Source

comicvine-client / test / mocks / publishers_.json

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{"number_of_page_results":100, "status_code":1, "error":"OK", "results":[
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-21 18:54:48",
        "description":"<br />There have been a few characters that have recently been revived by <a href=\"/dynamite-entertainment/57-1859/\">               Dynamite Entertainment</a> under the <a href=\"/project-superpowers/49-20326/\">              Project Superpowers</a> title.&nbsp;<br />Some of the stable of characters that were originally published by Dell or published in partnership with Western Publishing were&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/martan-the-marvel-man/29-18747/\">             Martan the Marvel Man</a>&nbsp;<br />Triple Terror&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/phantasmo/29-62026/\">            Phantasmo&nbsp;</a><br /><a href=\"/professor-supermind/29-74335/\">           Professor Supermind and Son</a>&nbsp;<br />The Voice&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/the-owl/29-46596/\">          The Owl&nbsp;</a>&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/owl-girl/29-46597/\">         Owl Girl&nbsp;</a><br /><a href=\"/captain-midnight/49-23322/\">        Captain Midnight</a>&nbsp;(Fawcett, later Moonstone)<br />Masked Pilot&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/the-night-devils/65-58000/\">       NIght Devils&nbsp;</a><br />Radior&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/vana/29-18740/\">      Vana&nbsp;</a><br />Viking Carter&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; These characters were published during the Western Publishing partnership. <br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/nukla/29-61231/\">     Nukla&nbsp;</a><br /><a href=\"/brain-boy/29-5609/\">    Brain Boy&nbsp;</a><br /><a href=\"/neutro/29-61232/\">   Neutro&nbsp;</a><br />Fab Four&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/kona/29-13931/\">  Kona&nbsp;&nbsp;</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; These characters were published by Dell after the dissolution of the partnership with Western.<br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />Many of these characters have separate pages while others do not.",
        "deck":"American publisher of books and comic books, founded in 1921. They were bought by Random House and are now part of the \"Bantam Dell Publishing Group\". They would partner with Western Publishing from 1938 to 1962.",
        "image":{
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        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/dell/57-4/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/4/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
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        "id":4,
        "name":"Dell"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-21 20:38:30",
        "description":"&nbsp;<br />United Features had two heroes that they Published <a href=\"/spark-man/29-61814/\">   Spark Man</a> and <a href=\"/mirror-man/29-67513/\">    Mirror Man</a><br />Spark Man&nbsp;is the only hero&nbsp;from United Features revived by <a href=\"/dynamite-entertainment/57-1859/\">  Dynamite Entertainment </a>under their <a href=\"/project-superpowers/49-20326/\"> Project Superpowers</a> title&nbsp;&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />Some of the characters have separate pages while others do not.",
        "deck":"",
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            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1640972-789831_spark_1_super_icon.jpg",
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        "aliases":"",
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        "location_city":"",
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-21 17:25:11",
        "description":"<p>  Fiction House was a big time publisher of both pulp magazines and comic books from the 1920s to the 1950s. Its comics division was best known for its pinup-style good girl art, as epitomized by the company's most popular character <a href=\"/sheena/29-31442/\">   Sheena, Queen of the Jungle</a>.&nbsp; Fiction House also launched the careers of <a href=\"/jack-kirby/26-5614/\">   Jack Kirby</a> and <a href=\"/will-eisner/26-26686/\">   Will Eisner</a>&nbsp; as well.&nbsp; The publisher was also a target of <a href=\"/fredric-wertham/29-6619/\"> Dr. Fredric Wertham</a>'s infamous book Seduction of the Innocent in 1954.</p>",
        "deck":"A pulp magazine and comic book publisher in the Golden Age of Comics.",
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        "location_city":"",
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        "date_last_updated":"2012-08-15 20:31:08",
        "description":"<h2>History</h2><p>DC was founded in 1934 under the name of National Allied Publications. DC was formed by the merging of National Allied Publications and Detective Comics. The Company changed it's name as a result of its nickname: DC Comics. People had nicknamed it DC because of one its most popular comic series; <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/detective-comics/49-18058/\">Detective Comics</a> It is perhaps the world's most recognizable comic companies and rivals <a href=\"/marvel/57-31/\">Marvel</a> publishing.</p><p>DC Comics has its official headquarters at 1700 Broadway, 7th, New York, New York. Random House distributes DC Comics' books to the bookstore market, while Diamond Comics Distributors supplies the comics shop specialty market.</p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1837076\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/5/58424/1837076-dc_comics_reinvents_pg564mg_x_large_super.jpg\" title=\"Justice League # 1\"><img id=\"1837076\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/5/58424/1837076-dc_comics_reinvents_pg564mg_x_large_medium.jpg\" alt=\"Justice League # 1\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Justice League # 1</div></div></div></div><p>National Allied Publications' first comic was <i>New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine #1</i> which was released in the February of 1935. It hit off, and was surprisingly popular. Later that year, a second title was released: <i>New Comics #1.</i> The size and length <i>New Comics #1</i> became the archetype for many comics afterwards, and it became the longest running comic series of all time.</p><p>With the establishment of DC as the major comic book company and with many of the most marketable names in the early years of comics, it became the main company that other companies tried to compete with. Companies tried different approaches, for instance <a href=\"/fawcett-publications/57-34/\">Fawcett Publications</a> tried to copy the formula of <a href=\"/superman/29-1807/\">Superman</a> and to have an all-powerful hero with a supporting \"family\", whereas other companies such as <a href=\"/charlton/57-125/\">Charlton Comics</a> created entire new worlds. Further along in the <a href=\"/silver-age-of-comics/12-55821/\">Silver Age</a> many of these companies failed and either DC or Marvel bought the rights to the characters. Thus although they had once been competitors the properties of Fawcett and Charlton both eventually came under DC's control.</p><p>With the reinvigoration of Marvel in the 1960s under the leadership of <a href=\"/stan-lee/26-40467/\">Stan Lee</a> and <a href=\"/jack-kirby/26-5614/\">Jack Kirby</a>, DC found itself a new and more potent competitor. Marvel succeeded by breaking what had become by then generic archetypes of superheroes by introducing characters which were younger and more flawed (and thus appeared more human and appealed to a younger crowd in a more direct manner.) After falling behind Marvel in sales, DC was finally forced to adopt much of the same system which Marvel had, by introducing such young teams as the <a href=\"/teen-titans/65-19081/\">Teen Titans</a> to compete with the <a href=\"/x-men/65-3173/\">X-Men</a>.</p><p>With the same concept in mind, in 2011, DC announced they were cancelling all the main titles and starting over with all <a href=\"/the-new-52/12-56061/\">New 52's</a> as part of a relaunch. In charge of the relaunch is <a href=\"/geoff-johns/26-40439/\">Geoff Johns</a> and <a href=\"/jim-lee/26-2399/\">Jim Lee</a>. The relaunch started with the release of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/justice-league-justice-league-part-one/37-290431/\">Justice League # 1</a> on August 31st. this was done partially to revitalize the company and to deage the characters and thus make them more dynamic. On January 12, 2012, it was announced that there would be a second wave of the new 52 where six titles would be getting canceled with another six to replace them, though the plan to stay at 52 ongoing monthlies seems to be consistent.</p><p>DC comics now has 28 live action movies, 16 animated films (in all likely hood more), 42 television series's and 39 video games based on the DC universe. <b>DC Imprints and Sub-Imprints Both Past and Present</b></p><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/vertigo/57-521/\">Vertigo</a> (1993-Present)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/wildstorm/57-708/\">WildStorm</a> (1999-2010)*</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/cmx/57-2345/\">CMX</a> (2004-2010)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/helix/57-602/\">Helix</a> (1996-1998)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/2000ad/57-2358/\">2000AD</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/americas-best-comics/57-731/\">America's Best Comics</a> (1999-2010)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/cliffhanger/57-2287/\">Cliffhanger</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/tangent-comics/57-638/\">Tangent Comics</a> (1997-2008)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/paradox-press/57-1982/\">Paradox Press</a> (1993-2001)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/piranha-press/57-2083/\">Piranha Press</a> (1989-1994)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/humanoids/57-1346/\">Humanoids</a> (2004)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/milestone/57-538/\">Milestone</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/impact/57-483/\">Impact!</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/minx/57-2227/\">Minx</a> (2007-2008)</li><li><a href=\"/zuda-comics/57-2069/\">Zuda</a> (2007-2010)</li></ul><p>*the imprint was founded in 1992 but as part of the <a href=\"/image/57-513/\">Image</a> conglomerate and only moved to DC in 1999</p><h2>DC Movies (Cinematic Releases)</h2><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/batman-the-movie/223-55/\">Batman: The Movie</a> (July 30, 1966)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/superman/223-2/\">Superman</a> (December 15, 1978)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/superman-ii/223-5/\">Superman II</a> (June 19, 1981)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/superman-iii/223-6/\">Superman III</a> (June 17, 1983)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/supergirl/223-171/\">Supergirl</a> (November 21, 1984)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/superman-iv-the-quest-for-peace/223-9/\">Superman IV: The Quest For Peace</a> (July 24, 1987)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/batman/223-4/\">Batman</a> (June 23, 1989)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/batman-returns/223-7/\">Batman Returns</a> (June 19, 1992)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/batman-forever/223-8/\">Batman Forever</a> (June 16, 1995)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/batman-robin/223-10/\">Batman &amp; Robin</a> (June 20, 1997)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/league-of-extraordinary-gentlemen/223-28/\">League of Extraordinary Gentlemen</a> (June 11, 2003)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/constantine/223-26/\">Constantine</a> (February 18, 2005)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/batman-begins/223-12/\">Batman Begins</a> (June 14, 2005)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/superman-returns/223-11/\">Superman Returns</a> (June 28, 2006)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-dark-knight/223-15/\">The Dark Knight</a> (July 18, 2008)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/watchmen/223-1/\">Watchmen</a> (March 19, 2009)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/green-lantern/223-926/\">Green Lantern</a> (June 17, 2011)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-dark-knight-rises/223-1214/\">The Dark Knight Rises</a> (July 20, 2012)</li></ul><h4>Coming Attractions (Cinematic Releases)</h4><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/man-of-steel/223-1375/\">Man of Steel</a> (June 14, 2013)</li></ul>",
        "deck":"Publisher of iconic characters and teams such as Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman, the Flash, Green Lantern, the Justice League of America, and the Teen Titans. One of the \"big two\" comic publishers, along with Marvel.",
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-12-16 14:58:14",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/national-comics-publications/57-11/",
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:11",
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        "date_last_updated":"2012-08-18 20:16:50",
        "description":"<p>Quality Comics went out of business in 1957 after having sold the rights to most of their characters to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dc-comics/57-10/\">DC Comics,</a> including <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blackhawk/29-35166/\">Blackhawk</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/darrell-dane/29-23313/\">Doll Man</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/uncle-sam/29-3625/\">Uncle Sam</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/human-bomb-lincoln/29-47129/\">the Human Bomb</a>, the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/black-condor-grey/29-30198/\">Black Condor</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/phantom-lady-sandra-knight/29-32175/\">Phantom Lady</a>, the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-ray-happy-terrill/29-47131/\">Ray</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/miss-america/29-31887/\">Miss America</a>, the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dan-richards/29-1333/\">Manhunter</a>, the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/richard-raleigh/29-47128/\">Red Bee</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/firebrand-rod-reilly/29-76168/\">Firebrand</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/max-mercury/29-2379/\">Max Mercury</a> (the Golden Age Quicksilver), <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/plastic-man/29-6270/\">Plastic Man</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-spirit/29-33297/\">the Spirit</a>. These characters continued to be published and updated by DC Comics.</p><p>Other characters from Quality Comics such as <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/midnight/29-9554/\">Midnight</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/711/29-53581/\">711</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/neon-the-unknown/29-31889/\">Neon the Unknown</a>, the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-torpedo/29-62623/\">Red Torpedo</a> and the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-invisible-hood/29-31888/\">Invisible Hood</a> were also acquired by DC Comics. After a period of only a few appearances, these characters lapsed into limbo or into <a href=\"/in-the-public-domain/57-2526/\">the public domain</a>.</p><p>Some of the original characters published by Quality Comics are:</p><p>711 (DC unpublished)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ace-of-space/29-73860/\">Ace of Space</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider/29-9978/\">Alias the Spider</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/black-condor-grey/29-30198/\">Black Condor</a> (DC)</p><p>Blackhawks (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-blue-tracer/29-60021/\">Blue Tracer</a> (DC unpublished)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bozo-the-robot/29-55419/\">Bozo the Iron Man</a> (The Robot)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-triumph/29-36911/\">Captain Triumph</a> (DC) (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-clock/29-53494/\">The Clock</a> (Formerly Centaur later DC)</p><p>Cyclone Space Pioneer</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/destiny/29-64082/\">Destiny</a> (DC)</p><p>Destroying Demon</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/darrell-dane/29-23313/\">Doll Man</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/doll-girl/29-52970/\">Doll Girl</a> (DC)</p><p>The Dragon</p><p>Espionage ( <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/black-x/29-1332/\">Black X</a>) (DC unpublished)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/firebrand-rod-reilly/29-76168/\">Firebrand</a> (DC)</p><p>G-2</p><p><a href=\"/ghost-of-flanders/29-70853/\">Ghost of Flanders</a></p><p>Her Highness</p><p>Just 'N Right</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/human-bomb-lincoln/29-47129/\">Human Bomb</a> (DC)</p><p>Invisible Hood (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jester/29-23433/\">Jester</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"/joe-hercules/29-76774/\">Joe Hercules</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/kid-eternity/29-9363/\">Kid Eternity</a> (DC)</p><p>Kid Patrol</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/lady-luck/49-26136/\">Lady Luck</a> (IDW)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/madame-fatal/29-41364/\">Madame Fatal</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/magno/29-66174/\">Magno</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/manhunter/29-2529/\">Manhunter</a> (DC)</p><p>Margo the Magician</p><p>Marmaduke the Mouse</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marksman/29-9560/\">Marksman</a> (DC)</p><p>Merlin the Magician (DC unpublished)</p><p>Midnight (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/miss-america/29-31887/\">Miss America</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mr-keeper/29-35415/\">Mr. Keeper</a> (DC)</p><p>Monsieur X</p><p>Molly the Model</p><p>Mouthpiece (DC unpublished)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/neon-the-unknown/29-31889/\">Neon the Unknown</a> (DC)</p><p>Peg Leg Friel (DC unpublished)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/phantom-lady-sandra-knight/29-32175/\">Phantom Lady</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/plastic-man/29-6270/\">Plastic Man</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/max-mercury/29-2379/\">Quicksilver</a> (DC)</p><p>Raven (DC unpublished)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-ray-happy-terrill/29-47131/\">The Ray</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/richard-raleigh/29-47128/\">Red Bee</a> ( DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-white-and-blue/65-47327/\">Red, White, Blue</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-torpedo/29-62623/\">Red Torpedo</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/rusty-ryan/29-75305/\">Rusty Ryan</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/scarlet-seal/29-73803/\">Scarlet Seal</a></p><p>Silk (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-sniper/29-74499/\">The Sniper</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-widow/29-53084/\">Spider Widow</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"/stormy-foster/29-76773/\">Stormy Foster</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/torchy/29-6646/\">Torchy</a> (creator owned)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-unknown/29-9563/\">The Unknown</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/uncle-sam/29-3625/\">Uncle Sam</a> (DC)</p><p>USA</p><p>The Voice</p><p>The Whistler</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/wildfire/29-3621/\">Wildfire</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/wonder-boy/29-61363/\">Wonder Boy</a> (DC unpublished)</p><p>Yankee Eagle</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-spirit/29-33297/\">The Spirit</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/commissioner-dolan/29-26688/\">Commissioner Dolan</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dr-cobra/29-27734/\">Dr, Cobra</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/octopus/29-28410/\">The Octopus</a> (DC)</p><p>Hazel P. Macbeth (DC)</p><p>Mister Carrion (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/pgell/29-56213/\">P'Gell</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/sand-saref/29-50044/\">Sand Saref</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/silken-floss/29-30689/\">Silken Floss</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/darling-oshea/29-56214/\">Darling O' Shea</a> (DC)</p><p>Lorelie Rox (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/satin/29-30661/\">Silk Satin</a> (DC)</p><p>DC published an <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/elseworlds/12-46699/\">Elseworlds</a> title called <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jla-destiny/49-10771/\">JLA Destiny</a> where many of the Quality heroes founded the JLA and were funded by <a href=\"/thomas-wayne/29-3602/\">Thomas Wayne</a>. The original members were The Clock, Manhunter, Midnight, and Destiny. The Unknown, Spider Widow, Wildfire, and Destiny were characters that were based on their 1940's counter-parts. The Spirit was originally in newspapers that would later appear in <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/police-comics/49-21167/\">Police Comics</a>. 711, Blue Tracer, Black X, Merlin the Magician, and Raven have not made any appearances in DC canon. Bozo the Robot, Madame Fatal, Mouthpiece, and Wonder Boy have only been refered to and Lady Luck is published by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/idw-publishing/57-1190/\">IDW publishing</a>. Stormy Foster and Torchy were the only characters that remained creator owned.</p><p>Some of these characters have separate pages while others do not. There was a character named Mouthpiece in the 1999 Doctor Midnight mini series; it is unknown if he is related to the Quality character of the same name. Image Comics reimagned the Golden Age characters and published Crack Comics #63 as an anthology one shot around 2008. Most of the characters are owned by DC may have lapsed into the Public Domain. The characters story arcs that continued were The Mouthpiece, Molly the Model, Alias the Spider, Wildfire, and Captain Triumph.</p>",
