Source

pip-testing / pip / index.py

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"""Routines related to PyPI, indexes"""

import sys
import os
import re
import threading
import posixpath
import pkg_resources
import operator
import urllib2
import urlparse
import httplib
import socket
from Queue import Queue
from Queue import Empty as QueueEmpty
from pip.log import logger
from pip.util import Inf, filename_to_url2, url_to_filename
from pip.util import normalize_name, splitext
from pip.exceptions import DistributionNotFound

__all__ = ['PackageFinder']

class PackageFinder(object):
    """This finds packages.

    This is meant to match easy_install's technique for looking for
    packages, by reading pages and looking for appropriate links
    """

    failure_limit = 3

    def __init__(self, find_links, index_urls):
        self.find_links = find_links
        self.index_urls = index_urls
        self.dependency_links = []
        self.cache = PageCache()
        # These are boring links that have already been logged somehow:
        self.logged_links = set()

    def add_dependency_links(self, links):
        ## FIXME: this shouldn't be global list this, it should only
        ## apply to requirements of the package that specifies the
        ## dependency_links value
        ## FIXME: also, we should track comes_from (i.e., use Link)
        self.dependency_links.extend(links)

    def find_requirement(self, req, upgrade):
        url_name = req.url_name
        # Only check main index if index URL is given:
        main_index_url = None
        if self.index_urls:
            # Check that we have the url_name correctly spelled:
            main_index_url = Link(posixpath.join(self.index_urls[0], url_name))
            # This will also cache the page, so it's okay that we get it again later:
            page = self._get_page(main_index_url, req)
            if page is None:
                url_name = self._find_url_name(Link(self.index_urls[0]), url_name, req) or req.url_name
        def mkurl_pypi_url(url):
            loc =  posixpath.join(url, url_name)
            # For maximum compatibility with easy_install, ensure the path
            # ends in a trailing slash.  Although this isn't in the spec
            # (and PyPI can handle it without the slash) some other index
            # implementations might break if they relied on easy_install's behavior.
            if not loc.endswith('/'):
                loc = loc + '/'
            return loc
        if url_name is not None:
            locations = [
                mkurl_pypi_url(url)
                for url in self.index_urls] + self.find_links
        else:
            locations = list(self.find_links)
        locations.extend(self.dependency_links)
        for version in req.absolute_versions:
            if url_name is not None and main_index_url is not None:
                locations = [
                    posixpath.join(main_index_url.url, version)] + locations
        file_locations = []
        url_locations = []
        for url in locations:
            if url.startswith('file:'):
                fn = url_to_filename(url)
                if os.path.isdir(fn):
                    path = os.path.realpath(fn)
                    for item in os.listdir(path):
                        file_locations.append(
                            filename_to_url2(os.path.join(path, item)))
                elif os.path.isfile(fn):
                    file_locations.append(filename_to_url2(fn))
            else:
                url_locations.append(url)

        locations = [Link(url) for url in url_locations]
        logger.debug('URLs to search for versions for %s:' % req)
        for location in locations:
            logger.debug('* %s' % location)
        found_versions = []
        found_versions.extend(
            self._package_versions(
                [Link(url, '-f') for url in self.find_links], req.name.lower()))
        page_versions = []
        for page in self._get_pages(locations, req):
            logger.debug('Analyzing links from page %s' % page.url)
            logger.indent += 2
            try:
                page_versions.extend(self._package_versions(page.links, req.name.lower()))
            finally:
                logger.indent -= 2
        dependency_versions = list(self._package_versions(
            [Link(url) for url in self.dependency_links], req.name.lower()))
        if dependency_versions:
            logger.info('dependency_links found: %s' % ', '.join([link.url for parsed, link, version in dependency_versions]))
        file_versions = list(self._package_versions(
                [Link(url) for url in file_locations], req.name.lower()))
        if not found_versions and not page_versions and not dependency_versions and not file_versions:
            logger.fatal('Could not find any downloads that satisfy the requirement %s' % req)
            raise DistributionNotFound('No distributions at all found for %s' % req)
        if req.satisfied_by is not None:
            found_versions.append((req.satisfied_by.parsed_version, Inf, req.satisfied_by.version))
        if file_versions:
            file_versions.sort(reverse=True)
            logger.info('Local files found: %s' % ', '.join([url_to_filename(link.url) for parsed, link, version in file_versions]))
            found_versions = file_versions + found_versions
        all_versions = found_versions + page_versions + dependency_versions
        applicable_versions = []
        for (parsed_version, link, version) in all_versions:
            if version not in req.req:
                logger.info("Ignoring link %s, version %s doesn't match %s"
                            % (link, version, ','.join([''.join(s) for s in req.req.specs])))
                continue
            applicable_versions.append((link, version))
        applicable_versions = sorted(applicable_versions, key=lambda v: pkg_resources.parse_version(v[1]), reverse=True)
        existing_applicable = bool([link for link, version in applicable_versions if link is Inf])
        if not upgrade and existing_applicable:
            if applicable_versions[0][1] is Inf:
                logger.info('Existing installed version (%s) is most up-to-date and satisfies requirement'
                            % req.satisfied_by.version)
            else:
                logger.info('Existing installed version (%s) satisfies requirement (most up-to-date version is %s)'
                            % (req.satisfied_by.version, applicable_versions[0][1]))
            return None
        if not applicable_versions:
            logger.fatal('Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement %s (from versions: %s)'
                         % (req, ', '.join([version for parsed_version, link, version in found_versions])))
            raise DistributionNotFound('No distributions matching the version for %s' % req)
        if applicable_versions[0][0] is Inf:
            # We have an existing version, and its the best version
            logger.info('Installed version (%s) is most up-to-date (past versions: %s)'
                        % (req.satisfied_by.version, ', '.join([version for link, version in applicable_versions[1:]]) or 'none'))
            return None
        if len(applicable_versions) > 1:
            logger.info('Using version %s (newest of versions: %s)' %
                        (applicable_versions[0][1], ', '.join([version for link, version in applicable_versions])))
        return applicable_versions[0][0]

