Source

mutated_ocaml / asmcomp / power / emit.mlp

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(***********************************************************************)
(*                                                                     *)
(*                                OCaml                                *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*            Xavier Leroy, projet Cristal, INRIA Rocquencourt         *)
(*                                                                     *)
(*  Copyright 1996 Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et   *)
(*  en Automatique.  All rights reserved.  This file is distributed    *)
(*  under the terms of the Q Public License version 1.0.               *)
(*                                                                     *)
(***********************************************************************)

(* $Id: emit.mlp 12800 2012-07-30 18:59:07Z doligez $ *)

(* Emission of PowerPC assembly code *)

module StringSet = Set.Make(struct type t = string let compare = compare end)

open Location
open Misc
open Cmm
open Arch
open Proc
open Reg
open Mach
open Linearize
open Emitaux

(* Layout of the stack.  The stack is kept 16-aligned. *)

let stack_offset = ref 0

let frame_size () =
  let size =
    !stack_offset +                     (* Trap frame, outgoing parameters *)
    size_int * num_stack_slots.(0) +    (* Local int variables *)
    size_float * num_stack_slots.(1) +  (* Local float variables *)
    (if !contains_calls then size_int else 0) in (* The return address *)
  Misc.align size 16

let slot_offset loc cls =
  match loc with
    Local n ->
      if cls = 0
      then !stack_offset + num_stack_slots.(1) * size_float + n * size_int
      else !stack_offset + n * size_float
  | Incoming n -> frame_size() + n
  | Outgoing n -> n

(* Whether stack backtraces are supported *)

let supports_backtraces =
  match Config.system with
  | "rhapsody" -> true
  | _ -> false

(* Output a symbol *)

let emit_symbol =
  match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" -> (fun s -> Emitaux.emit_symbol '.' s)
  | "rhapsody"    -> (fun s -> emit_char '_'; Emitaux.emit_symbol '$' s)
  | _ -> assert false

(* Output a label *)

let label_prefix =
  match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" -> ".L"
  | "rhapsody" -> "L"
  | _ -> assert false

let emit_label lbl =
  emit_string label_prefix; emit_int lbl

let emit_data_label lbl =
  emit_string label_prefix; emit_string "d"; emit_int lbl

(* Section switching *)

let data_space =
  match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" -> "	.section \".data\"\n"
  | "rhapsody"    -> "	.data\n"
  | _ -> assert false

let code_space =
  match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" -> "	.section \".text\"\n"
  | "rhapsody"    -> "	.text\n"
  | _ -> assert false

let rodata_space =
  match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" -> "	.section \".rodata\"\n"
  | "rhapsody"    -> "	.const\n"
  | _ -> assert false

(* Names of instructions that differ in 32 and 64-bit modes *)

let lg = if ppc64 then "ld" else "lwz"
let stg = if ppc64 then "std" else "stw"
let lwa = if ppc64 then "lwa" else "lwz"
let cmpg = if ppc64 then "cmpd" else "cmpw"
let cmplg = if ppc64 then "cmpld" else "cmplw"
let datag = if ppc64 then ".quad" else ".long"
let aligng = if ppc64 then 3 else 2
let mullg = if ppc64 then "mulld" else "mullw"
let divg = if ppc64 then "divd" else "divw"
let tglle = if ppc64 then "tdlle" else "twlle"
let sragi = if ppc64 then "sradi" else "srawi"
let slgi = if ppc64 then "sldi" else "slwi"
let fctigz = if ppc64 then "fctidz" else "fctiwz"

(* Output a pseudo-register *)

let emit_reg r =
  match r.loc with
    Reg r -> emit_string (register_name r)
  | _ -> fatal_error "Emit.emit_reg"

let use_full_regnames =
  Config.system = "rhapsody"

let emit_gpr r =
  if use_full_regnames then emit_char 'r';
  emit_int r

let emit_fpr r =
  if use_full_regnames then emit_char 'f';
  emit_int r

let emit_ccr r =
  if use_full_regnames then emit_string "cr";
  emit_int r

(* Output a stack reference *)

let emit_stack r =
  match r.loc with
    Stack s ->
      let ofs = slot_offset s (register_class r) in `{emit_int ofs}({emit_gpr 1})`
  | _ -> fatal_error "Emit.emit_stack"

(* Split a 32-bit integer constants in two 16-bit halves *)

let low n = n land 0xFFFF
let high n = n asr 16

let nativelow n = Nativeint.to_int n land 0xFFFF
let nativehigh n = Nativeint.to_int (Nativeint.shift_right n 16)

let is_immediate n =
  n <= 32767 && n >= -32768

let is_native_immediate n =
  n <= 32767n && n >= -32768n

(* Output a "upper 16 bits" or "lower 16 bits" operator. *)

let emit_upper emit_fun arg =
  match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" ->
      emit_fun arg; emit_string "@ha"
  | "rhapsody" ->
      emit_string "ha16("; emit_fun arg; emit_string ")"
  | _ -> assert false

let emit_lower emit_fun arg =
  match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" ->
      emit_fun arg; emit_string "@l"
  | "rhapsody" ->
      emit_string "lo16("; emit_fun arg; emit_string ")"
  | _ -> assert false

