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udev / src / libudev-util.c

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/** @file libudev-util.c */
/*
 * libudev - interface to udev device information
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2008-2011 Kay Sievers <kay.sievers@vrfy.org>
 *
 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

#include "libudev.h"
#include "libudev-private.h"

/**
 * @defgroup udev-util udev-util
 * @ingroup libudev
 * @brief utils
 */

/* @{ -- udev-util group */

ssize_t util_get_sys_core_link_value(struct udev *udev, const char *slink, const char *syspath, char *value, size_t size)
{
        char path[UTIL_PATH_SIZE];
        char target[UTIL_PATH_SIZE];
        ssize_t len;
        const char *pos;

        util_strscpyl(path, sizeof(path), syspath, "/", slink, NULL);
        len = readlink(path, target, sizeof(target));
        if (len <= 0 || len == (ssize_t)sizeof(target))
                return -1;
        target[len] = '\0';
        pos = strrchr(target, '/');
        if (pos == NULL)
                return -1;
        pos = &pos[1];
        dbg(udev, "resolved link to: '%s'\n", pos);
        return util_strscpy(value, size, pos);
}

int util_resolve_sys_link(struct udev *udev, char *syspath, size_t size)
{
        char link_target[UTIL_PATH_SIZE];

        ssize_t len;
        int i;
        int back;
        char *base = NULL;

        len = readlink(syspath, link_target, sizeof(link_target));
        if (len <= 0 || len == (ssize_t)sizeof(link_target))
                return -1;
        link_target[len] = '\0';
        dbg(udev, "path link '%s' points to '%s'\n", syspath, link_target);

        for (back = 0; strncmp(&link_target[back * 3], "../", 3) == 0; back++)
                ;
        dbg(udev, "base '%s', tail '%s', back %i\n", syspath, &link_target[back * 3], back);
        for (i = 0; i <= back; i++) {
                base = strrchr(syspath, '/');
                if (base == NULL)
                        return -EINVAL;
                base[0] = '\0';
        }
        if (base == NULL)
                return -EINVAL;
        dbg(udev, "after moving back '%s'\n", syspath);
        util_strscpyl(base, size - (base - syspath), "/", &link_target[back * 3], NULL);
        return 0;
}

int util_log_priority(const char *priority)
{
        char *endptr;
        int prio;

        prio = strtol(priority, &endptr, 10);
        if (endptr[0] == '\0' || isspace(endptr[0]))
                return prio;
        if (strncmp(priority, "err", 3) == 0)
                return LOG_ERR;
        if (strncmp(priority, "info", 4) == 0)
                return LOG_INFO;
        if (strncmp(priority, "debug", 5) == 0)
                return LOG_DEBUG;
        return 0;
}

size_t util_path_encode(const char *src, char *dest, size_t size)
{
        size_t i, j;

        for (i = 0, j = 0; src[i] != '\0'; i++) {
                if (src[i] == '/') {
                        if (j+4 >= size) {
                                j = 0;
                                break;
                        }
                        memcpy(&dest[j], "\\x2f", 4);
                        j += 4;
                } else if (src[i] == '\\') {
                        if (j+4 >= size) {
                                j = 0;
                                break;
                        }
                        memcpy(&dest[j], "\\x5c", 4);
                        j += 4;
                } else {
                        if (j+1 >= size) {
                                j = 0;
                                break;
                        }
                        dest[j] = src[i];
                        j++;
                }
        }
        dest[j] = '\0';
        return j;
}

size_t util_path_decode(char *s)
{
        size_t i, j;

        for (i = 0, j = 0; s[i] != '\0'; j++) {
                if (memcmp(&s[i], "\\x2f", 4) == 0) {
                        s[j] = '/';
                        i += 4;
                } else if (memcmp(&s[i], "\\x5c", 4) == 0) {
                        s[j] = '\\';
                        i += 4;
                } else {
                        s[j] = s[i];
                        i++;
                }
        }
        s[j] = '\0';
        return j;
}

void util_remove_trailing_chars(char *path, char c)
{
        size_t len;

        if (path == NULL)
                return;
        len = strlen(path);
        while (len > 0 && path[len-1] == c)
                path[--len] = '\0';
}

/*
 * Concatenates strings. In any case, terminates in _all_ cases with '\0'
 * and moves the @dest pointer forward to the added '\0'. Returns the
 * remaining size, and 0 if the string was truncated.
 */
size_t util_strpcpy(char **dest, size_t size, const char *src)
{
        size_t len;

        len = strlen(src);
        if (len >= size) {
                if (size > 1)
                        *dest = mempcpy(*dest, src, size-1);
                size = 0;
                *dest[0] = '\0';
        } else {
                if (len > 0) {
                        *dest = mempcpy(*dest, src, len);
                        size -= len;
                }
                *dest[0] = '\0';
        }
        return size;
}