        "deck":"American publisher, started in part by Will Eisner, and famous as the home of Plastic Man, Blackhawk, the Spirit and others",
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        "description":"<p><b>Fox Feature Syndicate</b> (also known as <b>Fox Comics</b> and <b>Fox Publications</b>) was a comic book publisher from early in the period known to fans and historians as the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/golden-age-of-comics/12-55820/\">Golden Age of Comic Books</a>. Founded by entrepreneur <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/victor-fox/26-49436/\">Victor A. Fox</a>, it produced such titles as <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-blue-beetle/49-19402/\">Blue Beetle</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/fantastic-comics/49-19504/\">Fantastic Comics</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mystery-men-comics/49-20530/\">Mystery Men Comics</a>.</p><p>It is unrelated to the company Fox Publications, a Colorado publisher of railroad photography books.</p><p>Victor A. Fox and business associate Bob Farrell launched Fox Feature Syndicate at 480 Lexington Avenue in New York City in the late 1930s. For content, Fox contracted with comics packager <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/will-eisner/26-26686/\">Eisner</a> &amp; <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/s-m-jerry-iger/26-41635/\">Iger</a>, one of a handful of companies creating comic books on demand for publishers entering the field. Writer-artist Will Eisner, at Victor Fox's request for a hero to mimic the newly created hit Superman, created the superhero <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/wonder-man/29-73295/\">Wonder Man</a> for Fox's first publication, Wonder Comics #1 (May 1939), signing his work \"Willis\". Superman owner <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/national-periodical-publications/57-24/\">National Periodical Publications</a>, the company that would evolve into DC Comics, cited copyright infringement and quickly obtained a permanent injunction. Wonder Man did not reappear.</p><p>After Eisner testified against Fox Publications at trial, Victor Fox dropped the packager and hired his own stable of comic creators, beginning with a New York Times classified ad on Dec. 2, 1939. <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/joe-simon/26-9443/\">Joe Simon</a>, a former Eisner &amp; Iger freelancer, became Fox Publications' editor.</p><p>As one of the earliest companies in the emerging field, it employed or bought the packaged material of a huge number of Golden Age greats, many at the start of their careers. <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/lou-fine/26-24756/\">Lou Fine</a> created the superhero <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-flame/29-24757/\">The Flame</a> in <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/wonderworld-comics/49-20532/\">Wonderworld Comics</a>; <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dick-briefer/26-43461/\">Dick Briefer</a> created <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/rex-dexter/29-17833/\">Rex Dexter of Mars</a> in the eponymous series. <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/george-tuska/26-9435/\">George Tuska</a> did his first comics work here with the features \"Zanzibar\" (Mystery Men Comics #1, Aug. 1939) and \"Tom Barry\" (Wonderworld Comics #4). <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/fletcher-hanks/26-56582/\">Fletcher Hanks</a> wrote and drew <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/stardust-the-super-wizard/29-27007/\">Stardust the Super Wizard</a> in Fantastic Comics in 1939 and 1940. <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/matt-baker/26-27899/\">Matt Baker</a>, one of the few African-American comic book artists of the Golden Age, revamped \u2014 in more than one sense \u2014 the newly acquired Quality Comics character <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/phantom-lady/49-26918/\">Phantom Lady</a>' in 1947, creating one of the most memorable and controversial examples of superhero \"good girl art\".</p><p>Future comics legend <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jack-kirby/26-5614/\">Jack Kirby</a>, brought on staff here after freelancing for Eisner &amp; Iger, wrote and drew the syndicated newspaper comic strip The Blue Beetle (starting Jan. 1940), starring a character created by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/charles-nicholas/26-39294/\">Charles Nicholas Wojtkowski</a> in Mystery Men Comics #1 (Aug. 1939). Kirby retained the house name \"Charles Nicholas\" for the comic strip, which lasted three months. Kirby, additionally, created and did one story each of the Fox features \"Wing Turner\" (Mystery Men #10, May 1940) and \" <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/cosmic-carson/29-73810/\">Cosmic Carson</a>\" (Science Comics #4, same month).</p><p>Throughout the 1940s, Fox produced comics in a typically wide variety of genres, but was best known for superheroes and humor. With the post-war decline in superheroes' popularity, Fox, like other publishers, concentrated on horror and crime comics, including some of the most notorious of the latter. Following the establishment of Comics Code Authority in the mid-1950s, Fox went out of business, selling the rights to the Blue Beetle to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/charlton/57-125/\">Charlton Comics</a>.</p><p>Born in England, Fox Publications founder Victor A. Fox was a stockbroker for the Allied Capital Corp./Fox Motor and Bank Stocks, Inc./American Common Stocks, Inc., on Park Avenue in New York City when he was [indicted citation needed] on Nov. 27, 1929 for mail fraud and related illegal \"boiler room\" activities. It appears unrecorded whether this resulted in a conviction.</p><p>Historian Jon Berk has written that Fox went on to become an accountant/bookkeeper at the publishing firm that would become DC Comics, where he was privy to sales figures that convinced him to launch his own comic-book company. Fellow historian Gerard Jones, writing in his book Men of Tomorrow: Geeks, Gangsters, and the Birth of the Comic Book, was unable to find documentation of this. Other sources say that at the time Action Comics # 1 came out he was publishing Astrology magazines and thought he could make more money doing comics, or more to the point a copy of Superman.</p><p><b>Jack Kirby</b>: \"Victor Fox was a character. He'd look up at the ceiling with a big cigar, this little fellow, very broad, going back and forth with his hands behind his back saying, 'I'm the King of Comics! I'm the King of Comics!' and we would watch him and, of course, smile a little because he was a genuine type\".</p><p><b>Joe Simon</b> on Victor Fox : \"He was an accountant for DC Comics. He was doing the sales figures and he liked what he saw. So, he moved downstairs and started his own company.... I happened to get a job; I went over to Fox and became editor there, which was just an impossible job, because ... there were no artists, no writers, no editors, no letterers \u2014 nothing there. Everything came out of the Eisner and Iger shop. ... He was a very strange character. He had kind of a British accent; he was like 5'2\", told us he was a former ballroom dancer. He was very loud, menacing, and really a scary little guy. He used to say, 'I'm the King of the Comics. I'm the King of the Comics. I'm the King of the Comics.' We couldn't stop him\".</p><p><b>Nicky Wright</b>: \"Competing well in the 'most sexy, sadistic, and violent' category, Victor Fox\u2019s Murder Incorporated and Blue Beetle are noteworthy.... When historians describe sleaze, sex, and violence as Fox\u2019s obsession, they are masters of understatement. His best artists, Jack Kamen and Matt Baker, are much revered and collected for their good girl art. (Of special note is the company\u2019s breasty crime-fighter-in-bedroom-lingerie, Phantom Lady...along with the wild and scantily attired Rulah, Jungle Goddess.)\"</p><p><b>Boyd Magers</b>: \"Never one to overlook a secondary sale, Fox often repackaged four remaindered (unsold) comics into a 25\u00a2 Giant with a new cover, hence Hoot Gibson's Western Roundup, 132 pages dated 1950. However, since Fox always started their stories on the inside front cover (where other publishers ran an ad), these repackaged comics are always missing the first page of story content. Also, since Fox used remaindered issues, contents will vary from copy to copy of Hoot Gibson's Western Roundup.\"</p><p>Dynamite Entertainment has revived a few of the Fox Feature Syndicate characters in their Project Superpowers title</p><p>A portion of the Stable of characters that were originally published were:</p><p>Ace and Dart</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-banshee/29-73801/\">The Banshee</a></p><p>The Bat Boy</p><p>Beau Brummel</p><p>Birdman</p><p>Blackbird</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/black-fury/29-73806/\">Black Fury and Kid Fury</a></p><p>Black Lion</p><p>Blitz</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blue-beetle-garret/29-18745/\">Blue Beetle</a> (Holyoke, Charlton and later DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-bouncer/29-75003/\">The Bouncer</a> and Sparky</p><p>Bronze Man</p><p>Captain Kidd</p><p>Captain V</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dagar-desert-hawk/29-34228/\">Dagar, the Desert Hawk</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dart-ace/65-57404/\">Dart and Ace</a></p><p>Doctor Death</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dynamite-thor/29-73824/\">Dynamite Thor</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-eagle/29-18752/\">The Eagle and Buddy</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dynamo/29-20352/\">Electro ( late Dynamo)</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-flame/29-24757/\">The Flame</a> and Flame Girl</p><p>Flip Falcon</p><p>Golden Knight</p><p>The Gorilla with the Human Brain</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/green-mask/29-51185/\">Green Mask</a> and Domino</p><p>The Hand</p><p>Illuso</p><p>Jaguar/Jaguar Man</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jo-jo-congo-king/49-19615/\">Jo Jo Congo King</a></p><p>Lunar the Moon Man</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-lynx/29-71660/\">The Lynx</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/panther-woman/29-69423/\">Marga the Panther Woman</a></p><p>The Mask</p><p>Miss X</p><p>Moth/Mothman</p><p>Nightbird</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/phantom-lady/49-26918/\">Phantom Lady</a> (obtained from Quality)</p><p>Professor Fiend</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/purple-tigress/29-61284/\">Purple Tigress</a></p><p>Rani-Boy</p><p>The Rapier</p><p>The Raven</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/rulah-jungle-goddess/49-21051/\">Rulah, Jungle Goddess</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/samson/29-52544/\">Samson</a></p><p>Sorceress of Zoom</p><p>Space Smith</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-queen/29-30223/\">Spider Queen</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/stardust-the-super-wizard/29-27007/\">Stardust, the Super Wizard</a></p><p>Sub Saunders</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/tangi/29-2377/\">Tangi</a></p><p>Tegra, the Jungle Princess</p><p>Thor</p><p>The Topper</p><p>Tumbler</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/us-jones/29-17039/\">U.S. Jones</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/v-man/29-8119/\">V-Man and the V-Boys</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/wonder-man/29-73295/\">Wonder Man</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-wraith/29-74160/\">The Wraith</a></p><p>Yank Wilson</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/yarko-the-great/29-12801/\">Yarko, the Great</a></p><p>Zago, Jungle Prince</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/rex-dexter/29-17833/\">Rex Dexter</a></p><p>Many of these characters have their separate page and others do not. Image Comics reimagined Golden Age characters and literally published the next issue as an anthology one shot</p><p>in 2008. They may have only owned the rights long enough to publish the anthology and released them back into the public domain. They published Fantastic Comics #24 on 2/13/2008.</p><p>The issue republished the continuing story arc of characters Samson, Flip Falcon, Golden Knight, Yank Wilson, Space Smith, Captain KIdd, Professor Fiend, Sub Saunders, Stardust the Space Wizard. Stardust is owned by Dynamite Entertainment.</p>",
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        "date_last_updated":"2010-05-31 07:59:06",
        "description":"<br />Harvey is a publishing company that had such lovable characters like<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/casper/29-2743/\"> Casper</a>, the Friendly Ghost and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/richie-rich/29-2647/\">Richie Rich</a>.",
        "deck":"Publishing Company",
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        "date_last_updated":"2012-04-01 11:05:06",
        "description":"<h2>Brief History<br /></h2><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"841119\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/77/841119-marvel_mysteries_handbook_mitch_breitweiser_super.jpg\" title=\"\u00a0Many of the Heroes of the 1940's are still active today\"><img id=\"841119\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/77/841119-marvel_mysteries_handbook_mitch_breitweiser_medium.jpg\" alt=\"\u00a0Many of the Heroes of the 1940's are still active today\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">\u00a0Many of the Heroes of the 1940's are still active today</div></div></div></div>The company that started it all. The Company was run by <a href=\"../../martin-goodman/26-43801/\" rel=\"nofollow\">  Martin Goodman</a>, established in 1939. Ironicly, the very first comic that Timely Comics published was named \"Marvel Comics\", the name that the company would later take on as their company-name. Timely Comics is famous for creating iconic comicbook characters who are still published to this very day, such as <a href=\"../../captain-america/29-1442/\" rel=\"nofollow\">                 Captain America</a>, the<a href=\"../../jim-hammond/29-12605/\" rel=\"nofollow\">           Original Human Torch</a> and <a href=\"../../namor/29-1476/\" rel=\"nofollow\">         Namor</a>. The company published mostly super hero comics untill they no longer became profitabele in the late 1940's. In the 1950's the company changed it's name to <a href=\"../../atlas/57-75/\" rel=\"nofollow\">        Atlas</a>, publishing mostly Horror and Detective comics untill the early 1960's when the company again changed it's name. This time into <a href=\"../../marvel/57-31/\" rel=\"nofollow\">       Marvel</a> Comics, a name that would last and continues to build up on the foundations that where layed here by Timely Comics.",
        "deck":"The predesessor of Marvel Comics in the 1930's and 1940's.",
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        "aliases":"",
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        "name":"Timely"
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-11-28 15:32:30",
        "description":"<p>In the early 2000's Eastern Color closed it's doors.</p><p><a href=\"/dynamite-entertainment/57-1859/\">Dynamite Entertainment</a> has recently revived some of these characters in the <a href=\"/project-superpowers/49-20326/\">Project Superpowers</a> title.</p><p>This is list of a few of the stable of characters that were originally published by Easter Color Printing:</p><p><a href=\"/hydroman/29-59140/\">Hydroman</a></p><p><a href=\"/man-o-metal/29-18739/\">Man O' Meta</a><a href=\"/man-o-metal/29-18739/\">l</a></p><p><a href=\"/fearless-flint/29-61052/\">Fearless Flint</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/rainbow-boy/29-60071/\">Rainbow Boy</a></p><p><a href=\"/music-master/29-73359/\">Music Master</a></p><p><a href=\"/purple-zombie/29-73942/\">The Purple Zombie</a></p><p><a href=\"/mann-of-india/29-73943/\">Mann of India</a></p><p>Downbeat</p><p>Dickey Dare</p><p>Many of these characters have separate pages and some do not.</p>",
        "deck":"Eastern Color Printing are very given credit for the birth of the comic book. Funnies on Parade and Famous Funnies were\nthe two comics that gave birth to the medium. Eastern Color published comics from 1933 through the mid 1950's. In 1973 it ceased printing comics for other companies.",
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-12-16 14:57:21",
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        "id":24,
        "name":"National Periodical Publications"
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:11",
        "description":"",
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        "name":"K"
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        "date_last_updated":"2012-08-15 20:33:49",