    def _find_url_name(self, index_url, url_name, req):
        """Finds the true URL name of a package, when the given name isn't quite correct.
        This is usually used to implement case-insensitivity."""
        if not index_url.url.endswith('/'):
            # Vaguely part of the PyPI API... weird but true.
            ## FIXME: bad to modify this?
            index_url.url += '/'
        page = self._get_page(index_url, req)
        if page is None:
            logger.fatal('Cannot fetch index base URL %s' % index_url)
            return
        norm_name = normalize_name(req.url_name)
        for link in page.links:
            base = posixpath.basename(link.path.rstrip('/'))
            if norm_name == normalize_name(base):
                logger.notify('Real name of requirement %s is %s' % (url_name, base))
                return base
        return None

    def _get_pages(self, locations, req):
        """Yields (page, page_url) from the given locations, skipping
        locations that have errors, and adding download/homepage links"""
        pending_queue = Queue()
        for location in locations:
            pending_queue.put(location)
        done = []
        seen = set()
        threads = []
        for i in range(min(10, len(locations))):
            t = threading.Thread(target=self._get_queued_page, args=(req, pending_queue, done, seen))
            t.setDaemon(True)
            threads.append(t)
            t.start()
        for t in threads:
            t.join()
        return done

    _log_lock = threading.Lock()

    def _get_queued_page(self, req, pending_queue, done, seen):
        while 1:
            try:
                location = pending_queue.get(False)
            except QueueEmpty:
                return
            if location in seen:
                continue
            seen.add(location)
            page = self._get_page(location, req)
            if page is None:
                continue
            done.append(page)
            for link in page.rel_links():
                pending_queue.put(link)

    _egg_fragment_re = re.compile(r'#egg=([^&]*)')
    _egg_info_re = re.compile(r'([a-z0-9_.]+)-([a-z0-9_.-]+)', re.I)
    _py_version_re = re.compile(r'-py([123]\.[0-9])$')

    def _sort_links(self, links):
        "Brings links in order, non-egg links first, egg links second"
        eggs, no_eggs = [], []
        for link in links:
            if link.egg_fragment:
                eggs.append(link)
            else:
                no_eggs.append(link)
        return no_eggs + eggs

    def _package_versions(self, links, search_name):
        seen_links = {}
        for link in self._sort_links(links):
            if link.url in seen_links:
                continue
            seen_links[link.url] = None
            if link.egg_fragment:
                egg_info = link.egg_fragment
            else:
                path = link.path
                egg_info, ext = link.splitext()
                if not ext:
                    if link not in self.logged_links:
                        logger.debug('Skipping link %s; not a file' % link)
                        self.logged_links.add(link)
                    continue
                if egg_info.endswith('.tar'):
                    # Special double-extension case:
                    egg_info = egg_info[:-4]
                    ext = '.tar' + ext
                if ext not in ('.tar.gz', '.tar.bz2', '.tar', '.tgz', '.zip'):
                    if link not in self.logged_links:
                        logger.debug('Skipping link %s; unknown archive format: %s' % (link, ext))
                        self.logged_links.add(link)
                    continue
            version = self._egg_info_matches(egg_info, search_name, link)
            if version is None:
                logger.debug('Skipping link %s; wrong project name (not %s)' % (link, search_name))
                continue
            match = self._py_version_re.search(version)
            if match:
                version = version[:match.start()]
                py_version = match.group(1)
                if py_version != sys.version[:3]:
                    logger.debug('Skipping %s because Python version is incorrect' % link)
                    continue
            logger.debug('Found link %s, version: %s' % (link, version))
            yield (pkg_resources.parse_version(version),
                   link,
                   version)

