CherryPy / cherrypy / _cphttptools.py

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"""
Copyright (c) 2004, CherryPy Team (team@cherrypy.org)
All rights reserved.

Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, 
are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:

    * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, 
      this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
    * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, 
      this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation 
      and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
    * Neither the name of the CherryPy Team nor the names of its contributors 
      may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software 
      without specific prior written permission.

THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND 
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED 
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE 
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE 
FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL 
DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR 
SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER 
CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, 
OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE 
OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
"""

import cpg, urllib, sys, time, traceback, types, StringIO, cgi, os
import mimetypes, sha, random, string, _cputil, cperror, Cookie
from lib.filter import basefilter

"""
Common Service Code for CherryPy
"""

mimetypes.types_map['.dwg']='image/x-dwg'
mimetypes.types_map['.ico']='image/x-icon'

weekdayname = ['Mon', 'Tue', 'Wed', 'Thu', 'Fri', 'Sat', 'Sun']
monthname = [None, 'Jan', 'Feb', 'Mar', 'Apr', 'May', 'Jun', 'Jul', 'Aug', 'Sep', 'Oct', 'Nov', 'Dec']

class IndexRedirect(Exception): pass

def parseFirstLine(data):
    cpg.request.path = data.split()[1]
    cpg.request.queryString = ""
    cpg.request.browserUrl = cpg.request.path
    cpg.request.paramMap = {}
    cpg.request.paramList = [] # Only used for Xml-Rpc
    cpg.request.filenameMap = {}
    cpg.request.fileTypeMap = {}
    i = cpg.request.path.find('?')
    if i != -1:
        # Parse parameters from URL
        if cpg.request.path[i+1:]:
            k = cpg.request.path[i+1:].find('?')
            if k != -1:
                j = cpg.request.path[:k].rfind('=')
                if j != -1:
                    cpg.request.path = cpg.request.path[:j+1] + \
                        urllib.quote_plus(cpg.request.path[j+1:])
            for paramStr in cpg.request.path[i+1:].split('&'):
                sp = paramStr.split('=')
                if len(sp) > 2:
                    j = paramStr.find('=')
                    sp = (paramStr[:j], paramStr[j+1:])
                if len(sp) == 2:
                    key, value = sp
                    value = urllib.unquote_plus(value)
                    if cpg.request.paramMap.has_key(key):
                        # Already has a value: make a list out of it
                        if type(cpg.request.paramMap[key]) == type([]):
                            # Already is a list: append the new value to it
                            cpg.request.paramMap[key].append(value)
                        else:
                            # Only had one value so far: start a list
                            cpg.request.paramMap[key] = [cpg.request.paramMap[key], value]
                    else:
                        cpg.request.paramMap[key] = value
        cpg.request.queryString = cpg.request.path[i+1:]
        cpg.request.path = cpg.request.path[:i]

def cookHeaders(clientAddress, remoteHost, headers, requestLine):
    """Process the headers into the request.headerMap"""
    cpg.request.headerMap = {}
    cpg.request.requestLine = requestLine
    cpg.request.simpleCookie = Cookie.SimpleCookie()

    # Build headerMap
    for item in headers.items():
        # Warning: if there is more than one header entry for cookies (AFAIK, only Konqueror does that)
        # only the last one will remain in headerMap (but they will be correctly stored in request.simpleCookie)
        insertIntoHeaderMap(item[0],item[1])

    # Handle cookies differently because on Konqueror, multiple cookies come on different lines with the same key
    cookieList = headers.getallmatchingheaders('cookie')
    for cookie in cookieList:
        cpg.request.simpleCookie.load(cookie)

    cpg.request.remoteAddr = clientAddress
    cpg.request.remoteHost = remoteHost

    # Set peer_certificate (in SSL mode) so the web app can examinate the client certificate
    try: cpg.request.peerCertificate = self.request.get_peer_certificate()
    except: pass

    _cputil.getSpecialFunction('_cpLogMessage')("%s - %s" % (cpg.request.remoteAddr, requestLine[:-2]), "HTTP")


def parsePostData(rfile):
    # Read request body and put it in data
    len = int(cpg.request.headerMap.get("Content-Length","0"))
    if len: data = rfile.read(len)
    else: data=""

