Same issue here using desktop version of Ubuntu v16.04.3 LTS or v17.04.
What exactly needs to be installed additionally for these editions (like sudo apt-get install ...)?
Maybe you can add it on your FAQ?
It looks like opengl isn't installed on your Linux. Try to do this:
1. sudo apt install mesa-utils in Linux
2. update SDK in Delphi
3. Check if "libGL.so" exists in some folder in your SDK location.
4. Try to build app
mesa-utils is installed. But as far as I can see this package doesn't contain libGL.so. I tried sudo apt install libgl1-mesa-dev and then it's fine. I found some hints here. So thanks for your hint with libGL.so.
I can solve the problem after doing this on ubuntu:
sudo apt-get install freeglut3-dev build-essential libx11-dev libxmu-dev libxi-dev libgl1-mesa-glx libglu1-mesa libglu1-mesa-dev libglfw3-dev libgles2-mesa-dev