        "description":"<h2>Imprints</h2><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/icon-comics/57-1959/\">Icon Comics</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marvel-digital-comics-unlimited/57-2707/\">Marvel Digital Comics Unlimited</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marvel-knights/57-2699/\">Marvel Knights</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marvel-music/57-2547/\">Marvel Music</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/max/57-1119/\">MAX</a></li><li><a href=\"/marvel-soleil/57-3318/\">Soleil</a></li></ul><h2>History</h2><p>In 1939 <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/martin-goodman/26-43801/\">Martin Goodman</a> was persuaded by Frank Torpey, the sales manager of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/funnies-inc/57-1880/\">Funnies Inc.</a> to start publishing comics. This was the start of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/timely/57-21/\" rel=\"nofollow\">Timely Comics</a> Publications, which would later produce its first comic; <i><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marvel-comics/49-18577/\">Marvel Comics</a> #1</i>.</p><h3><b>Timeline</b></h3><p><b>1936</b></p><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ka-zar/29-3558/\"><i>Ka-Zar</i></a> in a pulp fiction magazine published by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/manvis-publishing-company/57-2888/\">Manvis</a> owned by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/martin-goodman/26-43801/\">Martin Goodman</a> prior to founding Timely Comics. <i>Ka-Zar</i> was created by Bob Byrd who was the author of <i><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ka-zar/49-30177/\">Ka-Zar</a> #1</i>. <i>Ka-Zar's</i> pulp fiction story would later be adapted in <i>Marvel Comics #1</i>.</li></ul><p><b>1939</b></p><ul><li>Founding <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/timely/57-21/\">Timely Publications</a>.</li></ul><ul><li><i>Marvel Comics #1</i></li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jim-hammond/29-12605/\"><i>The Human Torch</i></a></li><li>Introduction of <i>Sub-Mariner</i></li><li>Introduction of <i>Ka-Zar</i> in a comic book</li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-angel/29-36389/\"><i>The Angel</i></a></li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/masked-raider/29-39664/\"><i>The Mask Raider</i></a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/joe-simon/26-9443/\">Joe Simon</a> is hired to be the first Editor and Chief of Timely.</li></ul><p><b>1940</b></p><ul><li>Artist <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jack-kirby/26-5614/\">Jack Kirby</a> joins Timely\u2019s staff.</li></ul><ul><li>Goodman hired his wife\u2019s teenage cousin, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/stan-lee/29-3115/\">Stanley Lieber</a>. He would later be known as Stan Lee.</li><li>The \u201cMarvel Universe\u201d is created in when <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/namor/29-1476/\">Namor</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/human-torch/29-2120/\">The Human Torch</a> are in the first crossover issue.</li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/thin-man/29-35726/\"><i>The Thin Man</i></a></li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/betty-dean/29-36300/\"><i>Betty Dean</i></a></li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/black-widow/29-46234/\"><i>Black Widow</i></a></li><li>First \u201cOne off\u201d <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-raven/29-11367/\"><i>Red Raven</i></a> is introduced and the series doesn\u2019t see a second issue.</li><li>The Roman gods <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/makkari/29-13945/\">Mercury</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/kro/29-11939/\">Pluto</a> made an appearance in <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-raven-comics-the-red-raven/37-119368/\">Red Raven Comics #1</a> (Mercury in the 20th Century)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/human-torch/29-2120/\">The Human Torch</a> takes over the \u201cRed Raven\u201d series. Starting with <i><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-human-torch/49-832/\">The Human Torch</a> #2.</i> There was never a number 1.</li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/toro/29-11835/\">Toro</a></li><li>One story of <i>Super Hero Marvel Boy</i> was released.</li><li>Introduction of <i>Vision</i> <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/vision/29-1504/\">.</a></li></ul><p><b>1941</b></p><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-america/29-1442/\"><i>Captain America</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bucky-barnes/29-40470/\"><i>Bucky Barnes</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-patriot/29-44588/\"><i>the</i> <i>Patriot</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Timely comics fight the Nazis.</li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-skull/29-2250/\"><i>Red Skull</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blue-diamond/29-22008/\"><i>Blue Diamond</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-fin/29-13743/\"><i>the</i> <i>Fin</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Stanley Lieber writes first story for Timely, <i>\u201c<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-america-comics/49-1628/\">Captain Comic</a> #4\u201d,</i> under the pen name of Stan Lee.</li></ul><ul><li>Teams <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/all-winners-squad/65-44808/\">All Winners</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/young-allies/65-40515/\">Young Allies</a> (formerly Sentinels of Liberty) make the first of Marvel\u2019s many teams.</li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/robert-frank/29-14422/\"><i>The Whizzer</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jack-frost/29-35727/\"><i>Jack Frost</i></a>.</li></ul><ul><li><i>The Human Torch #5</i> depicts an epic battle between The Human Torch and Namor.</li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/father-time/29-46882/\"><i>Father Time</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/destroyer/29-7942/\"><i>The Destroyer</i></a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/joe-simon/26-9443/\">Joe Simon</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jack-kirby/26-5614/\">Jack Kirby</a> leave Timely</li><li>Stan Lee becomes Editor-in-Chief at the young age of 18 years old.</li></ul><p><b>1942</b></p><ul><li>The December 7 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor sends several Timely members into armed services.</li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/citizen-v/29-22669/\"><i>Citizen V</i></a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/miss-fury/29-51119/\"><i>Miss Fury</i></a></li></ul><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/vincent-fago/26-42206/\">Vince Fago</a> becomes Editor while Stan Lee is off at war.</li></ul><p><b>1943</b></p><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/super-rabbit/49-32169/\"><i>Super Rabbit</i></a> to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/comedy-comics/49-944/\">Comedy Comics</a></li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-wonder/29-46390/\"><i>Captain Wonder</i></a></li></ul><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/all-select-comics/49-20016/\">All Select Comics</a> unite the big three, Captain , <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/namor/29-1476/\">Sub-Mariner</a>, and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jim-hammond/29-12605/\">The Human Torch</a>.</li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of <i><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/miss-america/29-13779/\">Miss</a></i></li></ul><p><b>1944</b></p><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-america/29-1442/\">Captain America</a> films were released in a 15 part series.</li></ul><p><b>1945</b></p><ul><li>The end of World War 2 brought the decline of \u201cSuper Heroes\u201d sales.</li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/millie-the-model/29-18526/\"><i>Millie the Model</i></a> who spawned 207 issues.</li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/patsy-walker/29-3316/\"><i>Patsy Walker</i></a></li><li>Marvel reaches out to a young female audience.</li><li>Stan Lee returns to his chair as Editor-in-Chief after the war.</li></ul><p><b>1946</b></p><ul><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blonde-phantom/29-41880/\"><i>The Blonde Phantom</i></a></li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mighty-mouse/29-39433/\"><i>Mighty Mouse</i></a>.</li><li>Young Allies Comics was canceled.</li><li>All Winners Squad #21 was the last issue for the team.</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/harvey-kurtzman/26-3909/\">Harvey Kurtzman</a> starts doing freelance work for Timely comics. He would later become the original editor of <i>MAD</i> magazine.</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/gene-colan/26-3792/\">Gene Colan</a> is hired as an artist for Timely.</li></ul><p><b>1947</b></p><ul><li>Introduction to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/namora/29-2177/\"><i>Namora</i></a></li><li>As Super Hero comic stayed in a slump, Crime, Romance, and Westerns gain in popularity</li></ul><p><b>1948</b></p><ul><li><i>Comic Crime-fighters and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/lawbreakers-always-lose/49-1202/\">Lawbreakers Always Lose!</a></i> debut to increase the popularity of the crime comics.</li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/two-gun-kid/29-7240/\"><i>Two-Gun Kid</i></a>.</li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/sun-girl/29-36454/\"><i>Sun Girl</i></a></li><li>Introduction of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/kid-colt/29-7238/\"><i>Kid Colt</i></a></li><li>Introduction of <i>Venus</i></li><li>The Super Rabbit series is canceled.</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/john-buscema/26-3800/\">John Buscema</a> answers an ad to become one of the best know artists in Marvel\u2019s history.</li><li>As Super Hero comics stayed in a slump, Crime, Romance, and Westerns gain in popularity</li></ul><p><b>1950's</b></p><ul><li>Timely goes through an identity change. From Timely to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/atlas/57-75/\">Atlas Comics</a> to eventually Marvel.</li></ul><p><b>1960's</b></p><ul><li>As super hero comics make a re-emergence Marvel comes out with it's new heroes. These heroes have more personal and emotional back stories</li><li>1961 sees the creation of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/fantastic-four/65-3804/\">The Fantastic Four</a></li><li>In the following years (following the successful relaunch of DC's heroes ) Marvel launches the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/hulk/29-2267/\">Hulk</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men/65-3173/\">X-Men</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/iron-man/29-1455/\">Iron Man</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man/29-1443/\">Spider-Man</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/daredevil/29-24694/\">Daredevil</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/avengers/65-3806/\">Avengers</a>, The return of the Golden Age Captain America, and many more.</li></ul><p>The comic-book arm of the company started in 1939 as <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/timely/57-21/\">Timely Publications</a>, and by the 1950s was generally known as <u>Atlas Comics</u>. Marvel's modern incarnation dates from 1961, with the launching of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/fantastic-four/65-3804/\"><i>Fantastic Four</i></a> and other superhero titles created by Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, Steve Ditko, and others. Marvel has since become the largest American comic book publisher over long time competitor <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dc-comics/57-10/\">DC Comics</a></p><p><strong>Editors-in-chief</strong></p><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/joe-simon/26-9443/\">Joe Simon</a> (1940-1941)</li><li>Stan Lee (1941-1942)</li><li>Vincent Fago (acting editor during Lee's military service) (1942-1945)</li><li>Stan Lee (1945-1972)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/roy-thomas/26-42067/\">Roy Thomas</a> (1972-1974)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/len-wein/26-41457/\">Len Wein</a> (1974-1975)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marv-wolfman/26-41478/\">Marv Wolfman</a> (<u>black-and-white</u> magazines 1974-1975, entire line 1975-1976)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/gerry-conway/26-40871/\">Gerry Conway</a> (1976)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/archie-goodwin/26-42923/\">Archie Goodwin</a> (1976-1978)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/jim-shooter/26-40450/\">Jim Shooter</a> (1978-1987)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/tom-defalco/26-41037/\">Tom DeFalco</a> (1987-1994)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bob-harras/26-40985/\">Bob Harras</a> (1995-2000)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/joe-quesada/26-1537/\">Joe Quesada</a> (2000-2011)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/axel-alonso/26-23115/\">Axel Alonso</a> (2011-Present)</li></ul><h2>Events In The Marvel Universe</h2><h3>1990's</h3><ul><li><a href=\"/infinity-gauntlet/39-42233/\">The Infinity Gauntlet</a> (1991) - Collected In <a href=\"/infinity-gauntlet/49-30365/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/operation-galactic-storm/39-27758/\">Operation: Galactic Storm</a> (1992) - Collected In 2 Trades (<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/operation-galactic-storm-vol-1/37-278054/\">1</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/operation-galactic-storm-vol-2/37-278056/\">2</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/infinity-war/39-42234/\">Infinity War</a> (1992) - Collected In <a href=\"/infinity-war/49-30366/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/x-cutioners-song/39-42178/\">X-Cutioner's Song</a> (1992-1993) - Collected In Trade</li><li><a href=\"/infinity-crusade/39-42235/\">Infinity Crusade</a> (1993) - Collected In 2 Trades (<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/infinity-crusade-volume-1/37-187175/\">1</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/infinity-crusade-volume-2/37-187188/\">2</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/maximum-carnage/39-41409/\">Maximum Carnage</a> (1993) - Collected In <a href=\"/spider-man-maximum-carnage/49-38267/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/fatal-attractions/39-41878/\">Fatal Attractions</a> (1993) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-men-fatal-attractions/49-31800/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/phalanx-covenant/39-42176/\">Phalanx Covenant</a> (1994) - Collected In <a href=\"/origin-of-generation-x/49-22011/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/clone-saga/39-43775/\">Clone Saga</a> (1994-1996) - Collected In 5 Trades (<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man-the-complete-clone-saga-epic-book-one/37-209111/\">1</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man-the-complete-clone-saga-epic-book-two/37-216449/\">2</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man-the-complete-clone-saga-epic-book-three/37-232983/\">3</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man-the-complete-clone-saga-epic-book-four/37-246605/\">4</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man-the-complete-clone-saga-epic-book-five/37-260054/\">5</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/age-of-apocalypse/39-40752/\">Age Of Apocalypse</a> (1995) - Collected In 4 Trades (<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-age-of-apocalypse-the-complete-epic-book-1/37-191690/\">1</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-age-of-apocalypse-the-complete-epic-book-2/37-175292/\">2</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-age-of-apocalypse-the-complete-epic-volume-3/37-127623/\">3</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-age-of-apocalypse-the-complete-epic-volume-4/37-127701/\">4</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/onslaught/39-43814/\">Onslaught Saga</a> (1996-1997) - Collected In 4 Trades (<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-complete-onslaught-epic-volume-1/37-162316/\">1</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-complete-onslaught-epic-volume-2/37-162956/\">2</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-complete-onslaught-epic-volume-3/37-174133/\">3</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-complete-onslaught-epic-volume-4/37-174246/\">4</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/operation-zero-tolerance/39-43899/\">Operation: Zero Tolerance</a> (1997) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-men-zero-tolerance/49-30395/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/heroes-reborn/39-55955/\">Heroes Reborn</a> (1996-1997) No Main Trade For Event</li><li>Contest Of Champions II - (1999) - Collected In Trade</li></ul><h3>2000's</h3><ul><li><a href=\"/eve-of-destruction/39-53503/\">Eve Of Destruction</a> (2001) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-men-eve-of-destruction/49-30125/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/kang-dynasty/39-55765/\">The Kang Dynasty</a> (2001-2002) - Collected In <a href=\"/avengers-the-kang-dynasty/49-40979/\">Trade</a></li><li>Infinity Abyss (2002) - Collected In <a href=\"/thanos-infinity-abyss/49-40977/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/avengers-disassembled/39-43625/\">Avengers Disassembled</a> (2004) - Collected In <a href=\"/avengers-disassembled/49-32342/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/secret-war/39-54398/\">Secret War</a> (2004-2005) - Collected In <a href=\"/secret-war/49-30726/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/house-of-m/39-40991/\">House Of M</a> (2005) - Collected In <a href=\"/house-of-m/49-32217/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/decimation/39-43626/\">Decimation</a> (2005) - No Main Trade For Event</li><li><a href=\"/annihilation/39-41287/\">Annihilation</a> (2006-2007) - Collected In 3 Trades (Book <a href=\"/annihilation-book-one/49-28880/\">One</a>, <a href=\"/annihilation-book-two/49-28886/\">Two</a>, <a href=\"/annihilation-book-three/49-28935/\">Three</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/civil-war/39-40615/\">Civil War</a> (2006-2007) - Collected In <a href=\"/civil-war/49-27492/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/planet-hulk/39-41213/\">Planet Hulk</a> (2006-2007) - Collected In <a href=\"/incredible-hulk-planet-hulk/49-31132/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/annihilation-conquest/39-44982/\">Annihilation Conquest</a> (2007-2008) - Collected In 2 Trades (Book <a href=\"/annihilation-conquest-book-one/49-30613/\">One,</a> <a href=\"/annihilation-conquest-book-two/49-30615/\">Two</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/world-war-hulk/39-42294/\">World War Hulk</a> (2007) - Collected In <a href=\"/world-war-hulk/49-30245/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/messiah-complex/39-48995/\">Messiah Complex</a> (2007-2008) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-men-messiah-complex/49-29747/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/one-more-day/39-49939/\">One More Day</a> (2007-2008) - Collected In <a href=\"/spider-man-one-more-day/49-21105/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/secret-invasion/39-47264/\">Secret Invasion</a> (2008) - Collected In <a href=\"/secret-invasion/49-28146/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/dark-reign/39-55707/\">Dark Reign</a> (2009) - No Main Trade For Event</li><li><a href=\"/messiah-war/39-55824/\">Messiah War</a> (2009) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-forcecable-messiah-war/49-28936/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/war-of-kings/39-55758/\">War Of Kings</a> (2009) - Collected In <a href=\"/war-of-kings/49-33299/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/captain-america-reborn/39-56014/\">Captain America: Reborn</a> (2009) - Collected In <a href=\"/captain-america-reborn/49-32188/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/utopia/39-55905/\">Utopia</a> (2009) - Collected In <a href=\"/avengersx-men-utopia/49-30200/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/nation-x/39-55961/\">Nation X</a> - (2009-2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-men-nation-x/49-36343/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/necrosha/39-55941/\">Necrosha</a> (2009-2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-necrosha/49-34001/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/realm-of-kings/39-55932/\">Realm Of Kings</a> (2009-2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/realm-of-kings/49-35346/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/siege/39-55985/\">Siege</a> (2009-2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/siege/49-35041/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/fall-of-the-hulks/39-55979/\">Fall Of The Hulks</a> (2009-2010) - Collected In 4 Trades (<a href=\"/incredible-hulk-fall-of-the-hulks/49-34944/\">One</a>, <a href=\"/hulk-fall-of-the-hulks/49-36383/\">Two</a>, <a href=\"/fall-of-the-hulks-red-hulk/49-34749/\">Three</a>, <a href=\"/fall-of-the-hulks-the-savage-she-hulks/49-34755/\">Four</a>)</li></ul><h3>2010's</h3><ul><li><a href=\"/the-gauntlet/39-55984/\">The Gauntlet</a> (2010) - Collected In 5 Trades (<a href=\"/spider-man-the-gauntlet-electro-and-sandman-hardcover/49-32192/\">1</a>, <a href=\"/spider-man-the-gauntlet-rhino-and-mysterio-hardcover/49-32699/\">2</a>, <a href=\"/spider-man-the-gauntlet-vulture-and-morbius-hardcover/49-33404/\">3</a>, <a href=\"/spider-man-the-gauntlet-juggernaut-hardcover/49-35046/\">4</a>, <a href=\"/spider-man-the-gauntlet-lizard-hardcover/49-35738/\">5</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/grim-hunt/39-56152/\">The Grim Hunt</a> (2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/amazing-spider-man-grim-hunt/49-36371/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/second-coming/39-55971/\">Second Coming</a> (2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-men-second-coming/49-35716/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/the-childrens-crusade/39-56177/\">Children's Crusade</a> (2010-2011)</li><li><a href=\"/doomwar/39-56115/\">Doomwar</a> (2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/doomwar/49-36499/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/the-heroic-age/39-56023/\">Heroic Age</a> (2010) - No Main Trade For Event</li><li><a href=\"/the-thanos-imperative/39-56101/\">The Thanos Imperative</a> (2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/the-thanos-imperative/49-39255/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/world-war-hulks/39-55942/\">World War Hulks</a> (2010) - Collected In 2 Trades (<a href=\"/incredible-hulk-world-war-hulks/49-36515/\">1</a>, <a href=\"/hulk-world-war-hulks/49-36342/\">2</a>)</li><li><a href=\"/curse-of-the-mutants/39-56136/\">Curse Of The Mutants</a> (2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/x-men-curse-of-the-mutants/49-39210/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/shadowland/39-56114/\">Shadowland</a> (2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/shadowland/49-39422/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/chaos-war/39-56257/\">Chaos War</a> (2010) - Collected In <a href=\"/chaos-war/49-39927/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/three/39-56329/\">Three</a> (2010)</li><li><a href=\"/age-of-x/39-56282/\">Age Of X</a> (2011) - Collected In <a href=\"/age-of-x/49-40911/\">Trade</a></li><li><a href=\"/onslaught-unleashed/39-56392/\">Onslaught Unleashed</a> (2011)</li><li><a href=\"/fear-itself/39-56288/\">Fear Itself</a> (2011)</li><li><a href=\"/spider-island/39-56485/\">Spider-Island</a> (2011)</li><li><a