(* Output a load or store operation *)

let emit_symbol_offset (s, d) =
  emit_symbol s;
  if d > 0 then `+`;
  if d <> 0 then emit_int d

let valid_offset instr ofs =
  ofs land 3 = 0 || (instr <> "ld" && instr <> "std")

let emit_load_store instr addressing_mode addr n arg =
  match addressing_mode with
    Ibased(s, d) ->
      `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, {emit_upper emit_symbol_offset (s,d)}\n`;
      `	{emit_string instr}	{emit_reg arg}, {emit_lower emit_symbol_offset (s,d)}({emit_gpr 11})\n`
  | Iindexed ofs ->
      if is_immediate ofs && valid_offset instr ofs then
        `	{emit_string instr}	{emit_reg arg}, {emit_int ofs}({emit_reg addr.(n)})\n`
      else begin
        `	lis	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_int(high ofs)}\n`;
        if low ofs <> 0 then
          `	ori	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_gpr 0}, {emit_int(low ofs)}\n`;
        `	{emit_string instr}x	{emit_reg arg}, {emit_reg addr.(n)}, {emit_gpr 0}\n`
      end
  | Iindexed2 ->
      `	{emit_string instr}x	{emit_reg arg}, {emit_reg addr.(n)}, {emit_reg addr.(n+1)}\n`

(* After a comparison, extract the result as 0 or 1 *)

let emit_set_comp cmp res =
  `	mfcr	{emit_gpr 0}\n`;
  let bitnum =
    match cmp with
      Ceq | Cne -> 2
    | Cgt | Cle -> 1
    | Clt | Cge -> 0 in
`	rlwinm	{emit_reg res}, {emit_gpr 0}, {emit_int(bitnum+1)}, 31, 31\n`;
  begin match cmp with
    Cne | Cle | Cge -> `	xori	{emit_reg res}, {emit_reg res}, 1\n`
  | _ -> ()
  end

(* Record live pointers at call points *)

let record_frame live dbg =
  let lbl = new_label() in
  let live_offset = ref [] in
  Reg.Set.iter
    (function
        {typ = Addr; loc = Reg r} ->
          live_offset := (r lsl 1) + 1 :: !live_offset
      | {typ = Addr; loc = Stack s} as reg ->
          live_offset := slot_offset s (register_class reg) :: !live_offset
      | _ -> ())
    live;
  frame_descriptors :=
    { fd_lbl = lbl;
      fd_frame_size = frame_size();
      fd_live_offset = !live_offset;
      fd_debuginfo = dbg } :: !frame_descriptors;
  `{emit_label lbl}:\n`

(* Record floating-point and large integer literals *)

let float_literals = ref ([] : (string * int) list)
let int_literals = ref ([] : (nativeint * int) list)

(* Record external C functions to be called in a position-independent way
   (for MacOSX) *)

let pic_externals = (Config.system = "rhapsody")

let external_functions = ref StringSet.empty

let emit_external s =
  `	.non_lazy_symbol_pointer\n`;
  `L{emit_symbol s}$non_lazy_ptr:\n`;
  `	.indirect_symbol {emit_symbol s}\n`;
  `	{emit_string datag}	0\n`

(* Names for conditional branches after comparisons *)

let branch_for_comparison = function
    Ceq -> "beq" | Cne -> "bne"
  | Cle -> "ble" | Cgt -> "bgt"
  | Cge -> "bge" | Clt -> "blt"

let name_for_int_comparison = function
    Isigned cmp -> (cmpg, branch_for_comparison cmp)
  | Iunsigned cmp -> (cmplg, branch_for_comparison cmp)

(* Names for various instructions *)

let name_for_intop = function
    Iadd -> "add"
  | Imul -> if ppc64 then "mulld" else "mullw"
  | Idiv -> if ppc64 then "divd" else "divw"
  | Iand -> "and"
  | Ior  -> "or"
  | Ixor -> "xor"
  | Ilsl -> if ppc64 then "sld" else "slw"
  | Ilsr -> if ppc64 then "srd" else "srw"
  | Iasr -> if ppc64 then "srad" else "sraw"
  | _ -> Misc.fatal_error "Emit.Intop"

let name_for_intop_imm = function
    Iadd -> "addi"
  | Imul -> "mulli"
  | Iand -> "andi."
  | Ior  -> "ori"
  | Ixor -> "xori"
  | Ilsl -> if ppc64 then "sldi" else "slwi"
  | Ilsr -> if ppc64 then "srdi" else "srwi"
  | Iasr -> if ppc64 then "sradi" else "srawi"
  | _ -> Misc.fatal_error "Emit.Intop_imm"

let name_for_floatop1 = function
    Inegf -> "fneg"
  | Iabsf -> "fabs"
  | _ -> Misc.fatal_error "Emit.Iopf1"

let name_for_floatop2 = function
    Iaddf -> "fadd"
  | Isubf -> "fsub"
  | Imulf -> "fmul"
  | Idivf -> "fdiv"
  | _ -> Misc.fatal_error "Emit.Iopf2"

let name_for_specific = function
    Imultaddf -> "fmadd"
  | Imultsubf -> "fmsub"
  | _ -> Misc.fatal_error "Emit.Ispecific"