/* concatenates list of strings, moves dest forward */
size_t util_strpcpyl(char **dest, size_t size, const char *src, ...)
{
        va_list va;

        va_start(va, src);
        do {
                size = util_strpcpy(dest, size, src);
                src = va_arg(va, char *);
        } while (src != NULL);
        va_end(va);

        return size;
}

/* copies string */
size_t util_strscpy(char *dest, size_t size, const char *src)
{
        char *s;

        s = dest;
        return util_strpcpy(&s, size, src);
}

/* concatenates list of strings */
size_t util_strscpyl(char *dest, size_t size, const char *src, ...)
{
        va_list va;
        char *s;

        va_start(va, src);
        s = dest;
        do {
                size = util_strpcpy(&s, size, src);
                src = va_arg(va, char *);
        } while (src != NULL);
        va_end(va);

        return size;
}

/* count of characters used to encode one unicode char */
static int utf8_encoded_expected_len(const char *str)
{
        unsigned char c = (unsigned char)str[0];

        if (c < 0x80)
                return 1;
        if ((c & 0xe0) == 0xc0)
                return 2;
        if ((c & 0xf0) == 0xe0)
                return 3;
        if ((c & 0xf8) == 0xf0)
                return 4;
        if ((c & 0xfc) == 0xf8)
                return 5;
        if ((c & 0xfe) == 0xfc)
                return 6;
        return 0;
}

/* decode one unicode char */
static int utf8_encoded_to_unichar(const char *str)
{
        int unichar;
        int len;
        int i;

        len = utf8_encoded_expected_len(str);
        switch (len) {
        case 1:
                return (int)str[0];
        case 2:
                unichar = str[0] & 0x1f;
                break;
        case 3:
                unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x0f;
                break;
        case 4:
                unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x07;
                break;
        case 5:
                unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x03;
                break;
        case 6:
                unichar = (int)str[0] & 0x01;
                break;
        default:
                return -1;
        }

        for (i = 1; i < len; i++) {
                if (((int)str[i] & 0xc0) != 0x80)
                        return -1;
                unichar <<= 6;
                unichar |= (int)str[i] & 0x3f;
        }

        return unichar;
}

/* expected size used to encode one unicode char */
static int utf8_unichar_to_encoded_len(int unichar)
{
        if (unichar < 0x80)
                return 1;
        if (unichar < 0x800)
                return 2;
        if (unichar < 0x10000)
                return 3;
        if (unichar < 0x200000)
                return 4;
        if (unichar < 0x4000000)
                return 5;
        return 6;
}

/* check if unicode char has a valid numeric range */
static int utf8_unichar_valid_range(int unichar)
{
        if (unichar > 0x10ffff)
                return 0;
        if ((unichar & 0xfffff800) == 0xd800)
                return 0;
        if ((unichar > 0xfdcf) && (unichar < 0xfdf0))
                return 0;
        if ((unichar & 0xffff) == 0xffff)
                return 0;
        return 1;
}

/* validate one encoded unicode char and return its length */
static int utf8_encoded_valid_unichar(const char *str)
{
        int len;
        int unichar;
        int i;

        len = utf8_encoded_expected_len(str);
        if (len == 0)
                return -1;

        /* ascii is valid */
        if (len == 1)
                return 1;

        /* check if expected encoded chars are available */
        for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
                if ((str[i] & 0x80) != 0x80)
                        return -1;

        unichar = utf8_encoded_to_unichar(str);

        /* check if encoded length matches encoded value */
        if (utf8_unichar_to_encoded_len(unichar) != len)
                return -1;

        /* check if value has valid range */
        if (!utf8_unichar_valid_range(unichar))
                return -1;

        return len;
}

int util_replace_whitespace(const char *str, char *to, size_t len)
{
        size_t i, j;

        /* strip trailing whitespace */
        len = strnlen(str, len);
        while (len && isspace(str[len-1]))
                len--;

        /* strip leading whitespace */
        i = 0;
        while (isspace(str[i]) && (i < len))
                i++;

        j = 0;
        while (i < len) {
                /* substitute multiple whitespace with a single '_' */
                if (isspace(str[i])) {
                        while (isspace(str[i]))
                                i++;
                        to[j++] = '_';
                }
                to[j++] = str[i++];
        }
        to[j] = '\0';
        return 0;
}

static int is_whitelisted(char c, const char *white)
{
        if ((c >= '0' && c <= '9') ||
            (c >= 'A' && c <= 'Z') ||
            (c >= 'a' && c <= 'z') ||
            strchr("#+-.:=@_", c) != NULL ||
            (white != NULL && strchr(white, c) != NULL))
                return 1;
        return 0;
}

/* allow chars in whitelist, plain ascii, hex-escaping and valid utf8 */
int util_replace_chars(char *str, const char *white)
{
        size_t i = 0;
        int replaced = 0;

        while (str[i] != '\0') {
                int len;

                if (is_whitelisted(str[i], white)) {
                        i++;
                        continue;
                }

                /* accept hex encoding */
                if (str[i] == '\\' && str[i+1] == 'x') {
                        i += 2;
                        continue;
                }

