1. Add a line like ``export WORKON_HOME=$HOME/.virtualenvs`` to your .bashrc.
2. Add a line like ``source /path/to/this/file/virtualenvwrapper_bashrc`` to your .bashrc.
3. Run: ``source ~/.bashrc``
4. Run: ``workon``
5. A list of environments, empty, is printed.
6. Run: ``mkvirtualenv temp``
7. Run: ``workon``
8. A new environment, ``temp`` is created and activated.
9. This time, the ``temp`` environment is included.
Sometimes it is desirable to share installed packages that are not in the system ``site-pacakges`` directory and which you do not want to install in each virtualenv. In this case, you *could* symlink the source into the environment ``site-packages`` directory, but it is also easy to add extra directories to the PYTHONPATH by including them in a .pth file inside ``site-packages`` using ``add2virtualenv``.
1. Check out the source for a big project, such as Django.
2. Run: ``add2virtualenv path_to_source``.
3. Run: ``add2virtualenv``.
4. A usage message and list of current "extra" paths is printed.
virtualenvwrapper adds two separate hook scripts you can use to change your settings when moving between environments. They are *sourced* by ``workon`` at the appropriate trigger time, allowing them to modify your shell environment.
Both scripts are bash shell scripts and need to be saved in ``$VIRTUAL_ENV/bin/``.
The ``postactivate`` script is run after the new environment is enabled. ``$VIRTUAL_ENV`` refers to the new environment at the time the script runs.
This example script for the PyMOTW environment changes the current working directory and the PATH variable to refer to the source tree containing the PyMOTW source.
The ``predeactivate`` script is run before the current environment is deactivated, and can be used to disable or clear settings in your environment. ``$VIRTUAL_ENV`` refers to the old environment at the time the script runs.
The function ``add2virtualenv`` adds the specified directories to the Python path for the active virtualenv. The directory names passed as argument are added to a path file named ``virtualenv_path_extensions.pth`` inside the virtualenv's site-packages directory. If this file does not exist, it will be created first.
For more details, refer to the column I wrote for the May 2008 issue of Python Magazine: `virtualenvwrapper | And Now For Something Completely Different <http://www.doughellmann.com/articles/CompletelyDifferent-2008-05-virtualenvwrapper/index.html>`_.
- Corrected a problem with change to mkvirtualenv that lead to release 1.8 by using an alternate fix proposed by James in comments on release 1.4.
- Fix for processing the argument list in mkvirtualenv from jorgevargas (BitBucket issue #1)
- Move to bitbucket.org for hosting
- clean up TODO list and svn keywords
- add license section below
- More zsh support (fixes to rmvirtualenv) from Byron Clark.
- Add completion support for zsh, courtesy of Ted Leung.
- Fix some issues with spaces in directory or env names. They still don't really work with virtualenv, though.
- Added documentation for the postactivate and predeactivate scripts.
- Includes a new .pth management function based on work contributed by James Bennett and Jannis Leidel.
- Includes a fix for a nasty bug in rmvirtualenv identified by John Shimek.
Copyright Doug Hellmann, All Rights Reserved
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