    # Put data in a StringIO so FieldStorage can read it
    newRfile = StringIO.StringIO(data)
    # Create a copy of headerMap with lowercase keys because
    #   FieldStorage doesn't work otherwise
    lowerHeaderMap = {}
    for key, value in cpg.request.headerMap.items():
        lowerHeaderMap[key.lower()] = value
    forms = cgi.FieldStorage(fp = newRfile, headers = lowerHeaderMap, environ = {'REQUEST_METHOD':'POST'}, keep_blank_values = 1)
    for key in forms.keys():
        # Check if it's a list or not
        valueList = forms[key]
        if type(valueList) == type([]):
            # It's a list of values
            cpg.request.paramMap[key] = []
            cpg.request.filenameMap[key] = []
            cpg.request.fileTypeMap[key] = []
            for item in valueList:
                cpg.request.paramMap[key].append(item.value)
                cpg.request.filenameMap[key].append(item.filename)
                cpg.request.fileTypeMap[key].append(item.type)
        else:
            # It's a single value
            # In case it's a file being uploaded, we save the filename in a map (user might need it)
            cpg.request.paramMap[key] = valueList.value
            cpg.request.filenameMap[key] = valueList.filename
            cpg.request.fileTypeMap[key] = valueList.type

def applyFilterList(methodName):
    try:
        filterList = _cputil.getSpecialFunction('_cpFilterList')
        for filter in filterList:
            method = getattr(filter, methodName, None)
            if method:
                method()
    except basefilter.InternalRedirect:
        # If we get an InternalRedirect, we start the filter list  
        #   from scratch. Is cpg.request.path or cpg.request.objectPath
        #   has been modified by the hook, then a new filter list
        #   will be applied.  
        # We use recursion so if there is an infinite loop, we'll  
        #   get the regular python "recursion limit exceeded" exception.  
        applyFilterList(methodName) 


def insertIntoHeaderMap(key,value):
    normalizedKey = '-'.join([s.capitalize() for s in key.split('-')])
    cpg.request.headerMap[normalizedKey] = value

def initRequest(clientAddress, remoteHost, requestLine, headers, rfile, wfile):
    parseFirstLine(requestLine)
    cookHeaders(clientAddress, remoteHost, headers, requestLine)

    cpg.request.base = "http://" + cpg.request.headerMap['Host']
    cpg.request.browserUrl = cpg.request.base + cpg.request.browserUrl
    cpg.request.isStatic = False
    cpg.request.parsePostData = True
    cpg.request.rfile = rfile

    # Change objectPath in filters to change the object that will get rendered
    cpg.request.objectPath = None 

    applyFilterList('afterRequestHeader')

    if cpg.request.method == 'POST' and cpg.request.parsePostData:
        parsePostData(rfile)

    applyFilterList('afterRequestBody')

def doRequest(clientAddress, remoteHost, requestLine, headers, rfile, wfile):
    initRequest(clientAddress, remoteHost, requestLine, headers, rfile, wfile)

    # Prepare response variables
    now = time.time()
    year, month, day, hh, mm, ss, wd, y, z = time.gmtime(now)
    date = "%s, %02d %3s %4d %02d:%02d:%02d GMT" % (weekdayname[wd], day, monthname[month], year, hh, mm, ss)
    cpg.response.headerMap = {
        "protocolVersion": cpg.configOption.protocolVersion,
        "Status": "200 OK",
        "Content-Type": "text/html",
        "Server": "CherryPy/" + cpg.__version__,
        "Date": date,
        "Set-Cookie": [],
        "Content-Length": 0
    }
    cpg.response.simpleCookie = Cookie.SimpleCookie()
    cpg.response.wfile = wfile
    cpg.response.sendResponse = 1

    try:
        handleRequest(wfile)
    except:
        err = ""
        exc_info_1 = sys.exc_info()[1]
        if hasattr(exc_info_1, 'args') and len(exc_info_1.args) >= 1:
            err = exc_info_1.args[0]

        try:
            _cputil.getSpecialFunction('_cpOnError')()

