udev / src / libudev-monitor.c

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/** @file libudev-monitor.c */
/*
 * libudev - interface to udev device information
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008-2010 Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <linux/netlink.h>
#include <linux/filter.h>

#include "libudev.h"
#include "libudev-private.h"

/**
 * @defgroup udev-monitor udev-monitor
 * @ingroup libudev
 * @brief device event source
 *
 * Connects to a device event source.
 */

/* @{ -- udev-monitor group */

/**
 * @brief Opaque object handling an event source.
 */
struct udev_monitor {
        struct udev *udev;
        int refcount;
        int sock;
        struct sockaddr_nl snl;
        struct sockaddr_nl snl_trusted_sender;
        struct sockaddr_nl snl_destination;
        struct sockaddr_un sun;
        socklen_t addrlen;
        struct udev_list filter_subsystem_list;
        struct udev_list filter_tag_list;
        bool bound;
};

enum udev_monitor_netlink_group {
        UDEV_MONITOR_NONE,
        UDEV_MONITOR_KERNEL,
        UDEV_MONITOR_UDEV,
};

#define UDEV_MONITOR_MAGIC                0xfeedcafe
struct udev_monitor_netlink_header {
        /* "libudev" prefix to distinguish libudev and kernel messages */
        char prefix[8];
        /*
         * magic to protect against daemon <-> library message format mismatch
         * used in the kernel from socket filter rules; needs to be stored in network order
         */
        unsigned int magic;
        /* total length of header structure known to the sender */
        unsigned int header_size;
        /* properties string buffer */
        unsigned int properties_off;
        unsigned int properties_len;
        /*
         * hashes of primary device properties strings, to let libudev subscribers
         * use in-kernel socket filters; values need to be stored in network order
         */
        unsigned int filter_subsystem_hash;
        unsigned int filter_devtype_hash;
        unsigned int filter_tag_bloom_hi;
        unsigned int filter_tag_bloom_lo;
};

static struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor_new(struct udev *udev)
{
        struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor;

        udev_monitor = calloc(1, sizeof(struct udev_monitor));
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return NULL;
        udev_monitor->refcount = 1;
        udev_monitor->udev = udev;
        udev_list_init(udev, &udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list, false);
        udev_list_init(udev, &udev_monitor->filter_tag_list, true);
        return udev_monitor;
}

/**
 * @param udev udev library context
 * @param socket_path unix socket path
 *
 * Create a new udev monitor and connect to a specified socket. The
 * path to a socket either points to an existing socket file, or if
 * the socket path starts with a '@' character, an abstract namespace
 * socket will be used.
 *
 * A socket file will not be created. If it does not already exist,
 * it will fall-back and connect to an abstract namespace socket with
 * the given path. The permissions adjustment of a socket file, as
 * well as the later cleanup, needs to be done by the caller.
 *
 * The initial refcount is 1, and needs to be decremented to
 * release the resources of the udev monitor.
 *
 * @return a new udev monitor, or #NULL, in case of an error
 */
UDEV_EXPORT struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor_new_from_socket(struct udev *udev, const char *socket_path)
{
        struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor;
        struct stat statbuf;

        if (udev == NULL)
                return NULL;
        if (socket_path == NULL)
                return NULL;
        udev_monitor = udev_monitor_new(udev);
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return NULL;