href=\"/schism/39-56404/\">Schism</a> (2011)</li><li>Shattered Heroes (2011)</li></ul><h2>Marvel Animation</h2><ul><li><a href=\"/ultimate-avengers/223-131/\">Ultimate Avengers</a> (2006)</li><li><a href=\"/ultimate-avengers-2/223-151/\">Ultimate Avengers 2</a> (2006)</li><li><a href=\"/the-invincible-iron-man/223-232/\">The Invincible Iron Man</a> (2007)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dr-strange-the-sorcerer-supreme/223-103/\">Doctor Strange: The Sorcerer Supreme</a> (2007)</li><li><a href=\"/next-avengers-heroes-of-tomorrow/223-527/\">Next Avengers: Heroes Of Tomorrow</a> (2008)</li><li><a href=\"/hulk-vs-thor/223-187/\">Hulk Vs Thor</a>/<a href=\"/hulk-vs-wolverine/223-186/\">Hulk Vs Wolverine</a> (2009)</li><li><a href=\"/planet-hulk/223-694/\">Planet Hulk</a> (2010)</li><li><a href=\"/thor-tales-of-asgard/223-1242/\">Thor: Tales Of Asgard</a> (2011)</li></ul><h2>Marvel Movies (Cinematic Releases)</h2><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/conan-the-barbarian/223-59/\">Conan the Barbarian</a> (May 14, 1982)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/conan-the-destroyer/223-161/\">Conan the Destroyer</a> (June 29, 1984)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-sonja/223-127/\">Red Sonja</a> (July 3, 1985)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/howard-the-duck/223-39/\">Howard the Duck</a> (August 1, 1986)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-punisher/223-56/\">The Punisher</a> (October 5, 1989)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-america/223-60/\">Captain America</a> (December 14, 1990 [UK])</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blade/223-30/\">Blade</a> (August 21, 1998)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men/223-22/\">X-Men</a> (July 14, 2000)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blade-ii/223-32/\">Blade II</a> (March 22, 2002)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man/223-34/\">Spider-Man</a> (May 3, 2002)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/daredevil/223-3/\">Daredevil</a> (February 14, 2003)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x2-x-men-united/223-23/\">X2: X-Men United</a> (May 2, 2003)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/hulk/223-44/\">Hulk</a> (June 20, 2003)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-punisher/223-58/\">The Punisher</a> (April 16, 2004)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man-2/223-42/\">Spider-Man 2</a> (June 30, 2004)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blade-trinity/223-33/\">Blade: Trinity</a> (December 8, 2004)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/elektra/223-126/\">Elektra</a> (January 14, 2005)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/man-thing/223-213/\">Man Thing</a> (April 30, 2005)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/fantastic-four/223-40/\">Fantastic Four</a> (July 8, 2005)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-the-last-stand/223-24/\">X-Men: The Last Stand</a> (May 26, 2006)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ghost-rider/223-18/\">Ghost Rider</a> (February 16, 2007)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spider-man-3/223-54/\">Spider-Man 3</a> (May 4, 2007)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/fantastic-four-rise-of-the-silver-surfer/223-41/\">Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer</a> (June 15, 2007)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/iron-man/223-17/\">Iron Man</a> (May 2, 2008)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-incredible-hulk/223-45/\">The Incredible Hulk</a> (June 13, 2008)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/punisher-war-zone/223-57/\">Punisher: War Zone</a> (December 5, 2008)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-origins-wolverine/223-25/\">X-Men Origins: Wolverine</a> (May 1, 2009)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/iron-man-2/223-733/\">Iron Man 2</a> (May 7, 2010)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/thor/223-949/\">Thor</a> (May 6, 2011)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/x-men-first-class/223-1048/\">X-Men: First Class</a> (June 3, 2011)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-america-the-first-avenger/223-927/\">Captain America: The First Avenger</a> (July 22, 2011)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ghost-rider-spirit-of-vengeance/223-1342/\">Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance</a> (February 17, 2012)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-avengers/49-2128/\">The Avengers</a> (May 4, 2012)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-amazing-spider-man/223-1213/\">The Amazing Spider-Man</a> (July 3, 2012)</li></ul><h3>Coming Attractions (Cinematic Releases)</h3><ul><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/iron-man-3/223-1512/\">Iron Man 3</a> (March 3, 2013)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-wolverine/223-1359/\">The Wolverine</a> (July 26, 2013)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/thor-the-dark-world/223-1514/\">Thor: The Dark World</a> (November 8, 2013)</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-america-the-winter-soldier/223-1542/\">Captain America: The Winter Soldier</a> (April 4, 2014)</li></ul><h2>Marvel Headquarters</h2><p>Located in <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/new-york-city/34-41183/\">New York City</a>, Marvel has been successively headquartered in the McGraw-Hill Building (where it originated as Timely Comics in 1939); in suite 1401 of the Empire State Building; at 635 Madison Avenue (the actual location, though the comic books' indicia listed the parent publishing-company's address of 625 Madison Ave.); 575 Madison Avenue; 387 Park Avenue South; 10 East 40th Street; and 417 Fifth Avenue.</p><p>Marvel has had 25 television series, 34 live-action films and 72 video games based on the Marvel Universe. There are also several theme park rides based on the Universe too.</p>",
        "deck":"Publisher of iconic characters and teams such as Spider-Man, the Avengers, the X-Men, Iron Man, the Hulk, Thor, Captain America, Daredevil, and the Fantastic Four. One of the \"big two\" comic publishers along with DC Comics.",
        "image":{
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            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/8/80121/1925308-2000px_marvellogo.svg_small.png",
            "tiny_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/8/80121/1925308-2000px_marvellogo.svg_tiny.png",
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            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/8/80121/1925308-2000px_marvellogo.svg_thumb.png",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/8/80121/1925308-2000px_marvellogo.svg_screen.png",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/marvel/57-31/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/31/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":31,
        "name":"Marvel"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2012-01-26 17:18:10",
        "description":"<p>There have been a few characters that have been revived by Dynamite Entertainment under the Project Super Powers.</p><p>The stable of characters of Ace Magazines were</p><p>Ace McCoy</p><p>The Black Ace</p><p>Blitz Buster</p><p>Black Spider</p><p>Blue Rubber Men</p><p>Blue Spark</p><p>Buckskin Blake</p><p>Buck Steele</p><p>The Clown</p><p>Captain Courageous</p><p>Captain Victory</p><p>Corporal Flint</p><p>Dr. Nemesis</p><p>The Flag</p><p>Green Arrowhead</p><p>Hap Hazard</p><p>The Lancer</p><p>Lash Lightning</p><p>Lone Warrior and Sidekick Dickey</p><p>Magno the Magnetic Man and Davey</p><p>Mano the Magician</p><p>Mr. Risk</p><p>The Raven</p><p>The Sword</p><p>The Unknown</p><p>The Unknown Soldier ( The Soldier Unknown)</p><p>Vulcan</p><p>Whiz Wilson</p><p>X the Phantom Fed</p><p>Many of the characters have seperate pages while others do not</p>",
        "deck":"\nAce Magazines was a Golden Age comic book publisher",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387443-logo_ace1_icon.jpg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387443-logo_ace1_small.jpg",
            "tiny_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387443-logo_ace1_tiny.jpg",
            "small_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387443-logo_ace1_small.jpg",
            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387443-logo_ace1_thumb.jpg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387443-logo_ace1_screen.jpg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387443-logo_ace1_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/ace-magazines/57-32/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/32/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":32,
        "name":"Ace Magazines"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-10-22 09:24:51",
        "description":"<p><i><b>Some</b></i> of these characters were purchased by <a href=\"/dc-comics/57-10/\">DC</a> in 1980</p><p>Some of the original characters that were published by Fawcett are:</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/atom-blake/29-73663/\">Atom Blake</a></p><p><a href=\"/balbo-the-boy-magician/29-76483/\">Balbo, the Boy Magician</a></p><p>Banshee O' Brien</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/black-adam/29-4916/\">Black Adam</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bulletman/29-6280/\">Bulletman</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bulletgirl/29-1337/\">Bulletgirl</a> and <a href=\"/bulletdog/29-77629/\">Bulletdog</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/commando-yank/29-1327/\">Commando Yank</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-nazi/29-24925/\">Captain Nazi</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/billy-batson/29-2350/\">Captain Marvel</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/freddy-freeman/29-10935/\">Captain Marvel Jr.</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-midnight/49-23322/\">Captain Midnight</a> (Dell, later Moonstone)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-video/29-6655/\">Captain Video</a></p><p>Dan Dare</p><p>Devil's Dagger</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/diamond-jack/29-28231/\">Diamond Jack</a></p><p>Doctor Voodoo</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/don-winslow/29-9236/\">Don Winslow</a></p><p>El Carim: Master of Magic</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dr-sivana/29-6263/\">Dr. Sivana</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/sivana-family/65-57622/\">Sivana Family</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/golden-arrow/29-19152/\">Golden Arrow</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"/the-hunchback/29-76798/\">The Hunchback</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/master-man/29-5359/\">Master Man</a></p><p>Mystic Man</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ibis-the-invincible/49-36443/\">Ibis the Invincible</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mary-marvel/29-2356/\">Mary Marvel</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marvel-family/65-19240/\">Marvel Family</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/minute-man-the-one-man-army/49-36475/\">Minute Man</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"/the-mirage-maker/29-40281/\">Mirage Maker</a></p><p><a href=\"/mr-atom/29-24665/\">Mr. Atom</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"/mr-mind/29-9336/\">Mr. Mind</a> (DC)</p><p>Mr. Mind's Monster Society of Evil (DC)</p><p>Mister Scarlett (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/tawky-tawny/29-6273/\">Mister Tawky Tawny</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/nyoka/29-1365/\">Nyoka</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/radar/29-61664/\">Radar</a></p><p>Red Gaucho</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/shazam/29-2365/\">Shazam</a> (DC)</p><p>Spooks</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spy-smasher/29-19155/\">Spy Smasher</a> (DC)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/phantom-eagle/29-13545/\">Phantom Eagle</a> (Marvel)</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/pinky/29-35514/\">Pinky</a> (DC)</p><p>Warlock the Wizard</p><p><a href=\"/the-weeper/29-58945/\">Weeper</a> (DC)</p><p>White Rajah</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/zoro-the-man-of-mystery/29-61672/\">Zoro, The Mystery Man</a></p><p>Most of the characters have been used sparingly since DC's <a href=\"/crisis-on-infinite-earths/39-40764/\">Crisis on Infinite Earths</a> officially brought them into the DC Universe. The rest of the Fawcett characters have not been seen any publication since Fawcett's partial buyout in 1980. <a href=\"/monster-society-of-evil/65-47107/\">The Monster Society</a> has seperate pages for their members.</p><p>Many of the characters have separate pages while others do not.</p>",
        "deck":"Fawcett is best known as being the publisher that created Captain Marvel, who at one point eclipsed Superman in sales during the Golden age,Eventually forced out of business by DC, they gave up rights to Captain Marvel and his associated characters.\nThey can still mostly be found at DC today. ",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/fawcett-publications/57-34/",
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        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":34,
        "name":"Fawcett Publications"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-12-06 18:03:25",
        "description":"<p>Hillman Published Various titles chief among them were <a href=\"/air-fighters-comics/49-18931/\">Air Fighters</a> and <a href=\"/airboy/29-1432/\">Airboy.</a></p><p>A few of the Hillman characters have been revived by <a>Dynamite Entertainment</a> under their <a href=\"/project-superpowers/49-20326/\">Project Superpowers</a> title.</p><p>These are some of the stable of characters that were originally published by Hillman:</p><p><a>Airboy</a></p><p><a>The Heap</a></p><p><a>Skywolf</a></p><p><a>Valkyrie</a></p><p><a>Iron Ace</a></p><p>Iron Lady Simon-Kirby</p><p><a>Bald Eagle</a></p><p>Bill Colt, the Ghost Rider</p><p>Black Commander</p><p>Bomber Barnes</p><p><a>Boy King</a> and his <a href=\"/giant/29-18738/\">Giant</a></p><p><a>Black Angel</a></p><p>Blandre, Jungle Queen</p><p>Bullet Bob</p><p>Buzzard Barnes and the Sky Devils</p><p>Conquerer</p><p>Crusader</p><p>Dash Dixon, Man of Might</p><p>Dusty Doyle, Kid Cop</p><p>Flying Cadet</p><p><a>Flying Dutchman</a></p><p>Flying Fool</p><p>Gunmaster ( later Charlton ?)</p><p>K-7, Secret Agent</p><p>Lefty Larson</p><p>Masked Angel</p><p>Micro-Face</p><p><a>Nightmare</a> and <a>Sleepy</a></p><p>Phantom Ranger</p><p>Rackman</p><p>Red Roberts, The Electro Man</p><p>Rocket Riley</p><p><a>Sky Wizard</a>, Master of Space</p><p>The Defender, the Man with a 1,000 Faces</p><p>The Steel shark</p><p>The Scorpion</p><p>The Veiled Prophet</p><p><a href=\"/twilight/29-32609/\">Twilight</a></p><p>Zippo</p><p>Many of these characters have separate pages while others do not.</p>",
        "deck":"",
        "image":{
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            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1640988-938023_airboy_11_super_thumb.jpg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1640988-938023_airboy_11_super_screen.jpg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1640988-938023_airboy_11_super_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/hillman/57-37/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/37/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":37,
        "name":"Hillman"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-12-06 15:48:17",
        "description":"<p>There have been a few Prize Comics characters that have been revived by <a href=\"/dynamite-entertainment/57-1859/\">Dynamite Entertainment</a> under the <a href=\"/project-superpowers/49-20326/\">Project Superpowers</a> title.</p><p>Some of the stable of characters that were published by Prize were:</p><p><a href=\"/air-male/29-65252/\">Air Male</a> and Stampy</p><p><a href=\"/american-eagle/29-13531/\">American Eagle</a></p><p><a href=\"/atomic-man/29-60305/\">Atomic Man</a></p><p><a href=\"/the-black-owl/29-55053/\">Black Owl</a></p><p>Bucky, Brady, and Storm</p><p>Blue Streak</p><p>Bulldog Denny</p><p><a href=\"/captain-gallant/29-76039/\">Captain Gallant</a></p><p><a href=\"/drdekkar/29-76023/\">Dr. Dekkar, Master of Monsters</a></p><p><a href=\"/dr-frost/29-72988/\">Dr. Frost</a> and Frankenstein</p><p>Emperor Seng I</p><p>Fighting American</p><p>Futureman and Jupiter</p><p><a href=\"/green-lama/29-6666/\">Green Lama</a> (also published by Spark Publications)</p><p>Jaxon, of The Jungle</p><p>Junior Rangers</p><p>Lt. Hercules and the Boy Champions</p><p><a href=\"/power-nelson/29-6916/\">Power Nelson</a></p><p>Prince Ra</p><p>Secret Agent M-11</p><p><a href=\"/ted-oneil/29-75755/\">Ted O' Neil</a>, Master Magician</p><p><a href=\"/yank-doodle/65-57403/\">Yank and Doodle</a></p><p>Flying Fist</p><p><a href=\"/the-black-owl/29-55053/\">K the Unknown</a></p><p>The Great Voodini</p><p><a href=\"/speedboy/29-66914/\">Speedboy</a></p><p>Twist Turner</p><p>Many of these characters have their separate pages, while others do not.</p>",
        "deck":"  Prize Comics or Crestwood Publications was a Golden Age company published comics from the 1940's to 1960's.\n  The best known characters have been revived by Dynamite Entertainment in 2008.",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/19772/699356-blackmark_paperback_icon.jpg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/19772/699356-blackmark_paperback_small.jpg",
            "tiny_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/19772/699356-blackmark_paperback_tiny.jpg",
            "small_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/19772/699356-blackmark_paperback_small.jpg",
            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/19772/699356-blackmark_paperback_thumb.jpg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/19772/699356-blackmark_paperback_screen.jpg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/19772/699356-blackmark_paperback_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/prize/57-45/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/45/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":45,
        "name":"Prize"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-01-24 11:06:38",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"Noted mainly as a publisher of Pulp Magazines (Doc Savage, the Shadow, the Avenger) they also published comics for a while. ",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/61822/1633245-streetsmith_icon.jpg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/61822/1633245-streetsmith_small.jpg",
            "tiny_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/61822/1633245-streetsmith_tiny.jpg",
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            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/61822/1633245-streetsmith_thumb.jpg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/61822/1633245-streetsmith_screen.jpg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/61822/1633245-streetsmith_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/street-and-smith/57-46/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/46/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":46,
        "name":"Street And Smith"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-12-06 17:34:21",
