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ward_sociocracy/ward_sociocracy_excerpts.html

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 <div class="document" id="sociocracy">
 <h1 class="title">Sociocracy</h1>
+<h2 class="subtitle" id="lester-frank-ward-1841-1913">Lester Frank Ward (1841-1913)</h2>
 
-<p>By Lester Frank Ward (1841-1913)</p>
-<p>(Excerpts from:
-Ward, Lester Frank: <em>The Psychic Factors of Civilization</em>,
-Boston, U.S.A.: Ginn &amp; Company, Publishers, 1893, pp 319-331.)</p>
-<p><a class="reference external" href="http://www.webcitation.org/5nnPfDdEo">http://www.webcitation.org/5nnPfDdEo</a></p>
+<p><em>Slightly abbreviated text from:
+Lester Frank Ward, &quot;The Psychic Factors of Civilization&quot;,
+chap. 38, pp. 313-330, (entire book as 1.8 MByte</em> <a class="reference external" href="http://www.webcitation.org/5nnPfDdEo"><em>PDF</em></a><em>),
+Boston, U.S.A., Ginn &amp; Company Publishers, 1893,
+as reprinted in:
+John Buck and Sharon Villines,</em>
+<a class="reference external" href="http://www.amazon.com/We-People-John-Jr-Buck/dp/0979282705"><em>&quot;We the People: Consenting to a Deeper Democracy&quot;</em></a>, <em>app. A,
+Washington, DC, U.S.A.,</em> <a class="reference external" href="http://www.sociocracy.info">Sociocracy.info</a> <em>Press, 2007.</em></p>
+<hr class="docutils" />
 <p>[T]he world, having passed through the stages of autocracy and aristocracy into the stage of democracy, has, by a natural reaction against personal power, so far minimized the governmental influence that the same spirit which formerly used government to advance self is now ushering in a fifth stage, viz., that of <em>plutocracy</em>, which thrives well in connection with a weak democracy or physiocracy, and aims to supersede it entirely. Its strongest hold is the widespread distrust of all government, and it leaves no stone unturned to fan the flame of misarchy. Instead of demanding more and stronger government it demands less and feebler. Shrewdly clamoring for individual liberty, it perpetually holds up the outrages committed by governments in their autocratic and aristocratic stages, and falsely insists that there is imminent danger of their reënactment. <em>Laissez-faire</em> and the most extreme individualism, bordering on practical anarchy in all except the enforcement of existing proprietary rights, are loudly advocated, and the public mind is thus blinded to the real condition of things. [...]</p>
 <p>The great evils under which society now labors have grown up during the progress of intellectual supremacy. They have crept in stealthily during the gradual encroachment of organized cunning upon the domain of brute force. Over that vanishing domain, government retains its power, but it is still powerless in the expanding and now all-embracing field of psychic influence. No one ever claimed that in the trial of physical strength the booty should fall to the strongest. In all such cases the arm of government is stretched out and justice is enforced. But in those manifold, and far more unequal struggles now going on between mind and mind, or rather between the individual and an organized system, the product of ages of thought, it is customary to say that such matters must be left to regulate themselves, and that the fittest must be allowed to survive. Yet, to anyone who will candidly consider the matter, it must be clear that the first and principal acts of government openly and avowedly prevented, through forcible interference, the natural results of all trials of physical strength. These much-talked-of laws of nature are violated every time the highway robber is arrested and sent to jail.</p>
 <p>Primitive government, when only brute force was employed, was strong enough to secure the just and equitable distribution of wealth. Today, when mental force is everything, and physical force is nothing, it is powerless to accomplish this. This alone proves that government needs to be strengthened in its primary quality - the protection of society. There is no reasoning that applies to one kind of protection that does not apply equally to the other. It is utterly illogical to say that aggrandizement by physical force should be forbidden while aggrandizement by mental force or legal fiction should be permitted. It is absurd to claim that injustice committed by muscle should be regulated, while that committed by brain should be unrestrained.</p>
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ward_sociocracy/ward_sociocracy_excerpts.txt