(* Name of current function *)
let function_name = ref ""
(* Entry point for tail recursive calls *)
let tailrec_entry_point = ref 0
(* Names of functions defined in the current file *)
let defined_functions = ref StringSet.empty
(* Label of glue code for calling the GC *)
let call_gc_label = ref 0

(* Fixup conditional branches that exceed hardware allowed range *)

let load_store_size = function
    Ibased(s, d) -> 2
  | Iindexed ofs -> if is_immediate ofs then 1 else 3
  | Iindexed2 -> 1

let instr_size = function
    Lend -> 0
  | Lop(Imove | Ispill | Ireload) -> 1
  | Lop(Iconst_int n) -> if is_native_immediate n then 1 else 2
  | Lop(Iconst_float s) -> 2
  | Lop(Iconst_symbol s) -> 2
  | Lop(Icall_ind) -> 2
  | Lop(Icall_imm s) -> 1
  | Lop(Itailcall_ind) -> 5
  | Lop(Itailcall_imm s) -> if s = !function_name then 1 else 4
  | Lop(Iextcall(s, true)) -> 3
  | Lop(Iextcall(s, false)) -> if pic_externals then 4 else 1
  | Lop(Istackoffset n) -> 1
  | Lop(Iload(chunk, addr)) ->
      if chunk = Byte_signed
      then load_store_size addr + 1
      else load_store_size addr
  | Lop(Istore(chunk, addr)) -> load_store_size addr
  | Lop(Ialloc n) -> 4
  | Lop(Ispecific(Ialloc_far n)) -> 5
  | Lop(Iintop Imod) -> 3
  | Lop(Iintop(Icomp cmp)) -> 4
  | Lop(Iintop op) -> 1
  | Lop(Iintop_imm(Idiv, n)) -> 2
  | Lop(Iintop_imm(Imod, n)) -> 4
  | Lop(Iintop_imm(Icomp cmp, n)) -> 4
  | Lop(Iintop_imm(op, n)) -> 1
  | Lop(Inegf | Iabsf | Iaddf | Isubf | Imulf | Idivf) -> 1
  | Lop(Ifloatofint) -> 9
  | Lop(Iintoffloat) -> 4
  | Lop(Ispecific sop) -> 1
  | Lreloadretaddr -> 2
  | Lreturn -> 2
  | Llabel lbl -> 0
  | Lbranch lbl -> 1
  | Lcondbranch(tst, lbl) -> 2
  | Lcondbranch3(lbl0, lbl1, lbl2) ->
      1 + (if lbl0 = None then 0 else 1)
        + (if lbl1 = None then 0 else 1)
        + (if lbl2 = None then 0 else 1)
  | Lswitch jumptbl -> 8
  | Lsetuptrap lbl -> 1
  | Lpushtrap -> 4
  | Lpoptrap -> 2
  | Lraise -> 6

let label_map code =
  let map = Hashtbl.create 37 in
  let rec fill_map pc instr =
    match instr.desc with
      Lend -> (pc, map)
    | Llabel lbl -> Hashtbl.add map lbl pc; fill_map pc instr.next
    | op -> fill_map (pc + instr_size op) instr.next
  in fill_map 0 code

let max_branch_offset = 8180
(* 14-bit signed offset in words.  Remember to cut some slack
   for multi-word instructions where the branch can be anywhere in
   the middle.  12 words of slack is plenty. *)

let branch_overflows map pc_branch lbl_dest =
  let pc_dest = Hashtbl.find map lbl_dest in
  let delta = pc_dest - (pc_branch + 1) in
  delta <= -max_branch_offset || delta >= max_branch_offset

let opt_branch_overflows map pc_branch opt_lbl_dest =
  match opt_lbl_dest with
    None -> false
  | Some lbl_dest -> branch_overflows map pc_branch lbl_dest

