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asterisk / sha1.c

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/*
 *
 * Based on the RFC 3174
 * 
 * Full Copyright Statement
 *
 *  Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001).  All Rights Reserved.
 *
 *  This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
 *  others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
 *  or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
 *  and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
 *  kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
 *  included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
 *  document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
 *  the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
 *  Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
 *  developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
 *  copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
 *  followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
 *  English.
 *
 *  The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
 *  revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

 *  This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
 *  "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
 *  TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
 *  BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
 *  HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 *  MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 *
 *
 * 
 *  Description:
 *	  This file implements the Secure Hashing Algorithm 1 as
 *	  defined in FIPS PUB 180-1 published April 17, 1995.
 *
 *	  The SHA-1, produces a 160-bit message digest for a given
 *	  data stream.  It should take about 2**n steps to find a
 *	  message with the same digest as a given message and
 *	  2**(n/2) to find any two messages with the same digest,
 *	  when n is the digest size in bits.  Therefore, this
 *	  algorithm can serve as a means of providing a
 *	  "fingerprint" for a message.
 *
 *  Portability Issues:
 *	  SHA-1 is defined in terms of 32-bit "words".  This code
 *	  uses <stdint.h> (included via "sha1.h" to define 32 and 8
 *	  bit unsigned integer types.  If your C compiler does not
 *	  support 32 bit unsigned integers, this code is not
 *	  appropriate.
 *
 *  Caveats:
 *	  SHA-1 is designed to work with messages less than 2^64 bits
 *	  long.  Although SHA-1 allows a message digest to be generated
 *	  for messages of any number of bits less than 2^64, this
 *	  implementation only works with messages with a length that is
 *	  a multiple of the size of an 8-bit character.
 *
 */


#include "asterisk/sha1.h"

/*
 *  Define the SHA1 circular left shift macro
 */
#define SHA1CircularShift(bits,word) \
		         (((word) << (bits)) | ((word) >> (32-(bits))))

/* Local Function Prototyptes */
void SHA1PadMessage(SHA1Context *);
void SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(SHA1Context *);

/*
 *  SHA1Reset
 *
 *  Description:
 *	  This function will initialize the SHA1Context in preparation
 *	  for computing a new SHA1 message digest.
 *
 *  Parameters:
 *	  context: [in/out]
 *		   The context to reset.
 *
 *  Returns:
 *	  sha Error Code.
 *
 */
int SHA1Reset(SHA1Context *context)
{
	if (!context) {
		return shaNull;
	}

	context->Length_Low             = 0;
	context->Length_High            = 0;
	context->Message_Block_Index    = 0;

	context->Intermediate_Hash[0]   = 0x67452301;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[1]   = 0xEFCDAB89;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[2]   = 0x98BADCFE;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[3]   = 0x10325476;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[4]   = 0xC3D2E1F0;

	context->Computed               = 0;
	context->Corrupted              = 0;

	return shaSuccess;
}

/*
 *  SHA1Result
 *
 *  Description:
 *	  This function will return the 160-bit message digest into the
 *	  Message_Digest array  provided by the caller.
 *	  NOTE: The first octet of hash is stored in the 0th element,
 *		     the last octet of hash in the 19th element.
 *
 *  Parameters:
 *	  context: [in/out]
 *		   The context to use to calculate the SHA-1 hash.
 *	  Message_Digest: [out]
 *		   Where the digest is returned.
 *
 *  Returns:
 *	  sha Error Code.
 *
 */
int SHA1Result( SHA1Context *context,
		         uint8_t Message_Digest[SHA1HashSize])
{
	int i;

	if (!context || !Message_Digest) {
		return shaNull;
	}

	if (context->Corrupted) {
		return context->Corrupted;
	}

	if (!context->Computed) {
		SHA1PadMessage(context);
		for (i = 0; i < 64; ++i) {
			/* message may be sensitive, clear it out */
			context->Message_Block[i] = 0;
		}
		context->Length_Low = 0;    /* and clear length */
		context->Length_High = 0;
		context->Computed = 1;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < SHA1HashSize; ++i) {
		Message_Digest[i] = context->Intermediate_Hash[i >> 2] >> 8 * ( 3 - ( i & 0x03 ) );
	}

	return shaSuccess;
}

/*
 *  SHA1Input
 *
 *  Description:
 *	  This function accepts an array of octets as the next portion
 *	  of the message.
 *
 *  Parameters:
 *	  context: [in/out]
 *		   The SHA context to update
 *	  message_array: [in]
 *		   An array of characters representing the next portion of
 *		   the message.
 *	  length: [in]
 *		   The length of the message in message_array
 *
 *  Returns:
 *	  sha Error Code.
 *
 */
int SHA1Input(SHA1Context *context, const uint8_t *message_array, unsigned length)
{
	if (!length) {
		return shaSuccess;
	}

	if (!context || !message_array) {
		return shaNull;
	}

	if (context->Computed) {
		context->Corrupted = shaStateError;
		return shaStateError;
	}

	if (context->Corrupted) {
		return context->Corrupted;
	}

	while (length-- && !context->Corrupted) {
		context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = (*message_array & 0xFF);