            # Still save session data
            if cpg.configOption.sessionStorageType and not cpg.request.isStatic:
                sessionId = cpg.response.simpleCookie[cpg.configOption.sessionCookieName].value
                expirationTime = time.time() + cpg.configOption.sessionTimeout * 60
                _cputil.getSpecialFunction('_cpSaveSessionData')(sessionId, cpg.request.sessionMap, expirationTime)

            wfile.write('%s %s\r\n' % (cpg.response.headerMap['protocolVersion'], cpg.response.headerMap['Status']))

            if (cpg.response.headerMap.has_key('Content-Length') and
                    cpg.response.headerMap['Content-Length']==0):
  	 	        buf = StringIO.StringIO()
  	 	        [buf.write(x) for x in cpg.response.body]
  	 	        buf.seek(0)
  	 	        cpg.response.body = [buf.read()]
  	 	        cpg.response.headerMap['Content-Length'] = len(cpg.response.body[0])

            for key, valueList in cpg.response.headerMap.items():
                if key not in ('Status', 'protocolVersion'):
                    if type(valueList) != type([]): valueList = [valueList]
                    for value in valueList:
                        wfile.write('%s: %s\r\n'%(key, value))
            wfile.write('\r\n')
            for line in cpg.response.body:
                wfile.write(line)
        except:
            bodyFile = StringIO.StringIO()
            traceback.print_exc(file = bodyFile)
            body = bodyFile.getvalue()
            wfile.write('%s 200 OK\r\n' % cpg.configOption.protocolVersion)
            wfile.write('Content-Type: text/plain\r\n')
            wfile.write('Content-Length: %s\r\n' % len(body))
            wfile.write('\r\n')
            wfile.write(body)

def sendResponse(wfile):
    applyFilterList('beforeResponse')

    # Save session data
    if cpg.configOption.sessionStorageType and not cpg.request.isStatic:
        sessionId = cpg.response.simpleCookie[cpg.configOption.sessionCookieName].value
        expirationTime = time.time() + cpg.configOption.sessionTimeout * 60
        _cputil.getSpecialFunction('_cpSaveSessionData')(sessionId, cpg.request.sessionMap, expirationTime)

    # Set the content-length
    if (cpg.response.headerMap.has_key('Content-Length') and
            cpg.response.headerMap['Content-Length']==0):
        buf = StringIO.StringIO()
        [buf.write(x) for x in cpg.response.body]
        buf.seek(0)
        cpg.response.body = [buf.read()]
        cpg.response.headerMap['Content-Length'] = len(cpg.response.body[0])

    wfile.write('%s %s\r\n' % (cpg.response.headerMap['protocolVersion'], cpg.response.headerMap['Status']))
    for key, valueList in cpg.response.headerMap.items():
        if key not in ('Status', 'protocolVersion'):
            if type(valueList) != type([]): valueList = [valueList]
            for value in valueList:
                wfile.write('%s: %s\r\n'%(key, value))

    # Send response cookies
    cookie = cpg.response.simpleCookie.output()
    if cookie:
        wfile.write(cookie+'\r\n')
    wfile.write('\r\n')

    for line in cpg.response.body:
        wfile.write(line)
    
    # finalization hook for filter cleanup & logging purposes
    applyFilterList('afterResponse')

def handleRequest(wfile):
    # Clean up expired sessions if needed:
    now = time.time()
    if cpg.configOption.sessionStorageType and cpg.configOption.sessionCleanUpDelay and cpg._lastSessionCleanUpTime + cpg.configOption.sessionCleanUpDelay * 60 <= now:
        cpg._lastSessionCleanUpTime = now
        _cputil.getSpecialFunction('_cpCleanUpOldSessions')()

    # Save original values (in case they get modified by filters)
    cpg.request.originalPath = cpg.request.path
    cpg.request.originalParamMap = cpg.request.paramMap
    cpg.request.originalParamList = cpg.request.paramList

    path = cpg.request.path
    if path.startswith('/'): path = path[1:] # Remove leading slash
    if path.endswith('/'): path = path[:-1] # Remove trailing slash

