Source

opycaml / object.idl.in

// ------------------- Object Protocol http://docs.python.org/c-api/object.html

// int PyObject_Print(PyObject *o, FILE *fp, int flags)
// Print an object o, on file fp. Returns -1 on error. The flags argument is used to enable certain printing options. The only option currently supported is Py_PRINT_RAW; if given, the str() of the object is written instead of the repr().

boolean PyObject_HasAttr(PyObject *o, PyStringObject *attr_name);
// Returns 1 if o has the attribute attr_name, and 0 otherwise. This is equivalent to the Python expression hasattr(o, attr_name). This function always succeeds.

boolean PyObject_HasAttrString(PyObject *o, [string] const char *attr_name);
// Returns 1 if o has the attribute attr_name, and 0 otherwise. This is equivalent to the Python expression hasattr(o, attr_name). This function always succeeds.

[new] PyObject* PyObject_GetAttr(PyObject *o, PyStringObject *attr_name);
// Return value: New reference.
// Retrieve an attribute named attr_name from object o. Returns the attribute value on success, or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression o.attr_name.

[new] PyObject* PyObject_GetAttrString(PyObject *o, [string] const char *attr_name);
// Return value: New reference.
// Retrieve an attribute named attr_name from object o. Returns the attribute value on success, or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression o.attr_name.

PyObject* PyObject_GenericGetAttr(PyObject *o, PyStringObject *name); // Guess it is borrowed, since there is a case when this function returns the result of PyDict_GetItem.
// Generic attribute getter function that is meant to be put into a type object’s tp_getattro slot. It looks for a descriptor in the dictionary of classes in the object’s MRO as well as an attribute in the object’s __dict__ (if present). As outlined in Implementing Descriptors, data descriptors take preference over instance attributes, while non-data descriptors don’t. Otherwise, an AttributeError is raised.

unit_or_fail PyObject_SetAttr(PyObject *o, PyStringObject *attr_name, PyObject *v);
// Set the value of the attribute named attr_name, for object o, to the value v. Returns -1 on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python statement o.attr_name = v.

unit_or_fail PyObject_SetAttrString(PyObject *o, [string] const char *attr_name, PyObject *v);
// Set the value of the attribute named attr_name, for object o, to the value v. Returns -1 on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python statement o.attr_name = v.

unit_or_fail PyObject_GenericSetAttr(PyObject *o, PyStringObject *name, PyObject *value);
// Generic attribute setter function that is meant to be put into a type object’s tp_setattro slot. It looks for a data descriptor in the dictionary of classes in the object’s MRO, and if found it takes preference over setting the attribute in the instance dictionary. Otherwise, the attribute is set in the object’s __dict__ (if present). Otherwise, an AttributeError is raised and -1 is returned.

unit_or_fail PyObject_DelAttr(PyObject *o, PyStringObject *attr_name);
// Delete attribute named attr_name, for object o. Returns -1 on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python statement del o.attr_name.

unit_or_fail PyObject_DelAttrString(PyObject *o, [string] const char *attr_name);
// Delete attribute named attr_name, for object o. Returns -1 on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python statement del o.attr_name.

[new] PyObject* PyObject_RichCompare(PyObject *o1, PyObject *o2, int opid);
// Return value: New reference.
// Compare the values of o1 and o2 using the operation specified by opid, which must be one of Py_LT, Py_LE, Py_EQ, Py_NE, Py_GT, or Py_GE, corresponding to <, <=, ==, !=, >, or >= respectively. This is the equivalent of the Python expression o1 op o2, where op is the operator corresponding to opid. Returns the value of the comparison on success, or NULL on failure.

bool_or_fail PyObject_RichCompareBool(PyObject *o1, PyObject *o2, int opid);
// Compare the values of o1 and o2 using the operation specified by opid, which must be one of Py_LT, Py_LE, Py_EQ, Py_NE, Py_GT, or Py_GE, corresponding to <, <=, ==, !=, >, or >= respectively. Returns -1 on error, 0 if the result is false, 1 otherwise. This is the equivalent of the Python expression o1 op o2, where op is the operator corresponding to opid.

unit_or_fail PyObject_Cmp(PyObject *o1, PyObject *o2, [out] int *result);
// Compare the values of o1 and o2 using a routine provided by o1, if one exists, otherwise with a routine provided by o2. The result of the comparison is returned in result. Returns -1 on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python statement result = cmp(o1, o2).

