Source

aeson / Data / Aeson / Types / Generic.hs

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{-# LANGUAGE DefaultSignatures
           , EmptyDataDecls
           , FlexibleInstances
           , FunctionalDependencies
           , KindSignatures
           , OverlappingInstances
           , ScopedTypeVariables
           , TypeOperators
           , UndecidableInstances
           , ViewPatterns
  #-}

{-# OPTIONS_GHC -fno-warn-orphans #-}

-- |
-- Module:      Data.Aeson.Types.Generic
-- Copyright:   (c) 2011 MailRank, Inc.
-- License:     Apache
-- Maintainer:  Bryan O'Sullivan <bos@serpentine.com>
-- Stability:   experimental
-- Portability: portable
--
-- Types for working with JSON data.

module Data.Aeson.Types.Generic ( ) where

import Control.Applicative
import Control.Monad.State.Strict
import Data.Bits (shiftR)
import Data.Aeson.Types.Class
import Data.Aeson.Types.Internal
import Data.Text (pack, unpack)
import Data.DList (DList, toList)
import Data.Monoid (mappend)
import GHC.Generics
import Control.Monad.ST (ST)
import qualified Data.HashMap.Strict as H
import qualified Data.Text as T
import qualified Data.Vector as V
import qualified Data.Vector.Mutable as VM

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Generic toJSON

instance (GToJSON a) => GToJSON (M1 i c a) where
    gToJSON = gToJSON . unM1
    {-# INLINE gToJSON #-}

instance (ToJSON a) => GToJSON (K1 i a) where
    gToJSON = toJSON . unK1
    {-# INLINE gToJSON #-}

instance GToJSON U1 where
    gToJSON _ = emptyArray
    {-# INLINE gToJSON #-}

instance (ConsToJSON a) => GToJSON (C1 c a) where
    gToJSON = consToJSON . unM1
    {-# INLINE gToJSON #-}

instance ( GProductToValues a, GProductToValues b
         , ProductSize      a, ProductSize      b) => GToJSON (a :*: b) where
    gToJSON p = Array $ V.create $ do
                  mv <- VM.unsafeNew lenProduct
                  gProductToValues mv 0 lenProduct p
                  return mv
        where
          lenProduct = unTagged2 (productSize :: Tagged2 (a :*: b) Int)
    {-# INLINE gToJSON #-}

instance (GObject a, GObject b) => GToJSON (a :+: b) where
    gToJSON (L1 x) = Object $ gObject x
    gToJSON (R1 x) = Object $ gObject x
    {-# INLINE gToJSON #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class ConsToJSON    f where consToJSON  ::           f a -> Value
class ConsToJSON' b f where consToJSON' :: Tagged b (f a -> Value)

newtype Tagged s b = Tagged {unTagged :: b}

instance (IsRecord f b, ConsToJSON' b f) => ConsToJSON f where
    consToJSON = unTagged (consToJSON' :: Tagged b (f a -> Value))
    {-# INLINE consToJSON #-}

instance (GRecordToPairs f) => ConsToJSON' True f where
    consToJSON' = Tagged (object . toList . gRecordToPairs)
    {-# INLINE consToJSON' #-}

instance GToJSON f => ConsToJSON' False f where
    consToJSON' = Tagged gToJSON
    {-# INLINE consToJSON' #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class GRecordToPairs f where
    gRecordToPairs :: f a -> DList Pair

instance (GRecordToPairs a, GRecordToPairs b) => GRecordToPairs (a :*: b) where
    gRecordToPairs (a :*: b) = gRecordToPairs a `mappend` gRecordToPairs b
    {-# INLINE gRecordToPairs #-}

instance (Selector s, GToJSON a) => GRecordToPairs (S1 s a) where
    gRecordToPairs m1 = pure (pack (selName m1), gToJSON (unM1 m1))
    {-# INLINE gRecordToPairs #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class GProductToValues f where
    gProductToValues :: VM.MVector s Value -> Int -> Int -> f a -> ST s ()

instance (GProductToValues a, GProductToValues b) => GProductToValues (a :*: b) where
    gProductToValues mv ix len (a :*: b) = do gProductToValues mv ix  lenL a
                                              gProductToValues mv ixR lenR b
        where
          lenL = len `shiftR` 1
          ixR  = ix + lenL
          lenR = len - lenL
    {-# INLINE gProductToValues #-}

instance (GToJSON a) => GProductToValues a where
    gProductToValues mv ix _ = VM.unsafeWrite mv ix . gToJSON
    {-# INLINE gProductToValues #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class GObject f where
    gObject :: f a -> Object

instance (GObject a, GObject b) => GObject (a :+: b) where
    gObject (L1 x) = gObject x
    gObject (R1 x) = gObject x
    {-# INLINE gObject #-}

instance (Constructor c, GToJSON a, ConsToJSON a) => GObject (C1 c a) where
    gObject = H.singleton (pack $ conName (undefined :: t c a p)) . gToJSON
    {-# INLINE gObject #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Generic parseJSON

instance (GFromJSON a) => GFromJSON (M1 i c a) where
    gParseJSON = fmap M1 . gParseJSON
    {-# INLINE gParseJSON #-}