        udev_monitor->sun.sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
        if (socket_path[0] == '@') {
                /* translate leading '@' to abstract namespace */
                util_strscpy(udev_monitor->sun.sun_path, sizeof(udev_monitor->sun.sun_path), socket_path);
                udev_monitor->sun.sun_path[0] = '\0';
                udev_monitor->addrlen = offsetof(struct sockaddr_un, sun_path) + strlen(socket_path);
        } else if (stat(socket_path, &statbuf) == 0 && S_ISSOCK(statbuf.st_mode)) {
                /* existing socket file */
                util_strscpy(udev_monitor->sun.sun_path, sizeof(udev_monitor->sun.sun_path), socket_path);
                udev_monitor->addrlen = offsetof(struct sockaddr_un, sun_path) + strlen(socket_path);
        } else {
                /* no socket file, assume abstract namespace socket */
                util_strscpy(&udev_monitor->sun.sun_path[1], sizeof(udev_monitor->sun.sun_path)-1, socket_path);
                udev_monitor->addrlen = offsetof(struct sockaddr_un, sun_path) + strlen(socket_path)+1;
        }
        udev_monitor->sock = socket(AF_LOCAL, SOCK_DGRAM|SOCK_NONBLOCK|SOCK_CLOEXEC, 0);
        if (udev_monitor->sock == -1) {
                err(udev, "error getting socket: %m\n");
                free(udev_monitor);
                return NULL;
        }

        dbg(udev, "monitor %p created with '%s'\n", udev_monitor, socket_path);
        return udev_monitor;
}

struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor_new_from_netlink_fd(struct udev *udev, const char *name, int fd)
{
        struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor;
        unsigned int group;

        if (udev == NULL)
                return NULL;

        if (name == NULL)
                group = UDEV_MONITOR_NONE;
        else if (strcmp(name, "udev") == 0)
                group = UDEV_MONITOR_UDEV;
        else if (strcmp(name, "kernel") == 0)
                group = UDEV_MONITOR_KERNEL;
        else
                return NULL;

        udev_monitor = udev_monitor_new(udev);
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return NULL;

        if (fd < 0) {
                udev_monitor->sock = socket(PF_NETLINK, SOCK_RAW|SOCK_CLOEXEC|SOCK_NONBLOCK, NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT);
                if (udev_monitor->sock == -1) {
                        err(udev, "error getting socket: %m\n");
                        free(udev_monitor);
                        return NULL;
                }
        } else {
                udev_monitor->bound = true;
                udev_monitor->sock = fd;
        }

        udev_monitor->snl.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
        udev_monitor->snl.nl_groups = group;

        /* default destination for sending */
        udev_monitor->snl_destination.nl_family = AF_NETLINK;
        udev_monitor->snl_destination.nl_groups = UDEV_MONITOR_UDEV;

        dbg(udev, "monitor %p created with NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT (%u)\n", udev_monitor, group);
        return udev_monitor;
}

/**
 * @param udev udev library context
 * @param name name of event source
 *
 * Create new udev monitor and connect to a specified event
 * source. Valid sources identifiers are "udev" and "kernel".
 *
 * Applications should usually not connect directly to the
 * "kernel" events, because the devices might not be useable
 * at that time, before udev has configured them, and created
 * device nodes. Accessing devices at the same time as udev,
 * might result in unpredictable behavior. The "udev" events
 * are sent out after udev has finished its event processing,
 * all rules have been processed, and needed device nodes are
 * created.
 *
 * The initial refcount is 1, and needs to be decremented to
 * release the resources of the udev monitor.
 *
 * @return a new udev monitor, or #NULL, in case of an error
 */
UDEV_EXPORT struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor_new_from_netlink(struct udev *udev, const char *name)
{
        return udev_monitor_new_from_netlink_fd(udev, name, -1);
}

static inline void bpf_stmt(struct sock_filter *inss, unsigned int *i,
                            unsigned short code, unsigned int data)
{
        struct sock_filter *ins = &inss[*i];

        ins->code = code;
        ins->k = data;
        (*i)++;
}

static inline void bpf_jmp(struct sock_filter *inss, unsigned int *i,
                           unsigned short code, unsigned int data,
                           unsigned short jt, unsigned short jf)
{
        struct sock_filter *ins = &inss[*i];

        ins->code = code;
        ins->jt = jt;
        ins->jf = jf;
        ins->k = data;
        (*i)++;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor monitor
 *
 * Update the installed socket filter. This is only needed,
 * if the filter was removed or changed.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, otherwise a negative error value.
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_monitor_filter_update(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        struct sock_filter ins[512];
        struct sock_fprog filter;
        unsigned int i;
        struct udev_list_entry *list_entry;
        int err;

        if (udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list) == NULL &&
            udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list) == NULL)
                return 0;

        memset(ins, 0x00, sizeof(ins));
        i = 0;