    def _egg_info_matches(self, egg_info, search_name, link):
        match = self._egg_info_re.search(egg_info)
        if not match:
            logger.debug('Could not parse version from link: %s' % link)
            return None
        name = match.group(0).lower()
        # To match the "safe" name that pkg_resources creates:
        name = name.replace('_', '-')
        if name.startswith(search_name.lower()):
            return match.group(0)[len(search_name):].lstrip('-')
        else:
            return None

    def _get_page(self, link, req):
        return HTMLPage.get_page(link, req, cache=self.cache)


class PageCache(object):
    """Cache of HTML pages"""

    failure_limit = 3

    def __init__(self):
        self._failures = {}
        self._pages = {}
        self._archives = {}

    def too_many_failures(self, url):
        return self._failures.get(url, 0) >= self.failure_limit

    def get_page(self, url):
        return self._pages.get(url)

    def is_archive(self, url):
        return self._archives.get(url, False)

    def set_is_archive(self, url, value=True):
        self._archives[url] = value

    def add_page_failure(self, url, level):
        self._failures[url] = self._failures.get(url, 0)+level

    def add_page(self, urls, page):
        for url in urls:
            self._pages[url] = page

class HTMLPage(object):
    """Represents one page, along with its URL"""

    ## FIXME: these regexes are horrible hacks:
    _homepage_re = re.compile(r'<th>\s*home\s*page', re.I)
    _download_re = re.compile(r'<th>\s*download\s+url', re.I)
    ## These aren't so aweful:
    _rel_re = re.compile("""<[^>]*\srel\s*=\s*['"]?([^'">]+)[^>]*>""", re.I)
    _href_re = re.compile('href=(?:"([^"]*)"|\'([^\']*)\'|([^>\\s\\n]*))', re.I|re.S)
    _base_re = re.compile(r"""<base\s+href\s*=\s*['"]?([^'">]+)""", re.I)

    def __init__(self, content, url, headers=None):
        self.content = content
        self.url = url
        self.headers = headers

    def __str__(self):
        return self.url

    @classmethod
    def get_page(cls, link, req, cache=None, skip_archives=True):
        url = link.url
        url = url.split('#', 1)[0]
        if cache.too_many_failures(url):
            return None
        if url.lower().startswith('svn'):
            logger.debug('Cannot look at svn URL %s' % link)
            return None
        if cache is not None:
            inst = cache.get_page(url)
            if inst is not None:
                return inst
        try:
            if skip_archives:
                if cache is not None:
                    if cache.is_archive(url):
                        return None
                filename = link.filename
                for bad_ext in ['.tar', '.tar.gz', '.tar.bz2', '.tgz', '.zip']:
                    if filename.endswith(bad_ext):
                        content_type = cls._get_content_type(url)
                        if content_type.lower().startswith('text/html'):
                            break
                        else:
                            logger.debug('Skipping page %s because of Content-Type: %s' % (link, content_type))
                            if cache is not None:
                                cache.set_is_archive(url)
                            return None
            logger.debug('Getting page %s' % url)
            resp = urllib2.urlopen(url)
            real_url = resp.geturl()
            headers = resp.info()
            inst = cls(resp.read(), real_url, headers)
        except (urllib2.HTTPError, urllib2.URLError, socket.timeout, socket.error), e:
            desc = str(e)
            if isinstance(e, socket.timeout):
                log_meth = logger.info
                level =1
                desc = 'timed out'
            elif isinstance(e, urllib2.URLError):
                log_meth = logger.info
                if hasattr(e, 'reason') and isinstance(e.reason, socket.timeout):
                    desc = 'timed out'
                    level = 1
                else:
                    level = 2
            elif isinstance(e, urllib2.HTTPError) and e.code == 404:
                ## FIXME: notify?
                log_meth = logger.info
                level = 2
            else:
                log_meth = logger.info
                level = 1
            log_meth('Could not fetch URL %s: %s' % (link, desc))
            log_meth('Will skip URL %s when looking for download links for %s' % (link.url, req))
            if cache is not None:
                cache.add_page_failure(url, level)
            return None
        if cache is not None:
            cache.add_page([url, real_url], inst)
        return inst