// Need more hacks
// int PyObject_Compare(PyObject *o1, PyObject *o2);
// Compare the values of o1 and o2 using a routine provided by o1, if one exists, otherwise with a routine provided by o2. Returns the result of the comparison on success. On error, the value returned is undefined; use PyErr_Occurred() to detect an error. This is equivalent to the Python expression cmp(o1, o2).

[new] PyStringObject* PyObject_Repr(PyObject *o);
// Return value: New reference.
// Compute a string representation of object o. Returns the string representation on success, NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression repr(o). Called by the repr() built-in function and by reverse quotes.

[new] PyStringObject* PyObject_Str(PyObject *o);
// Return value: New reference.
// Compute a string representation of object o. Returns the string representation on success, NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression str(o). Called by the str() built-in function and by the print statement.

[new] PyByteArrayObject* /* ??? */ PyObject_Bytes(PyObject *o);
// Compute a bytes representation of object o. In 2.x, this is just a alias for PyObject_Str().

[new] PyUnicodeObject* PyObject_Unicode(PyObject *o);
// Return value: New reference.
// Compute a Unicode string representation of object o. Returns the Unicode string representation on success, NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression unicode(o). Called by the unicode() built-in function.

bool_or_fail PyObject_IsInstance(PyObject *inst, PyClassObject *cls);
// Returns 1 if inst is an instance of the class cls or a subclass of cls, or 0 if not. On error, returns -1 and sets an exception. If cls is a type object rather than a class object, PyObject_IsInstance() returns 1 if inst is of type cls. If cls is a tuple, the check will be done against every entry in cls. The result will be 1 when at least one of the checks returns 1, otherwise it will be 0. If inst is not a class instance and cls is neither a type object, nor a class object, nor a tuple, inst must have a __class__ attribute  the class relationship of the value of that attribute with cls will be used to determine the result of this function.

// Subclass determination is done in a fairly straightforward way, but includes a wrinkle that implementors of extensions to the class system may want to be aware of. If A and B are class objects, B is a subclass of A if it inherits from A either directly or indirectly. If either is not a class object, a more general mechanism is used to determine the class relationship of the two objects. When testing if B is a subclass of A, if A is B, PyObject_IsSubclass() returns true. If A and B are different objects, B‘s __bases__ attribute is searched in a depth-first fashion for A  the presence of the __bases__ attribute is considered sufficient for this determination.

bool_or_fail PyObject_IsSubclass(PyClassObject *derived, PyClassObject *cls);
// Returns 1 if the class derived is identical to or derived from the class cls, otherwise returns 0. In case of an error, returns -1. If cls is a tuple, the check will be done against every entry in cls. The result will be 1 when at least one of the checks returns 1, otherwise it will be 0. If either derived or cls is not an actual class object (or tuple), this function uses the generic algorithm described above.

boolean PyCallable_Check(PyObject *o);
// Determine if the object o is callable. Return 1 if the object is callable and 0 otherwise. This function always succeeds.

// Need to think about NULL
[new] PyObject* [internal] PyObject_Call(PyCallableObject *callable_object, PyTupleObject *args, [option] PyDictObject *kw);
// Return value: New reference.
// Call a callable Python object callable_object, with arguments given by the tuple args, and named arguments given by the dictionary kw. If no named arguments are needed, kw may be NULL. args must not be NULL, use an empty tuple if no arguments are needed. Returns the result of the call on success, or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression apply(callable_object, args, kw) or callable_object(*args, **kw).

[new] PyObject* [internal] PyObject_CallObject(PyCallableObject *callable_object, [option] PyTupleObject *args);
// Return value: New reference.
// Call a callable Python object callable_object, with arguments given by the tuple args. If no arguments are needed, then args may be NULL. Returns the result of the call on success, or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression apply(callable_object, args) or callable_object(*args).

[new] PyObject* [internal] PyEval_CallObject(PyCallableObject *callable_object, [option] PyTupleObject *args);
// Return value: New reference.
// Call a callable Python object callable_object, with arguments given by the tuple args. If no arguments are needed, then args may be NULL. Returns the result of the call on success, or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression apply(callable_object, args) or callable_object(*args).
// Same as PyObject_CallObject but with sanity checks

// PyObject* PyObject_CallFunction(PyObject *callable, char *format, ...)
// Return value: New reference.
// Call a callable Python object callable, with a variable number of C arguments. The C arguments are described using a Py_BuildValue() style format string. The format may be NULL, indicating that no arguments are provided. Returns the result of the call on success, or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression apply(callable, args) or callable(*args). Note that if you only pass PyObject * args, PyObject_CallFunctionObjArgs() is a faster alternative.

