mutated_ocaml / asmcomp / i386 / proc.ml

(***********************************************************************)
(*                                                                     *)
(*                                OCaml                                *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*            Xavier Leroy, projet Cristal, INRIA Rocquencourt         *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*  Copyright 1996 Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et   *)
(*  en Automatique.  All rights reserved.  This file is distributed    *)
(*  under the terms of the Q Public License version 1.0.               *)
(*                                                                     *)
(***********************************************************************)

(* $Id: proc.ml 11319 2011-12-16 17:02:48Z xleroy $ *)

(* Description of the Intel 386 processor *)

open Misc
open Arch
open Cmm
open Reg
open Mach

(* Which asm conventions to use *)
let masm =
  match Config.ccomp_type with
  | "msvc" -> true
  | _      -> false

(* Registers available for register allocation *)

(* Register map:
    eax         0               eax - edi: function arguments and results
    ebx         1               eax: C function results
    ecx         2               ebx, esi, edi, ebp: preserved by C
    edx         3
    esi         4
    edi         5
    ebp         6

    tos         100             top of floating-point stack. *)

let int_reg_name =
  if masm then
    [| "eax"; "ebx"; "ecx"; "edx"; "esi"; "edi"; "ebp" |]
  else
    [| "%eax"; "%ebx"; "%ecx"; "%edx"; "%esi"; "%edi"; "%ebp" |]

let float_reg_name =
  if masm then
    [| "tos" |]
  else
    [| "%tos" |]

let num_register_classes = 2

let register_class r =
  match r.typ with
    Int -> 0
  | Addr -> 0
  | Float -> 1

let num_available_registers = [| 7; 0 |]

let first_available_register = [| 0; 100 |]

let register_name r =
  if r < 100 then int_reg_name.(r) else float_reg_name.(r - 100)

(* There is little scheduling, and some operations are more compact
   when their argument is %eax. *)

let rotate_registers = false

(* Representation of hard registers by pseudo-registers *)

let hard_int_reg =
  let v = Array.create 7 Reg.dummy in
  for i = 0 to 6 do v.(i) <- Reg.at_location Int (Reg i) done;
  v

let hard_float_reg = [| Reg.at_location Float (Reg 100) |]

let all_phys_regs =
  Array.append hard_int_reg hard_float_reg

let phys_reg n =
  if n < 100 then hard_int_reg.(n) else hard_float_reg.(n - 100)

let eax = phys_reg 0
let ecx = phys_reg 2
let edx = phys_reg 3
let tos = phys_reg 100

let stack_slot slot ty =
  Reg.at_location ty (Stack slot)

(* Instruction selection *)

let word_addressed = false

(* Calling conventions *)

(* To supplement the processor's meagre supply of registers, we also
   use some global memory locations to pass arguments beyond the 6th.
   These globals are denoted by Incoming and Outgoing stack locations
   with negative offsets, starting at -64.
   Unlike arguments passed on stack, arguments passed in globals
   do not prevent tail-call elimination.  The caller stores arguments
   in these globals immediately before the call, and the first thing the
   callee does is copy them to registers or stack locations.
   Neither GC nor thread context switches can occur between these two
   times. *)

let calling_conventions first_int last_int first_float last_float make_stack
                        arg =
  let loc = Array.create (Array.length arg) Reg.dummy in
  let int = ref first_int in
  let float = ref first_float in
  let ofs = ref (-64) in
  for i = 0 to Array.length arg - 1 do
    match arg.(i).typ with
      Int | Addr as ty ->
        if !int <= last_int then begin
          loc.(i) <- phys_reg !int;
          incr int
        end else begin
          loc.(i) <- stack_slot (make_stack !ofs) ty;
          ofs := !ofs + size_int
        end
    | Float ->
        if !float <= last_float then begin
          loc.(i) <- phys_reg !float;
          incr float
        end else begin
          loc.(i) <- stack_slot (make_stack !ofs) Float;
          ofs := !ofs + size_float
        end
  done;
  (loc, Misc.align (max 0 !ofs) stack_alignment)

let incoming ofs = Incoming ofs
let outgoing ofs = Outgoing ofs
let not_supported ofs = fatal_error "Proc.loc_results: cannot call"

let loc_arguments arg =
  calling_conventions 0 5 100 99 outgoing arg
let loc_parameters arg =
  let (loc, ofs) = calling_conventions 0 5 100 99 incoming arg in loc
let loc_results res =
  let (loc, ofs) = calling_conventions 0 5 100 100 not_supported res in loc
let extcall_use_push = true
let loc_external_arguments arg =
  fatal_error "Proc.loc_external_arguments"
let loc_external_results res =
  let (loc, ofs) = calling_conventions 0 0 100 100 not_supported res in loc

let loc_exn_bucket = eax

(* Registers destroyed by operations *)

let destroyed_at_c_call =               (* ebx, esi, edi, ebp preserved *)
  [|eax; ecx; edx|]

let destroyed_at_oper = function
    Iop(Icall_ind | Icall_imm _ | Iextcall(_, true)) -> all_phys_regs
  | Iop(Iextcall(_, false)) -> destroyed_at_c_call
  | Iop(Iintop(Idiv | Imod)) -> [| eax; edx |]
  | Iop(Iintop_imm(Imod, _)) -> [| eax |]
  | Iop(Ialloc _) -> [| eax |]
  | Iop(Iintop(Icomp _) | Iintop_imm(Icomp _, _)) -> [| eax |]
  | Iop(Iintoffloat) -> [| eax |]
  | Iifthenelse(Ifloattest(_, _), _, _) -> [| eax |]
  | _ -> [||]

let destroyed_at_raise = all_phys_regs

(* Maximal register pressure *)

let safe_register_pressure op = 4

let max_register_pressure = function
    Iextcall(_, _) -> [| 4; max_int |]
  | Iintop(Idiv | Imod) -> [| 5; max_int |]
  | Ialloc _ | Iintop(Icomp _) | Iintop_imm(Icomp _, _) |
    Iintoffloat -> [| 6; max_int |]
  | _ -> [|7; max_int |]

(* Layout of the stack frame *)

let num_stack_slots = [| 0; 0 |]
let contains_calls = ref false

(* Calling the assembler *)

let assemble_file infile outfile =
  if masm then
    Ccomp.command (Config.asm ^
                   Filename.quote outfile ^ " " ^ Filename.quote infile ^
                   (if !Clflags.verbose then "" else ">NUL"))
  else
    Ccomp.command (Config.asm ^ " -o " ^
                   Filename.quote outfile ^ " " ^ Filename.quote infile)

open Clflags;;
open Config;;
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