let fixup_branches codesize map code =
  let expand_optbranch lbl n arg next =
    match lbl with
      None -> next
    | Some l ->
        instr_cons (Lcondbranch(Iinttest_imm(Isigned Ceq, n), l))
                   arg [||] next in
  let rec fixup did_fix pc instr =
    match instr.desc with
      Lend -> did_fix
    | Lcondbranch(test, lbl) when branch_overflows map pc lbl ->
        let lbl2 = new_label() in
        let cont =
          instr_cons (Lbranch lbl) [||] [||]
            (instr_cons (Llabel lbl2) [||] [||] instr.next) in
        instr.desc <- Lcondbranch(invert_test test, lbl2);
        instr.next <- cont;
        fixup true (pc + 2) instr.next
    | Lcondbranch3(lbl0, lbl1, lbl2)
      when opt_branch_overflows map pc lbl0
        || opt_branch_overflows map pc lbl1
        || opt_branch_overflows map pc lbl2 ->
        let cont =
          expand_optbranch lbl0 0 instr.arg
            (expand_optbranch lbl1 1 instr.arg
              (expand_optbranch lbl2 2 instr.arg instr.next)) in
        instr.desc <- cont.desc;
        instr.next <- cont.next;
        fixup true pc instr
    | Lop(Ialloc n) when codesize - pc >= max_branch_offset ->
        instr.desc <- Lop(Ispecific(Ialloc_far n));
        fixup true (pc + 4) instr.next
    | op ->
        fixup did_fix (pc + instr_size op) instr.next
  in fixup false 0 code

(* Iterate branch expansion till all conditional branches are OK *)

let rec branch_normalization code =
  let (codesize, map) = label_map code in
  if codesize >= max_branch_offset && fixup_branches codesize map code
  then branch_normalization code
  else ()


(* Output the assembly code for an instruction *)