        /* load magic in A */
        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_LD|BPF_W|BPF_ABS, offsetof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header, magic));
        /* jump if magic matches */
        bpf_jmp(ins, &i, BPF_JMP|BPF_JEQ|BPF_K, UDEV_MONITOR_MAGIC, 1, 0);
        /* wrong magic, pass packet */
        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_RET|BPF_K, 0xffffffff);

        if (udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list) != NULL) {
                int tag_matches;

                /* count tag matches, to calculate end of tag match block */
                tag_matches = 0;
                udev_list_entry_foreach(list_entry, udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list))
                        tag_matches++;

                /* add all tags matches */
                udev_list_entry_foreach(list_entry, udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list)) {
                        uint64_t tag_bloom_bits = util_string_bloom64(udev_list_entry_get_name(list_entry));
                        uint32_t tag_bloom_hi = tag_bloom_bits >> 32;
                        uint32_t tag_bloom_lo = tag_bloom_bits & 0xffffffff;

                        /* load device bloom bits in A */
                        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_LD|BPF_W|BPF_ABS, offsetof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header, filter_tag_bloom_hi));
                        /* clear bits (tag bits & bloom bits) */
                        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_ALU|BPF_AND|BPF_K, tag_bloom_hi);
                        /* jump to next tag if it does not match */
                        bpf_jmp(ins, &i, BPF_JMP|BPF_JEQ|BPF_K, tag_bloom_hi, 0, 3);

                        /* load device bloom bits in A */
                        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_LD|BPF_W|BPF_ABS, offsetof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header, filter_tag_bloom_lo));
                        /* clear bits (tag bits & bloom bits) */
                        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_ALU|BPF_AND|BPF_K, tag_bloom_lo);
                        /* jump behind end of tag match block if tag matches */
                        tag_matches--;
                        bpf_jmp(ins, &i, BPF_JMP|BPF_JEQ|BPF_K, tag_bloom_lo, 1 + (tag_matches * 6), 0);
                }

                /* nothing matched, drop packet */
                bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_RET|BPF_K, 0);
        }

        /* add all subsystem matches */
        if (udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list) != NULL) {
                udev_list_entry_foreach(list_entry, udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list)) {
                        unsigned int hash = util_string_hash32(udev_list_entry_get_name(list_entry));

                        /* load device subsystem value in A */
                        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_LD|BPF_W|BPF_ABS, offsetof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header, filter_subsystem_hash));
                        if (udev_list_entry_get_value(list_entry) == NULL) {
                                /* jump if subsystem does not match */
                                bpf_jmp(ins, &i, BPF_JMP|BPF_JEQ|BPF_K, hash, 0, 1);
                        } else {
                                /* jump if subsystem does not match */
                                bpf_jmp(ins, &i, BPF_JMP|BPF_JEQ|BPF_K, hash, 0, 3);

                                /* load device devtype value in A */
                                bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_LD|BPF_W|BPF_ABS, offsetof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header, filter_devtype_hash));
                                /* jump if value does not match */
                                hash = util_string_hash32(udev_list_entry_get_value(list_entry));
                                bpf_jmp(ins, &i, BPF_JMP|BPF_JEQ|BPF_K, hash, 0, 1);
                        }

                        /* matched, pass packet */
                        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_RET|BPF_K, 0xffffffff);

                        if (i+1 >= ARRAY_SIZE(ins))
                                return -1;
                }

                /* nothing matched, drop packet */
                bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_RET|BPF_K, 0);
        }

        /* matched, pass packet */
        bpf_stmt(ins, &i, BPF_RET|BPF_K, 0xffffffff);

