CherryPy / docs / cherryd.1

.\" Man page generated from reStructuredText.
.TH cherryd 1 "2009-06-15" "3.2.0" "web"
.SH NAME
cherryd \- Starts the CherryPy HTTP server as a daemon

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.SH SYNOPSIS
\fBcherryd\fP [\-d] [\-f | \-s] [\-e ENV_NAME] [\-p PIDFILE_PATH] [\-P DIRPATH] [\-c CONFIG_FILE] \-i MODULE_NAME


.SH DESCRIPTION
\fBcherryd\fP is a Python script which starts the CherryPy webserver as a daemon.


.SH OPTIONS
.INDENT 0.0

.TP
.BI \-c\  CONFIG_FILE ,\ \-\-config\fn= CONFIG_FILE
Specifies a config file which is to be read and merged into the
CherryPy site\-wide config dict.  This option may be specified
multiple times.  For each CONFIG_FILE specified, \fBcherryd\fP will perform
\fBcherrypy.config.update()\fP.


.TP
.B \-d
Run the server as a daemon.


.TP
.BI \-e\  ENV_NAME ,\ \-\-environment\fn= ENV_NAME
Specifies the name of an environment to be applied.  An environment is a
canned set of configuration entries.  See \fI\%ENVIRONMENTS\fP below for a
list of the built\-in environments.


.TP
.B \-f
Start a fastcgi server instead of the default HTTP server.


.TP
.B \-s
Start a scgi server instead of the default HTTP server.


.TP
.BI \-i\  MODULE_NAME ,\ \-\-import\fn= MODULE_NAME
Specifies a module to import.  This option may be specified multiple times.
For each MODULE_NAME specified, \fBcherryd\fP will import the module.  This
is how you tell \fBcherryd\fP to run your application\'s startup code.
For all practical purposes, \fB\-i\fP is not optional; you will always need to
specify at least one module.


.TP
.BI \-p\  PIDFILE_PATH ,\ \-\-pidfile\fn= PIDFILE_PATH
Store the process id in PIDFILE_PATH.


.TP
.BI \-P\  DIRPATH ,\ \-\-Path\  DIRPATH
Specifies a directory to be inserted at the head of \fBsys.path\fP.  DIRPATH
should be an absolute path.  This option may be specified multiple times.
\fBcherryd\fP inserts all the specified DIRPATHs into \fBsys.path\fP before it
attempts to import modules specified with \fB\-i\fP.

.UNINDENT
For a terse summary of the options, run \fBcherryd \-\-help\fP.


.SH EXAMPLES
A site\-wide configuration file \fBsite.conf\fP:

.INDENT 0.0
.INDENT 3.5

[global]
.br
server.socket_host = "0.0.0.0"
.br
server.socket_port = 8008
.br
engine.autoreload_on = False
.br

.UNINDENT
.UNINDENT
The application startup code in \fBstartup.py\fP:

.INDENT 0.0
.INDENT 3.5

import cherrypy
.br
import my_controller
.br
cherrypy.log.error_file = \'/var/tmp/myapp\-error.log\'
.br
cherrypy.log.access_file = \'/var/tmp/myapp\-access.log\'
.br
config_root = { \'tools.encode.encoding\' : \'utf\-8\', }
.br
app_conf = { \'/\' : config_root }
.br
cherrypy.tree.mount(my_controller.Root(), script_name=\'\', config=app_conf)
.br

.UNINDENT
.UNINDENT
A corresponding \fBcherryd\fP command line:

.INDENT 0.0
.INDENT 3.5

cherryd \-d \-c site.conf \-i startup \-p /var/log/cherrypy/my_app.pid
.br

.UNINDENT
.UNINDENT

.SH DROPPING PRIVILEGES
If you want to serve your web application on TCP port 80 (or any port lower than
1024), the CherryPy HTTP server needs to start as root in order to bind to the
port.  Running a web application as root is reckless, so the application should
drop privileges from root to some other user and group.  The application must do
this itself, as \fBcherryd\fP does not do it for you.

To drop privileges, put the following lines into your startup code,
substituting appropriate values for \fBumask\fP, \fBuid\fP and \fBgid\fP:

.INDENT 0.0
.INDENT 3.5

from cherrypy.process.plugins import DropPrivileges
.br
DropPrivileges(cherrypy.engine, umask=022, uid=\'nobody\', gid=\'nogroup\').subscribe()
.br

.UNINDENT
.UNINDENT
Note that the values for \fBuid\fP and \fBgid\fP may be either user and group
names, or uid and gid integers.

Note that you must disable the engine Autoreload plugin, because the way
Autoreload works is by \fBexec()\fPing a new instance of the running process,
replacing the current instance.  Since root privileges are already dropped, the
new process instance will fail when it tries to perform a privileged operation
such as binding to a low\-numbered TCP port.


.SH ENVIRONMENTS
These are the built\-in environment configurations:


.SS staging
.INDENT 0.0
.INDENT 3.5

\'engine.autoreload_on\': False,
.br
\'checker.on\': False,
.br
\'tools.log_headers.on\': False,
.br
\'request.show_tracebacks\': False,
.br
\'request.show_mismatched_params\': False,
.br

.UNINDENT
.UNINDENT

.SS production
.INDENT 0.0
.INDENT 3.5

\'engine.autoreload_on\': False,
.br
\'checker.on\': False,
.br
\'tools.log_headers.on\': False,
.br
\'request.show_tracebacks\': False,
.br
\'request.show_mismatched_params\': False,
.br
\'log.screen\': False,
.br

.UNINDENT
.UNINDENT

.SS embedded
.INDENT 0.0
.INDENT 3.5

# For use with CherryPy embedded in another deployment stack, e.g. Apache mod_wsgi.
.br
\'engine.autoreload_on\': False,
.br
\'checker.on\': False,
.br
\'tools.log_headers.on\': False,
.br
\'request.show_tracebacks\': False,
.br
\'request.show_mismatched_params\': False,
.br
\'log.screen\': False,
.br
\'engine.SIGHUP\': None,
.br
\'engine.SIGTERM\': None,
.br

.UNINDENT
.UNINDENT

.SH BUGS
\fBcherryd\fP should probably accept command\-line options \fB\-\-uid\fP, \fB\-\-gid\fP, and
\fB\-\-umask\fP, and handle dropping privileges itself.


.SH AUTHOR
fumanchu

.nf
cherrypy.org
.fi

.SH COPYRIGHT
This man page is placed in the public domain

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