 Sociocracy
 ================
 
-By Lester Frank Ward (1841-1913)
+Lester Frank Ward (1841-1913)
+-----------------------------------
 
-(Excerpts from:
-Ward, Lester Frank: *The Psychic Factors of Civilization*, 
-Boston, U.S.A.: Ginn & Company, Publishers, 1893, pp 319-331.)
+*Slightly abbreviated text from:
+Lester Frank Ward, "The Psychic Factors of Civilization", 
+chap. 38, pp. 313-330, (entire book as 1.8 MByte* |PDF|_\ *), 
+Boston, U.S.A., Ginn & Company Publishers, 1893,
+as reprinted in: 
+John Buck and Sharon Villines,*
+|We the People|_, *app. A,
+Washington, DC, U.S.A.,* |Sociocracy_Info|_ *Press, 2007.*
 
-http://www.webcitation.org/5nnPfDdEo
+.. |We the People| replace:: *"We the People: Consenting to a Deeper Democracy"*
+.. _We the People: http://www.amazon.com/We-People-John-Jr-Buck/dp/0979282705
+.. |PDF| replace:: *PDF*
+.. _PDF: http://www.webcitation.org/5nnPfDdEo
+.. |Sociocracy_Info| replace:: Sociocracy.info
+.. _Sociocracy_Info: http://www.sociocracy.info
 
-[T]he world, having passed through the stages of autocracy and aristocracy into the stage of democracy, has, by a natural reaction against personal power, so far minimized the governmental influence that the same spirit which formerly used government to advance self is now ushering in a fifth stage, viz., that of *plutocracy*, which thrives well in connection with a weak democracy or physiocracy, and aims to supersede it entirely. Its strongest hold is the widespread distrust of all government, and it leaves no stone unturned to fan the flame of misarchy. Instead of demanding more and stronger government it demands less and feebler. Shrewdly clamoring for individual liberty, it perpetually holds up the outrages committed by governments in their autocratic and aristocratic stages, and falsely insists that there is imminent danger of their reënactment. *Laissez-faire* and the most extreme individualism, bordering on practical anarchy in all except the enforcement of existing proprietary rights, are loudly advocated, and the public mind is thus blinded to the real condition of things. [...]
+----------------------------
+
+[T]he world, having passed through the stages of autocracy and aristocracy into the stage of democracy, has, by a natural reaction against personal power, so far minimized the governmental influence that the same spirit which formerly used government to advance self is now ushering in a fifth stage, viz., that of *plutocracy*, which thrives well in connection with a weak democracy or physiocracy, and aims to supersede it entirely. Its strongest hold is the widespread distrust of all government, and it leaves no stone unturned to fan the flame of misarchy. Instead of demanding more and stronger government it demands less and feebler. Shrewdly clamoring for individual liberty, it perpetually holds up the outrages committed by governments in their autocratic and aristocratic stages, and falsely insists that there is imminent danger of their reënactment. *Laissez-faire* and the most extreme individualism, bordering on practical anarchy in all except the enforcement of existing proprietary rights, are loudly advocated, and the public mind is thus blinded to the real condition of things. [...]
 
 The great evils under which society now labors have grown up during the progress of intellectual supremacy. They have crept in stealthily during the gradual encroachment of organized cunning upon the domain of brute force. Over that vanishing domain, government retains its power, but it is still powerless in the expanding and now all-embracing field of psychic influence. No one ever claimed that in the trial of physical strength the booty should fall to the strongest. In all such cases the arm of government is stretched out and justice is enforced. But in those manifold, and far more unequal struggles now going on between mind and mind, or rather between the individual and an organized system, the product of ages of thought, it is customary to say that such matters must be left to regulate themselves, and that the fittest must be allowed to survive. Yet, to anyone who will candidly consider the matter, it must be clear that the first and principal acts of government openly and avowedly prevented, through forcible interference, the natural results of all trials of physical strength. These much-talked-of laws of nature are violated every time the highway robber is arrested and sent to jail.
 
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