    # Handle static directories
    for urlDir, fsDir in cpg.configOption.staticContentList:
        if path == urlDir or path[:len(urlDir)+1]==urlDir+'/':

            cpg.request.isStatic = 1

            fname = fsDir + path[len(urlDir):]
            try:
                stat = os.stat(fname)
            except OSError:
                raise cperror.NotFound
            if type(stat) == type(()): # Python2.1
                modifTime = stat[9]
            else:
                modifTime = stat.st_mtime

            strModifTime = time.strftime("%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S GMT", time.gmtime(modifTime))

            # Check if browser sent "if-modified-since" in request header
            if cpg.request.headerMap.has_key('If-Modified-Since'):
                # Check if if-modified-since date is the same as strModifTime
                if cpg.request.headerMap['If-Modified-Since'] == strModifTime:
                    cpg.response.headerMap = {'Status': 304, 'protocolVersion': cpg.configOption.protocolVersion, 'Date': cpg.response.headerMap['Date']}
                    cpg.response.body = ''
                    sendResponse(wfile)
                    return

            cpg.response.headerMap['Last-Modified'] = strModifTime
            f=open(fname, 'rb')
            cpg.response.body = f.read()
            f.close()
            # Set content-type based on filename extension
            i = path.rfind('.')
            if i != -1: ext = path[i:]
            else: ext = ""
            contentType = mimetypes.types_map.get(ext, "text/plain")
            cpg.response.headerMap['Content-Type'] = contentType
            sendResponse(wfile)
            return

    # Get session data
    if cpg.configOption.sessionStorageType and not cpg.request.isStatic:
        now = time.time()
        # First, get sessionId from cookie
        try: sessionId = cpg.request.simpleCookie[cpg.configOption.sessionCookieName].value
        except: sessionId=None
        if sessionId:
            # Load session data from wherever it was stored
            sessionData = _cputil.getSpecialFunction('_cpLoadSessionData')(sessionId)
            if sessionData == None:
                sessionId = None
            else:
                cpg.request.sessionMap, expirationTime = sessionData
                # Check that is hasn't expired
                if now > expirationTime:
                    # Session expired
                    sessionId = None

        # Create a new sessionId if needed
        if not sessionId:
            cpg.request.sessionMap = {}
            sessionId = generateSessionId()
            cpg.request.sessionMap['_sessionId'] = sessionId

        cpg.response.simpleCookie[cpg.configOption.sessionCookieName] = sessionId
        cpg.response.simpleCookie[cpg.configOption.sessionCookieName]['path'] = '/'
        cpg.response.simpleCookie[cpg.configOption.sessionCookieName]['version'] = 1

    try:
        func, objectPathList, virtualPathList = mapPathToObject()
    except IndexRedirect, inst:
        # For an IndexRedirect, we don't go through the regular
        #   mechanism: we return the redirect immediately
        newUrl = canonicalizeUrl(inst.args[0])
        wfile.write('%s 302\r\n' % (cpg.response.headerMap['protocolVersion']))
        cpg.response.headerMap['Location'] = newUrl
        for key, valueList in cpg.response.headerMap.items():
            if key not in ('Status', 'protocolVersion'):
                if type(valueList) != type([]): valueList = [valueList]
                for value in valueList:
                    wfile.write('%s: %s\r\n'%(key, value))
        wfile.write('\r\n')
        return
         
    # Remove "root" from objectPathList and join it to get objectPath
    cpg.request.objectPath = '/' + '/'.join(objectPathList[1:])
    body = func(*(virtualPathList + cpg.request.paramList), **(cpg.request.paramMap))
    
    # builds a uniform return type
    if not isinstance(body, types.GeneratorType):
        cpg.response.body = [body]
    else:
        cpg.response.body = body

    if cpg.response.sendResponse:
        sendResponse(wfile)

def generateSessionId():
    s = ''
    for i in range(50):
        s += random.choice(string.letters+string.digits)
    s += '%s'%time.time()
    return sha.sha(s).hexdigest()

def getObjFromPath(objPathList, objCache):
    """ For a given objectPathList (like ['root', 'a', 'b', 'index']),
         return the object (or None if it doesn't exist).
         Also keep a cache for maximum efficiency
    """
    # Let cpg be the first valid object.
    validObjects = ["cpg"]
     
