pylibftdi / pylibftdi / examples /

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#!/usr/bin/env python
Display values on input pins of a BitBangDevice.

 * ANSI colours / display differences in bold

example - beep on pin 1 going high:
    $ pylibftdi/examples/ -n 0.01 -m 1 -k 1 && echo -e "\a"

Copyright (c) 2011-2013 Ben Bass <>
All rights reserved.

import itertools
import time
import sys
from pylibftdi import BitBangDevice, ALL_INPUTS

def get_value():
    get the value of the pins
    if not getattr(get_value, "dev", None): = BitBangDevice(direction=ALL_INPUTS)
    dev = getattr(get_value, "dev")
    return dev.port

def display_value(value):
    display the given value
    sys.stdout.write("\b" * 32)
    for n in range(8):
        sys.stdout.write("1 " if value & (1 << (7 - n)) else "0 ")
    sys.stdout.write("  (%d/0x%02X)" % (value, value))

def display_loop(interval=1, count=0, match=None, mask=0xFF):
    display and compare the value

    @param interval - polling interval in seconds
    @param count - number of polls to do, or infinite if 0
    @param match - value to look for to exit early
    @param mask - mask of read value before comparing to match
    @return bool - 'ok'. either a match was made or none was requested
    if not count:
        count_iter = itertools.count()
        count_iter = range(count)

        for _ in count_iter:
            value = get_value()
            if match is not None and (value & mask == match):
                return True
        return False
    except KeyboardInterrupt:

    if match is not None:
        # we quit early while looking for a match
        return False
        # no match to do; no problem.
        return True

def main(args=None):
    import optparse
    parser = optparse.OptionParser()
    parser.add_option("-n", "--interval", dest="interval",
                      default=1, type=float,
                      help="refresh interval, default 1 second")
    parser.add_option("-c", "--count", dest="count",
        default=0, type=int,
        help="number of cycles to run for (0 = no limit - the default)")
    parser.add_option("-m", "--match", dest="match",
        help="value to match against (e.g. 0x1F, 7, etc)")
    parser.add_option("-k", "--mask", dest="mask",
        help="mask to match with (e.g. 0x07, 2, etc) - default 0xFF")
    opts, args = parser.parse_args(args)

    if opts.interval < 0.001:
        parser.error("interval must be >= 0.001")
    if opts.count < 0:
        parser.error("count must be >= 0")
    mask = match = None
    if opts.mask:
        if not opts.match:
            parser.error("Must specify --match with mask")
            mask = int(opts.mask, 0)
        except ValueError:
            parser.error("Could not interpret given mask")
        mask = 0xFF
    if opts.match:
            match = int(opts.match, 0)
        except ValueError:
            parser.error("Could not interpret given mask")
    ok = display_loop(opts.interval, opts.count, match, mask)
    sys.exit(0 if ok else 1)

if __name__ == '__main__':