        /* install filter */
        memset(&filter, 0x00, sizeof(filter));
        filter.len = i;
        filter.filter = ins;
        err = setsockopt(udev_monitor->sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ATTACH_FILTER, &filter, sizeof(filter));
        return err;
}

int udev_monitor_allow_unicast_sender(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor, struct udev_monitor *sender)
{
        udev_monitor->snl_trusted_sender.nl_pid = sender->snl.nl_pid;
        return 0;
}
/**
 * @param udev_monitor the monitor which should receive events
 *
 * Binds the @udev_monitor socket to the event source.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, otherwise a negative error value.
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_monitor_enable_receiving(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        int err = 0;
        const int on = 1;

        if (udev_monitor->sun.sun_family != 0) {
                if (!udev_monitor->bound) {
                        err = bind(udev_monitor->sock,
                                   (struct sockaddr *)&udev_monitor->sun, udev_monitor->addrlen);
                        if (err == 0)
                                udev_monitor->bound = true;
                }
        } else if (udev_monitor->snl.nl_family != 0) {
                udev_monitor_filter_update(udev_monitor);
                if (!udev_monitor->bound) {
                        err = bind(udev_monitor->sock,
                                   (struct sockaddr *)&udev_monitor->snl, sizeof(struct sockaddr_nl));
                        if (err == 0)
                                udev_monitor->bound = true;
                }
                if (err == 0) {
                        struct sockaddr_nl snl;
                        socklen_t addrlen;

                        /*
                         * get the address the kernel has assigned us
                         * it is usually, but not necessarily the pid
                         */
                        addrlen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_nl);
                        err = getsockname(udev_monitor->sock, (struct sockaddr *)&snl, &addrlen);
                        if (err == 0)
                                udev_monitor->snl.nl_pid = snl.nl_pid;
                }
        } else {
                return -EINVAL;
        }

        if (err < 0) {
                err(udev_monitor->udev, "bind failed: %m\n");
                return err;
        }

        /* enable receiving of sender credentials */
        setsockopt(udev_monitor->sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_PASSCRED, &on, sizeof(on));
        return 0;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor the monitor which should receive events
 * @param size the size in bytes
 *
 * Set the size of the kernel socket buffer. This call needs the
 * appropriate privileges to succeed.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, otherwise -1 on error.
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_monitor_set_receive_buffer_size(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor, int size)
{
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return -1;
        return setsockopt(udev_monitor->sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVBUFFORCE, &size, sizeof(size));
}

int udev_monitor_disconnect(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        int err;

        err = close(udev_monitor->sock);
        udev_monitor->sock = -1;
        return err;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor udev monitor
 *
 * Take a reference of a udev monitor.
 *
 * @return the passed udev monitor
 */
UDEV_EXPORT struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor_ref(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return NULL;
        udev_monitor->refcount++;
        return udev_monitor;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor udev monitor
 *
 * Drop a reference of a udev monitor. If the refcount reaches zero,
 * the bound socket will be closed, and the resources of the monitor
 * will be released.
 *
 */
UDEV_EXPORT struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor_unref(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return NULL;
        udev_monitor->refcount--;
        if (udev_monitor->refcount > 0)
                return udev_monitor;
        if (udev_monitor->sock >= 0)
                close(udev_monitor->sock);
        udev_list_cleanup(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list);
        udev_list_cleanup(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list);
        dbg(udev_monitor->udev, "monitor %p released\n", udev_monitor);
        free(udev_monitor);
        return NULL;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor udev monitor
 *
 * Retrieve the udev library context the monitor was created with.
 *
 * @return the udev library context
 */
UDEV_EXPORT struct udev *udev_monitor_get_udev(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return NULL;
        return udev_monitor->udev;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor udev monitor
 *
 * Retrieve the socket file descriptor associated with the monitor.
 *
 * @return the socket file descriptor
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_monitor_get_fd(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return -1;
        return udev_monitor->sock;
}

static int passes_filter(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor, struct udev_device *udev_device)
{
        struct udev_list_entry *list_entry;