let rec emit_instr i dslot =
    match i.desc with
      Lend -> ()
    | Lop(Imove | Ispill | Ireload) ->
        let src = i.arg.(0) and dst = i.res.(0) in
        if src.loc <> dst.loc then begin
           match (src, dst) with
              {loc = Reg rs; typ = (Int | Addr)}, {loc = Reg rd} ->
                `	mr	{emit_reg dst}, {emit_reg src}\n`
            | {loc = Reg rs; typ = Float}, {loc = Reg rd; typ = Float} ->
                `	fmr	{emit_reg dst}, {emit_reg src}\n`
            | {loc = Reg rs; typ = (Int | Addr)}, {loc = Stack sd} ->
                `	{emit_string stg}	{emit_reg src}, {emit_stack dst}\n`
            | {loc = Reg rs; typ = Float}, {loc = Stack sd} ->
                `	stfd	{emit_reg src}, {emit_stack dst}\n`
            | {loc = Stack ss; typ = (Int | Addr)}, {loc = Reg rd} ->
                `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_reg dst}, {emit_stack src}\n`
            | {loc = Stack ss; typ = Float}, {loc = Reg rd} ->
                `	lfd	{emit_reg dst}, {emit_stack src}\n`
            | (_, _) ->
                fatal_error "Emit: Imove"
        end
    | Lop(Iconst_int n) ->
        if is_native_immediate n then
          `	li	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_nativeint n}\n`
        else if n >= -0x8000_0000n && n <= 0x7FFF_FFFFn then begin
          `	lis	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_int(nativehigh n)}\n`;
          if nativelow n <> 0 then
            `	ori	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_int(nativelow n)}\n`
        end else begin
          let lbl = new_label() in
          int_literals := (n, lbl) :: !int_literals;
          `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, {emit_upper emit_label lbl}\n`;
          `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_lower emit_label lbl}({emit_gpr 11})\n`
        end
    | Lop(Iconst_float s) ->
        let lbl = new_label() in
        float_literals := (s, lbl) :: !float_literals;
        `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, {emit_upper emit_label lbl}\n`;
        `	lfd	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_lower emit_label lbl}({emit_gpr 11})\n`
    | Lop(Iconst_symbol s) ->
        `	addis	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, 0, {emit_upper emit_symbol s}\n`;
        `	addi	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_lower emit_symbol s}\n`
    | Lop(Icall_ind) ->
        `	mtctr	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}\n`;
        `	bctrl\n`;
        record_frame i.live i.dbg
    | Lop(Icall_imm s) ->
        `	bl	{emit_symbol s}\n`;
        record_frame i.live i.dbg
    | Lop(Itailcall_ind) ->
        let n = frame_size() in
        `	mtctr	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}\n`;
        if !contains_calls then begin
          `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 11}, {emit_int(n - size_addr)}({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
          `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int n}\n`;
          `	mtlr	{emit_gpr 11}\n`
        end else begin
          if n > 0 then
            `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int n}\n`
        end;
        `	bctr\n`
    | Lop(Itailcall_imm s) ->
        if s = !function_name then
          `	b	{emit_label !tailrec_entry_point}\n`
        else begin
          let n = frame_size() in
          if !contains_calls then begin
            `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 11}, {emit_int(n - size_addr)}({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
            `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int n}\n`;
            `	mtlr	{emit_gpr 11}\n`
          end else begin
            if n > 0 then
              `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int n}\n`
          end;
          `	b	{emit_symbol s}\n`
        end
    | Lop(Iextcall(s, alloc)) ->
        if alloc then begin
          if pic_externals then begin
            external_functions := StringSet.add s !external_functions;
            `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, ha16(L{emit_symbol s}$non_lazy_ptr)\n`;
            `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 11}, lo16(L{emit_symbol s}$non_lazy_ptr)({emit_gpr 11})\n`
          end else begin
            `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, {emit_upper emit_symbol s}\n`;
            `	addi	{emit_gpr 11}, {emit_gpr 11}, {emit_lower emit_symbol s}\n`
          end;
          `	bl	{emit_symbol "caml_c_call"}\n`;
          record_frame i.live i.dbg
        end else begin
          if pic_externals then begin
            external_functions := StringSet.add s !external_functions;
            `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, ha16(L{emit_symbol s}$non_lazy_ptr)\n`;
            `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 11}, lo16(L{emit_symbol s}$non_lazy_ptr)({emit_gpr 11})\n`;
            `	mtctr	{emit_gpr 11}\n`;
            `	bctrl\n`
          end else
          `	bl	{emit_symbol s}\n`
        end
    | Lop(Istackoffset n) ->
        `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int (-n)}\n`;
        stack_offset := !stack_offset + n
    | Lop(Iload(chunk, addr)) ->
        let loadinstr =
          match chunk with
            Byte_unsigned -> "lbz"
          | Byte_signed -> "lbz"
          | Sixteen_unsigned -> "lhz"
          | Sixteen_signed -> "lha"
          | Thirtytwo_unsigned -> "lwz"
          | Thirtytwo_signed -> if ppc64 then "lwa" else "lwz"
	  | Word -> lg
          | Single -> "lfs"
          | Double | Double_u -> "lfd" in
        emit_load_store loadinstr addr i.arg 0 i.res.(0);
        if chunk = Byte_signed then
          `	extsb	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.res.(0)}\n`
    | Lop(Istore(chunk, addr)) ->
        let storeinstr =
          match chunk with
            Byte_unsigned | Byte_signed -> "stb"
          | Sixteen_unsigned | Sixteen_signed -> "sth"
	  | Thirtytwo_unsigned | Thirtytwo_signed -> "stw"
	  | Word -> stg
          | Single -> "stfs"
          | Double | Double_u -> "stfd" in
        emit_load_store storeinstr addr i.arg 1 i.arg.(0)
    | Lop(Ialloc n) ->
        if !call_gc_label = 0 then call_gc_label := new_label();
        `	addi    {emit_gpr 31}, {emit_gpr 31}, {emit_int(-n)}\n`;
        `	{emit_string cmplg}	{emit_gpr 31}, {emit_gpr 30}\n`;
        `	addi	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_gpr 31}, {emit_int size_addr}\n`;
        `	bltl	{emit_label !call_gc_label}\n`;
        record_frame i.live Debuginfo.none
    | Lop(Ispecific(Ialloc_far n)) ->
        if !call_gc_label = 0 then call_gc_label := new_label();
        let lbl = new_label() in
        `	addi    {emit_gpr 31}, {emit_gpr 31}, {emit_int(-n)}\n`;
        `	{emit_string cmplg}	{emit_gpr 31}, {emit_gpr 30}\n`;
        `	bge	{emit_label lbl}\n`;
        `	bl	{emit_label !call_gc_label}\n`;
        record_frame i.live Debuginfo.none;
        `{emit_label lbl}:	addi	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_gpr 31}, {emit_int size_addr}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop Isub) ->               (* subfc has swapped arguments *)
        `	subfc	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop Imod) ->
        `	{emit_string divg}	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`;
        `	{emit_string mullg}	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`;
        `	subfc	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop(Icomp cmp)) ->
        begin match cmp with
          Isigned c ->
            `	{emit_string cmpg}	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`;
            emit_set_comp c i.res.(0)
        | Iunsigned c ->
            `	{emit_string cmplg}	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`;
            emit_set_comp c i.res.(0)
        end
    | Lop(Iintop Icheckbound) ->
        if !Clflags.debug && supports_backtraces then
          record_frame Reg.Set.empty i.dbg;
        `	{emit_string tglle}   {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop op) ->
        let instr = name_for_intop op in
        `	{emit_string instr}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop_imm(Isub, n)) ->
        `	addi	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int(-n)}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop_imm(Idiv, n)) ->       (* n is guaranteed to be a power of 2 *)
        let l = Misc.log2 n in
        `	{emit_string sragi}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int l}\n`;
        `	addze	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.res.(0)}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop_imm(Imod, n)) ->       (* n is guaranteed to be a power of 2 *)
        let l = Misc.log2 n in
