))
                        and node.has_key('testnodetype')) or \
                       isinstance(node, nodes.doctest_block)
            def condition(node):
                return isinstance(node, (nodes.literal_block, nodes.comment)) \
                        and node.has_key('testnodetype')
        for node in doctree.traverse(condition):
            source = node.has_key('test') and node['test'] or node.astext()
            if not source:
                self.warn('no code/output in %s block at %s:%s' %
                          (node.get('testnodetype', 'doctest'),
                           self.env.doc2path(docname), node.line))
            code = TestCode(source, type=node.get('testnodetype', 'doctest'),
                            lineno=node.line, options=node.get('options'))
            node_groups = node.get('groups', ['default'])
            if '*' in node_groups:
            for groupname in node_groups:
                if groupname not in groups:
                    groups[groupname] = TestGroup(groupname)
        for code in add_to_all_groups:
            for group in groups.itervalues():
        if self.config.doctest_global_setup:
            code = TestCode(self.config.doctest_global_setup,
                            'testsetup', lineno=0)
            for group in groups.itervalues():
                group.add_code(code, prepend=True)
        if not groups:

        self._out('\nDocument: %s\n----------%s\n' %
                  (docname, '-'*len(docname)))
        for group in groups.itervalues():
            self.test_group(group, self.env.doc2path(docname, base=None))
        # Separately count results from setup code
        res_f, res_t = self.setup_runner.summarize(self._out, verbose=False)
        self.setup_failures += res_f
        self.setup_tries += res_t
        if self.test_runner.tries:
            res_f, res_t = self.test_runner.summarize(self._out, verbose=True)
            self.total_failures += res_f
            self.total_tries += res_t

    def compile(self, code, name, type, flags, dont_inherit):
        return compile(code, name, self.type, flags, dont_inherit)

    def test_group(self, group, filename):
        ns = {}
        setup_examples = []
        for setup in group.setup:
            setup_examples.append(doctest.Example(setup.code, '',
        if setup_examples:
            # simulate a doctest with the setup code
            setup_doctest = doctest.DocTest(setup_examples, {},
                                            '%s (setup code)' %,
                                            filename, 0, None)
            setup_doctest.globs = ns
            old_f = self.setup_runner.failures
            self.type = 'exec' # the snippet may contain multiple statements
  , out=self._warn_out,
            if self.setup_runner.failures > old_f:
                # don't run the group
        for code in group.tests:
            if len(code) == 1:
                # ordinary doctests (code/output interleaved)
                test = parser.get_doctest(code[0].code, {},,
                                          filename, code[0].lineno)
                if not test.examples:
                for example in test.examples:
                    # apply directive's comparison options
                    new_opt = code[0].options.copy()
                    example.options = new_opt
                self.type = 'single' # as for ordinary doctests
                # testcode and output separate
                output = code[1] and code[1].code or ''
                options = code[1] and code[1].options or {}
                # disable <BLANKLINE> processing as it is not needed
                options[doctest.DONT_ACCEPT_BLANKLINE] = True
                # find out if we're testing an exception
                m = parser._EXCEPTION_RE.match(output)
                if m:
                    exc_msg ='msg')
                    exc_msg = None
                example = doctest.Example(code[0].code, output,
                test = doctest.DocTest([example], {},,
                                       filename, code[0].lineno, None)
                self.type = 'exec' # multiple statements again
            # DocTest.__init__ copies the globs namespace, which we don't want
            test.globs = ns
            # also don't clear the globs namespace after running the doctest
  , out=self._warn_out, clear_globs=False)

def setup(app):
    app.add_directive('testsetup', TestsetupDirective)
    app.add_directive('doctest', DoctestDirective)
    app.add_directive('testcode', TestcodeDirective)
    app.add_directive('testoutput', TestoutputDirective)
    # this config value adds to sys.path
    app.add_config_value('doctest_path', [], False)
    app.add_config_value('doctest_test_doctest_blocks', 'default', False)
    app.add_config_value('doctest_global_setup', '', False)