        if (udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list) == NULL)
                goto tag;
        udev_list_entry_foreach(list_entry, udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list)) {
                const char *subsys = udev_list_entry_get_name(list_entry);
                const char *dsubsys = udev_device_get_subsystem(udev_device);
                const char *devtype;
                const char *ddevtype;

                if (strcmp(dsubsys, subsys) != 0)
                        continue;

                devtype = udev_list_entry_get_value(list_entry);
                if (devtype == NULL)
                        goto tag;
                ddevtype = udev_device_get_devtype(udev_device);
                if (ddevtype == NULL)
                        continue;
                if (strcmp(ddevtype, devtype) == 0)
                        goto tag;
        }
        return 0;

tag:
        if (udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list) == NULL)
                return 1;
        udev_list_entry_foreach(list_entry, udev_list_get_entry(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list)) {
                const char *tag = udev_list_entry_get_name(list_entry);

                if (udev_device_has_tag(udev_device, tag))
                        return 1;
        }
        return 0;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor udev monitor
 *
 * Receive data from the udev monitor socket, allocate a new udev
 * device, fill in the received data, and return the device.
 *
 * Only socket connections with uid=0 are accepted.
 *
 * The monitor socket is by default set to NONBLOCK. A variant of poll() on
 * the file descriptor returned by udev_monitor_get_fd() should to be used to
 * wake up when new devices arrive, or alternatively the file descriptor
 * switched into blocking mode.
 *
 * The initial refcount is 1, and needs to be decremented to
 * release the resources of the udev device.
 *
 * @return a new udev device, or #NULL, in case of an error
 */
UDEV_EXPORT struct udev_device *udev_monitor_receive_device(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        struct udev_device *udev_device;
        struct msghdr smsg;
        struct iovec iov;
        char cred_msg[CMSG_SPACE(sizeof(struct ucred))];
        struct cmsghdr *cmsg;
        struct sockaddr_nl snl;
        struct ucred *cred;
        char buf[8192];
        ssize_t buflen;
        ssize_t bufpos;
        struct udev_monitor_netlink_header *nlh;

retry:
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return NULL;
        iov.iov_base = &buf;
        iov.iov_len = sizeof(buf);
        memset (&smsg, 0x00, sizeof(struct msghdr));
        smsg.msg_iov = &iov;
        smsg.msg_iovlen = 1;
        smsg.msg_control = cred_msg;
        smsg.msg_controllen = sizeof(cred_msg);

        if (udev_monitor->snl.nl_family != 0) {
                smsg.msg_name = &snl;
                smsg.msg_namelen = sizeof(snl);
        }

        buflen = recvmsg(udev_monitor->sock, &smsg, 0);
        if (buflen < 0) {
                if (errno != EINTR)
                        info(udev_monitor->udev, "unable to receive message\n");
                return NULL;
        }

        if (buflen < 32 || (size_t)buflen >= sizeof(buf)) {
                info(udev_monitor->udev, "invalid message length\n");
                return NULL;
        }

        if (udev_monitor->snl.nl_family != 0) {
                if (snl.nl_groups == 0) {
                        /* unicast message, check if we trust the sender */
                        if (udev_monitor->snl_trusted_sender.nl_pid == 0 ||
                            snl.nl_pid != udev_monitor->snl_trusted_sender.nl_pid) {
                                info(udev_monitor->udev, "unicast netlink message ignored\n");
                                return NULL;
                        }
                } else if (snl.nl_groups == UDEV_MONITOR_KERNEL) {
                        if (snl.nl_pid > 0) {
                                info(udev_monitor->udev, "multicast kernel netlink message from pid %d ignored\n",
                                     snl.nl_pid);
                                return NULL;
                        }
                }
        }

        cmsg = CMSG_FIRSTHDR(&smsg);
        if (cmsg == NULL || cmsg->cmsg_type != SCM_CREDENTIALS) {
                info(udev_monitor->udev, "no sender credentials received, message ignored\n");
                return NULL;
        }