        `	{emit_string sragi}	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int l}\n`;
        `	addze	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_gpr 0}\n`;
        `	{emit_string slgi}	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_gpr 0}, {emit_int l}\n`;
        `	subfc	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop_imm(Icomp cmp, n)) ->
        begin match cmp with
          Isigned c ->
            `	{emit_string cmpg}i	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int n}\n`;
            emit_set_comp c i.res.(0)
        | Iunsigned c ->
            `	{emit_string cmplg}i	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int n}\n`;
            emit_set_comp c i.res.(0)
        end
    | Lop(Iintop_imm(Icheckbound, n)) ->
        if !Clflags.debug && supports_backtraces then
          record_frame Reg.Set.empty i.dbg;
        `	{emit_string tglle}i   {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int n}\n`
    | Lop(Iintop_imm(op, n)) ->
        let instr = name_for_intop_imm op in
        `	{emit_string instr}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int n}\n`
    | Lop(Inegf | Iabsf as op) ->
        let instr = name_for_floatop1 op in
        `	{emit_string instr}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}\n`
    | Lop(Iaddf | Isubf | Imulf | Idivf as op) ->
        let instr = name_for_floatop2 op in
        `	{emit_string instr}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`
    | Lop(Ifloatofint) ->
	if ppc64 then begin
	  `	stdu	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, -16({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
          `	lfd	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, 0({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
          `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, 16\n`;
          `	fcfid	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.res.(0)}\n`
	end else begin
          let lbl = new_label() in
          float_literals := ("4.503601774854144e15", lbl) :: !float_literals;
          (* That float above represents 0x4330000080000000 *)
          `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, {emit_upper emit_label lbl}\n`;
          `	lfd	{emit_fpr 0}, {emit_lower emit_label lbl}({emit_gpr 11})\n`;
          `	lis	{emit_gpr 0}, 0x4330\n`;
          `	stwu	{emit_gpr 0}, -16({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
          `	xoris	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, 0x8000\n`;
          `	stw	{emit_gpr 0}, 4({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
          `	lfd	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, 0({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
          `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, 16\n`;
          `	fsub	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_fpr 0}\n`
	end
    | Lop(Iintoffloat) ->
        let ofs = if ppc64 then 0 else 4 in
        `	{emit_string fctigz}	{emit_fpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}\n`;
        `	stfdu	{emit_fpr 0}, -16({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
        `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_int ofs}({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
        `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, 16\n`
    | Lop(Ispecific sop) ->
        let instr = name_for_specific sop in
        `	{emit_string instr}	{emit_reg i.res.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(2)}\n`
    | Lreloadretaddr ->
        let n = frame_size() in
        `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 11}, {emit_int(n - size_addr)}({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
        `	mtlr	{emit_gpr 11}\n`
    | Lreturn ->
        let n = frame_size() in
        if n > 0 then
          `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int n}\n`;
        `	blr\n`
    | Llabel lbl ->
        `{emit_label lbl}:\n`
    | Lbranch lbl ->
        `	b	{emit_label lbl}\n`
    | Lcondbranch(tst, lbl) ->
        begin match tst with
          Itruetest ->
            `	{emit_string cmpg}i	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, 0\n`;
            emit_delay dslot;
            `	bne	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        | Ifalsetest ->
            `	{emit_string cmpg}i	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, 0\n`;
            emit_delay dslot;
            `	beq	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        | Iinttest cmp ->
            let (comp, branch) = name_for_int_comparison cmp in
            `	{emit_string comp}	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`;
            emit_delay dslot;
            `	{emit_string branch}	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        | Iinttest_imm(cmp, n) ->
            let (comp, branch) = name_for_int_comparison cmp in
            `	{emit_string comp}i	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_int n}\n`;
            emit_delay dslot;
            `	{emit_string branch}	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        | Ifloattest(cmp, neg) ->
            `	fcmpu	{emit_ccr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, {emit_reg i.arg.(1)}\n`;
            (* bit 0 = lt, bit 1 = gt, bit 2 = eq *)
            let (bitnum, negtst) =
              match cmp with
                Ceq -> (2, neg)
              | Cne -> (2, not neg)
              | Cle -> `	cror	3, 0, 2\n`; (* lt or eq *)
                       (3, neg)
              | Cgt -> (1, neg)
              | Cge -> `	cror	3, 1, 2\n`; (* gt or eq *)
                       (3, neg)
              | Clt -> (0, neg) in
            emit_delay dslot;
            if negtst
            then `	bf	{emit_int bitnum}, {emit_label lbl}\n`
            else `	bt	{emit_int bitnum}, {emit_label lbl}\n`
        | Ioddtest ->
            `	andi.	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, 1\n`;
            emit_delay dslot;
            `	bne	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        | Ieventest ->
            `	andi.	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, 1\n`;
            emit_delay dslot;
            `	beq	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        end
    | Lcondbranch3(lbl0, lbl1, lbl2) ->
        `	{emit_string cmpg}i	{emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, 1\n`;
        emit_delay dslot;
        begin match lbl0 with
          None -> ()
        | Some lbl -> `	blt	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        end;
        begin match lbl1 with
          None -> ()
        | Some lbl -> `	beq	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        end;
        begin match lbl2 with
          None -> ()
        | Some lbl -> `	bgt	{emit_label lbl}\n`
        end
    | Lswitch jumptbl ->
        let lbl = new_label() in
        `	addis	{emit_gpr 11}, 0, {emit_upper emit_label lbl}\n`;
        `	addi	{emit_gpr 11}, {emit_gpr 11}, {emit_lower emit_label lbl}\n`;
        `	{emit_string slgi}	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_reg i.arg.(0)}, 2\n`;
        `	{emit_string lwa}x	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_gpr 11}, {emit_gpr 0}\n`;
        `	add	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_gpr 11}, {emit_gpr 0}\n`;
        `	mtctr	{emit_gpr 0}\n`;
        `	bctr\n`;
        emit_string rodata_space;
        `{emit_label lbl}:`;
        for i = 0 to Array.length jumptbl - 1 do
          `	.long	{emit_label jumptbl.(i)} - {emit_label lbl}\n`
        done;
        emit_string code_space
    | Lsetuptrap lbl ->
        `	bl	{emit_label lbl}\n`
    | Lpushtrap ->
        stack_offset := !stack_offset + 16;
        `	mflr	{emit_gpr 0}\n`;
        `	{emit_string stg}u	{emit_gpr 0}, -16({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
        `	{emit_string stg}	{emit_gpr 29}, {emit_int size_addr}({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
        `	mr	{emit_gpr 29}, {emit_gpr 1}\n`
    | Lpoptrap ->
        `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 29}, {emit_int size_addr}({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
        `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, 16\n`;
        stack_offset := !stack_offset - 16
    | Lraise ->
        if !Clflags.debug && supports_backtraces then begin
          `	bl	{emit_symbol "caml_raise_exn"}\n`;
          record_frame Reg.Set.empty i.dbg
        end else begin
          `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 0}, 0({emit_gpr 29})\n`;
          `	mr	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 29}\n`;
          `	mtlr	{emit_gpr 0}\n`;
          `	{emit_string lg}	{emit_gpr 29}, {emit_int size_addr}({emit_gpr 1})\n`;
          `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, 16\n`;
          `	blr\n`
        end