    # Scan the objPathList in order from left to right
    for index, obj in enumerate(objPathList):
        # currentObjStr holds something like 'cpg.root.something.else'
        currentObjStr = ".".join(validObjects)

        #---------------
        #   Cache check
        #---------------
        # Generate a cacheKey from the first 'index' elements of objPathList
        cacheKey = tuple(objPathList[:index+1])
        # Is this cacheKey in the objCache?
        if cacheKey in objCache: 
            # And is its value not None?
            if objCache[cacheKey]:
                # Yes, then add it to the list of validObjects
                validObjects.append(obj)
                # OK, go to the next iteration
                continue
            # Its value is None, so we stop
            # (This means it is not a valid object)
            break
        
        #-----------------
        # Attribute check
        #-----------------
        if getattr(eval(currentObjStr), obj, None):
            #  obj is a valid attribute of the current object
            validObjects.append(obj)
            #  Store it in the cache
            objCache[cacheKey] = eval(".".join(validObjects))
        else:
            # obj is not a valid attribute
            # Store None in the cache
            objCache[cacheKey] = None
            # Stop, we won't process the remaining objPathList
            break

    # Return the last cached object (even if its None)
    return objCache[cacheKey]

def mapPathToObject(path = None):
    # Traverse path:
    # for /a/b?arg=val, we'll try:
    #   root.a.b.index -> redirect to /a/b/?arg=val
    #   root.a.b.default(arg='val') -> redirect to /a/b/?arg=val
    #   root.a.b(arg='val')
    #   root.a.default('b', arg='val')
    #   root.default('a', 'b', arg='val')

    # Also, we ignore trailing slashes
    # Also, a method has to have ".exposed = True" in order to be exposed

    if path is None:
        path = cpg.request.objectPath or cpg.request.path
    if path.startswith('/'): path = path[1:] # Remove leading slash
    if path.endswith('/'): path = path[:-1] # Remove trailing slash

    if not path:
        objectPathList = []
    else:
        objectPathList = path.split('/')
    objectPathList = ['root'] + objectPathList + ['index']

    # Try successive objects... (and also keep the remaining object list)
    objCache = {}
    isFirst = True
    isSecond = False
    isDefault = False
    foundIt = False
    virtualPathList = []
    while objectPathList:
        if isFirst or isSecond:
            # Only try this for a.b.index() or a.b()
            candidate = getObjFromPath(objectPathList, objCache)
            if callable(candidate) and getattr(candidate, 'exposed', False):
                foundIt = True
                break
        # Couldn't find the object: pop one from the list and try "default"
        lastObj = objectPathList.pop()
        if not isFirst:
            virtualPathList.insert(0, lastObj)
            objectPathList.append('default')
            candidate = getObjFromPath(objectPathList, objCache)
            if callable(candidate) and getattr(candidate, 'exposed', False):
                foundIt = True
                isDefault = True
                break
            objectPathList.pop() # Remove "default"
        if isSecond:
            isSecond = False
        if isFirst:
            isFirst = False
            isSecond = True

    # Check results of traversal
    if not foundIt:
        raise cperror.NotFound # We didn't find anything

    if isFirst:
        # We found the extra ".index"
        # Check if the original path had a trailing slash (otherwise, do
        #   a redirect)
        if cpg.request.path[-1] != '/':
            newUrl = cpg.request.path + '/'
            if cpg.request.queryString: newUrl += cpg.request.queryString
            raise IndexRedirect(newUrl)

    return candidate, objectPathList, virtualPathList
 
def canonicalizeUrl(url):
    """ Canonicalize a URL. The URL might be relative, absolute or canonical """
    if not url.startswith('http://') and not url.startswith('https://'):
        # If url is not canonical, we must make it canonical
        if url[0] == '/':
            # URL was absolute: we just add the request.base in front of it
            url = cpg.request.base + url
        else:
            # URL was relative
            if cpg.request.browserUrl == cpg.request.base:
                # browserUrl is request.base
                url = cpg.request.base + '/' + url
            else:
                i = cpg.request.browserUrl.rfind('/')
                url = cpg.request.browserUrl[:i+1] + url
    return url
Tip: Filter by directory path e.g. /media app.js to search for public/media/app.js.
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