        cred = (struct ucred *)CMSG_DATA(cmsg);
        if (cred->uid != 0) {
                info(udev_monitor->udev, "sender uid=%d, message ignored\n", cred->uid);
                return NULL;
        }

        if (memcmp(buf, "libudev", 8) == 0) {
                /* udev message needs proper version magic */
                nlh = (struct udev_monitor_netlink_header *) buf;
                if (nlh->magic != htonl(UDEV_MONITOR_MAGIC)) {
                        err(udev_monitor->udev, "unrecognized message signature (%x != %x)\n",
                            nlh->magic, htonl(UDEV_MONITOR_MAGIC));
                        return NULL;
                }
                if (nlh->properties_off+32 > buflen)
                        return NULL;
                bufpos = nlh->properties_off;
        } else {
                /* kernel message with header */
                bufpos = strlen(buf) + 1;
                if ((size_t)bufpos < sizeof("a@/d") || bufpos >= buflen) {
                        info(udev_monitor->udev, "invalid message length\n");
                        return NULL;
                }

                /* check message header */
                if (strstr(buf, "@/") == NULL) {
                        info(udev_monitor->udev, "unrecognized message header\n");
                        return NULL;
                }
        }

        udev_device = udev_device_new(udev_monitor->udev);
        if (udev_device == NULL)
                return NULL;
        udev_device_set_info_loaded(udev_device);

        while (bufpos < buflen) {
                char *key;
                size_t keylen;

                key = &buf[bufpos];
                keylen = strlen(key);
                if (keylen == 0)
                        break;
                bufpos += keylen + 1;
                udev_device_add_property_from_string_parse(udev_device, key);
        }

        if (udev_device_add_property_from_string_parse_finish(udev_device) < 0) {
                info(udev_monitor->udev, "missing values, invalid device\n");
                udev_device_unref(udev_device);
                return NULL;
        }

        /* skip device, if it does not pass the current filter */
        if (!passes_filter(udev_monitor, udev_device)) {
                struct pollfd pfd[1];
                int rc;

                udev_device_unref(udev_device);

                /* if something is queued, get next device */
                pfd[0].fd = udev_monitor->sock;
                pfd[0].events = POLLIN;
                rc = poll(pfd, 1, 0);
                if (rc > 0)
                        goto retry;
                return NULL;
        }

        return udev_device;
}

int udev_monitor_send_device(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor,
                             struct udev_monitor *destination, struct udev_device *udev_device)
{
        const char *buf;
        ssize_t blen;
        ssize_t count;

        blen = udev_device_get_properties_monitor_buf(udev_device, &buf);
        if (blen < 32)
                return -EINVAL;

        if (udev_monitor->sun.sun_family != 0) {
                struct msghdr smsg;
                struct iovec iov[2];
                const char *action;
                char header[2048];
                char *s;

                /* header <action>@<devpath> */
                action = udev_device_get_action(udev_device);
                if (action == NULL)
                        return -EINVAL;
                s = header;
                if (util_strpcpyl(&s, sizeof(header), action, "@", udev_device_get_devpath(udev_device), NULL) == 0)
                        return -EINVAL;
                iov[0].iov_base = header;
                iov[0].iov_len = (s - header)+1;

                /* add properties list */
                iov[1].iov_base = (char *)buf;
                iov[1].iov_len = blen;

                memset(&smsg, 0x00, sizeof(struct msghdr));
                smsg.msg_iov = iov;
                smsg.msg_iovlen = 2;
                smsg.msg_name = &udev_monitor->sun;
                smsg.msg_namelen = udev_monitor->addrlen;
                count = sendmsg(udev_monitor->sock, &smsg, 0);
                info(udev_monitor->udev, "passed %zi bytes to socket monitor %p\n", count, udev_monitor);
                return count;
        }

        if (udev_monitor->snl.nl_family != 0) {
                struct msghdr smsg;
                struct iovec iov[2];
                const char *val;
                struct udev_monitor_netlink_header nlh;
                struct udev_list_entry *list_entry;
                uint64_t tag_bloom_bits;

