Source

cpythonv / Lib / StringIO.py

The branch '2.0' does not exist.
"""File-like objects that read from or write to a string buffer.

This implements (nearly) all stdio methods.

f = StringIO()      # ready for writing
f = StringIO(buf)   # ready for reading
f.close()           # explicitly release resources held
flag = f.isatty()   # always false
pos = f.tell()      # get current position
f.seek(pos)         # set current position
f.seek(pos, mode)   # mode 0: absolute; 1: relative; 2: relative to EOF
buf = f.read()      # read until EOF
buf = f.read(n)     # read up to n bytes
buf = f.readline()  # read until end of line ('\n') or EOF
list = f.readlines()# list of f.readline() results until EOF
f.truncate([size])  # truncate file at to at most size (default: current pos)
f.write(buf)        # write at current position
f.writelines(list)  # for line in list: f.write(line)
f.getvalue()        # return whole file's contents as a string

Notes:
- Using a real file is often faster (but less convenient).
- There's also a much faster implementation in C, called cStringIO, but
  it's not subclassable.
- fileno() is left unimplemented so that code which uses it triggers
  an exception early.
- Seeking far beyond EOF and then writing will insert real null
  bytes that occupy space in the buffer.
- There's a simple test set (see end of this file).
"""

import errno
import string

class StringIO:
	def __init__(self, buf = ''):
		self.buf = buf
		self.len = len(buf)
		self.buflist = []
		self.pos = 0
		self.closed = 0
		self.softspace = 0
	def close(self):
		if not self.closed:
			self.closed = 1
			del self.buf, self.pos
	def isatty(self):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
		return 0
	def seek(self, pos, mode = 0):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
		if self.buflist:
			self.buf = self.buf + string.joinfields(self.buflist, '')
			self.buflist = []
		if mode == 1:
			pos = pos + self.pos
		elif mode == 2:
			pos = pos + self.len
		self.pos = max(0, pos)
	def tell(self):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
		return self.pos
	def read(self, n = -1):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
		if self.buflist:
			self.buf = self.buf + string.joinfields(self.buflist, '')
			self.buflist = []
		if n < 0:
			newpos = self.len
		else:
			newpos = min(self.pos+n, self.len)
		r = self.buf[self.pos:newpos]
		self.pos = newpos
		return r
	def readline(self, length=None):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
		if self.buflist:
			self.buf = self.buf + string.joinfields(self.buflist, '')
			self.buflist = []
		i = string.find(self.buf, '\n', self.pos)
		if i < 0:
			newpos = self.len
		else:
			newpos = i+1
		if length is not None:
			if self.pos + length < newpos:
				newpos = self.pos + length
		r = self.buf[self.pos:newpos]
		self.pos = newpos
		return r
	def readlines(self, sizehint = 0):
		total = 0
		lines = []
		line = self.readline()
		while line:
			lines.append(line)
			total += len(line)
			if 0 < sizehint <= total:
				break
			line = self.readline()
		return lines
	def truncate(self, size=None):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
		if size is None:
			size = self.pos
		elif size < 0:
			raise IOError(errno.EINVAL,
                                      "Negative size not allowed")
		elif size < self.pos:
			self.pos = size
		self.buf = self.getvalue()[:size]
	def write(self, s):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
		if not s: return
		if self.pos > self.len:
			self.buflist.append('\0'*(self.pos - self.len))
			self.len = self.pos
		newpos = self.pos + len(s)
		if self.pos < self.len:
			if self.buflist:
				self.buf = self.buf + string.joinfields(self.buflist, '')
				self.buflist = []
			self.buflist = [self.buf[:self.pos], s, self.buf[newpos:]]
			self.buf = ''
			if newpos > self.len:
				self.len = newpos
		else:
			self.buflist.append(s)
			self.len = newpos
		self.pos = newpos
	def writelines(self, list):
		self.write(string.joinfields(list, ''))
	def flush(self):
		if self.closed:
			raise ValueError, "I/O operation on closed file"
	def getvalue(self):
		if self.buflist:
			self.buf = self.buf + string.joinfields(self.buflist, '')
			self.buflist = []
		return self.buf


# A little test suite

def test():
	import sys
	if sys.argv[1:]:
		file = sys.argv[1]
	else:
		file = '/etc/passwd'
	lines = open(file, 'r').readlines()
	text = open(file, 'r').read()
	f = StringIO()
	for line in lines[:-2]:
		f.write(line)
	f.writelines(lines[-2:])
	if f.getvalue() != text:
		raise RuntimeError, 'write failed'
	length = f.tell()
	print 'File length =', length
	f.seek(len(lines[0]))
	f.write(lines[1])
	f.seek(0)
	print 'First line =', `f.readline()`
	here = f.tell()
	line = f.readline()
	print 'Second line =', `line`
	f.seek(-len(line), 1)
	line2 = f.read(len(line))
	if line != line2:
		raise RuntimeError, 'bad result after seek back'
	f.seek(len(line2), 1)
	list = f.readlines()
	line = list[-1]
	f.seek(f.tell() - len(line))
	line2 = f.read()
	if line != line2:
		raise RuntimeError, 'bad result after seek back from EOF'
	print 'Read', len(list), 'more lines'
	print 'File length =', f.tell()
	if f.tell() != length:
		raise RuntimeError, 'bad length'
	f.close()

if __name__ == '__main__':
	test()
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