    @staticmethod
    def _get_content_type(url):
        """Get the Content-Type of the given url, using a HEAD request"""
        scheme, netloc, path, query, fragment = urlparse.urlsplit(url)
        if scheme == 'http':
            ConnClass = httplib.HTTPConnection
        elif scheme == 'https':
            ConnClass = httplib.HTTPSConnection
        else:
            ## FIXME: some warning or something?
            ## assertion error?
            return ''
        if query:
            path += '?' + query
        conn = ConnClass(netloc)
        try:
            conn.request('HEAD', path, headers={'Host': netloc})
            resp = conn.getresponse()
            if resp.status != 200:
                ## FIXME: doesn't handle redirects
                return ''
            return resp.getheader('Content-Type') or ''
        finally:
            conn.close()

    @property
    def base_url(self):
        if not hasattr(self, "_base_url"):
            match = self._base_re.search(self.content)
            if match:
                self._base_url = match.group(1)
            else:
                self._base_url = self.url
        return self._base_url

    @property
    def links(self):
        """Yields all links in the page"""
        for match in self._href_re.finditer(self.content):
            url = match.group(1) or match.group(2) or match.group(3)
            url = self.clean_link(urlparse.urljoin(self.base_url, url))
            yield Link(url, self)

    def rel_links(self):
        for url in self.explicit_rel_links():
            yield url
        for url in self.scraped_rel_links():
            yield url

    def explicit_rel_links(self, rels=('homepage', 'download')):
        """Yields all links with the given relations"""
        for match in self._rel_re.finditer(self.content):
            found_rels = match.group(1).lower().split()
            for rel in rels:
                if rel in found_rels:
                    break
            else:
                continue
            match = self._href_re.search(match.group(0))
            if not match:
                continue
            url = match.group(1) or match.group(2) or match.group(3)
            url = self.clean_link(urlparse.urljoin(self.base_url, url))
            yield Link(url, self)

    def scraped_rel_links(self):
        for regex in (self._homepage_re, self._download_re):
            match = regex.search(self.content)
            if not match:
                continue
            href_match = self._href_re.search(self.content, pos=match.end())
            if not href_match:
                continue
            url = match.group(1) or match.group(2) or match.group(3)
            if not url:
                continue
            url = self.clean_link(urlparse.urljoin(self.base_url, url))
            yield Link(url, self)

    _clean_re = re.compile(r'[^a-z0-9$&+,/:;=?@.#%_\\|-]', re.I)

    def clean_link(self, url):
        """Makes sure a link is fully encoded.  That is, if a ' ' shows up in
        the link, it will be rewritten to %20 (while not over-quoting
        % or other characters)."""
        return self._clean_re.sub(
            lambda match: '%%%2x' % ord(match.group(0)), url)

class Link(object):

    def __init__(self, url, comes_from=None):
        self.url = url
        self.comes_from = comes_from

    def __str__(self):
        if self.comes_from:
            return '%s (from %s)' % (self.url, self.comes_from)
        else:
            return self.url

    def __repr__(self):
        return '<Link %s>' % self

    def __eq__(self, other):
        return self.url == other.url

    def __hash__(self):
        return hash(self.url)

    @property
    def filename(self):
        url = self.url
        url = url.split('#', 1)[0]
        url = url.split('?', 1)[0]
        url = url.rstrip('/')
        name = posixpath.basename(url)
        assert name, (
            'URL %r produced no filename' % url)
        return name

    @property
    def scheme(self):
        return urlparse.urlsplit(self.url)[0]

    @property
    def path(self):
        return urlparse.urlsplit(self.url)[2]

    def splitext(self):
        return splitext(posixpath.basename(self.path.rstrip('/')))

    _egg_fragment_re = re.compile(r'#egg=([^&]*)')

    @property
    def egg_fragment(self):
        match = self._egg_fragment_re.search(self.url)
        if not match:
            return None
        return match.group(1)

    _md5_re = re.compile(r'md5=([a-f0-9]+)')

    @property
    def md5_hash(self):
        match = self._md5_re.search(self.url)
        if match:
            return match.group(1)
        return None

    @property
    def show_url(self):
        return posixpath.basename(self.url.split('#', 1)[0].split('?', 1)[0])

def get_requirement_from_url(url):
    """Get a requirement from the URL, if possible.  This looks for #egg
    in the URL"""
    link = Link(url)
    egg_info = link.egg_fragment
    if not egg_info:
        egg_info = splitext(link.filename)[0]
    return package_to_requirement(egg_info)

def package_to_requirement(package_name):
    """Translate a name like Foo-1.2 to Foo==1.3"""
    match = re.search(r'^(.*?)(-dev|-\d.*)', package_name)
    if match:
        name = match.group(1)
        version = match.group(2)
    else:
        name = package_name
        version = ''
    if version:
        return '%s==%s' % (name, version)
    else:
        return name
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