and emit_delay = function
    None -> ()
  | Some i -> emit_instr i None

(* Checks if a pseudo-instruction expands to instructions
   that do not branch and do not affect CR0 nor R12. *)

let is_simple_instr i =
  match i.desc with
    Lop op ->
      begin match op with
        Icall_imm _ | Icall_ind | Itailcall_imm _ | Itailcall_ind |
        Iextcall(_, _) -> false
      | Ialloc(_) -> false
      | Iintop(Icomp _) -> false
      | Iintop_imm(Iand, _) -> false
      | Iintop_imm(Icomp _, _) -> false
      | _ -> true
      end
  | Lreloadretaddr -> true
  | _ -> false

let no_interference res arg =
  try
    for i = 0 to Array.length arg - 1 do
      for j = 0 to Array.length res - 1 do
        if arg.(i).loc = res.(j).loc then raise Exit
      done
    done;
    true
  with Exit ->
    false

(* Emit a sequence of instructions, trying to fill delay slots for branches *)

let rec emit_all i =
  match i with
    {desc = Lend} -> ()
  | {next = {desc = (Lcondbranch(_, _) | Lcondbranch3(_, _, _))}}
    when is_simple_instr i & no_interference i.res i.next.arg ->
      emit_instr i.next (Some i);
      emit_all i.next.next
  | _ ->
      emit_instr i None;
      emit_all i.next

(* Emission of a function declaration *)