// PyObject* PyObject_CallMethod(PyObject *o, char *method, char *format, ...)
// Return value: New reference.
// Call the method named method of object o with a variable number of C arguments. The C arguments are described by a Py_BuildValue() format string that should produce a tuple. The format may be NULL, indicating that no arguments are provided. Returns the result of the call on success, or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression o.method(args). Note that if you only pass PyObject * args, PyObject_CallMethodObjArgs() is a faster alternative.

// PyObject* PyObject_CallFunctionObjArgs(PyObject *callable, ..., NULL)
// Return value: New reference.
// Call a callable Python object callable, with a variable number of PyObject* arguments. The arguments are provided as a variable number of parameters followed by NULL. Returns the result of the call on success, or NULL on failure.

// PyObject* PyObject_CallMethodObjArgs(PyObject *o, PyObject *name, ..., NULL)
// Return value: New reference.
// Calls a method of the object o, where the name of the method is given as a Python string object in name. It is called with a variable number of PyObject* arguments. The arguments are provided as a variable number of parameters followed by NULL. Returns the result of the call on success, or NULL on failure.

hash_or_fail PyObject_Hash(PyObject *o);
// Compute and return the hash value of an object o. On failure, return -1. This is the equivalent of the Python expression hash(o).

bool_or_fail /* actually always fails */  PyObject_HashNotImplemented(PyObject *o);
// Set a TypeError indicating that type(o) is not hashable and return -1. This function receives special treatment when stored in a tp_hash slot, allowing a type to explicitly indicate to the interpreter that it is not hashable.

bool_or_fail PyObject_IsTrue(PyObject *o);
// Returns 1 if the object o is considered to be true, and 0 otherwise. This is equivalent to the Python expression not not o. On failure, return -1.

bool_or_fail PyObject_Not(PyObject *o);
// Returns 0 if the object o is considered to be true, and 1 otherwise. This is equivalent to the Python expression not o. On failure, return -1.

[new] PyObject* PyObject_Type(PyObject *o);
// Return value: New reference.
// When o is non-NULL, returns a type object corresponding to the object type of object o. On failure, raises SystemError and returns NULL. This is equivalent to the Python expression type(o). This function increments the reference count of the return value. There’s really no reason to use this function instead of the common expression o->ob_type, which returns a pointer of type PyTypeObject*, except when the incremented reference count is needed.

// bool_or_fail PyObject_TypeCheck(PyObject *o, PyTypeObject *type);
// Return true if the object o is of type type or a subtype of type. Both parameters must be non-NULL.

size_or_fail PyObject_Length(PyObject *o);
size_or_fail PyObject_Size(PyObject *o);
// Return the length of object o. If the object o provides either the sequence and mapping protocols, the sequence length is returned. On error, -1 is returned. This is the equivalent to the Python expression len(o).

[new] PyObject* PyObject_GetItem(PyObject *o, PyObject *key);
// Return value: New reference.
// Return element of o corresponding to the object key or NULL on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python expression o[key].

unit_or_fail PyObject_SetItem(PyObject *o, PyObject *key, PyObject *v);
// Map the object key to the value v. Returns -1 on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python statement o[key] = v.

unit_or_fail PyObject_DelItem(PyObject *o, PyObject *key);
// Delete the mapping for key from o. Returns -1 on failure. This is the equivalent of the Python statement del o[key].

int PyObject_AsFileDescriptor(PyObject *o);
// Derives a file descriptor from a Python object. If the object is an integer or long integer, its value is returned. If not, the object’s fileno() method is called if it exists; the method must return an integer or long integer, which is returned as the file descriptor value. Returns -1 on failure.

[new] PyObject* PyObject_Dir(PyObject *o);
// Return value: New reference.
// This is equivalent to the Python expression dir(o), returning a (possibly empty) list of strings appropriate for the object argument, or NULL if there was an error. If the argument is NULL, this is like the Python dir(), returning the names of the current locals; in this case, if no execution frame is active then NULL is returned but PyErr_Occurred() will return false.

[new] PyIterObject* PyObject_GetIter(PyObject *o);
// Return value: New reference.
// This is equivalent to the Python expression iter(o). It returns a new iterator for the object argument, or the object itself if the object is already an iterator. Raises TypeError and returns NULL if the object cannot be iterated.
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