        "description":"<h2>Overview</h2><p>There have been a few Lev Gleason characters that have been revived by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dynamite-entertainment/57-1859/\">Dynamite Entertainment</a> under their <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/project-superpowers/49-20326/\">Project Superpowers</a> title.</p><p><b>Some of the stable of characters that were originally published by Lev Gleason were:</b></p><ul><li>Ace Powers</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bill-wayne-texas-terror/29-73745/\">Bill Wayne</a>, Texas Terror</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/black-diamond/29-12761/\">Black Diamond</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blackout/29-73747/\">Blackout</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bombshell/29-24033/\">Bombshell</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/young-robin-hood/29-40372/\">Young Robin Hood</a></li><li>Bronze Tiger</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-battle/29-34226/\">Captain Battle</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-battle-jr/29-8135/\">Captain Battle Jr.</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-fearless/49-29429/\">Captain Fearless</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/crimebuster/29-40362/\">Crimebuster</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/cloud-curtis/29-73749/\">Cloud Curtis</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/death-defying-devil/29-25994/\">Daredevil (Death-Defying Devil)</a></li><li>Dash Dillion</li><li>Dickie Dean, Boy Inventor</li><li>Egghead</li><li>Flag</li><li>The Ghost</li><li>Lance Hale and Jackie</li><li>Hot Rock Flanagan</li><li>Houdonnit the Great</li><li>Jack of Spades</li><li>Kilroy</li><li>Kelly The Cop</li><li>Ken Keene</li><li>Little Wise Guys</li><li>London</li><li>Meatball</li><li>Mercury</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mr-midnight/29-74382/\">Mr. MIdnight</a></li><li>Nightro</li><li>Pat Patriot</li><li>Pioneer, Champion of America</li><li>Pirate Prince</li><li>The Planet Patrol</li><li>Presto Martin</li><li>Real American #1</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/red-reeves-boy-magician/29-75871/\">Red Reeves, Boy Magician</a></li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/rocky-x/29-40370/\">Rocky X of the Rocketeers</a></li><li>The Saint (the only known comic book appearance of Leslie Charteris character)</li><li>Scoop Scuttle</li><li>Secret Agent X-101</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-silver-streak/29-53907/\">Silver Streak</a></li><li>Swoop Storm</li><li>Meteor</li><li>Sky Wolf</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/sniffer/29-40364/\">Sniffer</a> and Jinx</li><li>Solar Patrol</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/spirit-man/29-75865/\">Spirit Man</a></li><li>Squeeks</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/13/29-51240/\">13</a></li><li>Times Square</li><li>Thun-Dohr</li><li>War Eagle</li><li>The Wasp</li><li>Yankee Longago</li><li>Zonga, the Miracle Man</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/baron-doom/29-75119/\">Baron Doom</a></li><li>Black Dragon</li><li>Boar</li><li>Bolt</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-claw/29-6647/\">The Claw</a></li><li>Cobra Lady</li><li>Crow King</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/deadly-dozen/65-56676/\">Deadly Dozen</a></li><li>Dr. Dracula</li><li>The FFF</li><li>Friar Diablo</li><li>Frogface</li><li>Fu Tong</li><li>The Ghoul</li><li>The Green Claw</li><li>The Greys</li><li>Herr Death</li><li>He-She</li><li>Hyena</li><li>Invisible Men</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/iron-jaw/29-25992/\">Iron Jaw I</a></li><li>Iron Jaw II</li><li>Iron Moles of Galaxy X</li><li>KIng Questionmark</li><li>The Mallet</li><li>Mummy Master</li><li>Noman</li><li>The Professor</li><li>Prof. Blitznozzle</li><li>Prof. Skinn</li><li>Prof. Venom</li><li>Punch and Judy</li><li>Rodent</li><li>Scarlet Skull</li><li>Serpent</li><li>Silver Cult</li><li>Sir Satan</li><li>Skull Men</li><li>Spider</li><li>Striker</li><li>Wolf Carson</li><li>The Vacuum</li><li>The Veiled Lady</li><li>Wizard</li><li><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mr-crime/29-9436/\">Mr. Crime</a></li></ul><p>Many of these characters have separate pages while others do not. Image Comics reimagined Golden Age characters and literally published the next issue as an anthology one shot. in 2009. Image may have owned the rights long enough to publish the characters next exploits before releasing them back into the Public Domain. Silver Streak Comics #24 was published December 2009. The characters story arcs that were continued were Daredevil, Silver Streak, Kelly the Cop, The Claw, and Captain Battle. Kelly the Cop is the only character not owned by Dynamite Entertainment.</p>",
        "deck":"",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387498-lev_gleason_icon.jpg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387498-lev_gleason_small.jpg",
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            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387498-lev_gleason_thumb.jpg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387498-lev_gleason_screen.jpg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1387498-lev_gleason_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/lev-gleason/57-52/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/52/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":52,
        "name":"Lev Gleason"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:12",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/publication-enterprises/57-53/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/53/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":53,
        "name":"Publication Enterprises"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-07-03 16:22:36",
        "description":"<p>.</p>",
        "deck":"Golden Age Canadian publisher, Double A stood for Anglo-American Publishing.",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/double-a-comics/57-55/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/55/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":55,
        "name":"Double A Comics"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-21 21:56:49",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1683591-900747_pictureparade_1_super_icon.jpg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1683591-900747_pictureparade_1_super_small.jpg",
            "tiny_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1683591-900747_pictureparade_1_super_tiny.jpg",
            "small_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1683591-900747_pictureparade_1_super_small.jpg",
            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1683591-900747_pictureparade_1_super_thumb.jpg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1683591-900747_pictureparade_1_super_screen.jpg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1683591-900747_pictureparade_1_super_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/gilberton-publications/57-57/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/57/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":57,
        "name":"Gilberton Publications"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:12",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/parents/57-60/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/60/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":60,
        "name":"Parents"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2010-09-11 06:03:27",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1385843-whitman_icon.jpg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1385843-whitman_small.jpg",
            "tiny_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1385843-whitman_tiny.jpg",
            "small_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1385843-whitman_small.jpg",
            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1385843-whitman_thumb.jpg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1385843-whitman_screen.jpg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1385843-whitman_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/whitman/57-68/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/68/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":68,
        "name":"Whitman"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:11",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/kk/57-72/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/72/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":72,
        "name":"Kk"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-05-12 20:04:36",
        "description":"<h2>Background</h2>The Atlas comic company began in the 1950's after it changed its name from <a href=\"/timely/57-21/\">          Timely</a> Comics to Atlas. <a href=\"/martin-goodman/26-43801/\">            Martin Goodman</a>, the creator of Timely Comics used Atlas as&nbsp;the&nbsp;name of his comic books during the 1950's and it was located in the&nbsp;Empire&nbsp;State Building. Where Timely Comics focused more on superheroes and funny cartoon comics, Atlas often published a bid more darker subjects, such as horror, crime and thirller comics. Famous Marvel titles such as<a href=\"/journey-into-mystery/49-1497/\">                Journey Into Mystery</a>, <a href=\"/strange-tales/49-18066/\">              Strange Tales</a> and <a href=\"/menace/49-1578/\">             Menace</a> all started in the Atlas era, some of these series (at least the numbering) is still in print today. However, due to parent outcry because of the violence in these and other horror comics, Martin Goodman had to change there policy, and turned most horror comics into (more kid friendly) monster comics before finally changing the name of his company once again, this time into <a href=\"/marvel/57-31/\">           Marvel</a>, a name that would last.",
        "deck":"Atlas Comics is a comic book publisher that would later evolve into Marvel. It was created by Martin Goodman and founded in the 1950's.",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/15776/638644-atlas_marvel_icon.jpeg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/15776/638644-atlas_marvel_small.jpeg",
            "tiny_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/15776/638644-atlas_marvel_tiny.jpeg",
            "small_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/15776/638644-atlas_marvel_small.jpeg",
            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/15776/638644-atlas_marvel_thumb.jpeg",
            "screen_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/15776/638644-atlas_marvel_screen.jpeg",
            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/1/15776/638644-atlas_marvel_super.jpeg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/atlas/57-75/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/75/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":75,
        "name":"Atlas"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-10 22:01:38",
        "description":"Four Star Publications was an imprint of Ajax/Farrel.",
        "deck":"",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1388126-four_star_icon.jpg",
            "medium_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1388126-four_star_small.jpg",
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            "thumb_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1388126-four_star_thumb.jpg",
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            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1388126-four_star_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/four-star-publications/57-81/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/81/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":81,
        "name":"Four Star Publications"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:11",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/magazine-enterprises/57-84/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/84/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":84,
        "name":"Magazine Enterprises"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-21 21:36:32",
        "description":"<br />The character from Spark publications have been revived by <a href=\"/dynamite-entertainment/57-1859/\">           Dynamite Entertainment</a> under their <a href=\"/project-superpowers/49-20326/\">          Project Superpowers</a> title&nbsp;<br />Some of the stable of characters were:&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/atoman/29-6656/\">         Atoman</a>&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/golden-lad/29-25394/\">        Golden Lad</a>&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/golden-girl/29-52950/\">       Golden GIrl&nbsp;&nbsp;</a><br /><a href=\"/the-shaman/29-52952/\">      Shaman&nbsp;</a><br /><a href=\"/the-flame/29-52953/\">     The Flame&nbsp;</a><br /><a href=\"/green-lama/29-6666/\">    Green Lama</a> ( between runs at Crestwood)&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/swift-arrow/29-53175/\">   Swift Arrow</a>&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/kid-wizards/29-74129/\">  Kid Wizards</a>&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><a href=\"/marvin-the-great/29-74128/\"> Marvin the Great</a>&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />Many of these characters have separate pages and some do not",
        "deck":"",
        "image":{
            "icon_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1641002-1474319_01_cover_atoman_super_icon.jpg",
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            "super_url":"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/6/69676/1641002-1474319_01_cover_atoman_super_super.jpg"
        },
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/spark-publications/57-86/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/86/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":86,
        "name":"Spark Publications"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:12",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/spotlight-publishers/57-87/",
        "api_detail_url":"http://api.comicvine.com/publisher/87/",
        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":87,
        "name":"Spotlight Publishers"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-21 18:29:23",
        "description":"<br />The firm, first known as Educational Comics, was founded by <a href=\"/max-gaines/26-46137/\">                                                       Max Gaines</a>, former editor of the comic-book company All-American Publications. When that company merged with <a href=\"/dc-comics/57-10/\">                                                      DC Comics </a>in 1944, Gaines retained rights to the comic book, Picture Stories from the Bible, and began his new company with a dubious plan to market comics about science, history and the Bible to schools and churches. A decade earlier, Max Gaines had been one of the pioneers of the comic book form, with <a href=\"/eastern-color/57-22/\">                                                     Eastern Color Printing's</a> proto-comic book<a href=\"/funnies-on-parade/49-32056/\">                                                     Funnies on Parade</a>, and with<a href=\"/dell/57-4/\">                                                    Dell Publishing's</a> <a href=\"/famous-funnies/49-19491/\">                                                  Famous Funnies</a>: A Carnival of Comics considered by many historians to be the first true American comic book.<br /><br />When Max Gaines died in 1947 in a boating accident, his son William inherited the comics company. After four years (1942-46) in the Army Air Corps, Gaines had returned home to finish school at New York University, planning to work as a chemistry teacher. He never taught but instead took over the family business. In 1949 and 1950, <a href=\"/bill-gaines/26-42377/\">                                                 Will Gaines</a> began to introduce series focusing on horror, suspense, science fiction, military fiction and crime fiction. His editors, <a href=\"/al-feldstein/26-43465/\">                                                Al Feldstein</a> and <a href=\"/harvey-kurtzman/26-3909/\">                                               Harvey Kurtzman</a>, gave assignments to such prominent and highly accomplished freelance artists as <a href=\"/johnny-craig/26-3934/\">                                              Johnny Craig</a>, <a href=\"/reed-crandall/26-31165/\">                                             Reed Crandall</a>, <a href=\"/jack-davis/26-3914/\">                                            Jack Davis</a>, <a href=\"/william-elder/26-20234/\">                                           Will Elder,</a> <a href=\"/george-evans/26-26392/\">                                          George Evans</a>, <a href=\"/frank-frazetta/26-5649/\">                                         Frank Frazetta</a>, <a href=\"/graham-ingels/26-40150/\">                                        Graham Ingels</a>, <a href=\"/jack-kamen/26-40057/\">                                       Jack Kamen</a>, <a href=\"/bernie-krigstein/26-40074/\">                                      Bernard Kriegstein</a>, <a href=\"/joe-orlando/26-14643/\">                                     Joe Orlando</a>, <a href=\"/john-severin/26-5875/\">                                    John Severin</a>, <a href=\"/al-williamson/26-1531/\">                                   Al Williamson</a>, <a href=\"/basil-wolverton/26-9666/\">                                  Basil Wolverton</a>, and <a href=\"/wally-wood/26-6099/\">                                 Wally Wood</a>. Kurtzman and Feldstein themselves also drew stories, which generally were written by them and Craig, with assistance from Gaines. Other writers including <a href=\"/carl-wessler/26-44669/\">                                Carl Wessler</a>,<a href=\"/jack-oleck/26-44730/\">                                Jack Oleck</a> and<a href=\"/otto-binder/26-42374/\">                               Otto Binder </a>were later brought on board.<br /><br />EC had success with its fresh approach and pioneered in forming relationships with its readers through its letters to the editor and its fan organization, the National EC Fan-Addict Club. While the stories were sensational, the art was highly regarded.<br /><br />EC Comics promoted its stable of illustrators, allowing each to sign his art and encouraging them to develop idiosyncratic styles; the company additionally published one-page biographies of them in the comic books. This was in contrast to the industry's common practice, in which credits were often missing, although some artists at other companies, such as the <a href=\"/jack-kirby/26-5614/\">                            Jack Kirby</a>-<a href=\"/joe-simon/26-9443/\">                           Joe Simon</a> team, <a href=\"/jack-cole/26-42220/\">                          Jack Cole</a> and<a href=\"/bob-kane/26-19137/\">                          Bob Kane </a>had been prominently promoted elsewhere at the time.<br /><br />EC published distinct lines of titles under its Entertaining Comics umbrella. Most notorious were its horror books, <a href=\"/tales-from-the-crypt-1950/49-18612/\">                        Tales from the Crypt</a>, <a href=\"/vault-of-horror/49-11447/\">                       The Vault of Horror</a> and <a href=\"/haunt-of-fear/49-1398/\">                      The Haunt of Fear</a>.<br /> &nbsp; These titles reveled in a gruesome joie de vivre, with grimly ironic fates meted out to many of the stories' protagonists. The company's war comics <a href=\"/frontline-combat/49-1443/\">                     Frontline Combat</a> and <a href=\"/two-fisted-tales/49-1376/\">                    Two-Fisted Tales</a> often featured weary-eyed, unheroic stories out of step with the jingoistic times. <a href=\"/shock-suspenstories/49-1511/\">                   Shock SuspenStories </a>tackled weighty issues such as racism, sex, drug use and the American way of life. EC always claimed to be \"proudest of our science fiction titles\", with <a href=\"/weird-science/49-18944/\">                  Weird Science</a> and <a href=\"/weird-fantasy/49-1444/\">                 Weird Fantasy</a> publishing stories unlike the space opera found in such titles as <a href=\"/fiction-house/57-8/\">                Fiction House's</a> <a href=\"/planet-comics/49-816/\">               Planet Comics</a>. <a href=\"/crime-suspenstories/49-1373/\">              Crime SuspenStories</a> had many parallels with film noir. As noted by<a href=\"/max-allan-collins/26-56814/\">              Max Allan Collins</a> in his story annotations for <a href=\"/russ-cochran/57-2517/\">            Russ Cochran's</a> 1983 hardcover reprint of Crime SuspenStories, Johnny Craig had developed a \"film noir-ish bag of effects\" in his visuals, while characters and themes found in the crime stories often showed the strong influence of writers associated with film noir, notably James M. Cain.<br /><br />Superior illustrations of stories with surprise endings became EC's trademark. Gaines would generally stay up late and read large amounts of material while seeking \"springboards\" for story concepts. The next day he would present each premise until Feldstein found one that he thought he could develop into a story.&nbsp; At EC's peak, Feldstein edited seven titles while Kurtzman handled three. Artists were assigned stories specific to their styles. Davis and Ingels often drew gruesome, supernatural-themed stories, while Kamen and Evans did tamer material.<br /><br />With hundreds of stories written, common themes became apparent. Some of EC's more well-known themes include:<br /><br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; * An ordinary situation given an ironic and gruesome twist, often as poetic justice for a character's crimes. In \"Collection Completed\" a man takes up taxidermy in order to annoy his wife. When he kills and stuffs her beloved cat, the wife snaps and kills him, stuffing and mounting his body. In \"Revulsion\", a spaceship pilot is bothered by insects due to a past experience when he found one in his food. At the conclusion of the story, a giant alien insect screams in horror at finding the dead pilot in his salad. Dissection, the broiling of lobsters, Mexican jumping beans, fur coats and fishing are just a small sample of the kind of situations and objects used in this fashion.<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; * The \"Grim Fairy Tale\", featuring gruesome interpretations of such fairy tales as \"Hansel and Gretel\", \"Sleeping Beauty\" and \"Little Red Riding Hood\".