asterisk / ulaw.c

/*
 * Asterisk -- A telephony toolkit for Linux.
 *
 * u-Law to Signed linear conversion
 * 
 * Copyright (C) 1999, Mark Spencer
 *
 * Mark Spencer <markster@linux-support.net>
 *
 * This program is free software, distributed under the terms of
 * the GNU General Public License
 */

#include <asterisk/ulaw.h>

#define ZEROTRAP    /* turn on the trap as per the MIL-STD */
#define BIAS 0x84   /* define the add-in bias for 16 bit samples */
#define CLIP 32635

unsigned char __ast_lin2mu[16384];
short __ast_mulaw[256];

static unsigned char
linear2ulaw(short sample)
{
  static int exp_lut[256] = {0,0,1,1,2,2,2,2,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,3,
                             4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,4,
                             5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,
                             5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,5,
                             6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
                             6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
                             6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
                             6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,6,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,
                             7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7,7};
  int sign, exponent, mantissa;
  unsigned char ulawbyte;

  /* Get the sample into sign-magnitude. */
  sign = (sample >> 8) & 0x80;          /* set aside the sign */
  if (sign != 0) sample = -sample;              /* get magnitude */
  if (sample > CLIP) sample = CLIP;             /* clip the magnitude */

  /* Convert from 16 bit linear to ulaw. */
  sample = sample + BIAS;
  exponent = exp_lut[(sample >> 7) & 0xFF];
  mantissa = (sample >> (exponent + 3)) & 0x0F;
  ulawbyte = ~(sign | (exponent << 4) | mantissa);
#ifdef ZEROTRAP
  if (ulawbyte == 0) ulawbyte = 0x02;   /* optional CCITT trap */
#endif

  return(ulawbyte);
}

void ast_ulaw_init(void)
{
	int i;
	/* 
	 *  Set up mu-law conversion table
	 */
	for(i = 0;i < 256;i++)
	   {
		short mu,e,f,y;
		static short etab[]={0,132,396,924,1980,4092,8316,16764};

		mu = 255-i;
		e = (mu & 0x70)/16;
		f = mu & 0x0f;
		y = f * (1 << (e + 3));
		y += etab[e];
		if (mu & 0x80) y = -y;
	        __ast_mulaw[i] = y;
	   }
	  /* set up the reverse (mu-law) conversion table */
	for(i = -32768; i < 32768; i++)
	   {
		__ast_lin2mu[((unsigned short)i) >> 2] = linear2ulaw(i);
	   }

}
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