		context->Length_Low += 8;
		if (context->Length_Low == 0) {
			context->Length_High++;
			if (context->Length_High == 0) {
				/* Message is too long */
				context->Corrupted = 1;
			}
		}

		if (context->Message_Block_Index == 64) {
			SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(context);
		}

		message_array++;
	}

	return shaSuccess;
}

/*
 *  SHA1ProcessMessageBlock
 *
 *  Description:
 *	  This function will process the next 512 bits of the message
 *	  stored in the Message_Block array.
 *
 *  Parameters:
 *	  None.
 *
 *  Returns:
 *	  Nothing.
 *
 *  Comments:
 *	  Many of the variable names in this code, especially the
 *	  single character names, were used because those were the
 *	  names used in the publication.
 *
 *
 */
void SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(SHA1Context *context)
{
	const uint32_t K[] =     {     /* Constants defined in SHA-1  */
	                         0x5A827999,
	                         0x6ED9EBA1,
	                         0x8F1BBCDC,
	                         0xCA62C1D6
	                         };
	int	        t;                 /* Loop counter                */
	uint32_t    temp;              /* Temporary word value        */
	uint32_t    W[80];             /* Word sequence               */
	uint32_t    A, B, C, D, E;     /* Word buffers                */

	/*
	 *  Initialize the first 16 words in the array W
	 */
	for (t = 0; t < 16; t++) {
		W[t] = context->Message_Block[t * 4] << 24;
		W[t] |= context->Message_Block[t * 4 + 1] << 16;
		W[t] |= context->Message_Block[t * 4 + 2] << 8;
		W[t] |= context->Message_Block[t * 4 + 3];
	}

	for (t = 16; t < 80; t++) {
		W[t] = SHA1CircularShift(1,W[t-3] ^ W[t-8] ^ W[t-14] ^ W[t-16]);
	}

	A = context->Intermediate_Hash[0];
	B = context->Intermediate_Hash[1];
	C = context->Intermediate_Hash[2];
	D = context->Intermediate_Hash[3];
	E = context->Intermediate_Hash[4];

	for (t = 0; t < 20; t++) {
		temp = SHA1CircularShift(5,A) + ((B & C) | ((~B) & D)) + E + W[t] + K[0];
		E = D;
		D = C;
		C = SHA1CircularShift(30,B);
		B = A;
		A = temp;
	}

	for (t = 20; t < 40; t++) {
		temp = SHA1CircularShift(5,A) + (B ^ C ^ D) + E + W[t] + K[1];
		E = D;
		D = C;
		C = SHA1CircularShift(30,B);
		B = A;
		A = temp;
	}

	for (t = 40; t < 60; t++) {
		temp = SHA1CircularShift(5,A) + ((B & C) | (B & D) | (C & D)) + E + W[t] + K[2];
		E = D;
		D = C;
		C = SHA1CircularShift(30,B);
		B = A;
		A = temp;
	}

	for (t = 60; t < 80; t++) {
		temp = SHA1CircularShift(5,A) + (B ^ C ^ D) + E + W[t] + K[3];
		E = D;
		D = C;
		C = SHA1CircularShift(30,B);
		B = A;
		A = temp;
	}

	context->Intermediate_Hash[0] += A;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[1] += B;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[2] += C;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[3] += D;
	context->Intermediate_Hash[4] += E;

	context->Message_Block_Index = 0;
}


/*
 *  SHA1PadMessage
 *
 *  Description:
 *	  According to the standard, the message must be padded to an even
 *	  512 bits.  The first padding bit must be a '1'.  The last 64
 *	  bits represent the length of the original message.  All bits in
 *	  between should be 0.  This function will pad the message
 *	  according to those rules by filling the Message_Block array
 *	  accordingly.  It will also call the ProcessMessageBlock function
 *	  provided appropriately.  When it returns, it can be assumed that
 *	  the message digest has been computed.
 *
 *  Parameters:
 *	  context: [in/out]
 *		   The context to pad
 *	  ProcessMessageBlock: [in]
 *		   The appropriate SHA*ProcessMessageBlock function
 *  Returns:
 *	  Nothing.
 *
 */

void SHA1PadMessage(SHA1Context *context)
{
	/*
	 *  Check to see if the current message block is too small to hold
	 *  the initial padding bits and length.  If so, we will pad the
	 *  block, process it, and then continue padding into a second
	 *  block.
	 */
	if (context->Message_Block_Index > 55) {
		context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = 0x80;
		while (context->Message_Block_Index < 64) {
			context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = 0;
		}

		SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(context);

		while (context->Message_Block_Index < 56) {
			context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = 0;
		}
	} else {
		context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = 0x80;
		while (context->Message_Block_Index < 56) {
			context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = 0;
		}
	}

	/*
	 *  Store the message length as the last 8 octets
	 */
	context->Message_Block[56] = context->Length_High >> 24;
	context->Message_Block[57] = context->Length_High >> 16;
	context->Message_Block[58] = context->Length_High >> 8;
	context->Message_Block[59] = context->Length_High;
	context->Message_Block[60] = context->Length_Low >> 24;
	context->Message_Block[61] = context->Length_Low >> 16;
	context->Message_Block[62] = context->Length_Low >> 8;
	context->Message_Block[63] = context->Length_Low;

	SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(context);
}