let fundecl fundecl =
  function_name := fundecl.fun_name;
  defined_functions := StringSet.add fundecl.fun_name !defined_functions;
  tailrec_entry_point := new_label();
  stack_offset := 0;
  call_gc_label := 0;
  float_literals := [];
  int_literals := [];
  if Config.system = "rhapsody"
  && not !Clflags.output_c_object
  && is_generic_function fundecl.fun_name
  then (* PR#4690 *)
    `	.private_extern	{emit_symbol fundecl.fun_name}\n`
  else
  `	.globl	{emit_symbol fundecl.fun_name}\n`;
  begin match Config.system with
  | "elf" | "bsd" ->
      `	.type	{emit_symbol fundecl.fun_name}, @function\n`
  | _ -> ()
  end;
  emit_string code_space;
  `	.align	2\n`;
  `{emit_symbol fundecl.fun_name}:\n`;
  let n = frame_size() in
  if !contains_calls then begin
    `	mflr	{emit_gpr 0}\n`;
    `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int(-n)}\n`;
    `	{emit_string stg}	{emit_gpr 0}, {emit_int(n - size_addr)}({emit_gpr 1})\n`
  end else begin
    if n > 0 then
      `	addi	{emit_gpr 1}, {emit_gpr 1}, {emit_int(-n)}\n`
  end;
  `{emit_label !tailrec_entry_point}:\n`;
  branch_normalization fundecl.fun_body;
  emit_all fundecl.fun_body;
  (* Emit the glue code to call the GC *)
  if !call_gc_label > 0 then begin
    `{emit_label !call_gc_label}:\n`;
    `	b	{emit_symbol "caml_call_gc"}\n`
  end;
  (* Emit the numeric literals *)
  if !float_literals <> [] || !int_literals <> [] then begin
    emit_string rodata_space;
    `	.align	3\n`;
    List.iter
      (fun (f, lbl) ->
        `{emit_label lbl}:`;
        if ppc64
        then emit_float64_directive ".quad" f
        else emit_float64_split_directive ".long" f)
      !float_literals;
    List.iter
      (fun (n, lbl) ->
        `{emit_label lbl}:	{emit_string datag}	{emit_nativeint n}\n`)
      !int_literals
  end

(* Emission of data *)

let declare_global_data s =
  `	.globl	{emit_symbol s}\n`;
  if Config.system = "elf" || Config.system = "bsd" then
    `	.type	{emit_symbol s}, @object\n`

let emit_item = function
    Cglobal_symbol s ->
      declare_global_data s
  | Cdefine_symbol s ->
      `{emit_symbol s}:\n`;
  | Cdefine_label lbl ->
      `{emit_data_label lbl}:\n`
  | Cint8 n ->
      `	.byte	{emit_int n}\n`
  | Cint16 n ->
      `	.short	{emit_int n}\n`
  | Cint32 n ->
      `	.long	{emit_nativeint n}\n`
  | Cint n ->
      `	{emit_string datag}	{emit_nativeint n}\n`
  | Csingle f ->
      emit_float32_directive ".long" f
  | Cdouble f ->
      if ppc64
      then emit_float64_directive ".quad" f
      else emit_float64_split_directive ".long" f
  | Csymbol_address s ->
      `	{emit_string datag}	{emit_symbol s}\n`
  | Clabel_address lbl ->
      `	{emit_string datag}	{emit_data_label lbl}\n`
  | Cstring s ->
      emit_bytes_directive "	.byte	" s
  | Cskip n ->
      if n > 0 then `	.space	{emit_int n}\n`
  | Calign n ->
      `	.align	{emit_int (Misc.log2 n)}\n`

let data l =
  emit_string data_space;
  List.iter emit_item l

(* Beginning / end of an assembly file *)

let begin_assembly() =
  defined_functions := StringSet.empty;
  external_functions := StringSet.empty;
  (* Emit the beginning of the segments *)
  let lbl_begin = Compilenv.make_symbol (Some "data_begin") in
  emit_string data_space;
  declare_global_data lbl_begin;
  `{emit_symbol lbl_begin}:\n`;
  let lbl_begin = Compilenv.make_symbol (Some "code_begin") in
  emit_string code_space;
  declare_global_data lbl_begin;
  `{emit_symbol lbl_begin}:\n`

let end_assembly() =
  if pic_externals then
    (* Emit the pointers to external functions *)
    StringSet.iter emit_external !external_functions;
  (* Emit the end of the segments *)
  emit_string code_space;
  let lbl_end = Compilenv.make_symbol (Some "code_end") in
  declare_global_data lbl_end;
  `{emit_symbol lbl_end}:\n`;
  `	.long	0\n`;
  emit_string data_space;
  let lbl_end = Compilenv.make_symbol (Some "data_end") in
  declare_global_data lbl_end;
  `{emit_symbol lbl_end}:\n`;
  `	{emit_string datag}	0\n`;
  (* Emit the frame descriptors *)
  emit_string rodata_space;
  let lbl = Compilenv.make_symbol (Some "frametable") in
  declare_global_data lbl;
  `{emit_symbol lbl}:\n`;
  emit_frames
    { efa_label = (fun l -> `	{emit_string datag}	{emit_label l}\n`);
      efa_16 = (fun n -> `	.short	{emit_int n}\n`);
      efa_32 = (fun n -> `	.long	{emit_int32 n}\n`);
      efa_word = (fun n -> `	{emit_string datag}	{emit_int n}\n`);
      efa_align = (fun n -> `	.align	{emit_int (Misc.log2 n)}\n`);
      efa_label_rel = (fun lbl ofs ->
                           `	.long	({emit_label lbl} - .) + {emit_int32 ofs}\n`);
      efa_def_label = (fun l -> `{emit_label l}:\n`);
      efa_string = (fun s -> emit_bytes_directive "	.byte	" (s ^ "\000"))
     }
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