                /* accept valid utf8 */
                len = utf8_encoded_valid_unichar(&str[i]);
                if (len > 1) {
                        i += len;
                        continue;
                }

                /* if space is allowed, replace whitespace with ordinary space */
                if (isspace(str[i]) && white != NULL && strchr(white, ' ') != NULL) {
                        str[i] = ' ';
                        i++;
                        replaced++;
                        continue;
                }

                /* everything else is replaced with '_' */
                str[i] = '_';
                i++;
                replaced++;
        }
        return replaced;
}

/**
 * @param str input string to be encoded
 * @param str_enc output string to store the encoded input string
 * @param len maximum size of the output string, which may be
 *       four times as long as the input string
 *
 * Encode all potentially unsafe characters of a string to the
 * corresponding 2 char hex value prefixed by '\x'.
 *
 * @return 0 if the entire string was copied, non-zero otherwise.
 */
UDEV_EXPORT int udev_util_encode_string(const char *str, char *str_enc, size_t len)
{
        size_t i, j;

        if (str == NULL || str_enc == NULL)
                return -1;

        for (i = 0, j = 0; str[i] != '\0'; i++) {
                int seqlen;

                seqlen = utf8_encoded_valid_unichar(&str[i]);
                if (seqlen > 1) {
                        if (len-j < (size_t)seqlen)
                                goto err;
                        memcpy(&str_enc[j], &str[i], seqlen);
                        j += seqlen;
                        i += (seqlen-1);
                } else if (str[i] == '\\' || !is_whitelisted(str[i], NULL)) {
                        if (len-j < 4)
                                goto err;
                        sprintf(&str_enc[j], "\\x%02x", (unsigned char) str[i]);
                        j += 4;
                } else {
                        if (len-j < 1)
                                goto err;
                        str_enc[j] = str[i];
                        j++;
                }
        }
        if (len-j < 1)
                goto err;
        str_enc[j] = '\0';
        return 0;
err:
        return -1;
}

/*
 *
 * All code is released to the public domain. For business purposes,
 * Murmurhash is under the MIT license.
 *
 */
static unsigned int murmur_hash2(const char *key, int len, unsigned int seed)
{
        /*
         *  'm' and 'r' are mixing constants generated offline.
         *  They're not really 'magic', they just happen to work well.
         */
        const unsigned int m = 0x5bd1e995;
        const int r = 24;

        /* initialize the hash to a 'random' value */
        unsigned int h = seed ^ len;

        /* mix 4 bytes at a time into the hash */
        const unsigned char * data = (const unsigned char *)key;

        while(len >= 4) {
                unsigned int k = *(unsigned int *)data;

                k *= m;
                k ^= k >> r;
                k *= m;
                h *= m;
                h ^= k;

                data += 4;
                len -= 4;
        }

        /* handle the last few bytes of the input array */
        switch(len) {
        case 3:
                h ^= data[2] << 16;
        case 2:
                h ^= data[1] << 8;
        case 1:
                h ^= data[0];
                h *= m;
        };

        /* do a few final mixes of the hash to ensure the last few bytes are well-incorporated */
        h ^= h >> 13;
        h *= m;
        h ^= h >> 15;

        return h;
}

unsigned int util_string_hash32(const char *str)
{
        return murmur_hash2(str, strlen(str), 0);
}

/* get a bunch of bit numbers out of the hash, and set the bits in our bit field */
uint64_t util_string_bloom64(const char *str)
{
        uint64_t bits = 0;
        unsigned int hash = util_string_hash32(str);

        bits |= 1LLU << (hash & 63);
        bits |= 1LLU << ((hash >> 6) & 63);
        bits |= 1LLU << ((hash >> 12) & 63);
        bits |= 1LLU << ((hash >> 18) & 63);
        return bits;
}

#define USEC_PER_SEC  1000000ULL
#define NSEC_PER_USEC 1000ULL
unsigned long long ts_usec(const struct timespec *ts)
{
        return (unsigned long long) ts->tv_sec * USEC_PER_SEC +
               (unsigned long long) ts->tv_nsec / NSEC_PER_USEC;
}

unsigned long long now_usec(void)
{
        struct timespec ts;

        if (clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts) != 0)
                return 0;
        return ts_usec(&ts);
}

ssize_t print_kmsg(const char *fmt, ...)
{
        int fd;
        va_list ap;
        char text[1024];
        ssize_t len;
        ssize_t ret;

        fd = open("/dev/kmsg", O_WRONLY|O_NOCTTY|O_CLOEXEC);
        if (fd < 0)
                return -errno;

        len = snprintf(text, sizeof(text), "<30>udevd[%u]: ", getpid());

        va_start(ap, fmt);
        len += vsnprintf(text + len, sizeof(text) - len, fmt, ap);
        va_end(ap);

        ret = write(fd, text, len);
        if (ret < 0)
                ret = -errno;
        close(fd);
        return ret;
}

/* @} -- udev-util group */