<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; * Siamese twins were a popular theme, primarily in EC's three horror comics. No less than nine siamese twin stories appeared in EC's horror and crime comics from 1950-1954. In an interview Feldstein speculated that he and Gaines wrote so many siamese twin stories because of the interdependence they had on each other, as if they were siamese twins themselves. <br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; * Adaptations of Ray Bradbury science-fiction stories, which appeared in two dozen EC comics starting in 1952. It began inauspiciously, with an incident in which Feldstein and Gaines plagiarized two of Bradbury's stories and combined them into a single tale. Learning of the story, Bradbury sent a note praising them, while remarking that he had \"inadvertently\" not yet received his payment for their use. EC sent a check and negotiated a productive series of Bradbury adaptations.<br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; * Stories with a political message, which became common in EC's science fiction and suspense comics. Among the many topics were lynching, anti-Semitism and police corruption.<br /><br />The three horror titles featured stories introduced by a trio of horror hosts. <a href=\"/the-crypt-keeper/29-3920/\">           The Crypt Keeper</a> introduced Tales from the Crypt, the <a href=\"/the-vault-keeper/29-3807/\">          Vault Keeper </a>welcomed readers to The Vault of Horror and the <a href=\"/the-old-witch/29-48147/\">         Old Witch</a> cackled over The Haunt of Fear. Besides gleefully recounting the unpleasant details of the stories, the characters squabbled with one another, unleashed an arsenal of puns and even insulted and taunted the readers: \"Greetings, boils and ghouls...\" This irreverent mockery of the audience also became the trademark attitude of <a href=\"/mad/49-9318/\">      Mad</a>, and such glib give-and-take was later mimicked by many, including<a href=\"/stan-lee/26-40467/\">         Stan Lee </a>at <a href=\"/marvel/57-31/\">       Marvel Comics</a>.<br /><br />EC's most lasting legacy came with Mad, which started as a side project for Kurtzman before buoying the company's fortunes and becoming one of the country's most notable and enduring humor publications. When satire became an industry rage in 1954 and other publishers created imitations of Mad, EC introduced a sister title, <a href=\"/panic/49-19325/\">     Panic,</a> edited by Al Feldstein and using the regular Mad artists, plus Joe Orlando.<br /><br /><br /><br />Beginning in the late 1940s, the comic book industry became the target of mounting public criticism for the content of comic books and their potentially harmful effects on children. The problem came to a head in 1948 with the publication by <a href=\"/fredric-wertham/29-6619/\">    Dr. Fredric Wertham</a> of two articles: \"Horror in the Nursery\" (in Collier's) and \"The Psychopathology of Comic Books\" (in the American Journal of Psychotherapy). As a result, an industry trade group, the Association of Comics Magazine Publishers, was formed in 1948, but proved ineffective. EC left the association in 1950 after Gaines had an argument with its executive director, Henry Schultz. By 1954 only three comic publishers were still members, and Schultz admitted that the ACMP seals placed on comics were meaningless. <br /><br />In 1954, the publication of Wertham's Seduction of the Innocent and a highly publicized Congressional hearing on juvenile delinquency cast comic books in an especially poor light. At the same time, a federal investigation led to a shakeup in the distribution companies that delivered comic books and pulp magazines across America. Sales plummeted, and several companies went out of business.<br /><br />Gaines called a meeting of his fellow publishers and suggested that the comic book industry gather to fight outside censorship and help repair the industry's damaged reputation. They formed the Comics Magazine Association of America and its <a href=\"/comics-code-authority/12-42382/\">   Comics Code Authority</a>. The CCA code expanded on the ACMP's restrictions. Unlike its predecessor, the CCA code was rigorously enforced, with all comics requiring code approval prior to their publication. This not being what Gaines intended, he refused to join the association.&nbsp; Among the Code's new rules were that no comic book title could use the words \"horror\" or \"terror\" or \"weird\" on its cover. When distributors refused to handle many of his comics, Gaines ended publication of his three horror and the two SuspenStory titles on September 14, 1954. EC shifted its focus to a line of more realistic comic book titles, including <a href=\"/md/49-1733/\">  M.D.</a> and <a href=\"/psychoanalysis/49-1734/\"> Psychoanalysis</a> (known as the New Direction line). It also renamed its remaining science-fiction comic. Since the initial issues did not carry the Comics Code seal, the wholesalers refused to carry them. After consulting with his staff, Gaines reluctantly started submitting his comics to the Comics Code; all the New Direction titles carried the seal starting with the second issue. This attempted revamp failed commercially and after the fifth issues, all the New Direction titles were canceled.<br /><br />Gaines waged a number of battles with the Comics Code Authority in an attempt to keep his magazines free from censorship. In one particular example noted by comics historian Digby Diehl, Gaines threatened Judge Charles Murphy, the Comics Code Administrator, with a lawsuit when Murphy ordered EC to alter the science-fiction story \"Judgment Day.\" The story depicted a human astronaut visiting a planet inhabited by robots as a representative of the Galactic Republic. He finds the robots divided into functionally identical orange and blue races, one of which has fewer rights and privileges than the other. The astronaut decides that due to the robots' bigotry, the Galactic Republic should not admit the planet. In the final panel, he removes his helmet, revealing himself to be a black man. Murphy demanded, without any authority in the Code, that the black astronaut had to be removed. As Diehl recounted in Tales from the Crypt: The Official Archives:<br /><br />\"This really made 'em go bananas in the Code czar's office. 'Judge Murphy was off his nut. He was really out to get us', recalls [EC editor] Feldstein. 'I went in there with this story and Murphy says, \"It can't be a Black man\". But ... but that's the whole point of the story!' Feldstein sputtered. When Murphy continued to insist that the Black man had to go, Feldstein put it on the line. 'Listen', he told Murphy, 'you've been riding us and making it impossible to put out anything at all because you guys just want us out of business'. [Feldstein] reported the results of his audience with the czar to Gaines, who was furious [and] immediately picked up the phone and called Murphy. 'This is ridiculous!' he bellowed. 'I'm going to call a press conference on this. You have no grounds, no basis, to do this. I'll sue you'. Murphy made what he surely thought was a gracious concession. 'All right. Just take off the beads of sweat'. At that, Gaines and Feldstein both went ballistic. 'Fuck you!' they shouted into the telephone in unison. Murphy hung up on them, but the story ran in its original form. \"<br /><br />Feldstein, interviewed for the book Tales of Terror: The EC Companion, reiterated his recollection of Murphy making the racist request:<br /><br />\"So he said it can't be a Black [person]. So I said, 'For God's sakes, Judge Murphy, that's the whole point of the Goddamn story!' So he said, 'No, it can't be a Black'. Bill [Gaines] just called him up [later] and raised the roof, and finally they said, 'Well, you gotta take the perspiration off'. I had the stars glistening in the perspiration on his Black skin. Bill said, 'Fuck you', and he hung up.\"<br /><br /><br />Although the story would eventually be printed uncensored in Incredible Science Fiction #33, it was the last comic book ever published by EC.&nbsp; Gaines switched his focus to EC's Picto-Fiction titles, a line of typeset black-and-white magazines with heavily illustrated stories. Fiction was formatted to alternate illustrations with blocks of typeset text, and some of the contents were rewrites of stories previously published in EC's comic books. This experimental line lost money from the start and only lasted two issues per title. When EC's national distributor went bankrupt, Gaines dropped all of his titles except Mad. <br />&nbsp; <br />&nbsp; <br /> <h3>The Vault of Horror, Tales from the Crypt, and The Haunt of Fear </h3><br />&nbsp; The Vault of Horror, Tales from the Crypt, and The Haunt of Fear are three bi-monthly horror comic anthology series published by EC Comics in the early 1950s. The Vault of Horror hit newsstands with its April/May 1950 issue and ceased publication with its December/January 1955 issue, producing a total of twenty-nine issues. The title was popular, but, in the late 1940s and early 1950s, comic books came under attack from moralizing parents, clergymen, schoolteachers, and others who believed the books contributed to illiteracy and juvenile delinquency. In April and June 1954, highly publicized Congressional subcommittee hearings on the effects of comic books upon children left the comics industry shaken. With the imposition of the highly restrictive Comics Code Authority, EC Comics publisher William Maxwell Gaines canceled The Vault of Horror and its two companion titles in September 1954. All three titles have been reprinted at various times since their demise and have been adapted for television and film.<br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;Horror comics emerged as a distinct comic book genre after World War II when young adult males lost interest in caped crimebusters, and returning GIs wanted titillating sex and violence in their reading. One-shot Eerie Comics (1947) is generally considered the first true horror comic with its cover depicting a dagger-wielding, red eyed ghoul threatening a rope-bound, scantily clad, voluptuous young woman beneath a full moon. In 1948, Adventures Into the Unknown became the first regularly published horror title, enjoying a nearly two decade life-span.<br /><br />In 1950, publisher William Gaines and his editor Al Feldstein discovered they shared similar tastes in horror and began experimenting with such stories in EC's crime comic War Against Crime and its companion title, Crime Patrol. With issue #12 of War Against Crime, the title was changed permanently to The Vault of Horror. The Vault Keeper became the title's sardonic host and commentator, occasionally sharing duties with The Old Witch and The Crypt Keeper. Due to an attempt to save money on second-class postage permits, the numbering, however, did not change with the title \u2014 the first issue of The Vault of Horror was #12.<br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />Like its horror companion titles, Tales From the Crypt and The Haunt of Fear, The Vault of Horror had its own distinctive qualities and atmosphere \u2014 in this case, created by its main artist, Johnny Craig. Craig illustrated all the covers for the entire run and was responsible for the lead story of all but issues #13 and #33. He also wrote all his own stories (save two) in Vault, something rarely done at EC, and became editor with issue #35 (February, 1954). Gaines and Feldstein wrote almost every other story until late 1953/early 1954 when outside writers Carl Wessler and Jack Oleck were brought in. Other contributing artists to The Vault of Horror were Feldstein, George Evans, Jack Kamen, Wally Wood, Graham Ingels, Harvey Kurtzman, Jack Davis, Sid Check, Al Williamson, Joe Orlando, Reed Crandall, Bernard Krigstein, Harry Harrison and Howard Larsen.<br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />With The Crypt Keeper and The Old Witch, The Vault-Keeper was one of the hosts for EC's horror comics (known as the GhouLunatics), He served as narrator, and added a lighter touch to the often gruesome stories by using a number of puns. In addition to appearances in his own book, he also had a guest story in each issue of Tales From the Crypt and The Haunt of Fear. Although The Vault-Keeper was originally designed by Al Feldstein, Johnny Craig is the artist most associated with the character, having drawn all his lead stories in the Vault of Horror with the exception of two. Craig would also draw The Vault-Keeper in his guest appearances in the other comics, although another artist frequently drew the rest of the story. For the final four issues of The Vault of Horror, The Vault-Keeper was joined by Drusilla, hostess of the book. The Vault-Keeper appeared in animated form on Tales from the Cryptkeeper and was voiced by Dan Hennessey.<br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />In 1954, Gaines and Feldstein intended to add a fourth book to their horror publications by reactivating an earlier title, The Crypt of Terror. They were stopped dead in their tracks, however. Horror and other violent comics had come under scrutiny by moralizing parents, schoolteachers, clergymen, psychologists, and others who viewed the material as dangerous to the well-being of children and a significant contributor to the juvenile delinquency crisis in America (although the formulaic nature of the books usually resulted in truly immoral characters receiving a well-deserved, if gruesome, comeupance.) Matters came to a head in April and June 1954 with a highly publicized Senate Subcommittee on Juvenile Delinquency. Hearings targeted violent comic books \u2014 which fared poorly in the proceedings. While the committee stopped short of blaming the comics industry for juvenile deliquency, they did suggest it tone down the product. Publishers were left reeling.<br /><br />The industry deftly avoided outside censorship by creating the self-regulatory Comics Magazine Association of America (CMAA) and a Comics Code Authority (CCA) that placed severe restrictions on violent comic book genres. Publishers were forbidden from using the words \"terror\" and \"horror\" in titles, for example, and forbidden from depicting zombies, werewolves, and other gruesome characters and outr\u00e8 horror fiction trappings. Gaines was fed up; he believed his titles were being specifically targeted and realized they were doomed to future failure. He threw in the towel, canceling The Vault of Horror and its companion titles in September 1954. The last issue of Vault was its twenty-ninth, (#40, December/January 1955). Since an issue of The Crypt of Terror had already been produced, it was published as the final issue of Tales from the Crypt, February/March, 1955.",
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        "deck":"National Comics is the predecessor of DC Comics.",
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        "description":"<div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1915507\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/9/99435/1915507-bonelli_universe_super.jpg\" title=\"Bonelli universe\"><img id=\"1915507\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/9/99435/1915507-bonelli_universe_medium.jpg\" alt=\"Bonelli universe\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Bonelli universe</div></div></div></div><p>Gian Luigi Bonelli called the company <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/edizioni-audace/57-2786/\">Edizioni Audace</a> after buying it from publisher Lotario Vecchi. Edizioni Audace published famous characters such as Tex.</p><p>In the 60's, with Gian Luigi's son Sergio Bonelli, the company changed its name in <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/edizioni-araldo/57-2486/\">Edizioni Araldo</a>, then <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/cepim/57-212/\">Cepim</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/daim-press/57-239/\">Daim Press</a>, and Altamira, until the current name.</p>",
        "deck":"Italian leading comic publisher, founded in 1940 by comics author Gian Luigi Bonelli. ",
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        "deck":"Archie Comics are the publishers of the Riverdale Gang's adventures as well as Sonic.",
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    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-02-21 19:03:33",
        "description":"American Comics Group (ACG) was a small publisher during the Golden and Silver Age of comic books that existed from 1943 to 1967 publishing mainly low key \"horror\" and also ran superheros.&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;<br />In 1996 Roger Broughton, owner of Sword In Stone Productions, purchased the rights to the remaining Charlton Comics and characters (the <a href=\"/the-fightin-5/49-34594/\">                Fightin\u2019 5</a>, <a href=\"/gunmaster/29-38379/\">               Gunmaste</a>r &amp; <a href=\"/bullet-the-gun-boy/29-38380/\">              Bullet Boy,</a> <a href=\"/atomic-rabbit/49-36552/\">             Atomic Rabbit</a>, and after being bought from <a href=\"/fawcett-publications/57-34/\">            Fawcett</a>, <a href=\"/don-winslow/29-9236/\">           Don Winslow</a>) that had not been bought by <a href=\"/dc-comics/57-10/\">          DC comics</a>, who now own the rights to most of <a href=\"/charlton/57-125/\">         Charlton\u2019s</a> superheroes.&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><br />Later he also bought the rights to the titles and characters of the old ACG comics group (<a href=\"/magicman/29-38564/\">        Magicman</a>, <a href=\"/john-force/29-38482/\">       John Force</a>: Magic Agent, <a href=\"/nemesis/29-38695/\">      Nemesis</a>, <a href=\"/herbert-popnecker/29-38595/\">     Herbie \u201cthe Fat Fury\u201d Popnecker</a>, the <a href=\"/hooded-horseman/29-74394/\">    Hooded Horseman</a>, <a href=\"/cowboy-sahib/29-61473/\">   Cowboy Sahib</a>, and <a href=\"/commander-battle-and-the-atomic-sub/49-1654/\">  Commander Battle and his Atomic Sub</a>.)&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><br />In 2002 he changed the name of his company to the \"Charlton Media Group\".<br />Since then he has announced attempts to revive the various titles and characters that he owns, but so far nothing new has come of it other than a number of reprints of Charlton and ACG material in Europe, and the licensing of the rights to produce new Nemesis, Magicman and Herbie stories to <a href=\"/dark-horse-comics/57-364/\"> Dark Horse</a>. <br />As yet the other characters remain untouched.&nbsp;&nbsp;<br /><br />However if you have a snappy idea on how to revive Cowboy Sahib, Atomic Rabbit or Bill Battle and his Atomic Commandoes\u2026 well good luck.",
        "deck":"American Comics Group (ACG) The little company that almost could",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/american-comics-group/57-113/",
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        "id":113,
        "name":"American Comics Group"
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    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-08-18 16:23:22",
        "description":"<p>Rising from the ashes of Novelty Press in 1949, Star published crime, horror, romance, and funny animals comics featuring talent such as Wally Wood, Frank Frazetta, and Joe Kubert.</p><p>Targeted in Fredric Wertham's book, Seduction of the Innocent, due to the graphic nature of it's horror comics, Star closed it's doors in 1954.</p>",
        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/star-publications/57-117/",
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        "aliases":"",
        "id":117,
        "name":"Star Publications"
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    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2008-12-12 13:02:40",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/national-periodical-publications-inc/57-118/",
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        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":118,
        "name":"National Periodical Publications Inc"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2009-09-16 08:57:11",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"Italian publisher, created in 1907 by Arnoldo Mondadori.",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/arnoldo-mondadori-editore/57-120/",
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    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2009-05-17 06:43:29",