                /* add versioned header */
                memset(&nlh, 0x00, sizeof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header));
                memcpy(nlh.prefix, "libudev", 8);
                nlh.magic = htonl(UDEV_MONITOR_MAGIC);
                nlh.header_size = sizeof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header);
                val = udev_device_get_subsystem(udev_device);
                nlh.filter_subsystem_hash = htonl(util_string_hash32(val));
                val = udev_device_get_devtype(udev_device);
                if (val != NULL)
                        nlh.filter_devtype_hash = htonl(util_string_hash32(val));
                iov[0].iov_base = &nlh;
                iov[0].iov_len = sizeof(struct udev_monitor_netlink_header);

                /* add tag bloom filter */
                tag_bloom_bits = 0;
                udev_list_entry_foreach(list_entry, udev_device_get_tags_list_entry(udev_device))
                        tag_bloom_bits |= util_string_bloom64(udev_list_entry_get_name(list_entry));
                if (tag_bloom_bits > 0) {
                        nlh.filter_tag_bloom_hi = htonl(tag_bloom_bits >> 32);
                        nlh.filter_tag_bloom_lo = htonl(tag_bloom_bits & 0xffffffff);
                }

                /* add properties list */
                nlh.properties_off = iov[0].iov_len;
                nlh.properties_len = blen;
                iov[1].iov_base = (char *)buf;
                iov[1].iov_len = blen;

                memset(&smsg, 0x00, sizeof(struct msghdr));
                smsg.msg_iov = iov;
                smsg.msg_iovlen = 2;
                /*
                 * Use custom address for target, or the default one.
                 *
                 * If we send to a multicast group, we will get
                 * ECONNREFUSED, which is expected.
                 */
                if (destination != NULL)
                        smsg.msg_name = &destination->snl;
                else
                        smsg.msg_name = &udev_monitor->snl_destination;
                smsg.msg_namelen = sizeof(struct sockaddr_nl);
                count = sendmsg(udev_monitor->sock, &smsg, 0);
                info(udev_monitor->udev, "passed %zi bytes to netlink monitor %p\n", count, udev_monitor);
                return count;
        }

        return -EINVAL;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor the monitor
 * @param subsystem the subsystem value to match the incoming devices against
 * @param devtype the devtype value to match the incoming devices against
 *
 * This filter is efficiently executed inside the kernel, and libudev subscribers
 * will usually not be woken up for devices which do not match.
 *
 * The filter must be installed before the monitor is switched to listening mode.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, otherwise a negative error value.
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_monitor_filter_add_match_subsystem_devtype(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor, const char *subsystem, const char *devtype)
{
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return -EINVAL;
        if (subsystem == NULL)
                return -EINVAL;
        if (udev_list_entry_add(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list, subsystem, devtype) == NULL)
                return -ENOMEM;
        return 0;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor the monitor
 * @param tag the name of a tag
 *
 * This filter is efficiently executed inside the kernel, and libudev subscribers
 * will usually not be woken up for devices which do not match.
 *
 * The filter must be installed before the monitor is switched to listening mode.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, otherwise a negative error value.
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_monitor_filter_add_match_tag(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor, const char *tag)
{
        if (udev_monitor == NULL)
                return -EINVAL;
        if (tag == NULL)
                return -EINVAL;
        if (udev_list_entry_add(&udev_monitor->filter_tag_list, tag, NULL) == NULL)
                return -ENOMEM;
        return 0;
}

/**
 * @param udev_monitor monitor
 *
 * Remove all filters from monitor.
 *
 * @return 0 on success, otherwise a negative error value.
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_monitor_filter_remove(struct udev_monitor *udev_monitor)
{
        static struct sock_fprog filter = { 0, NULL };

        udev_list_cleanup(&udev_monitor->filter_subsystem_list);
        return setsockopt(udev_monitor->sock, SOL_SOCKET, SO_ATTACH_FILTER, &filter, sizeof(filter));
}

/* @} -- udev-monitor group */
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