instance (FromJSON a) => GFromJSON (K1 i a) where
    gParseJSON = fmap K1 . parseJSON
    {-# INLINE gParseJSON #-}

instance GFromJSON U1 where
    gParseJSON v
        | isEmptyArray v = pure U1
        | otherwise      = typeMismatch "unit constructor (U1)" v
    {-# INLINE gParseJSON #-}

instance (ConsFromJSON a) => GFromJSON (C1 c a) where
    gParseJSON = fmap M1 . consParseJSON
    {-# INLINE gParseJSON #-}

instance ( GFromProduct a, GFromProduct b
         , ProductSize a, ProductSize b) => GFromJSON (a :*: b) where
    gParseJSON (Array arr)
        | lenArray == lenProduct = gParseProduct arr 0 lenProduct
        | otherwise =
            fail $ "When expecting a product of " ++ show lenProduct ++
                   " values, encountered an Array of " ++ show lenArray ++
                   " elements instead"
        where
          lenArray = V.length arr
          lenProduct = unTagged2 (productSize :: Tagged2 (a :*: b) Int)

    gParseJSON v = typeMismatch "product (:*:)" v
    {-# INLINE gParseJSON #-}

instance (GFromSum a, GFromSum b) => GFromJSON (a :+: b) where
    gParseJSON (Object (H.toList -> [keyVal@(key, _)])) =
        case gParseSum keyVal of
          Nothing -> notFound $ unpack key
          Just p  -> p
    gParseJSON v = typeMismatch "sum (:+:)" v
    {-# INLINE gParseJSON #-}

notFound :: String -> Parser a
notFound key = fail $ "The key \"" ++ key ++ "\" was not found"
{-# INLINE notFound #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class ConsFromJSON    f where consParseJSON  ::           Value -> Parser (f a)
class ConsFromJSON' b f where consParseJSON' :: Tagged b (Value -> Parser (f a))

instance (IsRecord f b, ConsFromJSON' b f) => ConsFromJSON f where
    consParseJSON = unTagged (consParseJSON' :: Tagged b (Value -> Parser (f a)))
    {-# INLINE consParseJSON #-}

instance (GFromRecord f) => ConsFromJSON' True f where
    consParseJSON' = Tagged parseRecord
        where
          parseRecord (Object obj) = gParseRecord obj
          parseRecord v = typeMismatch "record (:*:)" v
    {-# INLINE consParseJSON' #-}

instance (GFromJSON f) => ConsFromJSON' False f where
    consParseJSON' = Tagged gParseJSON
    {-# INLINE consParseJSON' #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class GFromRecord f where
    gParseRecord :: Object -> Parser (f a)

instance (GFromRecord a, GFromRecord b) => GFromRecord (a :*: b) where
    gParseRecord obj = (:*:) <$> gParseRecord obj <*> gParseRecord obj
    {-# INLINE gParseRecord #-}

instance (Selector s, GFromJSON a) => GFromRecord (S1 s a) where
    gParseRecord = maybe (notFound key) gParseJSON . H.lookup (T.pack key)
        where
          key = selName (undefined :: t s a p)
    {-# INLINE gParseRecord #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class ProductSize f where
    productSize :: Tagged2 f Int

newtype Tagged2 (s :: * -> *) b = Tagged2 {unTagged2 :: b}

instance (ProductSize a, ProductSize b) => ProductSize (a :*: b) where
    productSize = Tagged2 $ unTagged2 (productSize :: Tagged2 a Int) +
                            unTagged2 (productSize :: Tagged2 b Int)

instance ProductSize (S1 s a) where
    productSize = Tagged2 1

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class GFromProduct f where
    gParseProduct :: Array -> Int -> Int -> Parser (f a)

instance (GFromProduct a, GFromProduct b) => GFromProduct (a :*: b) where
    gParseProduct arr ix len = (:*:) <$> gParseProduct arr ix  lenL
                                     <*> gParseProduct arr ixR lenR
        where
          lenL = len `shiftR` 1
          ixR  = ix + lenL
          lenR = len - lenL
    {-# INLINE gParseProduct #-}

instance (GFromJSON a) => GFromProduct (S1 s a) where
    gParseProduct arr ix _ = gParseJSON $ V.unsafeIndex arr ix
    {-# INLINE gParseProduct #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class GFromSum f where
    gParseSum :: Pair -> Maybe (Parser (f a))

instance (GFromSum a, GFromSum b) => GFromSum (a :+: b) where
    gParseSum keyVal = (fmap L1 <$> gParseSum keyVal) <|>
                       (fmap R1 <$> gParseSum keyVal)
    {-# INLINE gParseSum #-}

instance (Constructor c, GFromJSON a, ConsFromJSON a) => GFromSum (C1 c a) where
    gParseSum (key, value)
        | key == pack (conName (undefined :: t c a p)) = Just $ gParseJSON value
        | otherwise = Nothing
    {-# INLINE gParseSum #-}

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

class IsRecord (f :: * -> *) b | f -> b

data True
data False

instance (IsRecord f b) => IsRecord (f :*: g) b
instance IsRecord (M1 S NoSelector f) False
instance (IsRecord f b) => IsRecord (M1 S c f) b
instance IsRecord (K1 i c) True
instance IsRecord U1 False

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------