        "description":"<b>Avon</b> Books was founded in 1941 by the American News Corporation (ANC) to create a rival to Pocket Books. They hired brother and sister Joseph Myers and Edna Myers Williams to establish the company. ANC bought out J.S. Ogilvie Publications, a pulp magazine publisher partly owned by both the Myers, and renamed it \"Avon Publications\". They also got into comic books. \"The early Avons were somewhat similar in appearance to the existing paperbacks of Pocket Books, resulting in an immediate and largely ineffective lawsuit by that company. Despite this superficial similarity, though, from early on Myers differentiated Avon by placing an emphasis on popular appeal rather than loftier concepts of literary merit.\"] The first 40 titles were not numbered. First editions of the first dozen or so have front and rear endpapers with an illustration of a globe. The emphasis on \"popular appeal\" led Avon to publish ghost stories, sexually-suggestive love stories, fantasy novels and science fiction in its early years, which were far removed in audience appeal from the somewhat more literary Pocket competition.<br /><br />As well as normal-sized paperbacks, Avon published digest-format paperbacks (the size and shape of the present-day Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine) in series. These included Murder Mystery Monthly, Modern Short Story Monthly and Avon Fantasy Readers. Many authors highly prized by present-day collectors were published in these editions, including A. Merritt, James M. Cain, H. P. Lovecraft, Raymond Chandler and Robert E. Howard.<br /><br />In 1953, Avon Books sold books in the price range of 25\u00a2 to 50\u00a2 (for the Avon \"G\" series, the \"G\" standing for \"Giant\") and were selling more than 20 million copies a year. Their books were characterized by Time Magazine as \"westerns, whodunits and the kind of boy-meets-girl story that can be illustrated by a ripe cheesecake jacket.\" At around this time, Avon also began to publish under other imprints, including Eton (1951-1953), Novel Library, Broadway and Diversey. Avon's 35-cent \"T\" series, introduced in 1953, also had strong mass-market appeal and contains many outstanding examples of the then-popular juvenile delinquent story. The T series also contained many movie tie-in editions and the stand-bys of mysteries and science fiction.<br /><br />Avon was bought by the Hearst Corporation in 1959. In 1999, the News Corporation bought out Hearst's book division, and merged Avon with HarperCollins.",
        "deck":"",
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        "aliases":"",
        "id":121,
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    {
        "location_city":"",
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:11",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/cross-publications/57-122/",
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        "location_address":"",
        "date_added":"2008-06-06 11:08:00",
        "aliases":"",
        "id":122,
        "name":"Cross Publications"
    },
    {
        "location_city":"",
        "location_state":"",
        "date_last_updated":"2011-07-19 20:16:34",
        "description":"A small outfit in business from 1949 until 1955. Published some original titles like <i>Billy the Kid, </i> <i>The Purple Claw,&nbsp;</i> and  <i>Super Brat. </i>Also published some newspaper comics reprints like  <i>Barney Google</i> and  <i>Lil Abner. </i>The latter is not surprising, since Toby's owner, Elliot Caplin, was Al Capp's brother and creator in his own right of comic strips  <i>The Heart of Juliet Jones</i> and  <i>Big Ben Bolt</i>.",
        "deck":"",
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    {
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        "date_last_updated":"2012-07-15 20:04:54",
        "description":"<h2>Publishing History</h2><p>Charlton Comics started in 1946 and went on until 1985. The company covered a broad range of comic style and did not seem to stick with a main style. For example the printed War Comics, Horror Comics, Cartoon Comics, Comedy Comics, Superhero Comics, Kung Fu Comics, Action Adventure Comics, Romantic Comics and Science Fiction Comics.</p><p>Charlton and DC both produced some excellent romance titles for a while in the 1950's, 60's and 70's. However, for whatever reason, it seemed like the romance artwork was at it's peak with both companies from about 1958/1959 to 1965/1966. Charlton's romance titles during this period were: Brides in Love, I Love You, Just Married, My Secret Life, Romantic Secrets, Romantic Story, Sweetheart Diary, Sweethearts, Teen-Age Confidential Confessions, Teen-Age Love and Teen Confessions. While it is true that most readers of romance comics claim that DC's art was superior to that of Charlton, such is a matter of personal opinoin. The author of this paragraph and fan of romance comic art is of the view that from the late 1950's to the mid 1960's, Charlton's romance titles were just as good as those from DC and probably a shade better.</p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1257131\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1257131-007_super.jpg\" title=\"Top Charlton Heroes\"><img id=\"1257131\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1257131-007_medium.jpg\" alt=\"Top Charlton Heroes\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Top Charlton Heroes</div></div></div></div><p><a href=\"/dc-comics/57-10/\">DC Comics</a> acquired the rights to several characters from Charlton Comics who made significant appearances in the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/crisis-on-infinite-earths/39-40764/\">Crisis on Infinite Earths</a> story arc. During the Crisis, these heroes came from a reality known as Earth-4 and became merged with the New Earth after the Crisis and part of the eventual retcon of the DC Universe. The Charlton heroes from Earth-4 that appeared in the Crisis included <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/captain-atom/29-2050/\">Captain Atom</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ted-kord/29-2054/\">Blue Beetle</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/nightshade/29-4881/\">Nightshade</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/peacemaker/29-14371/\">Peacemaker</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/judomaster/29-18995/\">JudoMaster</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/thunderbolt/29-4894/\">Thunderbolt</a> and the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/question/29-3211/\">Question</a>. Not every hero was bought by DC Comics. One such hero was <a href=\"/mercury-man/29-71497/\">Mercury Man</a>. He was a hero from a post apocalyptic planet <a href=\"/mercury/34-56298/\">Mercury</a>.</p><p>Then In 1996 Roger Broughton, owner of Sword In Stone Productions, purchased the rights to the remaining Charlton Comics and characters (the <a href=\"/the-fightin-5/49-34594/\">Fightin\u2019 5</a>, <a>Gunmaster</a> &amp; Bullet Boy, and <a href=\"/atomic-rabbit/49-36552/\">Atomic Rabbit</a>, and after being bought from Fawcett, Don Winslow) that had not been bought by DC comics, who now own the rights to most of Charlton\u2019s superheroes. Later he also bought the rights to the titles and characters of the old ACG comics group ( <a href=\"/magicman/29-38564/\">Magicman</a>, <a href=\"/john-force/29-38482/\">John Force: Magic Agent</a>, <a href=\"/nemesis/29-38695/\">Nemesis</a>, Herbie \u201cthe <a href=\"/herbert-popnecker/29-38595/\">Fat Fury</a>\u201d <a href=\"/herbert-popnecker/29-38595/\">Popnecker</a>, the <a href=\"/hooded-horseman/29-74394/\">Hooded Horseman</a>, <a href=\"/cowboy-sahib/29-61473/\">Cowboy Sahib</a>, and Commander Battle and his Atomic Sub.)</p><p>In 2002 he changed the name of his company to the \"Charlton Media Group\". Since then he has announced attempts to revive the various titles and characters that he owns, but so far nothing new has come of it other than a number of reprints of Charlton and ACG material in Europe, and the licensing of the rights to produce new Nemesis, Magicman and Herbie stories to Dark Horse as yet the other characters remain untouched.</p><h2>Charlton's Greatest Heroes</h2><p>So, many of Charlton's characters were bought by DC Comics that the Top Charlton Characters list to the left of the page is very inaccurate. Many of Charlton's more famous heroes are not attributed to Charlton and are instead attributed to DC. This leaves Charlton's greatest characters in the dark.</p><p>It should also be noted that because of Charlton's Large and diverse variety that they did not have a large pantheon of heroes. Now that is compared to companies like DC Comics and <a href=\"/marvel/57-31/\">Marvel Comics</a>. They did have several heroes however that made up a cool list. Many of these heroes went on to have a big legacy in the DC Universe. Below is a list of Charlton's more famous Characters in alphabetical order.</p><p><b>Blue Beetles</b></p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1309954\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-thumb\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1309954-00_vortex_super.jpg\" title=\"Ted Kord - Blue Beetle\"><img id=\"1309954\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1309954-00_vortex_thumb.jpg\" alt=\"Ted Kord - Blue Beetle\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Ted Kord - Blue Beetle</div></div></div></div><p>There is probably no hero more loved in all of Charlton Comics than the Blue Beetle. Charlton bought the rights to the original <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/blue-beetle/29-4438/\">Blue Beetle</a> Dan Garret from <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/fox/57-18/\">Fox Comics</a>. This eventually (in a way) kept him out of the Public Domain unlike his counterparts <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/samson/29-52544/\">Samson</a> and the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-flame/29-24757/\">Flame</a> from the same publisher.</p><p>Despite the popularity of the original Blue Beetle, Charlton completely rebooted the character. He had different powers, origin, occupation, secondary characters and even his last name had a different spelling with an extra t. Unfortunately for the character he was not as popular after the reboot as he was before so to solve the problem they decided to reboot the character again. This time Dan was killed off and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/ted-kord/29-2054/\">Ted Kord</a> became the next Blue Beetle. Ted Kord was created by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/joe-gill/26-51233/\">Joe Gill</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/steve-ditko/26-4026/\">Steve Ditko</a>.</p><p>When DC bought the rights to the characters they bought both <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dan-garret/29-18745/\">Dan Garrett</a> (with two t's) and Ted Kord and continued on this the story instead of starting over with the original Dan Garret (with one t). This technically means that the Dan Garret (with one t) is suppose to be in public domain but it is difficult to clarify with name similarities and so not much has been done with it. <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dynamite-entertainment/57-1859/\">Dynamite Entertainment</a> revamp the character and called him <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/scarab/29-6238/\">Scarab</a>. They also used his sidekick <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/sparky/29-51134/\">Sparky</a> who is in Public Domain.</p><p><b>Captain Atom</b></p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1310392\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1310392-00_vortex_super.jpg\" title=\"Captain Atom - Costumes\"><img id=\"1310392\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1310392-00_vortex_medium.jpg\" alt=\"Captain Atom - Costumes\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Captain Atom - Costumes</div></div></div></div><p>Captain Atom was created for Charlton Comics also by Joe Gill and Steve Ditko in Charlton Comics his name was Allen Adam when he was bought out by DC comics his name was changed to Nathaniel Christopher Adam. His costume was also changed several times. There were two three main costumes however and one of them may have been a printing mistake.</p><p>In the first issue Captain Atom has a blue costume on the inside of the book but a gold one on the cover. He did then wear the gold costumes for quite a while with small variations until he went to the blue and red costume with the silver arms. It wasn't until he went to DC that his costume changed to the mostly silver costume he wears today</p><p><b>E-Man and Nova Cane</b></p><p>E-Man and Nova Cane are two heroes that were not purchased by DC but have been written about in comic companies like <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/first/57-324/\">First Comics</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/comico/57-336/\">Comico</a>. The characters were created by Nikola Cuti and Joe Stanton. E-Man was a hero along the lines of Plastic Man. He was suppose to be more comical than a traditional hero. His girlfriend eventually became a hero as well with the same powers as E-Man. In many ways Nova overshadowed the main hero of the books even when she wasn't a superhero.</p><p><b>Judo Master and Tiger</b></p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1310475\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-thumb\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1310475-19_super.jpg\" title=\"Tiger and Judo Master\"><img id=\"1310475\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1310475-19_thumb.jpg\" alt=\"Tiger and Judo Master\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Tiger and Judo Master</div></div></div></div><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/judomaster/29-18995/\">Judo Master</a> was created by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/joe-gill/26-51233/\">Joe Gill</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/frank-mclaughlin/26-27780/\">Frank McLaughlin</a>. Judo master was a World War II vet that save a man's daughter while at was in the specific and is taught judo by the grateful father. Judo Master eventually gets a sidekick named Tiger. Judo Master was another of the characters bought by DC Comics and has subsequently gone through many changes. Lately the new Judo Master is a woman named Sonia Sato.</p><p><b>Mr. Muscles</b></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mr-muscles/29-72341/\">Mr. Muscles</a> was created by Jerry Siegel and was the star of a two issue self titles series. He may not have been one of the greatest Charlton characters but he did have a fortunate chance to have his own book even if it only lasted two issues. He only appeared in one issue after that.</p><p><b>Nature Boy</b></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/nature-boy/29-50996/\">Nature Boy</a> like Mr. Muscles was also created by Jerry Siegel. Actually Nature Boy shares a lot with Mr. Muscles. Not only do they share the same creator, they were both fortunate enough to have a very small run in their own self titled comic.</p><p><b>Nightshade</b></p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1311262\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-thumb\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1311262-v_harvjartiruuman_super.jpg\" title=\"Charlton's Nightshade\"><img id=\"1311262\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1311262-v_harvjartiruuman_thumb.jpg\" alt=\"Charlton's Nightshade\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Charlton's Nightshade</div></div></div></div><p>Nightshade was only in a handful of Charlton Comics but she did have a powerful legacy in DC Comics. She was created by Joe Gill and Steve Ditko. In DC Comics Nightshade appeared in many issues of the Suicide Squad and Shadowpack. She has also gone through many evolutions that has made her a very popular hero.</p><p><b>Peacemaker</b></p><p>Peacemaker first appeared in Charlton Comics as part of a team known as the Fighting 5. He then had his own series that lasted five issues. Peacemaker was created by Joe Gill and Pat Boyette and was completely rebooted in the DC Universe.</p><p><b>Phantom</b></p><p>The Phantom is one of the oldest superheros ever and is considered to be the first by some. The Phantom first appeared two years before <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/superman/29-1807/\">Superman</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/batman/29-1699/\">Batman</a> and the Blue Beetle. Charlton picked up the hero and he was their longest running superhero series. He was created by Lee Falk.</p><p><b>Question</b></p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1311356\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1311356-00_arcadia_super.jpg\" title=\"Question, Phantom, Steel\"><img id=\"1311356\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1311356-00_arcadia_medium.jpg\" alt=\"Question, Phantom, Steel\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Question, Phantom, Steel</div></div></div></div><p>The Question first appeared in Blue Beetle and was created by Steve Ditko. The Question was considered one of Charlton's bigger heroes even though he never had his own series. In DC Comics the Question became quite popular in his own title self titled comic and the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-question-quarterly/49-4374/\">Question Quarterly</a>. The Question became popular again in the Justice League Unlimited cartoons and the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/52/49-18053/\">52</a> series where he died of cancer and passed the torch on to Renee Montoya.</p><p><b>Sarge Steel</b></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/sarge-steel/29-9931/\">Sarge Steel</a> was created by Pat Musulli and made his first appearance in <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/sarge-steel/49-2271/\">Sarge Steel</a> #1. Sarge Steel was not an a typical hero and was private eye and Viet Nam veteran. His name and power came from his hand that was formed in a fist.</p><p>When Sarge Steel came to DC Comics his character became more entrenched as a government agent. He did a lot of work with Project X and the suicide squad. This has put him in a situation of being pitted against and worked for the more costumed superheroes.</p><p><b>Son of Vulcan</b></p><p><a href=\"/son-of-vulcan/29-30891/\">Son of Vulcan</a> was also created by Pat Musulli with the help of penciler Bill Fraccio. Son of Vulcan was really Johnny Mann who was several injured in war and cursed the gods who allowed him to end up this way. His prayer/plea does not go unanswered as Vulcan himself arrives and tells him his troubles or not of the gods by the failures of man. Not only that but Vulcan gives him the power to fight for justice.</p><p><b>Thunderbolt</b></p><div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"1313491\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1313491-00_arcadia_super.jpg\" title=\"Thunderbolt &amp; Yang\"><img id=\"1313491\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/9541/1313491-00_arcadia_medium.jpg\" alt=\"Thunderbolt &amp; Yang\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\">Thunderbolt & Yang</div></div></div></div><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/thunderbolt/29-4894/\">Peter Cannon, Thunderbolt</a> was created by Pete Morisi. Peter Cannon was an orphaned child who was raised by Tibetan monks. The monks were very grateful to Peter's parents</p><p><b>Yang</b></p><p><a href=\"/yang/29-36520/\">Yang</a> was created by Joe Gill and Warren Sattler. Yang was more of a Kung Fu fighter and sometimes didn't fit the superhero mold to some. The truth is he wore a costume and set out to fight crime. He even wore a costume that was the same issue to issue.</p>",
        "deck":"Charlton Comics owned several characters that were bought by DC Comics",
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        "description":"<span>\n<p>Ziff-Davis is a publishing firm that has been around since the 1920\u2019s and is in fact still around to day publishing mainly computer and technology magazines and which is one of the biggest producers of on-line magazines.</p>\n<p>They have had a diverse range of publications over the years, from Popular Electronics, to for a while, Amazing Stories the first science fiction pulp.</p>\n<p>They however came late into publishing comic books, and did not stay long when they did. Starting in 1950 they produced dozens of titles, almost none of which lasted longer than half a dozen issues, they ended their&nbsp;try at comic books&nbsp;late in 1953.&nbsp;</p>\n<p>Their two most successful comics were G. I. Joe, which lasted 46 issues, and Kid Cowboy which lasted 10 issues.</p>\n<p>The things that most distinguish a Z-D comic are their striking painted covers that more resemble the pulp magazines of an earlier era, the extensive use of violent and sexually suggestive covers on many of their comics, and the odd fact that they almost always start their books with issue # 10, but if it is able to last more than a half dozen issues switching to the number that it would have been at if they had started it at # 1, so that several of their comics have two # 10\u2019s - 14 and no # 1 - 5.</p>\n<p>This to say the least caused some consternation to collectors when the hobby became popular after Z-D left the comics business, which they did with the coming of the Comics Code Authority, which would never have approved of some of their covers. </p></span>",
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        "description":"<p>Starting in 1943 this&nbsp; Missouri-based comics publisher would, by 1948, be bought out by the company that would come to be known as American Comic Group.</p>",
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-07-26 02:39:14",
        "description":".",
        "deck":"A is not a publisher, it's currently used as a placeholder and also for real-life people and characters who doesn't have a traditional publisher.",
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        "date_last_updated":"2010-06-22 14:23:31",
        "description":"<p>Argo was a short lived publication venture that was created to publish comic books featuring newspaper characters that none of the larger comic companies were interested in. </p>\n<p>Much of their output consisted of comics based on such newspaper soap opera characters as Merry Worth, Rex Morgan MD, and Judge Parker, characters that the comic buying audience of the time simply didn\u2019t care about. &nbsp; &nbsp;</p>",
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-08-28 03:13:07",
        "description":"<p>.</p>",
        "deck":"Archie comics imprint of the 50's-60's, not to be confused with Radio Comix, a publisher that would debut in the 90's.",
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    {
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        "date_last_updated":"2012-06-12 15:00:30",
        "description":"<p>Publisher Israel Waldman had a great idea in the late 1950's: He knew there had been a LOT of comic books published, and a LOT of those were by companies no longer in business, so why not reprint the output of those comics companies and foist them on a youthful buying public that hadn't seen them before? Years before today's trend in glossy reprints of public-domain comics, Waldman grabbed work from several defunct publishers (among them the renowned <a href=\"/quality-comics/57-15/\">QUALITY</a> Comics, <a href=\"/avon/57-121/\">Avon</a>, <a href=\"/fox/57-18/\">Fox</a>, <a href=\"/toby/57-123/\">Toby</a>, <a href=\"/magazine-enterprises/57-84/\">Magazine Enterprises</a>, Harry A. <a href=\"/harry-a-cheslerdynamic/57-1884/\">Chesler</a>, and others) and re-issued them with new covers -- and sometimes new titles: <a href=\"/dan-garret/29-18745/\">The Blue Beetle</a> appeared in a comic book titled \"<a href=\"/human-fly/49-1920/\">The Human Fly</a>\" for just one example-- and at times, without even bothering to receive legal authorization to actually <i>produce</i> those reprints. It seemed a sure-fire way to easy money-- low production costs, low overhead, and, if the covers were appealing enough, an unsuspecting audience eager for new titles. It jjust wasn't always legal, or ethical for that matter.</p><p>I.W. and its quickly-created partner company Super Comics, released Westerns, Humor, Funny Animals, Superheroes, Horror, Science Fiction, Romance, War, seemingly anything they could get their hands on. Regardless of the contents of the books, it is often amusing to see what sort of misleading cover has been put on these reprints. It may be rewarding to inspect the publisher's output at The <a href=\"http://www.digitalcomicmuseum.com/\" rel=\"nofollow\">Digital Comics Museum,</a> and a very interesting article on I.W. by T. Casey Brennan appeared in the 57th issue of <a href=\"/comics-journal/49-35609/\">The Comics Journal</a> from June 1980.</p><p>Nevertheless, sometimes a product is seen as what it actually <a href=\"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shit\" rel=\"nofollow\">is</a>, and I.W./Super was out of business by 1964. Waldman went on to found the <a href=\"/warren/57-173/\">Warren</a>-inspired <a href=\"/skywald/57-214/\">SKYWALD</a> line of B&amp;W Horror Magazines with Marvel production chief <a href=\"/sol-brodsky/26-6100/\">Sol Brodsky</a>.</p>",
        "deck":"I.W. Publishing was an essentially disreputable publisher, named for founder Israel Waldman, that repackaged older comics and reprinted them as their own.",
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-04-13 09:05:35",
        "description":"James Warren founded the Warren Publishing in Philadelphia in 1957. Warren Publishing\u00b4s first magazines were FAMOUS MONSTERS OF FILMLAND an MONSTER WORLD. The editor in chief for both titels was the legendary science fiction/horror grandmaster Forrest J. Ackerman.<br /> <div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"7020\"><div class=\"wiki-img-left\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/7020-1992-7675-1-famous-monsters-of-f_super.jpg\" title=\"\"><img id=\"7020\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/7020-1992-7675-1-famous-monsters-of-f_medium.jpg\" alt=\"\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\"></div></div></div></div>\n<br /> FAMOUS MONSTERS OF FILMLAND was orginally supposed to be a one shot published in 1958, but when it went to it\u00b4s second printing Warren and Ackerman decided to continue it. Magazine started when Warren noticed that baby boomer children wathcing old horror movies in television shows that each had a monster host, were actually rooting for the monsters. He wanted to create similar thing in magazine format. The first number sold out in days and later on the magazine had a print run of 200 000 copies.<br /><br /> In 1960 Warren started to publish Help! magazine. It employed many former MAD artists and was edited by Harvey Kurtzman. During it\u00b4s five year run, Help! had many collaborators who later on became famous, Terry Gilliam, Gloria Steinem, John Cleese and Woody Allen. It also featured underground comics by Robert Crumb and Gilberts Shelton.<br /> <div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"6263\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/6263-2194-6839-1-creepy_super.jpg\" title=\"\"><img id=\"6263\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/6263-2194-6839-1-creepy_medium.jpg\" alt=\"\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\"></div></div></div></div>\n<br /> The monster comics Warren published in MONSTER WORLD expanded to two legendary horror comics, CREEPY and EERIE. Warren was able to avert the Comics Code cencorship by claiming that his publication was not in fact a comic, but due to pricing and format a magazine. This was also to protect James Warren from the fate that EC publisher BILL GAINES suffered in front of a Congressional committee.<br /><br /> Warren also published openly anti-war war comic, BLAZING COMBAT in 1965-66. He later said that from everything he published, he was most proud from these four issues. Because of the content of BLAZING COMBAT, the U.S. Army PXs refused to sell it, and when other wholesalers were threatening to drop every WARREN publications from their shelves because of BC, it was ended.<br /><br /> <div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"7374\"><div class=\"wiki-img-left\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/7374-2242-8110-1-blazing-combat_super.jpg\" title=\"\"><img id=\"7374\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/7374-2242-8110-1-blazing-combat_medium.jpg\" alt=\"\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\"></div></div></div></div>\n<br /> In 1969 Warren launched it\u00b4s third classic horror comic, VAMPIRELLA. It was a hit and ment end to a dry season that had followed company\u00b4s move to New York and a cash flow problem. During this period Warren also started to use more and more Spanish artists mainly in production of VAMPIRELLA.<br /> <div class=\"js-item-cage\" rel=\"image\" title=\"image\" id=\"9445\"><div class=\"wiki-img-right\"><div class=\"wiki-img-medium\"><a href=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/9445-2449-10419-1-vampirella_super.jpg\" title=\"\"><img id=\"9445\" src=\"http://media.comicvine.com/uploads/0/4/9445-2449-10419-1-vampirella_medium.jpg\" alt=\"\" /></a><div class=\"item-caption\"></div></div></div></div>\n<br /> In 1971 the company changed it\u00b4s name to WARREN COMMUNICATIONS and the orginal company was dissolved. In 1974 Warren started to publish Will Eisner\u00b4s legendary THE SPIRIT in magazine format.<br /><br /> In 1983 James Warren declared banckruptcy and the HARRIS PUBLICATIONS bought the companys assets same year. This was followed by a lawsuit that eventually gave back the rights of EERIE and CREEPY to James Warren in 1998.",
        "deck":"Warren Publishing (named after its founder James Warren) was a famous horror comic publisher.",
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        "name":"Archie Adventure Series"
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:12",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/signet-books/57-175/",
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        "date_last_updated":"2009-09-30 10:03:55",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"Planet Comics reprinted various DC titles in Australia",
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        "date_last_updated":"2009-10-03 20:55:46",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"An Australian comic publisher. Reprinted many DC Comics titles,",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/colour-comics-pty-ltd/57-177/",
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-10-11 08:09:35",
        "description":"<p>Gold Key Comics was created in 1962, when Western switched to in-house publishing rather than packaging content for branding and distribution by its business partner, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dell/57-4/\">Dell Comics</a>. Hoping to make their comics more like traditional children's books they initially eliminated panel borders (using strips of color instead) and had word and thought balloons that were rectangular rather than oval. Within a year they had reverted to using inked panel borders and oval balloons. They also experimented with new formats, including black and white 136 page hardcovers containing reprints (<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/whitman/57-68/\">Whitman Comic Books</a>) and tabloid sized 52 page hardcovers containing new material (Golden Picture Story Book). These evidently were aimed at the book trade and department stores, in the manner of their popular Little Golden Books. In 1967 they reprinted a number of selected issues of their comics under the title Top Comics which were sold in plastic bags of 5 at gas stations and various eateries; some locations removed them from the bags and sold them individually with price stickers attached to the covers.</p><p>A striking difference between Gold Key and other publishers (which had been done by Dell as well) was to publish most of their mystery, jungle, science-fiction, adventure and similar series with full color painted covers rather than the standard line-artwork.</p><p>Gold Key featured a number of licensed properties and several original titles (including a number of publications that spun-off from Dell's <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/four-color/49-927/\">Four Color</a> series). It maintained decent sales numbers throughout the 1960s, thanks to its offering many titles based upon popular TV series of the day, as well as numerous titles based upon both <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/walt-disney-company-italia/57-290/\">Walt Disney Studios</a> and Warner Bros. animated properties. It was also the first company to publish comic books based upon <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/star-trek/49-2364/\">Star Trek</a>.</p><p>Over the years it did lose several properties, including the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/king-features-syndicate/57-198/\">King Features Syndicate</a> characters (<a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/popeye/29-32957/\">Popeye,</a> <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/flash-gordon/29-7953/\">Flash Gordon</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-phantom/29-7957/\">The Phantom</a>, etc) in 1966, the <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/hanna-barbera-hi-adventure-heroes/49-34337/\">Hanna Barbera</a> characters (to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/charlton/57-125/\">Charlton Comics</a>) in 1970, and Star Trek (to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/marvel/57-31/\">Marvel Comics</a>) in 1979.</p><p>The stable of writers and artists built up by Western Publishing during the Dell Comics era mostly continued into the Gold Key era. In the mid-60s a number of artists left to work for the newly formed Disney Studio Program. Among the few new creators at Gold Key were writers <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/don-glut/26-57469/\">Don Glut</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/len-wein/26-41457/\">Len Wein</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mark-evanier/26-26413/\">Mark Evanier</a> and artist <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mike-royer/26-7366/\">Mike Royer</a>. Also in the 70s writer <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bob-gregory/26-31834/\">Bob Gregory</a> started drawing stories, mostly for <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/daisy-duck/29-21550/\">Daisy</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/donald-duck/29-22182/\">Donald</a>. Acclaimed artist/writer <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/frank-miller/26-7082/\">Frank Miller</a> had his first published comic book artwork in The <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/twilight-zone/49-2102/\">Twilight Zone</a> for Gold Key in 1978.</p><p>According to former Western Publishing writer <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mark-evanier/26-26413/\">Mark Evanier</a>, during the mid-1960s comedy writer Jerry Belson (whose writing partner at the time was Garry Marshall), while writing for leading TV sitcoms like The Dick Van Dyke Show, also did scripts for Gold Key. Among the comics he wrote for were <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/flintstones/49-11612/\">The Flintstones</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-best-of-donald-duck-and-uncle-scrooge/49-2197/\">Uncle Scrooge</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/daffy-duck/49-9559/\">Daffy Duck</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/bugs-bunny/49-11508/\">Bugs Bunny</a>, <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/the-three-stooges/49-2100/\">The Three Stooges</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/walter-lantz-woody-woodpecker/49-11012/\">Woody Woodpecker</a>.</p><p>In the 1970s, when the comics industry experienced a downswing, Gold Key was among the hardest hit. Its editorial policies had not kept pace with changing times and suffered erosion of its base of sales among children who could now instead watch cartoons and other entertainment on free television. By 1977, all of the company's original series had been canceled (most had been dropped circa 1973-1974), and its licensed series were virtually all reprint-only, although Gold Key was still able to obtain the rights to publish a comic book series based upon <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/buck-rogers-in-the-25th-century/49-3017/\">Buck Rogers</a> in the 25th Century between 1979 and 1981.</p><p>In this period Gold Key experimented with digests which had some success. In a similar vein to explore new markets they produced in the mid-1970s a four volume series with somewhat better production values and printing aimed at the emerging collector market containing classic stories of the Disney characters by <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/carl-barks/26-23923/\">Carl Barks</a> and <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/floyd-gottfredson/26-52268/\">Floyd Gottfredson</a> (Best of Walt Disney's Comics). In the late 1970s came somewhat higher grade reprints of various licensed characters also aimed at new venues (Dynabrites) plus a four issue series adapting classic science fiction stories by authors such as Issac Asimov and John W. Campbell (Starstream). Golden Press released trade paperback reprint collections (Walt Disney Christmas Parade, Bugs Bunny Comics-Go-Round, Star Trek Enterprise Logs). And while still distributing comic books on spinners and racks at drug stores, super markets and such under the Gold Key label simultaneously distributing the same comics \u2014 usually in plastic bags of three \u2014 to toy and department stores plus newsstands at airports and bus/train stations \"as well as other outlets that weren't conducive to conventional comic racks\" under the Whitman logo which it also used for such products as coloring books. Western at one point also distributed bagged comics from its rivals DC Comics and Marvel Comics under the Whitman logo. President of <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dc-comics/57-10/\">DC Comics</a> <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/paul-levitz/26-41154/\">Paul Levitz</a> has stated \"The Western program was enormous \u2014 even well into the '70s they were taking very large numbers of DC titles for distribution (I recall 50,000 copies offhand).\" Continued declining sales forced Western in 1981 to cease newsstand distribution and thereafter release all its comics solely in bags as \" <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/whitman/57-68/\">Whitman Comics</a>\". The \"Gold Key\" logo was discontinued. Eventually arrangements were made to distribute these releases to the nascent national network of comic book stores as part of the Whitman alternate methods of distribution. All these efforts proved ultimately unsuccessful, and by 1984 Western was out of the comic book business.</p><p>Many of their characters have been revived over the decades by companies ranging from <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/valiant/57-485/\">Valiant</a> to <a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dark-horse-comics/57-364/\">Dark Horse</a> who recently revived and published some of their more memorable characters.</p><p>Some of the stable of characters that were originally published were:</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/magnus/29-12457/\">Magnus</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/doctor-solar/29-39277/\">Dr. Solar</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/turok/29-7171/\">Turok</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mars-patrol/65-57706/\">M.A.R.S. Patrol</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/mighty-samson/29-67013/\">MIghty Samson</a> (This version is paid homage to in Project Superpowers)</p><p>Terra</p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/tiger-girl/29-40844/\">Tiger Girl</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/doctor-adam-spektor/29-65179/\">Dr. Spektor</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/tragg/29-72746/\">Tragg</a></p><p><a href=\"http://www.comicvine.com/dagar-the-invincible/29-34209/\">Dagar</a></p><p>Many of these characters have separate pages while others do not.</p>",
        "deck":"Gold Key was known as Western Publishing. They dissolved their partnership with Dell and created their own stable of characters.",
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        "name":"Gold Key"
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:12",
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        "deck":"",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/whitman-publishing/57-181/",
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        "aliases":"",
        "id":181,
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:11",
        "description":"",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/illustrated-humor-inc/57-183/",
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        "name":"Illustrated Humor Inc"
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        "date_last_updated":"2010-08-08 07:15:04",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"Italian publishing house, specially of comic books, that introduced Italy to the Marvel's characters. It was founded by Andrea Corno and Luciano Secchi in 1961.",
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        "name":"Editoriale Corno"
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        "date_last_updated":"2008-06-06 20:36:11",
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        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/edwin-aprill/57-185/",
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        "location_address":"",
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        "date_last_updated":"2011-01-27 13:48:41",
        "description":"<p><br />Heroes of the Mighty comics.&nbsp;<br />1&nbsp;Black hood<br />2&nbsp;The Shield<br />3&nbsp;The Web<br />4&nbsp;The Jaguar<br />5&nbsp;Flygirl <br />6&nbsp;The Fox<br />7 The Shadow</p>\n<p>8&nbsp;Bob Phantom<br />9 Dusty</p>\n<p>10&nbsp;Pow Girl<br />11&nbsp;Roy the Superboy<br />12&nbsp;The Wizard<br />13&nbsp;Captain Flagg<br />14 Firefly</p>\n<p>15 Inferno</p>",
        "deck":"mighty comics is published by archie comics, red circle comics, spectrum comics, impact comics to dc comics",
        "image":null,
        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/mighty-comics/57-186/",
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        "name":"Mighty Comics"
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        "date_last_updated":"2009-10-27 02:01:29",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"Italian publisher, owned by Casarotti's family (Gino, the father, and Pucci Giuseppe, the son).",
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        "site_detail_url":"http://www.comicvine.com/casa-editrice-dardo/57-189/",
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        "name":"Casa Editrice Dardo"
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    {
        "location_city":"",
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        "date_last_updated":"2009-09-04 00:15:58",
        "description":"",
        "deck":"It's the most important daily newspaper in Italy. It is also an important publisher of books, including comic-books. It belongs to RCS MediaGroup.",
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